|United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit|
|Location||Thurgood Marshall U.S. Courthouse|
|Established||June 16, 1891|
|Circuit Justice||Sonia Sotomayor|
|Chief Judge||Debra Ann Livingston|
The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (in case citations, 2d Cir.) is one of the thirteen United States Courts of Appeals. Its territory comprises the states of Connecticut, New York, and Vermont. The court has appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts:
The Second Circuit has its clerk's office and hears oral arguments at the Thurgood Marshall United States Courthouse at 40 Foley Square in Lower Manhattan. Due to renovations at that building, from 2006 until early 2013, the court temporarily relocated to the Daniel Patrick Moynihan United States Courthouse across Pearl Street from Foley Square, and certain court offices temporarily relocated to the Woolworth Building at 233 Broadway.
Because the Second Circuit includes New York City, it has long been one of the largest and most influential American appellate courts, especially in matters of contract law, securities law, and antitrust law. Over the course of the twentieth century, it came to be considered one of the two most prestigious federal appellate courts, along with the District of Columbia Circuit Court.Several notable judges have served on the Second Circuit, including three later named Associate Justices of the United States Supreme Court: John Marshall Harlan II, Thurgood Marshall, and Sonia Sotomayor. Judge Learned Hand served on the court from 1924 to 1961, as did his cousin, Augustus Noble Hand, from 1927 until 1953. Judge Henry Friendly served from 1959 to 1986.
As of June 9,2021 [update] :
|#||Title||Judge||Duty station||Born||Term of service||Appointed by|
|64||Chief Judge||Debra Ann Livingston||New York, NY||1959||2007–present||2020–present||—||G.W. Bush|
|53||Circuit Judge||José A. Cabranes||New Haven, CT||1940||1994–present||—||—||Clinton|
|55||Circuit Judge||Rosemary S. Pooler||Syracuse, NY||1938||1998–present||—||—||Clinton|
|67||Circuit Judge||Raymond Lohier||New York, NY||1965||2010–present||—||—||Obama|
|68||Circuit Judge||Susan L. Carney||New Haven, CT||1951||2011–present||—||—||Obama|
|70||Circuit Judge||Richard J. Sullivan||New York, NY||1964||2018–present||—||—||Trump|
|71||Circuit Judge||Joseph F. Bianco||Central Islip, NY||1966||2019–present||—||—||Trump|
|72||Circuit Judge||Michael H. Park||New York, NY||1976||2019–present||—||—||Trump|
|73||Circuit Judge||William J. Nardini||New Haven, CT||1969||2019–present||—||—||Trump|
|74||Circuit Judge||Steven Menashi||New York, NY||1979||2019–present||—||—||Trump|
|39||Senior Circuit Judge||Jon O. Newman||Hartford, CT||1932||1979–1997||1993–1997||1997–present||Carter|
|40||Senior Circuit Judge||Amalya Lyle Kearse||New York, NY||1937||1979–2002||—||2002–present||Carter|
|48||Senior Circuit Judge||John M. Walker Jr.||New Haven, CT||1940||1989–2006||2000–2006||2006–present||G.H.W. Bush|
|50||Senior Circuit Judge||Dennis Jacobs||New York, NY||1944||1992–2019||2006–2013||2019–present||G.H.W. Bush|
|51||Senior Circuit Judge||Pierre N. Leval||New York, NY||1936||1993–2002||—||2002–present||Clinton|
|52||Senior Circuit Judge||Guido Calabresi||New Haven, CT||1932||1994–2009||—||2009–present||Clinton|
|56||Senior Circuit Judge||Chester J. Straub||inactive||1937||1998–2008||—||2008–present||Clinton|
|57||Senior Circuit Judge||Robert D. Sack||New York, NY||1939||1998–2009||—||2009–present||Clinton|
|60||Senior Circuit Judge||Barrington Daniels Parker Jr.||New York, NY||1944||2001–2009||—||2009–present||G.W. Bush|
|61||Senior Circuit Judge||Reena Raggi||Brooklyn, NY||1951||2002–2018||—||2018–present||G.W. Bush|
|62||Senior Circuit Judge||Richard C. Wesley||Geneseo, NY||1949||2003–2016||—||2016–present||G.W. Bush|
|65||Senior Circuit Judge||Gerard E. Lynch||New York, NY||1951||2009–2016||—||2016–present||Obama|
|66||Senior Circuit Judge||Denny Chin||New York, NY||1954||2010–2021||—||2021–present||Obama|
|Seat||Prior judge's duty station||Seat last held by||Vacancy reason||Date of vacancy||Nominee||Date of nomination|
|11||New York, NY||Robert Katzmann||Senior status||January 21, 2021||Eunice C. Lee||May 12, 2021|
|5||Rutland, VT||Peter W. Hall||March 4, 2021||–||–|
|12||New York, NY||Denny Chin||June 1, 2021||Myrna Pérez||June 15, 2021|
|#||Judge||State||Born–died||Active service||Chief Judge||Senior status||Appointed by||Reason for|
