|United States Secretary of Commerce|
|United States Department of Commerce|
|Reports to||President of the United States|
|Seat||Herbert C. Hoover Building, Washington, D.C.|
|Appointer|| President of the United States |
with United States Senate advice and consent
|Term length||No fixed term|
|Constituting instrument||15 U.S.C. § 1501|
|Precursor||Secretary of Commerce and Labor|
|Formation||March 5, 1913|
|First holder||William Cox Redfield|
|Deputy||Deputy Secretary of Commerce (DepSecCom)|
|Salary||Executive Schedule, Level I|
The United States secretary of commerce (SecCom) is the head of the United States Department of Commerce. The secretary serves as the principal advisor to the president of the United States on all matters relating to commerce. The secretary reports directly to the president and is a statutory member of Cabinet of the United States. The secretary is appointed by the president, with the advice and consent of the United States Senate. The secretary of commerce is concerned with promoting American businesses and industries; the department states its mission to be "to foster, promote, and develop the foreign and domestic commerce".
Until 1913, there was one secretary of commerce and labor, uniting this department with the United States Department of Labor, which is now headed by a separate United States secretary of labor.
Secretary of Commerce is a Level I position in the Executive Schedule,thus earning a salary of US$221,400, as of January 2021.
The current secretary of commerce is former Governor of Rhode Island Gina Raimondo, who was sworn in on March 3, 2021.
No party (1) Democratic (20) Republican (18)
|No.||Portrait||Name||State of residence||Took office||Left office||President(s)|
|1||William C. Redfield||New York||March 5, 1913||October 31, 1919||Woodrow Wilson|
|2||Joshua W. Alexander||Missouri||December 16, 1919||March 4, 1921|
|3||Herbert Hoover||California||March 5, 1921||August 21, 1928||Warren G. Harding|
|4||William F. Whiting||Massachusetts||August 22, 1928||March 4, 1929|
|5||Robert P. Lamont||Illinois||March 5, 1929||August 7, 1932||Herbert C. Hoover|
|6||Roy D. Chapin||Michigan||August 8, 1932||March 3, 1933|
|7||Daniel C. Roper||South Carolina||March 4, 1933||December 23, 1938||Franklin D. Roosevelt|
|8||Harry Hopkins||New York||December 24, 1938||September 18, 1940|
|9||Jesse H. Jones||Texas||September 19, 1940||March 1, 1945|
|10||Henry A. Wallace||Iowa||March 2, 1945||September 20, 1946|
|Harry S. Truman|
|–|| Alfred Schindler |
|September 20, 1946||October 7, 1946|
|11||W. Averell Harriman||New York||October 7, 1946||April 22, 1948|
|12||Charles W. Sawyer||Ohio||May 6, 1948||January 20, 1953|
|13||Sinclair Weeks||Massachusetts||January 21, 1953||November 10, 1958||Dwight D. Eisenhower|
|–|| Lewis Strauss |
|West Virginia||November 13, 1958||June 30, 1959|
|14||Frederick H. Mueller||Michigan||June 30, 1959||August 10, 1959|
|August 10, 1959||January 19, 1961|
|15||Luther H. Hodges||North Carolina||January 21, 1961||January 15, 1965||John F. Kennedy|
|Lyndon B. Johnson|
|16||John T. Connor||New Jersey||January 18, 1965||January 31, 1967|
|17||Alexander Trowbridge||New York||January 31, 1967||June 14, 1967|
|June 14, 1967||March 1, 1968|
|18||C. R. Smith||New York||March 6, 1968||January 19, 1969|
|19||Maurice Stans||New York||January 21, 1969||February 15, 1972||Richard Nixon|
|20||Peter George Peterson||Illinois||February 29, 1972||February 1, 1973|
