List of Native Americans in the United States Congress

Last updated

This is a list of Native Americans with documented tribal ancestry or affiliation in the U.S. Congress.

Contents

Map of all congressional districts represented by Native Americans in the 117th Congress. Native Americans in US House.svg
Map of all congressional districts represented by Native Americans in the 117th Congress.
Ben Nighthorse Campbell (R-Colorado), a Northern Cheyenne and one of only 4 Native Senators in U.S. history. As of 2020, he is the last Native American to have served in the Senate. BenNCampbell.jpg
Ben Nighthorse Campbell (R-Colorado), a Northern Cheyenne and one of only 4 Native Senators in U.S. history. As of 2020, he is the last Native American to have served in the Senate.

All entries on this list are related to Native American tribes based in the contiguous United States. No Alaska Natives have ever served in Congress. There are Native Hawaiians who have served in Congress, but they are not listed here because they are distinct from North American Natives.

Only two Native Americans served in the 115th Congress: Tom Cole (serving since 2003) and Markwayne Mullin (serving since 2013), both of whom are Republican Representatives from Oklahoma. On November 6, 2018, Democrats Sharice Davids of Kansas and Deb Haaland of New Mexico were elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, and the 116th Congress, which commenced on January 3, 2019, has four Native Americans. Davids and Haaland are the first two Native American women with documented tribal ancestry to serve in Congress. There currently are five Native Americans seated in the House, the largest delegation yet in history: Cole, Mullin, Haaland and Davids were all reelected in 2020, with Republican Yvette Herrell of New Mexico elected for the first time in 2020.

Senate

PictureSenator
(lifespan)
Tribal AncestryStatePartyTerm startTerm endNotes
Hiram Rhodes Revels - Brady-Handy-(restored).png Hiram Revels
(1827–1901)
Lumbee Flag of Mississippi (1861-1865).svg Mississippi Republican February 23, 1870March 4, 1871First Native American in the Senate; resigned to become the President of Alcorn State University
Charles Curtis-portrait.jpg Charles Curtis
(1860–1936)
Kaw,
Osage,
Potawatomi
Flag of Kansas (1927-1961).svg Kansas Republican January 29, 1907January 3, 1913Was not reelected after Democrats won control of Kansas Legislature in 1912
March 4, 1915March 4, 1929First Native American popularly elected to the Senate
Served as President pro tempore and Majority Leader
Resigned after being elected Vice President
Thinks Europe can pay debts LCCN00652554 (cropped).jpg Robert Owen
(1856–1947)
Cherokee Flag of Oklahoma (1911-1925).svg Oklahoma Democratic December 11, 1907March 4, 1925Retired
BenNCampbell.jpg Ben Campbell
(born 1933)
Northern Cheyenne Flag of Colorado.svg Colorado Democratic (1993–1995)January 3, 1993January 3, 2005Retired
Republican (1995-2005)

House of Representatives

  Denotes incumbent

PictureRepresentative
(lifespan)
Tribal AncestryStatePartyTerm startTerm endNotes
Richard Harvey Cain.jpg Richard H. Cain
(1825–1887)
Cherokee Flag of South Carolina.svg South Carolina Republican March 4, 1873March 4, 1875Retired
March 4, 1877March 4, 1879
John Mercer Langston - Brady-Handy.jpg John Mercer Langston
(1829–1897)
Pamunkey Flag of Virginia.svg Virginia Republican September 23, 1890March 3, 1891Lost Reelection
Charles Curtis-portrait.jpg Charles Curtis
(1860–1936)
Kaw,
Osage,
Potawatomi
Flag of Kansas.svg Kansas Republican March 4, 1893January 28, 1907Resigned to become U.S. Senator from Kansas
Charles D. Carter.jpeg Charles Carter
(1868–1929)
Chickasaw Flag of Oklahoma (1911-1925).svg Oklahoma Democratic November 16, 1907March 4, 1927Lost renomination
WilliamWHastings.jpg William Hastings
(1866–1938)
Cherokee Flag of Oklahoma (1911-1925).svg Oklahoma Democratic March 4, 1915March 4, 1921Lost reelection
March 4, 1923January 3, 1935Retired
Will Rogers, Jr.JPG Will Rogers Jr.
(1911–1993)
Cherokee Flag of California.svg California Democratic January 3, 1943May 23, 1944Resigned to join the U.S. Army
STIGLER, William Grady.jpg William Stigler
(1891–1952)
Choctaw Flag of Oklahoma (1941-1988).svg Oklahoma Democratic March 28, 1944August 21, 1952Died in office
Ben Reifel.jpg Ben Reifel
(1906–1990)
Lakota Sioux,
(Rosebud Sioux)
Flag of South Dakota (1963-1992).svg South Dakota Republican January 3, 1961January 3, 1971Retired
Floyd Hicks 94th Congress 1975.jpg Floyd Hicks
(1915–1992)
Paiute,
Shoshone
Flag of Washington.svg Washington Democratic January 3, 1965January 3, 1977Retired
Clem McSpadden.jpg Clem McSpadden
(1925–2008)
Cherokee Flag of Oklahoma (1941-1988).svg Oklahoma Democratic January 3, 1973January 3, 1975Retired to run unsuccessfully for the nomination to the 1974 Oklahoma gubernatorial election
Ben Campbell.jpg Ben Campbell
(born 1933)
Northern Cheyenne Flag of Colorado.svg Colorado Democratic January 3, 1987January 3, 1993Retired to run successfully for the 1992 United States Senate election in Colorado
Brad carson23.jpg Brad Carson
(born 1967)
Cherokee Flag of Oklahoma (1988-2006).svg Oklahoma Democratic January 3, 2001January 3, 2005Retired to run unsuccessfully for the 2004 United States Senate election in Oklahoma
Tom Cole official congressional photo.jpg Tom Cole
(born 1949)
Chickasaw Flag of Oklahoma.svg Oklahoma Republican January 3, 2003Incumbent
Travischilders.jpg Travis Childers
(born 1958)
Chickasaw,
Mississippi Choctaw
Flag of Mississippi (1894-1996).png Mississippi Democratic May 13, 2008January 3, 2011Lost reelection
Congressman Markwayne Mullin Official Photo.jpg Markwayne Mullin
(born 1977)
Cherokee Flag of Oklahoma.svg Oklahoma Republican January 3, 2013Incumbent
Sharice Davids.jpg Sharice Davids
(born 1980)
Ho-Chunk Flag of Kansas.svg Kansas Democratic January 3, 2019IncumbentFirst LGBTQ Native American elected
Deb Haaland official portrait, 116th congress 2.jpg Deb Haaland
(born 1960)
Laguna Pueblo Flag of New Mexico.svg New Mexico Democratic January 3, 2019Incumbent
Yvette Herrell official photo, 117th Congress.jpg Yvette Herrell
(born 1964)
Cherokee Flag of New Mexico.svg New Mexico Republican January 3, 2021Incumbent

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