Congressional districts in the United States are electoral divisions for the purpose of electing members of the United States House of Representatives. The number of voting seats in the House of Representatives is currently set at 435 with each one representing approximately 711,000 people.That number has applied since 1913, excluding a temporary increase to 437 after the admissions of Alaska and Hawaii. The total number of state members is capped by the Reapportionment Act of 1929 . In addition, each of the five inhabited U.S. territories and the federal district of Washington, D.C. sends a non-voting delegate to the House of Representatives.
A congressional district is an electoral constituency that elects a single member of a congress. Countries with congressional districts include the United States, the Philippines, and Japan. A congressional district is based on population, which, in the United States, is taken using a census every ten years.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or simply America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe. Most of the country is located in central North America between Canada and Mexico. With an estimated population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city is New York City.
The United States House of Representatives is the lower house of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper house. Together they compose the national legislature of the United States.
The Bureau of the Census conducts a constitutionally mandated decennial census whose figures are used to determine the number of congressional districts to which each state is entitled, in a process called "apportionment". The 2012 elections were the first to be based on the congressional districts which were defined based on the 2010 United States Census.
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.
In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders.
United States congressional apportionment is the process by which seats in the United States House of Representatives are distributed among the 50 states according to the most recent decennial census mandated by the United States Constitution. Each state is apportioned a number of seats which approximately corresponds to its share of the aggregate population of the 50 states. However, every state is constitutionally guaranteed at least one seat.
Each state is responsible for the redistricting of districts within their state, and several states have one "at-large" division. Redistricting must take place if the number of members changes following a reapportionment, or may take place at any other time if demographics represented in a district have changed substantially. Districts may sometimes retain the same boundaries while changing their district numbers.
Redistricting is the process of drawing electoral district boundaries in the United States. A congressional act passed in 1967 requires that representatives be elected from single-member districts, except when a state has a single representative, in which case one state-wide at-large election be held.
An electoral district, also known as an election district, legislative district, voting district, constituency, riding, ward, division, (election) precinct, electoral area, circumscription, or electorate, is a territorial subdivision for electing members to a legislative body. Generally, only voters (constituents) who reside within the district are permitted to vote in an election held there. From a single district, a single member or multiple members might be chosen. Members might be chosen by a first-past-the-post system or a proportional representative system, or another voting method entirely. Members might be chosen through a direct election under universal suffrage, an indirect election, or another form of suffrage.
The following is a complete list of the 435 current congressional districts for the House of Representatives, and over 200 obsolete districts, and the six current and one obsolete non-voting delegations.
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Montana is a state in the Northwestern United States. Montana has several nicknames, although none are official, including "Big Sky Country" and "The Treasure State", and slogans that include "Land of the Shining Mountains" and more recently "The Last Best Place".
Rhode Island, officially the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, is a state in the New England region of the United States. It is the smallest U.S. state by area, the seventh least populous, and the second most densely populated. Rhode Island is bordered by Connecticut to the west, Massachusetts to the north and east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the south via Rhode Island Sound and Block Island Sound. It also shares a small maritime border with New York. Providence is the state capital and most populous city in Rhode Island.
Wyoming is a state in the mountain region of the Western United States. The state is the 10th largest by area, the least populous, and the second most sparsely populated state in the country. Wyoming is bordered on the north by Montana, on the east by South Dakota and Nebraska, on the south by Colorado, on the southwest by Utah, and on the west by Idaho and Montana. The state population was estimated at 577,737 in 2018, which is less than 31 of the most populous U.S. cities including Denver in neighboring Colorado. Cheyenne is the state capital and the most populous city, with an estimated population of 63,624 in 2017.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. With 39.6 million residents across a total area of about 163,696 square miles (423,970 km2), California is the most populous U.S. state and the third-largest by area. The state capital is Sacramento. The Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second- and fifth-most populous urban regions, with 18.7 million and 9.7 million residents respectively. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, and the country's second-most populous, after New York City. California also has the nation's most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The City and County of San Francisco is both the country's second-most densely populated major city after New York City and the fifth-most densely populated county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs.
