List of United States district and territorial courts

Last updated

There are 94 active United States district and territorial courts. [1] Each of the 50 states has between one and four district courts, and the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico each have a district court.

Contents

The insular areas of Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and the United States Virgin Islands each have one territorial court; these courts are called "district courts" and exercise the same jurisdiction as district courts, [2] [3] but differ from district courts in that territorial courts are Article IV courts, with judges who serve ten-year terms rather than the lifetime tenure of judges of Article III courts, such as the district court judges. [3] American Samoa does not have a district court or a federal territorial court, and so federal matters there are sent to either the District of Columbia or Hawaii. [4]

Definition

Map of the boundaries of the United States Courts of Appeals and United States District Courts US Court of Appeals and District Court map.svg
Map of the boundaries of the United States Courts of Appeals and United States District Courts

The district courts were established by Congress under Article III of the United States Constitution. The courts hear civil and criminal cases, and each is paired with a bankruptcy court. [2] Appeals from the district courts are made to one of the 13 courts of appeals, organized geographically. The number of district courts in a court of appeals' circuit varies between one and thirteen, depending on the number of states in the region and the number of districts in each state. The formal naming convention for the district courts is "United States District Court for" followed by the district name. Each district court has one or more meeting places at which it holds hearings and conducts business. Many federal courthouses are named after notable judges, such as the Thurgood Marshall United States Courthouse in New York City or the Hugo L. Black Courthouse in Birmingham. The largest courthouse is the Thomas F. Eagleton United States Courthouse, which serves the Eastern District of Missouri. [5]

The largest courts by number of judges are the Central District of California and the Southern District of New York, each with 28 judgeships. The smallest are the District for the Northern Mariana Islands and the District of Guam, with one judgeship each.

