List of historical longest-serving members of the United States Congress

Last updated

This is a list of United States congressmen who have set records for longevity of service since the United States 1st Congress in 1789. It is divided up into several categories.

Contents

Uninterrupted time

House and Senate

Begin dateEnd dateNamePartyStateServiceLength of service
March 4, 1789March 3, 1807 John Brown Anti-Administration/
Democratic-Republican
Virginia/Kentucky March 4, 1789 - March 3, 1805 (H, S)5842 dd
March 3, 1807November 13, 1892 Nathaniel Macon Anti-Administration/
Democratic-Republican
North Carolina March 4, 1791 - November 14, 1828 (H, S)13769 dd
November 13, 1892December 28, 1950 Justin Smith Morrill Whig/Republican Vermont March 4, 1855 - December 28, 1898 (H, S)16005 dd
December 28, 1950October 24, 1957 Adolph J. Sabath Democratic Illinois March 4, 1907 - November 6, 1952 (H)16684 dd
October 24, 1957November 18, 2009 Carl Hayden Democratic Arizona February 19, 1912 - January 3, 1969 (H, S)20773 dd
November 18, 2009June 6, 2013 Robert Byrd Democratic West Virginia January 3, 1953 - June 28, 2010 (H, S)20995 dd
June 6, 2013 John Dingell Democratic Michigan December 13, 1955 - January 3, 2015 (H)21571 dd

Senate

Begin dateEnd dateNamePartyStateServiceLength of service
March 4, 1789June 6, 1802 James Gunn Anti-Administration/
Federalist
Georgia March 4, 1789 - March 3, 18014381 dd
John Langdon Pro-Administration/
Anti-Administration/
Democratic-Republican
New Hampshire
June 6, 1802December 6, 1808 Theodore Foster Pro-Administration/
Federalist/
Democratic-Republican
Rhode Island June 7, 1790 - March 3, 18034651 dd
December 6, 1808December 25, 1811 James Hillhouse Federalist Connecticut March 12, 1796 - June 10, 18105202 dd
December 25, 1811May 12, 1822 Joseph Anderson Democratic-Republican Tennessee September 26, 1797 - March 3, 18156366 dd
May 12, 1822March 5, 1841 John Gaillard Democratic-Republican South Carolina December 6, 1804 - February 26, 18267752 dd
March 5, 1841December 11, 1845 William R. King Democratic-Republican/
Democratic
Alabama December 14, 1819 - April 15, 18448889 dd
December 11, 1845September 24, 1896 Thomas Hart Benton Democratic-Republican/
Democratic
Missouri August 10, 1821 - March 3, 185110797 dd
September 24, 1896December 29, 1904 Justin Smith Morrill Whig/
Republican
Vermont March 4, 1867 - December 28, 189811622 dd
December 29, 1904August 3, 1944 William B. Allison Republican Iowa March 4, 1873 - August 4, 190812936 dd
August 3, 1944November 17, 1952 Ellison D. Smith DemocraticSouth CarolinaMarch 4, 1909 - November 17, 194413042 dd
November 17, 1952January 3, 1963 Kenneth McKellar DemocraticTennesseeMarch 4, 1917 - January 3, 195313089 dd
January 3, 1963September 9, 1998 Carl Hayden Democratic Arizona March 4, 1927 - January 3, 196915281 dd
September 9, 1998February 28, 2005 Strom Thurmond Democratic/
Republican
South CarolinaNovember 7, 1956 - January 3, 200316858 dd
February 28, 2005 Robert Byrd Democratic West Virginia January 3, 1959 - June 28, 201018804 dd

House

Begin dateEnd dateNamePartyStateServiceLength of service
March 4, 1789March 3, 1803 George Thatcher Pro-Administration/
Federalist
Massachusetts March 4, 1789 - March 3, 18014381 dd
March 3, 1803December 12, 1825 Nathaniel Macon Anti-Administration/
Democratic-Republican
North Carolina March 4, 1791 - December 13, 18159049 dd
December 12, 1825March 9, 1908 Thomas Newton, Jr. Democratic-Republican Virginia March 4, 1801 - March 9, 183010597 dd
March 9, 1908March 21, 1940 Henry H. Bingham Republican Pennsylvania March 4, 1879 - March 22, 191212071 dd
March 21, 1940October 24, 1957 Adolph J. Sabath Democratic Illinois March 4, 1907 - November 6, 195216684 dd
October 24, 1957July 18, 1963 Sam Rayburn Democratic Texas March 4, 1913 - November 16, 196117789 dd
July 18, 1963January 5, 1992 Carl Vinson Democratic Georgia November 3, 1914 - January 3, 196518324 dd
January 5, 1992February 10, 2009 Jamie L. Whitten Democratic Mississippi November 4, 1941 - January 3, 199519418 dd
February 10, 2009 John Dingell Democratic Michigan December 13, 1955 - January 3, 201521571 dd

