List of Hispanic and Latino Americans in the United States Congress

Last updated

This is a list of Hispanic and Latino Americans who have served in the United States Congress. Persons included are identified as having a lineage from Spain or Latin America, a definition that includes Brazil but not Portugal.

Contents

Entries shaded in gray refer to current members of the U.S. Congress.

Senate

PictureSenator
(lifespan)
Hispanic or Latino ancestryPartyStateTerm startTerm endNotes
CharlesBouligny.jpg Dominique Bouligny
(1773–1833)
Spanish Adams-Clay Republican
(1824–1828)
Louisiana November 19, 1824March 4, 1829Retired
National Republican
(1828–1829)
David Levy Yulee - Brady-Handy.jpg David Levy Yulee
(1810–1886)
Spanish Democratic Florida July 1, 1845March 4, 1851Lost reelection
March 4, 1855January 21, 1861Resigned when Florida seceded from the Union
Judah P Benjamin crop.jpg Judah P. Benjamin
(1811–1884)
Spanish [1] Whig
(1853–1856)
Louisiana March 4, 1853February 4, 1861Resigned when Louisiana seceded from the Union
Democratic
(1856–1861)
Octaviano Larrazolo, bw photo portrait, 1919.jpg Octaviano Larrazolo
(1859–1930)
Mexican [2] Republican New Mexico December 7, 1928March 4, 1929Retired
Dennis Chavez cph.3b20083.jpg Dennis Chávez
(1888–1962)
Mexican [3] Democratic New Mexico May 11, 1935November 18, 1962Died in office
Joseph M Montoya.jpg Joseph Montoya
(1915–1978)
Mexican [4] Democratic New Mexico November 4, 1964January 3, 1977Lost reelection
John E. Sununu.jpg John E. Sununu
(born 1964)
Salvadoran [5] Republican New Hampshire January 3, 2003January 3, 2009Lost reelection
Mel Martinez.jpg Mel Martínez [6]
(born 1946)
Cuban [7] Republican Florida January 3, 2005September 9, 2009Resigned
Kensalazar.jpg Ken Salazar
(born 1955)
Mexican [8] Democratic Colorado January 3, 2005January 20, 2009Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of the Interior
Robert Menendez official Senate portrait.jpg Bob Menendez
(born 1954)
Cuban [9] Democratic New Jersey January 17, 2006Incumbent
Marco Rubio, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Marco Rubio
(born 1971)
Cuban [10] Republican Florida January 3, 2011Incumbent
Ted Cruz official 116th portrait (cropped).jpg Ted Cruz
(born 1970)
Cuban [10] Republican Texas January 3, 2013Incumbent
Catherine Cortez Masto official portrait.jpg Catherine Cortez Masto
(born 1964)
Mexican [11] Democratic Nevada January 3, 2017Incumbent
BenLujan2016.jpg Ben Ray Luján
(born 1972)
Mexican [12] Democratic New Mexico January 3, 2021Incumbent
Alex Padilla official photo.jpg Alex Padilla
(born 1973)
Mexican [13] Democratic California January 20, 2021Incumbent

Elected, but not seated

PictureSenator-elect
(lifespan)
Hispanic or Latino ancestryPartyStateYear electedNotes
Charles Gayarre by Jules Lion.png Charles Gayarré
(1805–1895)
Spanish Democratic Louisiana 1834Prior to being seated, resigned due to ill health