Active courts

Edward J. Schwartz Courthouse in San Diego, California US Dist S Cal.jpg
Edward J. Schwartz Courthouse in San Diego, California
Robert E. Coyle Courthouse in Fresno, California RobertCoyleCourthouse.jpg
Robert E. Coyle Courthouse in Fresno, California
Richard C. Lee Courthouse in New Haven, Connecticut US Dist Conn.jpg
Richard C. Lee Courthouse in New Haven, Connecticut
Theodore Roosevelt Courthouse in the Eastern District of New York in Brooklyn Bklyn Fed Court Boerum Tillary jeh.JPG
Theodore Roosevelt Courthouse in the Eastern District of New York in Brooklyn
Central District of Illinois Courthouse in Peoria, Illinois US Dist C Ill Peoria.jpg
Central District of Illinois Courthouse in Peoria, Illinois
Lloyd D. George Courthouse in Las Vegas, Nevada Lasvegascourthouse.jpg
Lloyd D. George Courthouse in Las Vegas, Nevada
Thurgood Marshall Courthouse in New York, New York WTM sheila 0036.jpg
Thurgood Marshall Courthouse in New York, New York
Western District of Pennsylvania Courthouse in Erie, Pennsylvania Usch erie.jpg
Western District of Pennsylvania Courthouse in Erie, Pennsylvania
Clemente Ruiz Nazario Courthouse in San Juan, Puerto Rico Clemente Ruiz Nazario Courthouse.jpg
Clemente Ruiz Nazario Courthouse in San Juan, Puerto Rico
Central District of California Courthouse in Los Angeles, California U.S. Court House, Los Angeles.JPG
Central District of California Courthouse in Los Angeles, California
Hugo L. Black Courthouse in Birmingham, Alabama Hugo L Black Courthouse.jpg
Hugo L. Black Courthouse in Birmingham, Alabama
E. Barrett Prettyman Courthouse in Washington, D.C. US Court House Wash DC.jpg
E. Barrett Prettyman Courthouse in Washington, D.C.
Key
Citation The abbreviation used to refer to court decisions.
EstablishedThe date the district court was established as a court or the date it was subdivided from a larger district.
JudgesThe number of judgeships authorized for the district.
Meeting placesThe number of locations at which the court hears cases.
RegionCitationCourt of
Appeals
EstablishedJudgesMeeting
places
Chief judge
Northern District of Alabama N.D. Ala. 11th 182488 Karon O. Bowdre
Middle District of Alabama M.D. Ala. 11th 183933 Emily Coody Marks
Southern District of Alabama S.D. Ala. 11th 182432 Kristi DuBose
District of Alaska D. Alaska 9th 195835 Timothy Mark Burgess
District of Arizona D. Ariz. 9th 1910136 G. Murray Snow
Eastern District of Arkansas E.D. Ark. 8th 185153 D. Price Marshall Jr.
Western District of Arkansas W.D. Ark. 8th 185136 Susan Owens Hickey
Central District of California C.D. Cal. 9th 1966284 Virginia A. Phillips
Eastern District of California E.D. Cal. 9th 196663 Lawrence Joseph O'Neill
Northern District of California N.D. Cal. 9th 1886144 Phyllis Jean Hamilton
Southern District of California S.D. Cal. 9th 1850131 Larry Alan Burns
District of Colorado D. Col. or D. Colo. 10th 187678 Philip A. Brimmer
District of Connecticut D. Conn. 2nd 178985 Stefan R. Underhill
District of Delaware D. Del. 3rd 178941 Leonard P. Stark
District of Columbia D.D.C. D.C. 1863151 Beryl A. Howell
Northern District of Florida N.D. Fla. or N.D. Fl. 11th 184746 Mark E. Walker
Middle District of Florida M.D. Fla. or M.D. Fl. 11th 1962158 Steven Douglas Merryday
Southern District of Florida S.D. Fla. or S.D. Fl. 11th 1847185 Kevin Michael Moore
Northern District of Georgia N.D. Ga. 11th 1848114 Thomas W. Thrash Jr.
Middle District of Georgia M.D. Ga. 11th 192647 Clay D. Land
Southern District of Georgia S.D. Ga. 11th 184836 James Randal Hall
District of Guam D. Guam 9th 195111 Frances Tydingco-Gatewood
District of Hawaii D. Haw. 9th 195941 John Michael Seabright
District of Idaho D. Idaho 9th 189024 David Nye
Northern District of Illinois N.D. Ill. 7th 1855224 Rebecca R. Pallmeyer
Central District of Illinois C.D. Ill. 7th 197846 Sara Lynn Darrow
Southern District of Illinois S.D. Ill. 7th 185544 Nancy J. Rosenstengel
Northern District of Indiana N.D. Ind. 7th 192854 Theresa Lazar Springmann
Southern District of Indiana S.D. Ind. 7th 192855 Jane Magnus-Stinson
Northern District of Iowa N.D. Iowa 8th 188226 Leonard Terry Strand
Southern District of Iowa S.D. Iowa 8th 188236 John Alfred Jarvey
District of Kansas D. Kan. 10th 186169 Julie A. Robinson