|1||William James Wallace||NY||1837–1917||1891–1907||—||—||Arthur||retirement|
|2||Emile Henry Lacombe||NY||1846–1924||1891–1916||—||—||Cleveland||retirement|
|3||Nathaniel Shipman||CT||1828–1906||1892–1902||—||—||B. Harrison||retirement|
|4||William Kneeland Townsend||CT||1849–1907||1902–1907||—||—||T. Roosevelt||death|
|5||Alfred Conkling Coxe Sr.||NY||1847–1923||1902–1917||—||—||T. Roosevelt||retirement|
|6||Henry Galbraith Ward||NY||1851–1933||1907–1921||—||1921–1924||T. Roosevelt||retirement|
|7||Walter Chadwick Noyes||CT||1865–1926||1907–1913||—||—||T. Roosevelt||resignation|
|—||Martin Augustine Knapp||NY||1843–1923||1910–1916||—||—||reassigned to the 4th Circuit|
|8||Henry Wade Rogers||CT||1853–1926||1913–1926||—||—||Wilson||death|
|9||Charles Merrill Hough||NY||1858–1927||1916–1927||—||—||Wilson||death|
|10||Martin Thomas Manton||NY||1880–1946||1918–1939||—||—||Wilson||resignation|
|11||Julius Marshuetz Mayer||NY||1865–1925||1921–1924||—||—||Harding||resignation|
|13||Thomas Walter Swan||CT||1877–1975||1926–1953||1951–1953||1953–1975||Coolidge||death|
|14||Augustus Noble Hand||NY||1869–1954||1927–1953||—||1953–1954||Coolidge||death|
|15||Harrie B. Chase||VT||1889–1969||1929–1954||1953–1954||1954–1969||Coolidge||death|
|16||Charles Edward Clark||CT||1889–1963||1939–1963||1954–1959||—||F. Roosevelt||death|
|17||Robert P. Patterson||NY||1891–1952||1939–1940||—||—||F. Roosevelt||resignation|
|18||Jerome Frank||NY||1889–1957||1941–1957||—||—||F. Roosevelt||death|
|20||Carroll C. Hincks||CT||1889–1964||1953–1959||—||1959–1964||Eisenhower||death|
|21||John Marshall Harlan II||NY||1899–1971||1954–1955||—||—||Eisenhower||elevation to Supreme Court|
|22||Joseph Edward Lumbard||NY||1901–1999||1955–1971||1959–1971||1971–1999||Eisenhower||death|
|23||Sterry R. Waterman||VT||1901–1984||1955–1970||—||1970–1984||Eisenhower||death|
|24||Leonard P. Moore||NY||1898–1982||1957–1971||—||1971–1982||Eisenhower||death|
|26||John Joseph Smith||CT||1904–1980||1960–1971||—||1971–1980||Eisenhower||death|
|28||Paul R. Hays||NY||1903–1980||1961–1974||—||1974–1980||Kennedy||death|
|30||Robert P. Anderson||CT||1906–1978||1964–1971||—||1971–1978||L. Johnson||death|
|31||Wilfred Feinberg||NY||1920–2014||1966–1991||1980–1988||1991–2014||L. Johnson||death|
|32||Walter Roe Mansfield||NY||1911–1987||1971–1981||—||1981–1987||Nixon||death|
|33||William Hughes Mulligan||NY||1918–1996||1971–1981||—||—||Nixon||resignation|
|34||James Lowell Oakes||VT||1924–2007||1971–1992||1988–1992||1992–2007||Nixon||death|
|35||William Homer Timbers||CT||1915–1994||1971–1981||—||1981–1994||Nixon||death|
|36||Murray Irwin Gurfein||NY||1907–1979||1974–1979||—||—||Ford||death|
|37||Ellsworth Van Graafeiland||NY||1915–2004||1974–1985||—||1985–2004||Ford||death|
|38||Thomas Joseph Meskill||CT||1928–2007||1975–1993||1992–1993||1993–2007||Ford||death|
|41||Richard J. Cardamone||NY||1925–2015||1981–1993||—||1993–2015||Reagan||death|
|42||Lawrence W. Pierce||NY||1924–2020||1981–1990||—||1990–1995||Reagan||retirement|
|43||Ralph K. Winter Jr.||CT||1935–2020||1981–2000||1997–2000||2000–2020||Reagan||death|
|44||George C. Pratt||NY||1928–present||1982–1993||—||1993–1995||Reagan||retirement|
|46||Frank X. Altimari||NY||1928–1998||1985–1996||—||1996–1998||Reagan||death|
|47||John Daniel Mahoney||NY||1931–1996||1986–1996||—||—||Reagan||death|
|49||Joseph M. McLaughlin||NY||1933–2013||1990–1998||—||1998–2013||G.H.W. Bush||death|
|54||Fred I. Parker||VT||1938–2003||1994–2003||—||—||Clinton||death|
|58||Sonia Sotomayor||NY||1954–present||1998–2009||—||—||Clinton||elevation to Supreme Court|
|63||Peter W. Hall||VT||1948–2021||2004–2021||—||2021||G.W. Bush||death|
|69||Christopher F. Droney||CT||1954–present||2011–2019||—||2019–2020||Obama||retirement|
Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their circuits, and preside over any panel on which they serve unless the circuit justice (i.e., the Supreme Court justice responsible for the circuit) is also on the panel. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the circuit judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.
When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.
The court has thirteen seats for active judges, numbered in the order in which they were initially filled. Judges who assume senior status enter a kind of retirement in which they remain on the bench, while vacating their seats, thus allowing the president to appoint new judges to fill their seats.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit is a federal court of appeals that has appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts:
