|United States Secretary of Labor|
Seal of the Department
Flag of the Secretary
|United States Department of Labor|
|Reports to||President of the United States|
|Seat||Frances Perkins Building, Washington, D.C.|
|Appointer||The President |
with Senate advice and consent
|Term length||No fixed term|
|Constituting instrument||29 U.S.C. § 551|
|Precursor||Secretary of Commerce and Labor|
|Formation||March 4, 1913|
|First holder||William B. Wilson|
|Deputy||Deputy Secretary of Labor|
|Salary||Executive Schedule, level I|
The United States Secretary of Labor is a member of the Cabinet of the United States, and as the head of the United States Department of Labor, controls the department, and enforces and suggests laws involving unions, the workplace, and all other issues involving any form of business-person controversies.
The Cabinet of the United States is part of the executive branch of the federal government of the United States. The Cabinet's role, inferred from the language of the Opinion Clause of the Constitution, is to serve as an advisory body to the President of the United States. Additionally, the Twenty-fifth Amendment authorizes the Vice President, together with a majority of certain members of the Cabinet, to declare the president "unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office". Among the senior officers of the Cabinet are the Vice President and the Secretary of State and other heads of the federal executive departments, all of whom—if eligible—are in the line of succession. Members of the Cabinet serve at the pleasure of the President, who can dismiss them at will for no cause. All federal public officials, including Cabinet members, are also subject to impeachment by the House of Representatives and trial in the Senate for "treason, bribery, and other high crimes and misdemeanors".
The United States Department of Labor (DOL) is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government responsible for occupational safety, wage and hour standards, unemployment insurance benefits, reemployment services, and some economic statistics; many U.S. states also have such departments. The department is headed by the U.S. Secretary of Labor.
A trade union is an association of workers forming a legal unit or legal personhood, usually called a "bargaining unit", which acts as bargaining agent and legal representative for a unit of employees in all matters of law or right arising from or in the administration of a collective agreement. Labour unions typically fund the formal organization, head office, and legal team functions of the labour union through regular fees or union dues. The delegate staff of the labour union representation in the workforce are made up of workplace volunteers who are appointed by members in democratic elections.
Formerly, there was a U.S. Secretary of Commerce and Labor, who led this department along with the U.S. Department of Commerce as one department. Since the two departments split in 1913, the Department of Commerce is now headed by a separate U.S. Secretary of Commerce.
The United States Department of Commerce is the Cabinet department of the United States government concerned with promoting economic growth. Among its tasks are gathering economic and demographic data for business and government decision-making, and helping to set industrial standards. This organization's main purpose is to create jobs, promote economic growth, encourage sustainable development and block harmful trade practices of other nations. The Department of Commerce headquarters is the Herbert C. Hoover Building in Washington, D.C.
The United States Secretary of Commerce (SecCom) is the head of the United States Department of Commerce. The Secretary is appointed by the President of the United States with the advice and consent of the United States Senate and serves in the President's Cabinet. The Secretary is concerned with promoting American businesses and industries; the Department states its mission to be "to foster, promote, and develop the foreign and domestic commerce".
Alexander Acosta has been Secretary of Labor since April 28, 2017, and will be succeeded by current Deputy Secretary of Labor Patrick Pizzella as Acting Secretary on July 19, 2019.
Rene Alexander Acosta is an American attorney and politician who serves as the 27th United States secretary of labor since 2017. President Donald Trump nominated Acosta to be Labor Secretary on February 16, 2017, and he was confirmed by the U.S. Senate on April 27, 2017. Acosta is the only Hispanic person to have served in President Trump's Cabinet.
Patrick Pizzella is an American government official, currently serving as the United States Deputy Secretary of Labor. He was formerly a member of the Federal Labor Relations Authority appointed by President Barack Obama. He held positions in several agencies during four prior Administrations. With the resignation of Alexander Acosta, Pizzella will begin serving as the acting United States Secretary of Labor, effective July 19, 2019.