House of Representatives

PictureRepresentative
(lifespan)
Hispanic or Latino ancestryPartyStateTerm startTerm endNotes
No image.svg Alcée la Branche
(1806–1881)
Spanish Democratic Louisiana March 4, 1843March 4, 1845Retired
John Edward Bouligny - Brady (crop).png John Edward Bouligny
(1824–1864)
Spanish American (Know-Nothing)
(1859–1860)
Louisiana March 4, 1859March 4, 1861Retired [14]
Constitutional Union
(1860–1861)
Romualdo Pacheco - Brady-Handy.jpg Romualdo Pacheco [15]
(1831–1899)
Mexican Republican California March 4, 1877February 7, 1878Lost election contestation
March 4, 1879March 4, 1883Retired
Frank Leslie Coombs.jpg Frank Coombs
(1853–1934)
Mexican Republican California March 4, 1901March 4, 1903Lost reelection
EstopinalOfLouisiana.jpg Albert Estopinal
(1845–1919)
Spanish Democratic Louisiana November 3, 1908April 28, 1919Died in office
Ladislas Lazaro.jpg Ladislas Lazaro
(1872–1927)
Spanish Democratic Louisiana March 4, 1913March 30, 1927Died in office
Benigno C Hernandez.jpg Benigno C. Hernández
(1862–1954)
Mexican Republican New Mexico March 4, 1915March 4, 1917Lost reelection
March 4, 1919March 4, 1921Retired
NestorMontoya.jpg Néstor Montoya
(1862–1923)
Mexican Republican New Mexico March 4, 1921January 13, 1923Died in office
Dennis Chavez cph.3b20083.jpg Dennis Chávez
(1888–1962)
Mexican Democratic New Mexico March 4, 1931January 3, 1935Retired to run unsuccessfully for the U.S. Senate from New Mexico [16]
Joachim O Fernandez .jpg Joachim O. Fernández
(1896–1978)
Spanish Democratic Louisiana March 4, 1931January 3, 1941Lost reelection
Antonio M Fernandez.jpg Antonio M. Fernández
(1902–1956)
Mexican Democratic New Mexico January 3, 1943November 7, 1956Died in office
Joseph M Montoya.jpg Joseph Montoya
(1915–1978)
Mexican Democratic New Mexico April 9, 1957November 3, 1964Retired to run successfully for the U.S. Senate from New Mexico
Henry B Gonzalez.jpg Henry B. González
(1916–2000)
Mexican Democratic Texas November 4, 1961January 3, 1999Retired
Thomas Gill.jpg Thomas Ponce Gill
(1922–2009)
Cuban Democratic Hawaii January 3, 1963January 3, 1965Retired to run unsuccessfully for the U.S. Senate from Hawaii
Edward R Roybal.jpg Edward R. Roybal
(1916–2005)
Mexican Democratic California January 3, 1963January 3, 1993Retired
Kika de la Garza - Flickr - USDAgov.jpg Kika de la Garza
(1927–2017)
Mexican Democratic Texas January 3, 1965January 3, 1997Retired
Lujan manuel.jpg Manuel Lujan
(1928–2019)
Mexican Republican New Mexico January 3, 1969January 3, 1989Retired [17]
Herman Badillo.JPG Herman Badillo
(1929–2014)
Puerto Rican Democratic New York January 3, 1971December 31, 1977Resigned to become Deputy Mayor of New York City
Charles B Rangel Portrait.jpg Charles Rangel
(born 1930)
Puerto Rican Democratic New York January 3, 1971January 3, 2017Retired
Robert Garcia.jpg Robert Garcia
(1933–2017)
Puerto Rican Democratic New York February 21, 1978January 7, 1990Resigned [18]
Matthew G Martinez.jpg Matthew Martínez
(1929–2011)
Mexican
Democratic
(1982–2000)
.
California July 13, 1982January 3, 2001Lost renomination as a Democrat and joined the Republican Party
Republican
(2000–2001)
SolomonOrtiz.jpg Solomon P. Ortiz
(born 1937)
Mexican Democratic Texas January 3, 1983January 3, 2011Lost reelection
Congressman Bill Richardson.jpg Bill Richardson
(born 1947)
Mexican Democratic New Mexico January 3, 1983February 13, 1997Resigned to become U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations [19]
Esteban Edward Torres.png Esteban E. Torres
(born 1930)
Mexican Democratic California January 3, 1983January 3, 1999Retired
Barbara vucanovich.jpg Barbara Vucanovich [20]
(1921–2013)
Mexican Republican Nevada January 3, 1983January 3, 1997Retired
Albert Bustamante.jpg Albert Bustamante
(born 1935)
Mexican Democratic Texas January 3, 1985January 3, 1993Lost reelection [21]
Ileana Ros-Lehtinen.jpg Ileana Ros-Lehtinen
(born 1952)
Cuban Republican Florida August 29, 1989January 3, 2019Retired
Josieserrano.jpeg José E. Serrano
(born 1943)
Puerto Rican Democratic New York March 20, 1990January 3, 2021Retired
Edpastor.jpg Ed Pastor
(1943–2018)
Mexican Democratic Arizona October 3, 1991January 3, 2015Retired
Xavierbecerra.jpeg Xavier Becerra
(born 1958)
Mexican Democratic California January 3, 1993January 24, 2017Resigned to become Attorney General of California
Bonilla picture.JPG Henry Bonilla
(born 1954)
Mexican Republican Texas January 3, 1993January 3, 2007Lost reelection
Lincoln Diaz-Balart.jpg Lincoln Díaz-Balart
(born 1954)
Cuban Republican Florida January 3, 1993January 3, 2011Retired
Luiiii.jpeg Luis Gutiérrez