Eastern District of Kentucky E.D. Ky. 6th 190169 Danny C. Reeves
Western District of Kentucky W.D. Ky. 6th 190154 Gregory N. Stivers
Eastern District of Louisiana E.D. La. 5th 1849122 Nannette Jolivette Brown
Middle District of Louisiana M.D. La. 5th 197131 Shelly Deckert Dick
Western District of Louisiana W.D. La. 5th 188176 S. Maurice Hicks Jr.
District of Maine D. Me. 1st 178932 Jon D. Levy
District of Maryland D. Md. 4th 1789104 James K. Bredar
District of Massachusetts D. Mass. 1st 1789134 F. Dennis Saylor IV
Eastern District of Michigan E.D. Mich. 6th 1863155 Denise Page Hood
Western District of Michigan W.D. Mich. 6th 186346 Robert James Jonker
District of Minnesota D. Minn. 8th 185876 John R. Tunheim
Northern District of Mississippi N.D. Miss. 5th 183837 Sharion Aycock
Southern District of Mississippi S.D. Miss. 5th 183867 Daniel Porter Jordan III
Eastern District of Missouri E.D. Mo. 8th 185793 Rodney W. Sippel
Western District of Missouri W.D. Mo. 8th 185775 Mary Elizabeth Phillips
District of Montana D. Mont. 9th 1889311 Dana L. Christensen
District of Nebraska D. Neb. 8th 186733 John M. Gerrard
District of Nevada D. Nev. 9th 186576 Miranda Du
District of New Hampshire D.N.H. 1st 178932 Landya B. McCafferty
District of New Jersey D.N.J. 3rd 1789176 Freda L. Wolfson
District of New Mexico D.N.M. 10th 191073 William Paul Johnson
Eastern District of New York E.D.N.Y. 2nd 1865154 Dora Irizarry
Northern District of New York N.D.N.Y. 2nd 181458 Glenn T. Suddaby
Southern District of New York S.D.N.Y. 2nd 1814283 Colleen McMahon
Western District of New York W.D.N.Y. 2nd 190045 Frank Paul Geraci Jr.
Eastern District of North Carolina E.D.N.C. 4th 187247 Terrence Boyle
Middle District of North Carolina M.D.N.C. 4th 192743 Thomas D. Schroeder
Western District of North Carolina W.D.N.C. 4th 187255 Frank DeArmon Whitney
District of North Dakota D.N.D. 8th 189024 Daniel L. Hovland
District of the Northern Mariana Islands D.N. Mar. I. 9th 197711 Ramona Villagomez Manglona
Northern District of Ohio N.D. Ohio 6th 1855115 Patricia Anne Gaughan
Southern District of Ohio S.D. Ohio 6th 185585 Algenon L. Marbley
Eastern District of Oklahoma E.D. Ok. or E.D. Okla. 10th 190628 Ronald A. White
Northern District of Oklahoma N.D. Ok. or N.D. Okla. 10th 192545 John E. Dowdell
Western District of Oklahoma W.D. Ok. or W.D. Okla. 10th 1906710 Timothy D. DeGiusti
District of Oregon D. Or. or D. Ore. 9th 185967 Marco A. Hernandez
Eastern District of Pennsylvania E.D. Pa. 3rd 1818225 Juan Ramon Sanchez
Middle District of Pennsylvania M.D. Pa. 3rd 190165 Christopher C. Conner
Western District of Pennsylvania W.D. Pa. 3rd 1818103 Mark R. Hornak
District of Puerto Rico D.P.R. 1st 196673 Gustavo Gelpí
District of Rhode Island D.R.I. 1st 179031 John J. McConnell Jr.
District of South Carolina D.S.C. 4th 17891011 Robert Bryan Harwell
District of South Dakota D.S.D. 8th 188935 Roberto Lange
Eastern District of Tennessee E.D. Tenn. 6th 180254 Pamela L. Reeves
Middle District of Tennessee M.D. Tenn. 6th 183943 Waverly D. Crenshaw Jr.
Western District of Tennessee W.D. Tenn. 6th 180253 Stanley Thomas Anderson
Eastern District of Texas E.D. Tex. 5th 185787 James Rodney Gilstrap
Northern District of Texas N.D. Tex. 5th 1879127 Barbara M. Lynn
Southern District of Texas S.D. Tex. 5th 1902197 Lee H. Rosenthal
Western District of Texas W.D. Tex. 5th 1857138 Orlando Luis Garcia
District of Utah D. Utah 10th 189454 Robert J. Shelby
District of Vermont D. Vt. 2nd 179127 Geoffrey W. Crawford
District of the Virgin Islands D.V.I. 3rd 193622 Wilma A. Lewis
Eastern District of Virginia E.D. Va. 4th 1819114 Mark Steven Davis
Western District of Virginia W.D. Va. 4th 181947 Michael F. Urbanski
Eastern District of Washington E.D. Wash. 9th 190544 Thomas O. Rice
Western District of Washington W.D. Wash. 9th 190573 Ricardo S. Martinez
Northern District of West Virginia N.D. W. Va. 4th 190135 Gina Marie Groh
Southern District of West Virginia S.D. W. Va. 4th 190156 Thomas E. Johnston
Eastern District of Wisconsin E.D. Wis. 7th 187053 Pamela Pepper
Western District of Wisconsin W.D. Wis. 7th 187025 James D. Peterson
District of Wyoming D. Wyo. 10th 189036 Scott W. Skavdahl