On July 18, 2019, it was widely reported that President Donald Trump plans to name Eugene Scalia, son of the late U.S. Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia, as the next Secretary of Labor.
Donald John Trump is the 45th and current president of the United States. Before entering politics, he was a businessman and television personality.
Eugene Scalia is an American lawyer and public official who is currently a partner in the Washington, D.C. office of the law firm Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher. He is the son of late U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice Antonin Scalia. In July 2019, Scalia was nominated by President Donald Trump to become the next United States Secretary of Labor.
Antonin Gregory Scalia was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1986 until his death in 2016. He was described as the intellectual anchor for the originalist and textualist position in the Court's conservative wing.
Democratic (12) Republican (15)
|No.||Portrait||Name||State of Residence||Took office||Left office||President(s)|
|1||William B. Wilson||Pennsylvania||March 6, 1913||March 4, 1921||Woodrow Wilson|
|2||James J. Davis||Pennsylvania||March 5, 1921||November 30, 1930||Warren G. Harding|
|3||William N. Doak||Virginia||December 9, 1930||March 4, 1933|
|4||Frances Perkins||New York||March 4, 1933||June 30, 1945||Franklin D. Roosevelt|
|Harry S. Truman|
|5||Lewis B. Schwellenbach||Washington||July 1, 1945||June 10, 1948|
|6||Maurice J. Tobin||Massachusetts||August 13, 1948||January 20, 1953|
|7||Martin P. Durkin||Maryland||January 21, 1953||September 10, 1953||Dwight D. Eisenhower|
|8||James P. Mitchell||New Jersey||October 9, 1953||January 20, 1961|
|9||Arthur Goldberg||Illinois||January 21, 1961||September 20, 1962||John F. Kennedy|
|10||W. Willard Wirtz||Illinois||September 25, 1962||January 20, 1969|
|Lyndon B. Johnson|
|11||George P. Shultz||Illinois||January 22, 1969||July 1, 1970||Richard Nixon|
|12||James D. Hodgson||California||July 2, 1970||February 1, 1973|
|13||Peter J. Brennan||New York||February 2, 1973||March 15, 1975|
|14||John T. Dunlop||Massachusetts||March 18, 1975||January 31, 1976|
|15||William Usery Jr.||Georgia||February 10, 1976||January 20, 1977|
|16||Ray Marshall||Texas||January 27, 1977||January 20, 1981||Jimmy Carter|
|17||Raymond J. Donovan||New Jersey||February 4, 1981||March 15, 1985||Ronald Reagan|
|18||Bill Brock||Tennessee||April 29, 1985||October 31, 1987|
|19||Ann Dore McLaughlin||District of Columbia||December 17, 1987||January 20, 1989|
|20||Elizabeth Dole||Kansas||January 25, 1989||November 23, 1990||George H. W. Bush|
|21||Lynn M. Martin||Illinois||February 22, 1991||January 20, 1993|
|22||Robert Reich||Massachusetts||January 22, 1993||January 20, 1997||Bill Clinton|
|23||Alexis Herman||Alabama||May 1, 1997||January 20, 2001|
|24||Elaine Chao||Kentucky||January 29, 2001||January 20, 2009||George W. Bush|
|–||Howard Radzely||Pennsylvania||January 20, 2009||February 2, 2009||Barack Obama|
|–||Ed Hugler||Pennsylvania||February 2, 2009||February 24, 2009|
|25||Hilda Solis||California||February 24, 2009||January 22, 2013|
|–||Seth Harris||New York||January 22, 2013||July 23, 2013|
|26||Tom Perez||Maryland||July 23, 2013||January 20, 2017|
|–||Ed Hugler||Pennsylvania||January 20, 2017||April 27, 2017||Donald Trump|
|27||Alex Acosta||Florida||April 28, 2017||July 19, 2019|
As of July 2019, there are twelve living former Secretaries of Labor (with all Secretaries that have served since 1977 still living), the oldest being George P. Shultz (served 1969–1970, born 1920). The most recent Secretary of Labor to die was William Usery Jr. (served 1976–1977, born 1923), on December 10, 2016.