(born 1953)
Puerto Rican Democratic Illinois January 3, 1993January 3, 2019Retired
Robert Menendez official photo (cropped).jpg Bob Menendez
(born 1954)
Cuban Democratic New Jersey January 3, 1993January 16, 2006Resigned to accept appointment as U.S. Senator from New Jersey
Lucille Roybal-Allard official photo.jpg Lucille Roybal-Allard
(born 1941)
Mexican Democratic California January 3, 1993Incumbent
Frank M Tejeda.jpg Frank Tejeda
(1945–1997)
Mexican Democratic Texas January 3, 1993January 30, 1997Died in office
Nydia Velazquez oficial portrait (cropped).jpg Nydia Velázquez
(born 1953)
Puerto Rican Democratic New York January 3, 1993Incumbent
Rubengu.jpg Rubén Hinojosa
(born 1940)
Mexican Democratic Texas January 3, 1997January 3, 2017Retired
Silvestre Reyes, Official Portrait, c112th Congress.jpg Silvestre Reyes
(born 1944)
Mexican Democratic Texas January 3, 1997January 3, 2013Lost renomination
Loretta Sanchez official photo.jpg Loretta Sánchez
(born 1960)
Mexican Democratic California January 3, 1997January 3, 2017Retired to run unsuccessfully for the U.S. Senate from California
John E. Sununu.jpg John E. Sununu
(born 1964)
Salvadoran Republican New Hampshire January 3, 1997January 3, 2003Retired to run successfully for the U.S. Senate from New Hampshire
Ciro Rodriguez, official 110th Congress photo.JPG Ciro Rodríguez
(born 1946)
Mexican Democratic Texas April 12, 1997January 3, 2005Lost renomination
January 3, 2007January 3, 2011Lost reelection
Charlie A. Gonzalez, official portrait.jpg Charlie González
(born 1945)
Mexican Democratic Texas January 3, 1999January 3, 2013Retired
Rep-Napolitano.jpg Grace Napolitano
(born 1936)
Mexican Democratic California January 3, 1999Incumbent
Joe Baca Portrait.jpg Joe Baca
(born 1947)
Mexican Democratic California November 16, 1999January 3, 2013Lost reelection
Hilda Solis official DOL portrait.jpg Hilda Solis
(born 1957)
Mexican
Nicaraguan
Democratic California January 3, 2001February 24, 2009Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of Labor
Mario Diaz-Balart official photo.jpg Mario Díaz-Balart
(born 1961)
Cuban Republican Florida January 3, 2003Incumbent
Raul Grijalva Official Portrait, 2015.jpg Raúl Grijalva
(born 1948)
Mexican Democratic Arizona January 3, 2003Incumbent
Linda Sanchez official photo.jpg Linda Sánchez
(born 1969)
Mexican Democratic California January 3, 2003Incumbent
Henry Cuellar, official portrait, 115th congress.jpg Henry Cuellar
(born 1955)
Mexican Democratic Texas January 3, 2005Incumbent
Rep John Salazar.jpg John Salazar
(born 1953)
Mexican Democratic Colorado January 3, 2005January 3, 2011Lost reelection
Albio sires.jpg Albio Sires
(born 1951)
Cuban Democratic New Jersey November 13, 2006Incumbent
BenLujan2016.jpg Ben Ray Luján
(born 1972)
Mexican Democratic New Mexico January 3, 2009January 3, 2021Retired to run successfully for the U.S. Senate from New Mexico
John Garamendi official photo.jpg John Garamendi
(born 1945)
Spanish Democratic California November 3, 2009Incumbent
Quico Canseco, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Quico Canseco
(born 1949)
Mexican Republican Texas January 3, 2011January 3, 2013Lost reelection
Bill Flores, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Bill Flores
(born 1954)
Spanish Republican Texas January 3, 2011January 3, 2021Retired
Jaime Herrera Beutler, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Jaime Herrera Beutler
(born 1978)
Mexican Republican Washington January 3, 2011Incumbent
Raul Labrador 115th.jpg Raúl Labrador
(born 1967)
Puerto Rican Republican Idaho January 3, 2011January 3, 2019Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for Governor of Idaho
David Rivera, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg David Rivera
(born 1965)
Cuban Republican Florida January 3, 2011January 3, 2013Lost reelection
U.S. Rep. Tony Cardenas.jpg Tony Cárdenas
(born 1963)
Mexican Democratic California January 3, 2013Incumbent
Joaquin Castro, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Joaquin Castro
(born 1974)
Mexican Democratic Texas January 3, 2013Incumbent
Pete Gallego official portrait.jpg Pete Gallego
(born 1961)
Mexican Democratic Texas January 3, 2013January 3, 2015Lost reelection
Joe Garcia Off Port 113Cong.jpg Joe Garcia
(born 1963)
Cuban Democratic Florida January 3, 2013January 3, 2015Lost reelection
Michelle Lujan Grisham official photo.jpg Michelle Lujan Grisham
(born 1959)
Mexican Democratic New Mexico January 3, 2013December 31, 2018Resigned to become Governor of New Mexico
Glora Negrete Mcleod.jpg Gloria Negrete McLeod
(born 1941)