Alaska is a U.S. state in the northwest extremity of the United States West Coast, just across the Bering Strait from Asia. The Canadian province of British Columbia and territory of Yukon border the state to the east and southeast. Its most extreme western part is Attu Island, and it has a maritime border with Russia to the west across the Bering Strait. To the north are the Chukchi and Beaufort seas—southern parts of the Arctic Ocean. The Pacific Ocean lies to the south and southwest. It is the largest U.S. state by area and the seventh largest subnational division in the world. In addition, it is the 3rd least populous and the most sparsely populated of the 50 United States; nevertheless, it is by far the most populous territory located mostly north of the 60th parallel in North America: its population—estimated at 738,432 by the United States Census Bureau in 2015—is more than quadruple the combined populations of Northern Canada and Greenland. Approximately half of Alaska's residents live within the Anchorage metropolitan area. Alaska's economy is dominated by the fishing, natural gas, and oil industries, resources which it has in abundance. United States armed forces bases and tourism are also a significant part of the economy.
Delaware is one of the 50 states of the United States, in the South-Atlantic or Southern region. It is bordered to the south and west by Maryland, north by Pennsylvania, and east by New Jersey and the Atlantic Ocean. The state takes its name from Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr, an English nobleman and Virginia's first colonial governor.
Since becoming a U.S. state in 1959, Alaska has been entitled to one member in the United States House of Representatives, elected in the state's sole, at-large congressional district.
New Mexico's second congressional district to the United States House of Representatives serves the southern half of New Mexico, including Las Cruces, Roswell and the southern fourth of Albuquerque. Geographically, it is the fifth largest district in the nation, and the largest not to comprise an entire state. It is currently represented by Democrat Xochitl Torres Small.
Nevada's 2nd congressional district is a congressional district that includes the northern third of the state. It includes most of Lyon County, all of Churchill, Douglas, Elko, Eureka, Humboldt, Lander, Pershing, Storey, and Washoe counties, as well as the state capital, Carson City. The largest city in the district is Reno, the state's third largest city. Although the district appears rural, its politics are dominated by Reno and Carson City. As of 2017, over 460,000 people reside in Washoe County alone, totaling about two-thirds of the district's population.
See Non-voting delegations, below.
The oldest district in the country, it has never changed its shape or size. From 1813 to 1823, Delaware had two representatives—both chosen at-large on a general ticket from the same statewide district.
See Non-voting delegations, below.
See Non-voting delegations, below.
Until 1820, Maine was part of Massachusetts. After the 1810 census, Massachusetts was allocated 20 districts. Seven Massachusetts districts (then numbered 14 through 20 ) were credited to Maine soon after it became a state in 1820. See District of Maine.
This list includes the 435 current voting districts, along with the 6 non-voting delegations.These geographic values reflect the changes to the Pennsylvania Congressional Districts in 2018.