Defunct courts

District of the Canal Zone Courthouse in Panama City, Panama Canal Zone Courthouse.jpg
District of the Canal Zone Courthouse in Panama City, Panama

Note: Defunct courts do not include courts consisting of an entire state that were later subdivided.

NameCitationEstablishedDisestablished
District of Edenton 17941797
District of New Bern 17941797
District of Wilmington 17941797
District of East Jersey 18011802
District of West Jersey 18011802
District of Potomac 18011802
District of Norfolk 18011802
District of Albemarle 18021872
District of Cape Fear 18021872
District of Pamptico 18021872
District of Orleans 18041812
Eastern District of Illinois E.D. Ill.19051978
District of China 19061943
Eastern District of South Carolina E.D.S.C.19111965
Western District of South Carolina W.D.S.C.19111965
District of the Canal Zone D.C.Z.19141982
District of Berlin D.Berlin19551990

Subdivided courts

NameCitationEstablishedSubdivided
District of Alabama D. Ala.April 21, 1820March 10, 1824
District of Arkansas D. Ark.June 15, 1836March 3, 1851
District of California D. Cal.July 27, 1866 [6] August 5, 1886
District of Florida D. Fla.March 3, 1845February 23, 1847
District of Georgia D. Ga.September 24, 1789August 11, 1848
District of Illinois D. Ill.March 3, 1819February 13, 1855
District of Indiana D. Ind.March 3, 1817April 21, 1928
District of Iowa D. IowaMarch 3, 1845July 20, 1882
District of Kentucky D. Ky.September 24, 1789
March 8, 1802 [7]
February 13, 1801
February 12, 1901
District of Louisiana D. La.April 8, 1812
February 13, 1845
July 27, 1866
March 3, 1823
March 3, 1849
March 3, 1881
District of Michigan D. Mich.July 1, 1836February 24, 1863
District of Mississippi D. Miss.April 3, 1818June 18, 1838
District of Missouri D. Mo.March 16, 1822March 3, 1857
District of New York D.N.Y.September 24, 1789April 9, 1814
District of North Carolina D.N.C.June 4, 1790
March 3, 1797
June 9, 1794
April 29, 1802
District of Ohio D. OhioFebruary 19, 1803February 10, 1855
District of Pennsylvania D. Pa.September 24, 1789April 20, 1818
District of Tennessee D. Tenn.January 31, 1797
March 8, 1802 [8]
February 13, 1801
April 29, 1802
District of Texas D. Tex.December 29, 1845February 21, 1857
District of Virginia D. Va.September 24, 1789
March 8, 1802
June 11, 1864
February 13, 1801
February 4, 1819
February 3, 1871
District of Washington D. Wash.April 5, 1890March 2, 1905
District of West Virginia D.W.Va.June 11, 1864January 22, 1901
District of Wisconsin D. Wis.May 29, 1848June 30, 1870

See also

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References

General
Specific
  1. "United States District Courts". Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts. Archived from the original on 2008-12-05. Retrieved 2009-06-15.
  2. 1 2 Article III Judges Division (2001-08-01). "An Introduction for Judges and Judicial Administrators in Other Countries" (PDF). The Federal Court System in the United States. Administrative Office of the United States Courts. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-05-13. Retrieved 2009-06-21.
  3. 1 2 "Territorial Courts". History of the Federal Judiciary. Federal Judicial Center. Archived from the original on May 14, 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-21.
  4. https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-08-1124T GAO (U.S. Government Accountability Office. AMERICAN SAMOA: Issues Associated with Some Federal Court Options. September 18, 2008. Retrieved September 7, 2019.
  5. "Thomas F. Eagleton Courthouse". St. Louis - Eastern Division. Archived from the original on 2009-05-12. Retrieved 2009-06-21.
  6. California was originally established with two district courts on September 28, 1850; these districts were merged into a single District of California on July 27, 1866.
  7. The District of Kentucky was abolished on February 13, 1801 by the Judiciary Act of 1801, 2 Stat. 89, and was restored with the repeal of this Act on March 8, 1802, 2 Stat. 132. U.S. District Courts of Kentucky, Legislative history, Federal Judicial Center .
  8. The District of Tennessee was abolished on February 13, 1801 by the Judiciary Act of 1801, 2 Stat. 89, and was restored with the repeal of this Act on March 8, 1802, 2 Stat. 132. U.S. District Courts of Tennessee, Legislative history, Federal Judicial Center .