Mexican Democratic California January 3, 2013January 3, 2015Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Board of Supervisors of San Bernardino County, California
Raul Ruiz, official portrait, 113th congress.jpg Raul Ruiz
(born 1972)
Mexican Democratic California January 3, 2013Incumbent
Juan Vargas official photo.jpg Juan Vargas
(born 1961)
Mexican Democratic California January 3, 2013Incumbent
Filemon Vela, Official Portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Filemón Vela
(born 1963)
Mexican Democratic Texas January 3, 2013Incumbent
Pete Aguilar Official Portrait, 115th Congress.jpg Pete Aguilar
(born 1979)
Mexican Democratic California January 3, 2015Incumbent
Carlos Curbelo official photo.jpg Carlos Curbelo
(born 1980)
Cuban Republican Florida January 3, 2015January 3, 2019Lost reelection
Ruben Gallego official photo.jpg Ruben Gallego
(born 1979)
Mexican
Colombian
Democratic Arizona January 3, 2015Incumbent
Alex Mooney Congress.jpg Alex Mooney
(born 1971)
Cuban Republican West Virginia January 3, 2015Incumbent
Norma Torres 115th official photo.jpg Norma Torres
(born 1965)
Guatemalan Democratic California January 3, 2015Incumbent
Nanette Barragan official portrait.jpg Nanette Barragán
(born 1976)
Mexican Democratic California January 3, 2017Incumbent
Salud Carbajal official photo.jpg Salud Carbajal
(born 1964)
Mexican Democratic California January 3, 2017Incumbent
Lou Correa official portrait.jpg Lou Correa
(born 1958)
Mexican Democratic California January 3, 2017Incumbent
Rep. Adriano Espaillat Official Photo 116th Congress.jpg Adriano Espaillat
(born 1954)
Dominican Democratic New York January 3, 2017Incumbent
Vicente Gonzalez 115th congress photo.jpg Vicente Gonzalez
(born 1967)
Mexican Democratic Texas January 3, 2017Incumbent
Rep. Ruben Kihuen.jpg Rubén Kihuen
(born 1980)
Mexican Democratic Nevada January 3, 2017January 3, 2019Retired
Brian Mast official 115th Congress photo (cropped).jpg Brian Mast
(born 1980)
Mexican Republican Florida January 3, 2017Incumbent
Darren Soto 115th Congress photo.jpg Darren Soto
(born 1978)
Puerto Rican Democratic Florida January 3, 2017Incumbent
Jimmy Gomez official portrait.jpg Jimmy Gomez
(born 1974)
Mexican Democratic California July 11, 2017Incumbent
Gil Cisneros official portrait.jpg Gil Cisneros
(born 1971)
Mexican Democratic California January 3, 2019January 3, 2021Lost reelection
Antonio Delgado, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg Antonio Delgado
(born 1977)
Puerto Rican Democratic New York January 3, 2019Incumbent
Veronica Escobar official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg Veronica Escobar
(born 1969)
Mexican Democratic Texas January 3, 2019Incumbent
Chuy Garcia official portrait.jpg Chuy García
(born 1956)
Mexican Democratic Illinois January 3, 2019Incumbent
Sylvia Garcia, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg Sylvia Garcia
(born 1950)
Mexican Democratic Texas January 3, 2019Incumbent
Anthony Gonzalez, official portrait, 116th Congress 2.jpg Anthony Gonzalez
(born 1984)
Cuban Republican Ohio January 3, 2019Incumbent
Mike Levin.jpg Mike Levin
(born 1978)
Mexican Democratic California January 3, 2019Incumbent
Debbie Mucarsel-Powell, official portrait, 116h Congress.jpg Debbie Mucarsel-Powell
(born 1971)
Ecuadorian Democratic Florida January 3, 2019January 3, 2021Lost reelection
Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez Official Portrait.jpg Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez
(born 1989)
Puerto Rican Democratic New York January 3, 2019Incumbent
Xochitl Torres Small, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg Xochitl Torres Small
(born 1984)
Mexican Democratic New Mexico January 3, 2019January 3, 2021Lost reelection
Mike Garcia, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg Mike Garcia
(born 1976)
Mexican Republican California May 19, 2020Incumbent
Rep. Carlos Gimenez official photo, 117th Congress.jpg Carlos Giménez
(born 1954)
Cuban Republican Florida January 3, 2021Incumbent
Tony-Gonzales-Congress.jpg Tony Gonzales
(born 1980)
Mexican Republican Texas January 3, 2021Incumbent
Teresa Leger Fernandez 117th U.S Congress.jpg Teresa Leger Fernandez
(born 1959)
Mexican Democratic New Mexico January 3, 2021Incumbent
Nicole Malliotakis 117th U.S Congress.jpg Nicole Malliotakis
(born 1980)
Cuban Republican New York January 3, 2021Incumbent
Maria Elvira Salazar.jpg Maria Elvira Salazar
(born 1961)
Cuban Republican Florida January 3, 2021Incumbent
Ritchie Torres 117th U.S Congress.jpg Ritchie Torres
(born 1988)
Puerto Rican Democratic New York January 3, 2021Incumbent