|21||Frederick B. Dent||South Carolina||February 2, 1973||March 26, 1975|
|22||Rogers Morton||Maryland||May 1, 1975||February 2, 1976|
|23||Elliot Richardson||Massachusetts||February 2, 1976||January 20, 1977|
|24||Juanita M. Kreps||North Carolina||January 23, 1977||October 31, 1979||Jimmy Carter|
|–|| Luther H. Hodges Jr. |
|North Carolina||October 31, 1979||January 9, 1980|
|25||Philip Klutznick||Illinois||January 9, 1980||January 20, 1981|
|26||Malcolm Baldrige Jr.||Connecticut||January 20, 1981||July 25, 1987||Ronald Reagan|
|–|| Bud Brown |
|Ohio||July 25, 1987||October 19, 1987|
|27||William Verity Jr.||Ohio||October 19, 1987||January 30, 1989|
|28||Robert Mosbacher||Texas||January 31, 1989||January 15, 1992||George H. W. Bush|
|–|| Rockwell A. Schnabel |
|California||January 15, 1992||February 27, 1992|
|29||Barbara Franklin||Pennsylvania||February 27, 1992||January 20, 1993|
|30||Ron Brown||New York||January 20, 1993||April 3, 1996||Bill Clinton|
|–|| Mary L. Good |
|Texas||April 3, 1996||April 12, 1996|
|31||Mickey Kantor||Tennessee||April 12, 1996||January 21, 1997|
|32||William M. Daley||Illinois||January 30, 1997||July 19, 2000|
|–|| Robert L. Mallett |
|July 19, 2000||July 21, 2000|
|33||Norman Mineta||California||July 21, 2000||January 20, 2001|
|34||Donald Evans||Texas||January 20, 2001||February 7, 2005||George W. Bush|
|35||Carlos Gutierrez||Florida||February 7, 2005||January 20, 2009|
|–|| Otto J. Wolff |
|January 20, 2009||March 26, 2009||Barack Obama|
|36||Gary Locke||Washington||March 26, 2009||August 1, 2011|
|–|| Rebecca Blank |
|Minnesota||August 1, 2011||October 21, 2011|
|37||John Bryson||New York||October 21, 2011||June 11, 2012|
|Minnesota||June 11, 2012||June 1, 2013|
|–|| Cameron Kerry |
|Massachusetts||June 1, 2013||June 26, 2013|
|38||Penny Pritzker||Illinois||June 26, 2013||January 20, 2017|
|–||Vacant||January 20, 2017||February 28, 2017||Donald Trump|
|39||Wilbur Ross||Florida||February 28, 2017||January 20, 2021|
|–|| Wynn Coggins |
|January 20, 2021||March 3, 2021||Joe Biden|
|40||Gina Raimondo||Rhode Island||March 3, 2021||Incumbent|
Source: Department of Commerce: Secretaries
As of June 2021, there are ten living former secretaries of commerce (with all secretaries that have served since 1996 still living), the oldest being Norman Mineta (served 2000–2001, born 1931). The most recent secretary of commerce to die was Frederick B. Dent (served 1973–1975, born 1922), on December 10, 2019. The most recently serving secretary to die was Ron Brown (1993–1996, born 1941), who died in office on April 3, 1996.
|Name||Term of office||Date of birth (and age)|
|Barbara H. Franklin||1992–1993||March 4, 1940|
|Mickey Kantor||1996–1997||August 7, 1939|
|William M. Daley||1997–2000||August 9, 1948|
|Norman Mineta||2000–2001||November 12, 1931|
|Donald Evans||2001–2005||July 27, 1946|
|Carlos Gutierrez||2005–2009||November 4, 1953|
|Gary F. Locke||2009–2011||January 21, 1950|
|John Bryson||2011–2012||July 24, 1943|
|Penny Pritzker||2013–2017||May 2, 1959|
|Wilbur Ross||2017–2021||November 28, 1937|
The line of succession for the secretary of commerce is as follows:
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|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
as Secretary of Agriculture
| Order of Precedence of the United States |
as Secretary of the Treasury
as Secretary of Labor
|U.S. presidential line of succession|
Secretary of Agriculture
|10th in line||Succeeded by|
Secretary of Labor