|United States Secretary of Commerce|
Seal of the Department
Flag of the Secretary
|United States Department of Commerce|
|Reports to||President of the United States|
|Seat||Herbert C. Hoover Building, Washington, D.C.|
|Appointer||The President |
with Senate advice and consent
|Term length||No fixed term|
|Constituting instrument||15 U.S.C. § 1501|
|Precursor||Secretary of Commerce and Labor|
|Formation||March 15, 1913|
|First holder||William Cox Redfield|
|Deputy||Deputy Secretary of Commerce|
|Salary||Executive Schedule, level I|
The United States Secretary of Commerce (SecCom) is the head of the United States Department of Commerce. The secretary is appointed by the president of the United States with the advice and consent of the United States Senate and serves in the president's Cabinet. The secretary is concerned with promoting American businesses and industries; the department states its mission to be "to foster, promote, and develop the foreign and domestic commerce".
Until 1913, there was one secretary of commerce and labor, uniting this department with the Department of Labor, which is now headed by a separate secretary of labor.
The current commerce secretary is Wilbur Ross, who was nominated by President Donald Trump and approved by the Senate on February 28, 2017.
No party (1) Democratic (20) Republican (18)
|No.||Portrait||Name||State of Residence||Took Office||Left Office||President(s)|
|1||William C. Redfield||New York||March 5, 1913||October 31, 1919||Woodrow Wilson|
|2||Joshua W. Alexander||Missouri||December 16, 1919||March 4, 1921|
|3||Herbert Hoover||California||March 5, 1921||August 21, 1928||Warren G. Harding|
|4||William F. Whiting||Massachusetts||August 22, 1928||March 4, 1929|
|5||Robert P. Lamont||Illinois||March 5, 1929||August 7, 1932||Herbert C. Hoover|
|6||Roy D. Chapin||Michigan||August 8, 1932||March 3, 1933|
|7||Daniel C. Roper||South Carolina||March 4, 1933||December 23, 1938||Franklin D. Roosevelt|
|8||Harry Hopkins||New York||December 24, 1938||September 18, 1940|
|9||Jesse H. Jones||Texas||September 19, 1940||March 1, 1945|
|10||Henry A. Wallace||Iowa||March 2, 1945||September 20, 1946|
|Harry S. Truman|
|–|| Alfred Schindler |
|September 20, 1946||October 7, 1946|
|11||W. Averell Harriman||New York||October 7, 1946||April 22, 1948|
|12||Charles W. Sawyer||Ohio||May 6, 1948||January 20, 1953|
|13||Sinclair Weeks||Massachusetts||January 21, 1953||November 10, 1958||Dwight D. Eisenhower|
|–|| Lewis Strauss |
|West Virginia||November 13, 1958||June 30, 1959|
|14||Frederick H. Mueller||Michigan||June 30, 1959||August 10, 1959|
|August 10, 1959||January 19, 1961|
|15||Luther H. Hodges||North Carolina||January 21, 1961||January 15, 1965||John F. Kennedy|
|Lyndon B. Johnson|
|16||John T. Connor||New Jersey||January 18, 1965||January 31, 1967|
|17||Alexander Trowbridge||New York||January 31, 1967||June 14, 1967|
|June 14, 1967||March 1, 1968|
|18||C. R. Smith||New York||March 6, 1968||January 19, 1969|
|19||Maurice Stans||New York||January 21, 1969||February 15, 1972||Richard Nixon|
|20||Peter George Peterson||Illinois||February 29, 1972||February 1, 1973|
|21||Frederick B. Dent||South Carolina||February 2, 1973||March 26, 1975|
|22||Rogers Morton||Maryland||May 1, 1975||February 2, 1976|
|23||Elliot Richardson||Massachusetts||February 2, 1976||January 20, 1977|
|24||Juanita M. Kreps||North Carolina||January 23, 1977||October 31, 1979||Jimmy Carter|
|–|| Luther H. Hodges, Jr. |
|North Carolina||October 31, 1979||January 9, 1980|
|25||Philip Klutznick||Illinois||January 9, 1980||January 20, 1981|
|26||Malcolm Baldrige, Jr.||Connecticut||January 20, 1981||July 25, 1987||Ronald Reagan|
|–|| Bud Brown |
|Ohio||July 25, 1987||October 19, 1987|
|27||William Verity, Jr.||Ohio||October 19, 1987||January 30, 1989|
|28||Robert Mosbacher||Texas||January 31, 1989||January 15, 1992||George H. W. Bush|
|–|| Rockwell A. Schnabel |
|California||January 15, 1992||February 27, 1992|
|29||Barbara Franklin||Pennsylvania||February 27, 1992||January 20, 1993|
|30||Ron Brown||New York||January 20, 1993||April 3, 1996||Bill Clinton|
|–|| Mary L. Good |
|Texas||April 3, 1996||April 12, 1996|
|31||Mickey Kantor||Tennessee||April 12, 1996||January 21, 1997|
|32||William M. Daley||Illinois||January 30, 1997||July 19, 2000|
|–|| Robert L. Mallett |
|July 19, 2000||July 21, 2000|
|33||Norman Mineta||California||July 21, 2000||January 20, 2001|
|34||Donald Evans||Texas||January 20, 2001||February 7, 2005||George W. Bush|
|35||Carlos Gutierrez||Florida||February 7, 2005||January 20, 2009|
|–|| Otto J. Wolff |
|January 20, 2009||March 26, 2009||Barack Obama|
|36||Gary Locke||Washington||March 26, 2009||August 1, 2011|
|–|| Rebecca Blank |
|Minnesota||August 1, 2011||October 21, 2011|
|37||John Bryson||New York||October 21, 2011||June 11, 2012|
|Minnesota||June 11, 2012||June 1, 2013|
|–|| Cameron Kerry |
|Massachusetts||June 1, 2013||June 26, 2013|
|38||Penny Pritzker||Illinois||June 26, 2013||January 20, 2017|
|–||Vacant||January 20, 2017||February 28, 2017||Donald Trump|
|39||Wilbur Ross||Florida||February 28, 2017||Incumbent|
Source: Department of Commerce: Secretaries
As of June 2020, there are nine living former secretaries of commerce (with all secretaries that have served since 1996 still living), the oldest being Norman Mineta (served 2000–2001, born 1931). The most recent secretary of commerce to die was Frederick B. Dent (served 1973–1975, born 1922), on December 10, 2019. The most recently serving secretary to die was Ron Brown (1993–1996, born 1941), who died in office on April 3, 1996.
|Name||Term of office||Date of birth (and age)|
|Barbara H. Franklin||1992–1993||March 4, 1940|
|Mickey Kantor||1996–1997||August 7, 1939|
|William M. Daley||1997–2000||August 9, 1948|
|Norman Mineta||2000–2001||November 12, 1931|
|Donald Evans||2001–2005||July 27, 1946|
|Carlos Gutierrez||2005–2009||November 4, 1953|
|Gary F. Locke||2009–2011||January 21, 1950|
|John Bryson||2011–2012||July 24, 1943|
|Penny Pritzker||2013–2017||May 2, 1959|
The line of succession for the secretary of commerce is as follows:
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|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
as Secretary of Agriculture
| Order of Precedence of the United States |
as Secretary of the Treasury
as Secretary of Labor
|U.S. presidential line of succession|
Secretary of Agriculture
|10th in line||Succeeded by|
Secretary of Labor