|United States Secretary of Labor|
Seal of the Department
Flag of the Secretary
|United States Department of Labor|
|Reports to||President of the United States|
|Seat||Frances Perkins Building, Washington, D.C.|
|Appointer||The President |
with Senate advice and consent
|Term length||No fixed term|
|Constituting instrument||29 U.S.C. § 551|
|Precursor||Secretary of Commerce and Labor|
|Formation||March 4, 1913|
|First holder||William B. Wilson|
|Deputy||Deputy Secretary of Labor|
|Salary||Executive Schedule, level I|
The United States Secretary of Labor is a member of the Cabinet of the United States, and as the head of the United States Department of Labor, controls the department, and enforces and suggests laws involving unions, the workplace, and all other issues involving any form of business-person controversies.
Formerly, there was a U.S. Secretary of Commerce and Labor, who led this department along with the U.S. Department of Commerce as one department. Since the two departments split in 1913, the Department of Commerce is now headed by a separate U.S. Secretary of Commerce.
Eugene Scalia, a son of the late U.S. Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia, has served as Secretary of Labor since September 30, 2019.
Democratic (12) Republican (16)
|No.||Portrait||Name||State of Residence||Took office||Left office||President(s)|
|1||William B. Wilson||Pennsylvania||March 6, 1913||March 4, 1921||Woodrow Wilson|
|2||James J. Davis||Pennsylvania||March 5, 1921||November 30, 1930||Warren G. Harding|
|3||William N. Doak||Virginia||December 9, 1930||March 4, 1933|
|4||Frances Perkins||New York||March 4, 1933||June 30, 1945||Franklin D. Roosevelt|
|Harry S. Truman|
|5||Lewis B. Schwellenbach||Washington||July 1, 1945||June 10, 1948|
|6||Maurice J. Tobin||Massachusetts||August 13, 1948||January 20, 1953|
|7||Martin P. Durkin||Maryland||January 21, 1953||September 10, 1953||Dwight D. Eisenhower|
|8||James P. Mitchell||New Jersey||October 9, 1953||January 20, 1961|
|9||Arthur Goldberg||Illinois||January 21, 1961||September 20, 1962||John F. Kennedy|
|10||W. Willard Wirtz||Illinois||September 25, 1962||January 20, 1969|
|Lyndon B. Johnson|
|11||George P. Shultz||Illinois||January 22, 1969||July 1, 1970||Richard Nixon|
|12||James D. Hodgson||California||July 2, 1970||February 1, 1973|
|13||Peter J. Brennan||New York||February 2, 1973||March 15, 1975|
|14||John T. Dunlop||Massachusetts||March 18, 1975||January 31, 1976|
|15||William Usery Jr.||Georgia||February 10, 1976||January 20, 1977|
|16||Ray Marshall||Texas||January 27, 1977||January 20, 1981||Jimmy Carter|
|17||Raymond J. Donovan||New Jersey||February 4, 1981||March 15, 1985||Ronald Reagan|
|18||Bill Brock||Tennessee||April 29, 1985||October 31, 1987|
|19||Ann Dore McLaughlin||District of Columbia||December 17, 1987||January 20, 1989|
|20||Elizabeth Dole||Kansas||January 25, 1989||November 23, 1990||George H. W. Bush|
|21||Lynn M. Martin||Illinois||February 22, 1991||January 20, 1993|
|22||Robert Reich||Massachusetts||January 22, 1993||January 20, 1997||Bill Clinton|
|23||Alexis Herman||Alabama||May 1, 1997||January 20, 2001|
|24||Elaine Chao||Kentucky||January 29, 2001||January 20, 2009||George W. Bush|
|–||Howard Radzely||Pennsylvania||January 20, 2009||February 2, 2009||Barack Obama|
|–||Ed Hugler||Pennsylvania||February 2, 2009||February 24, 2009|
|25||Hilda Solis||California||February 24, 2009||January 22, 2013|
|–||Seth Harris||New York||January 22, 2013||July 23, 2013|
|26||Tom Perez||Maryland||July 23, 2013||January 20, 2017|
|–||Ed Hugler||Pennsylvania||January 20, 2017||April 27, 2017||Donald Trump|
|27||Alexander Acosta||Florida||April 28, 2017||July 19, 2019|
|–||Patrick Pizzella||Virginia||July 20, 2019||September 30, 2019|
|28||Eugene Scalia||Virginia||September 30, 2019||Incumbent|
As of January 2020, there are thirteen living former Secretaries of Labor (with all Secretaries that have served since 1977 still living), the oldest being George P. Shultz (served 1969–1970, born 1920). The most recent Secretary of Labor to die was William Usery Jr. (served 1976–1977, born 1923), on December 10, 2016.
|Name||Term of office||Date of birth (and age)|
|George P. Shultz||1969–1970||December 13, 1920|
|Ray Marshall||1977–1981||August 22, 1928|
|Raymond J. Donovan||1981–1985||August 31, 1930|
|Bill Brock||1985–1987||November 23, 1930|
|Ann Dore McLaughlin||1987–1989||November 16, 1941|
|Elizabeth H. Dole||1989–1990||July 29, 1936|
|Lynn Morley Martin||1991–1993||December 26, 1939|
|Robert Reich||1993–1997||June 24, 1946|
|Alexis Herman||1997–2001||July 16, 1947|
|Elaine Chao||2001–2009||March 26, 1953|
|Hilda Solis||2009–2013||October 20, 1957|
|Thomas Perez||2013–2017||October 7, 1961|
|Alexander Acosta||2017–2019||January 16, 1969|
The line of succession for the Secretary of Labor is as follows:
If none of the above officials are available to serve as Acting Secretary of Labor, the Designated Secretarial Designee assumes interim operational control over the Department, except the Secretary's non-delegable responsibilities.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to United States Secretaries of Labor .|
|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
as Secretary of Commerce
| Order of Precedence of the United States |
as Secretary of Labor
as Secretary of Health and Human Services
|U.S. presidential line of succession|
Secretary of Commerce
|11th in line||Succeeded by|
Secretary of Health and Human Services