|4||South Dakota at-large||75,884.64||196,541.22|
|5||New Mexico 2nd||71,739.49||185,805.46|
|7||North Dakota at-large||68,975.93||178,647.66|
|15||New Mexico 3rd||44,958.52||116,442.68|
|45||New York 21st||15,114.76||39,147.27|
|70||West Virginia 3rd||9,745.33||25,240.43|
|87||South Carolina 6th||8,062.93||20,883.01|
|89||West Virginia 2nd||8,017.31||20,764.85|
|91||New York 19th||7,937.02||20,556.90|
|95||North Carolina 3rd||7,810.08||20,228.13|
|101||New York 23rd||7,371.65||19,092.59|
|116||North Carolina 11th||6,838.24||17,711.06|
|119||New Hampshire 2nd||6,489||16,806.53|
|123||West Virginia 1st||6,275.56||16,253.72|
|129||North Carolina 7th||6,161.77||15,959|
|139||South Carolina 5th||5,505.54||14,259.36|
|140||North Carolina 1st||5,494.28||14,230.2|
|142||South Carolina 7th||5,354.62||13,868.48|
|143||South Carolina 3rd||5,268.28||13,644.86|
|146||New York 22nd||5,077.45||13,150.61|
|156||New Mexico 1st||4,600.14||11,914.37|
|159||North Carolina 8th||4,512.78||11,688.11|
|173||New York 27th||3,973.13||10,290.42|
|179||North Carolina 6th||3,674.55||9517.09|
|181||North Carolina 5th||3,571.86||9,251.13|
|—||Puerto Rico at-large||3515||9100|
|187||North Carolina 2nd||3,246.68||8,408.91|
|190||South Carolina 2nd||3,022.17||7,827.43|
|200||North Carolina 10th||2,575.16||6,669.67|
|204||New Hampshire 1st||2,463.65||6,380.86|
|210||New York 24th||2,388.56||6,186.38|
|214||North Carolina 13th||2,280.59||5,906.73|
|219||New Jersey 2nd||2,092.43||5,419.40|
|237||South Carolina 1st||1,547.86||4,008.96|
|245||New York 18th||1,353.42||3,505.36|
|246||South Carolina 4th||1,299.30||3,365.19|
|251||New York 20th||1,231.28||3,189.02|
|262||North Carolina 4th||1,045.35||2,707.46|
|266||New Jersey 5th||991.30||2,567.47|
|267||New Jersey 7th||970.19||2,512.79|
|274||New Jersey 3rd||899.70||2,330.23|
|281||North Carolina 9th||856.93||2,219.45|
|284||Rhode Island 2nd||765.32||1,982.18|
|292||New Jersey 4th||691.88||1,791.97|
|296||New York 1st||650.02||1,683.55|
|302||North Carolina 12th||441||1,143.4|
|308||New York 25th||510.19||1,321.39|
|310||New Jersey 11th||504.97||1,307.87|
|323||New Jersey 12th||412.23||1,067.68|
|326||New York 17th||382.63||991.01|
|329||New Jersey 1st||350.02||906.55|
|347||Rhode Island 1st||268.49||695.39|
|356||New York 3rd||254.92||660.24|
|362||New York 26th||219.13||567.55|
|366||New Jersey 6th||215.55||558.28|
|385||New York 2nd||182.01||471.41|
|—||N. Mariana Islands at-large||179||460|
|—||US Virgin Islands at-large||133.7||346|
|401||New York 4th||110.85||287.1|
|408||New Jersey 9th||95.34||246.93|
|411||New York 16th||78.37||202.98|
|—||American Samoa at-large||77||200|
|412||New Jersey 10th||75.92||196.63|
|415||New York 11th||65.83||170.5|
|—||District of Columbia at-large||61.40||159.03|
|421||New Jersey 8th||54.69||141.65|
|424||New York 5th||51.88||134.37|
|427||New York 6th||29.78||77.13|
|428||New York 8th||29.66||76.82|
|429||New York 14th||28.29||73.27|
|430||New York 7th||16.16||41.85|
|431||New York 9th||15.54||40.25|
|432||New York 12th||14.79||38.31|
|433||New York 15th||14.54||37.66|
|434||New York 10th||14.25||36.91|
|435||New York 13th||10.25||26.55|
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These are lists of territorial governors by century and by year, such as the administrators of colonies, protectorates, or other dependencies. Where applicable, native rulers are also listed.
The following entries cover events related to the study of archaeology which occurred in the listed year.
The New Hampshire at-large congressional district is obsolete, with representation having since been divided into districts.
From 1793 to 1827 and again from 1829 to 1845, Georgia elected all its Representatives in Congress from a single multi-member at-large congressional district.
Virginia Congressional District 19 is an obsolete congressional district in Virginia. It was created in 1793 after the 1790 U.S. Census and was eliminated in 1843 after the 1840 U.S. Census. Its last Congressman was George W. Summers.
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