House Delegates (non-voting members)

(Note: Delegates are organized first in chronological order according to their first term in office, then second in alphabetical order according to their surname.)

PictureDelegate [22]
(lifespan)
Hispanic or Latino ancestryPartyTerritoryTerm startTerm endNotes
Joseph Marion Hernandez.jpg Joseph Marion Hernández
(1788–1857)
Spanish Democratic-Republican Florida September 30, 1822March 4, 1823Retired
David Levy Yulee - Brady-Handy.jpg David Levy Yulee
(1810–1886)
Spanish Democratic Florida March 4, 1841March 3, 1845Office eliminated when Territory of Florida was admitted to the Union as the State of Florida [23]
Jose Manuel Gallegos.jpg José Manuel Gallegos
(1815–1875)
Mexican Democratic New Mexico March 4, 1853July 23, 1856Lost election contestation
March 4, 1871March 4, 1873Lost reelection
Miguel Antonio Otero (1829-1882).jpg Miguel Antonio Otero
(1829–1882)
Mexican Democratic New Mexico July 23, 1856March 4, 1861Retired
Francisco Perea.jpg Francisco Perea
(1830–1913)
Mexican Republican New Mexico March 4, 1863March 4, 1865Lost reelection
JosFChaves.jpg José Francisco Chaves
(1833–1904)
Mexican Republican New Mexico March 4, 1865March 4, 1867Lost reelection
February 20, 1869March 4, 1871Lost reelection
Trinidad Romero.jpg Trinidad Romero
(1835–1918)
Mexican Republican New Mexico March 4, 1877March 4, 1879Retired
Mariano S Otero.jpg Mariano S. Otero
(1844–1904)
Mexican Republican New Mexico March 4, 1879March 4, 1881Retired
Tranquilino Luna.jpg Tranquilino Luna
(1849–1892)
Mexican Republican New Mexico March 4, 1881March 5, 1884Lost election contestation
Francisco Antonio Manzanares.jpg Francisco Antonio Manzanares
(1843–1904)
Mexican Democratic New Mexico March 5, 1884March 4, 1885Retired
Pedro Perea.jpg Pedro Perea
(1852–1906)
Mexican Republican New Mexico March 4, 1899March 4, 1901Retired
Federico Degetau y Gonzalez.JPG Federico Degetau
(1862–1914)
Puerto Rican Republican Puerto Rico March 4, 1901March 4, 1905Retired
Tulio Larrinaga.jpg Tulio Larrínaga
(1847–1917)
Puerto Rican Unionist Puerto Rico March 4, 1905March 4, 1911Lost reelection
Benito Legarda cph.3b13853.jpg Benito Legarda
(1853–1915)
Spanish Federalist
(Republican)
Philippine Islands November 22, 1907March 3, 1912Retired
Manuel L. Quezon (November 1942).jpg Manuel L. Quezón [24]
(1878–1944)
Spanish Nacionalista Philippine Islands November 23, 1909October 15, 1916Retired
Luis Munoz Rivera.jpg Luis Muñoz-Rivera
(1859–1916)
Puerto Rican Unionist Puerto Rico March 4, 1911November 15, 1916Died in office
Felix Cordova Davila.jpg Félix Córdova-Dávila
(1878–1938)
Puerto Rican Unionist Puerto Rico August 7, 1917April 11, 1932Resigned to accept appointment as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Puerto Rico
IsauroGabaldon.jpg Isauro Gabaldón
(1875–1942)
Spanish Nacionalista Philippine Islands March 4, 1920July 16, 1928Resigned
Jose Lorenzo Pesquera.jpg José Lorenzo Pesquera
(1882–1950)
Puerto Rican Independent Puerto Rico April 15, 1932March 4, 1933Retired