William Julian Usery Jr. was a labor union activist and U.S. government political appointee who served as United States Secretary of Labor in the Ford administration.
|Name||Term of office||Date of birth (and age)|
|George P. Shultz||1969–1970||December 13, 1920|
|Ray Marshall||1977–1981||August 22, 1928|
|Raymond J. Donovan||1981–1985||August 31, 1930|
|Bill Brock||1985–1987||November 23, 1930|
|Ann Dore McLaughlin||1987–1989||November 16, 1941|
|Elizabeth H. Dole||1989–1990||July 29, 1936|
|Lynn Morley Martin||1991–1993||December 26, 1939|
|Robert Reich||1993–1997||June 24, 1946|
|Alexis Herman||1997–2001||July 16, 1947|
|Elaine Chao||2001–2009||March 26, 1953|
|Hilda Solis||2009–2013||October 20, 1957|
|Thomas Perez||2013–2017||October 7, 1961|
The line of succession for the Secretary of Labor is as follows:
If none of the above officials are available to serve as Acting Secretary of Labor, the Designated Secretarial Designee assumes interim operational control over the Department, except the Secretary's non-delegable responsibilities.
The United States Secretary of Transportation is the head of the United States Department of Transportation, a member of the President's Cabinet, and fourteenth in the Presidential Line of Succession. The post was created with the formation of the Department of Transportation on October 15, 1966, by President Lyndon B. Johnson's signing of the Department of Transportation Act. The department's mission is "to develop and coordinate policies that will provide an efficient and economical national transportation system, with due regard for need, the environment, and the national defense." The Secretary of Transportation oversees eleven agencies, including the Federal Aviation Administration, the Federal Highway Administration, and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. In April 2008, Mary Peters launched the official blog of the Secretary of Transportation called The Fast Lane.
The Economic Development Administration (EDA) is an agency in the United States Department of Commerce that provides grants and technical assistance to economically distressed communities in order to generate new employment, help retain existing jobs and stimulate industrial and commercial growth through a variety of investment programs.
The One Hundred Second United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1991, to January 3, 1993, during the last two years of the administration of U.S. President George H. W. Bush.
The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 is a US labor law governing the federal law of occupational health and safety in the private sector and federal government in the United States. It was enacted by Congress in 1970 and was signed by President Richard Nixon on December 29, 1970. Its main goal is to ensure that employers provide employees with an environment free from recognized hazards, such as exposure to toxic chemicals, excessive noise levels, mechanical dangers, heat or cold stress, or unsanitary conditions. The Act created the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).
The Ninety-fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1975, to January 3, 1977, during the administration of U.S. President Gerald Ford.
The Ninety-eighth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1983, to January 3, 1985, during the third and fourth years of Ronald Reagan's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the 1980 U.S. Census. The Republicans controlled the Senate, while the Democrats controlled the House of Representatives.
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Executive Schedule is the system of salaries given to the incumbents of the highest-ranked appointed positions in the executive branch of the U.S. government. The President of the United States appoints incumbents to these positions, most with the advice and consent of the United States Senate. They include members of the President's Cabinet as well as other subcabinet policy makers. There are five pay rates within the Executive Schedule, usually denoted with a Roman numeral with I being the highest level and V the lowest. Federal law lists the positions eligible for the Executive Schedule and the corresponding level. The law also gives the president the ability to grant Executive Schedule IV and V status to no more than 34 employees not listed.
Joe Main is an American government official who formerly served as the Assistant Secretary of Labor for Mine Safety and Health and head of the United States Department of Labor's Mine Safety and Health Administration. He was nominated to serve the position by Barack Obama and took office after being confirmed by the United States Senate on October 21, 2009.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to United States Secretaries of Labor .|
|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
as Secretary of Commerce
| Order of Precedence of the United States |
as Secretary of Labor
as Secretary of Health and Human Services
|U.S. presidential line of succession|
Secretary of Commerce
|11th in line||Succeeded by|
Secretary of Health and Human Services