Interrupted time

House and Senate

Begin dateEnd dateNamePartyStateServiceLength of service
March 4, 1789March 3, 1807 John Brown Anti-Administration/
Democratic-Republican
Virginia/Kentucky March 4, 1789 - March 3, 1805 (H, S)5842 dd
March 3, 1807October 15, 1831 Nathaniel Macon Anti-Administration/
Democratic-Republican
North Carolina March 4, 1791 - November 14, 1828 (H, S)13769 dd
October 15, 1831April 2, 1894 Samuel Smith Anti-Administration/
Democratic-Republican
Maryland March 4, 1793 - March 3, 1815
January 31, 1816 - March 3, 1833 (H, S)
14274 dd
April 2, 1894December 31, 1920 Justin Smith Morrill Whig/Republican Vermont March 4, 1855 - December 28, 1898 (H, S)16005 dd
December 31, 1920February 14, 1958 Joseph G. Cannon Republican Illinois March 4, 1873 - March 3, 1891
March 4, 1893 - March 3, 1913
March 4, 1915 - March 3, 1923 (H)
16797 dd
February 14, 1958November 18, 2009 Carl Hayden Democratic Arizona February 19, 1912 - January 3, 1969 (H, S)20773 dd
November 18, 2009June 6, 2013 Robert Byrd Democratic West Virginia January 3, 1953 - June 28, 2010 (H, S)20995 dd
June 6, 2013 John Dingell Democratic Michigan December 13, 1955 - January 3, 2015 (H)21571 dd

Senate

Begin dateEnd dateNamePartyStateServiceLength of service
March 4, 1789June 6, 1802 James Gunn Anti-Administration/
Federalist
Georgia March 4, 1789 - March 3, 18014381 dd
John Langdon Pro-Administration/
Anti-Administration/
Democratic-Republican
New Hampshire
June 6, 1802December 6, 1808 Theodore Foster Pro-Administration/
Federalist/
Democratic-Republican
Rhode Island June 7, 1790 - March 3, 18034651 dd
December 6, 1808December 25, 1811 James Hillhouse Federalist Connecticut March 12, 1796 - June 10, 18105202 dd
December 25, 1811May 12, 1822 Joseph Anderson Democratic-Republican Tennessee September 26, 1797 - March 3, 18156366 dd
May 12, 1822March 8, 1832 John Gaillard Democratic-Republican South Carolina December 6, 1804 - February 26, 18267752 dd
March 8, 1832February 28, 1842 Samuel Smith Democratic-Republican Maryland March 4, 1803 - March 3, 1815
December 16, 1822 - March 3, 1833
8112 dd
February 28, 1842December 11, 1845 William R. King Democratic-Republican/
Democratic
Alabama December 14, 1819 - April 15, 1844 [1] 8889 dd
December 11, 1845October 8, 1894 Thomas Hart Benton Democratic-Republican/
Democratic
Missouri August 10, 1821 - March 3, 185110797 dd
October 8, 1894February 20, 1905 John Sherman Republican Ohio March 21, 1861 - March 8, 1877
March 4, 1881 - March 4, 1897
11675 dd
February 20, 1905April 20, 1928 William B. Allison Republican Iowa March 4, 1873 - August 4, 190812936 dd
April 20, 1928March 8, 1964 Francis E. Warren Republican Wyoming November 18, 1890 - March 3, 1893
March 4, 1895 - November 24, 1929
13519 dd
March 8, 1964May 30, 1997 Carl Hayden Democratic Arizona March 4, 1927 - January 3, 196915281 dd
May 30, 1997June 10, 2006 Strom Thurmond Democratic/
Republican
South CarolinaDecember 24, 1954 - April 4, 1956
November 7, 1956 - January 3, 2003
17325 dd
June 10, 2006 Robert Byrd Democratic West Virginia January 3, 1959 - June 28, 201018804 dd

House

Begin dateEnd dateNamePartyStateServiceLength of service
March 4, 1789March 3, 1803 George Thatcher Pro-Administration/
Federalist
Massachusetts March 4, 1789 - March 3, 18014381 dd
March 3, 1803December 12, 1825 Nathaniel Macon Anti-Administration/
Democratic-Republican
North Carolina March 4, 1791 - December 13, 18159049 dd
December 12, 1825March 11, 1904 Thomas Newton, Jr. Democratic-Republican Virginia March 4, 1801 - March 9, 1830
March 4, 1831 - March 3, 1833
11327 dd
March 11, 1904November 3, 1908 John H. Ketcham Republican New York March 4, 1865 - March 3, 1873
March 4, 1877 - March 3, 1893
March 4, 1897 - November 4, 1906
12295 dd
November 3, 1908February 28, 1959 Joseph G. Cannon Republican Illinois March 4, 1873 - March 3, 1891
March 4, 1893 - March 3, 1913
March 4, 1915 - March 3, 1923
16797 dd
February 2, 1959July 18, 1963 Sam Rayburn Democratic Texas March 4, 1913 - November 16, 196117789 dd
July 18, 1963January 5, 1992 Carl Vinson Democratic Georgia November 3, 1914 - January 3, 196518324 dd
January 5, 1992February 10, 2009 Jamie L. Whitten Democratic Mississippi November 4, 1941 - January 3, 199519418 dd
February 10, 2009 John Dingell Democratic Michigan December 13, 1955 - January 3, 201521571 dd

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References

  1. Also served from July 1, 1848 to December 20, 1852, but Benton surpassed his tenure in 1845.