Santiago Iglesias.jpg Santiago Iglesias
(1872–1939)
Spanish Coalitionist Puerto Rico March 4, 1933December 5, 1939Died in office
Francisco Afan Delgado.jpg Francisco A. Delgado
(1886–1964)
Spanish Nacionalista Philippine Islands January 3, 1935February 14, 1936Retired
Joaquin Miguel Elizalde.png Joaquín Miguel Elizalde
(1896–1965)
Spanish Nonpartisan Philippines September 29, 1938August 9, 1944Resigned
Bolivar Pagan.jpg Bolívar Pagán
(1897–1961)
Puerto Rican Coalitionist Puerto Rico December 26, 1939January 3, 1945Lost reelection
Jesus T. Pinero.jpg Jesús T. Piñero
(1897–1952)
Puerto Rican Popular Democratic Puerto Rico January 3, 1945September 2, 1946Resigned to accept appointment as Governor of Puerto Rico
Antonio Fernos-Isern.jpg Antonio Fernós-Isern
(1895–1974)
Puerto Rican Popular Democratic Puerto Rico September 11, 1946January 3, 1965Retired to run successfully for the Puerto Rico Senate
Santiago Polanco Abreu.jpg Santiago Polanco-Abreu
(1920–1988)
Puerto Rican Popular Democratic Puerto Rico January 3, 1965January 3, 1969Lost reelection
Jorge Luis Cordova Diaz.jpg Jorge Luis Córdova
(1907–1994)
Puerto Rican New Progressive Puerto Rico January 3, 1969January 3, 1973Lost reelection
Jaime Benitez.jpg Jaime Benítez
(1908–2001)
Puerto Rican Popular Democratic Puerto Rico January 3, 1973January 3, 1977Lost reelection
Ron de Lugo.jpg Ron de Lugo
(1930–2020)
Puerto Rican Democratic Virgin Islands January 3, 1973January 3, 1979Retired to run unsuccessfully for Governor of the U.S. Virgin Islands
January 3, 1981January 3, 1995Retired
Corrada.jpg Baltasar Corrada del Río
(1935–2018)
Puerto Rican New Progressive Puerto Rico January 3, 1977January 3, 1985Retired to run successfully for Mayor of San Juan, Puerto Rico
Fuster.jpg Jaime Fuster
(1941–2007)
Puerto Rican Popular Democratic Puerto Rico January 3, 1985March 4, 1992Resigned to accept appointment as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Puerto Rico
Antonio Colorado.jpg Antonio Colorado
(born 1939)
Puerto Rican Popular Democratic Puerto Rico March 4, 1992January 3, 1993Lost reelection
Carlos Antonio Romero-Barcelo.jpg Carlos Romero-Barceló [25]
(born 1932)
Puerto Rican New Progressive Puerto Rico January 3, 1993January 3, 2001Lost reelection
Anibal Acevedo Vila.jpg Aníbal Acevedo-Vilá
(born 1962)
Puerto Rican Popular Democratic Puerto Rico January 3, 2001January 2, 2005Retired to run successfully for Governor of Puerto Rico
Luis Fortuno official congressional photo 3.jpg Luis Fortuño
(born 1960)
Puerto Rican New Progressive Puerto Rico January 3, 2005January 2, 2009Retired to run successfully for Governor of Puerto Rico
Pedro Pierluisi.jpg Pedro Pierluisi
(born 1959)
Puerto Rican New Progressive Puerto Rico January 3, 2009January 3, 2017Retired to run unsuccessfully for the nomination for Governor of Puerto Rico
Jenniffer Gonzalez (cropped).jpg Jenniffer González
(born 1976)
Puerto Rican New Progressive Puerto Rico January 3, 2017Incumbent