The United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit is a United States federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the following United States district courts:
The United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts:
The United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts for the following districts:
The United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit is a federal court located in Richmond, Virginia, with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts:
The United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following federal judicial districts:
The United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts:
The United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit is the U.S. federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the courts in the following districts:
The United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts:
The United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts:
The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit is one of the thirteen United States Courts of Appeals. It has the smallest geographical jurisdiction of any of the U.S. federal appellate courts, and covers only one district court: the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia. It meets at the E. Barrett Prettyman United States Courthouse, near Judiciary Square, Washington, D.C.
The United States District Court for the Western District of Tennessee is the federal district court covering the western part of the state of Tennessee. Appeals from the Western District of Tennessee are taken to the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit.
The United States District Court for the District of South Carolina is the federal district court whose jurisdiction is the state of South Carolina. Court is held in the cities of Aiken, Anderson, Beaufort, Charleston, Columbia, Florence, Greenville, and Spartanburg.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit is a United States court of appeals headquartered in Washington, D.C. The court was created by Congress with passage of the Federal Courts Improvement Act of 1982, which merged the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals and the appellate division of the United States Court of Claims, making the judges of the former courts into circuit judges. The Federal Circuit is particularly known for its decisions on patent law, as it is the only appellate-level court other than the Supreme Court with the jurisdiction to hear patent case appeals.
The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan is the Federal district court with jurisdiction over of the eastern half of the Lower Peninsula of the State of Michigan. The Court is based in Detroit, with courthouses also located in Ann Arbor, Bay City, Flint, and Port Huron. The United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit has appellate jurisdiction over the court.
The United States District Court for the Middle District of Tennessee is the federal trial court for most of Middle Tennessee. Based at the Estes Kefauver Federal Building and United States Courthouse in Nashville, it was created in 1839 when Congress added a third district to the state. Tennessee—along with Kentucky, Ohio, and Michigan—is located within the area covered by United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit, and appeals are taken to that court.
The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Tennessee is the federal court in the Sixth Circuit whose jurisdiction covers all of East Tennessee and a portion of Middle Tennessee. The court has jurisdiction over 41 counties with 4 divisions. Based in Knoxville, Tennessee, it maintains branch facilities in Chattanooga, Tennessee; Greeneville, Tennessee; and Winchester, Tennessee.
The United States District Court for the Southern District of Iowa has jurisdiction over forty-seven of Iowa's ninety-nine counties. It is subject to the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals.
The United States District Court for the Western District of Kentucky is the federal district court for the western part of the state of Kentucky.
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