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2018 United States House of Representatives elections in New Mexico

The 2018 United States House of Representatives elections in New Mexico were held on November 6, 2018, to elect the three U.S. Representatives from the state of New Mexico, one from each of the state's three congressional districts. The elections coincided with the gubernatorial election, as well as other elections to the House of Representatives, elections to the United States Senate and various state and local elections.

Hispanic and Latino Americans in the United States Congress

Hispanic and Latino Americans have served in the United States Congress since the early 19th century. The first group elected to serve in the Congress were incorporated as part of the United States territorial expansion into previous Spanish territories of the North American mainland as part of American campaigns of Manifest Destiny. The earliest Hispanic and Latino Representation in Congress came in the form of territorial delegates from newly acquired territories, such as Florida, New Mexico, and more, serving as representatives for territories that later on join the United States with full statehood. The history of Latino and Hispanic Americans in Congress is intertwined with the history of United States expansion on the North American mainland, with expansion into previous Spanish and Mexican lands leading to expansions in Hispanic and Latino influence in Congress.

References

  1. "Judah Philip Benjamin". U.S. National Park Service. Retrieved January 19, 2021.
  2. "Octaviano Larrazolo". Library of Congress. Retrieved January 19, 2021.
  3. "New Mexico lawmaker proposes holiday to honor Cesar Chavez, Dennis Chavez". NBC News. January 7, 2019. Retrieved January 19, 2021.
  4. "Joseph Manuel Montoya". Library of Congress. Retrieved January 19, 2021.
  5. Lauter, David (August 27, 2012). "Sununu urges comprehensive action on immigration" . Retrieved January 19, 2021.
  6. Martinez previously served as United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.
  7. "Mel Martinez on President's Cuba Speech, RNC Resignation". NPR. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 19, 2021.
  8. Johnson, Kirk (June 11, 2006). "At Fore on Immigration, Senator Has a Story to Tell". The New York Times. Retrieved January 19, 2021.
  9. Gambino, Lauren (July 8, 2014). "New Jersey senator Robert Menendez alleges Cuba behind sex allegations". The Guardian. Retrieved January 19, 2021.
  10. 1 2 Glenza, Jessica (November 27, 2016). "Cruz and Rubio condemn Castro as questions remain over Cuba-US ties". The Guardian. Retrieved January 19, 2021.
  11. Gamboa, Suzanne (January 3, 2017). "'It's About Time': Catherine Cortez Masto, 1st Latina U.S. Senator Sworn In". NBC News. Retrieved January 19, 2021.
  12. Bernal, Rafael (November 4, 2020). "Democrat Ben Ray Luján wins open Senate seat in New Mexico". The Hill. Retrieved January 19, 2021.
  13. Kumar, Maria Teresa (December 28, 2020). "Padilla's California nomination helps heal America's historical omission of the Latino experience". MSNBC. Retrieved January 19, 2021.
  14. Bouligny was the only congressman from Louisiana not to resign when the state seceded from the Union.
  15. Pacheco previously served as the first (and, to date, only) Hispanic Governor of the State of California.
  16. Chávez later was appointed as United States Senator from New Mexico.
  17. Lujan later served as United States Secretary of the Interior.
  18. Garcia later was jailed due to the Wedtech scandal, but his conviction ultimately was reversed by an appellate court.
  19. Richardson later served as United States Secretary of Energy and Governor of New Mexico.
  20. Though Ileana Ros-Lehtinen is widely credited as the first Hispanic woman in Congress, Vucanovich's mother was of partial Hispanic heritage.
  21. Bustamante later was jailed for bribery.
  22. Delegates from Puerto Rico (since 1901) and from the Philippines (from 1907 to 1946) officially are known as Resident Commissioners.
  23. Yulee later was elected as United States Senator from Florida.
  24. Quezón later served as President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines.
  25. Romero-Barceló previously served as Governor of Puerto Rico.