The Honourable

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The prefix The Honourable (or The Honorable in the United States and the Philippines), abbreviated to The Hon., Hon., or The Hon'ble, is an honorific style that is used before the names of certain classes of people.


International diplomacy

In international diplomatic relations, representatives of foreign states are often addressed as "The Honourable". Deputy chiefs of mission, chargés d'affaires , consuls-general and consuls are always given the style. All heads of consular posts, whether they are honorary or career postholders, are accorded the title according to the State Department of the United States. [1] However, ambassadors and high commissioners are never given the style, with the title "Your Excellency" being used.



The Congo

In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the prefix 'Honourable' or 'Hon.' is used for members of both chambers of the Parliament of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Informally, senators are sometimes given the higher title of 'Venerable'.


The title of Honourable is accorded members of parliament in Ghana. It is also extended to certain grades of Royal Orders awarded by Ghana's sub-national Kingdoms.[ citation needed ]


Recipients of the rank of Grand Officer or above of the Order of the Star and Key of the Indian Ocean and persons knighted by Queen Elizabeth II are automatically entitled to prefix The Hon, Hons or The Honourable to their name. Commanders and Officers may request permission from the President to use this prefix. Recipients of the order who are not Mauritian citizens may not use the prefix or post-nominals unless granted permission by the President.

South Africa

All members of the South African parliament and the nine provincial legislatures are entitled to this prefix.

East Asia

Hong Kong

In Hong Kong, the prefix "The Honourable" is used for the following people:


In Macau, the prefix "The Honourable" is used occasionally for the following people:



A rough equivalent of "The Honourable" would be Hochwohlgeboren ("High Well-born"), which was used until 1918 for all members of properly noble families not having any higher style. Its application to bourgeois dignitaries became common in the 19th century, though it has faded since and was always of doubtful correctness.

A literal equivalent of "The Honourable", Ehrwürdig or Ehrwürden, is used for Catholic clergy and religious with the exceptions of priests and abbesses, who are Hochwürden (Reverend). A subdeacon is "Very Honourable" (Wohlehrwürden); a deacon is "Right Honourable" (Hochehrwürden).


In Ireland, all judges of the High Court, Court of Appeal and Supreme Court are referred to as "The Honourable Mr/Ms Justice". [2]


In Italy, the style "The Honourable" (Italian: Onorevole) is customarily used to refer to a member of the Italian Chamber of Deputies and to a member of the Sicilian Regional Assembly or to a member of the Rome City Council. Former MPs can maintain the style. [3]


All members of the unicameral Parliament of Malta are entitled to this prefix.

The Netherlands

An extensive system of honorifics used to be in place in the Netherlands. In a more formal setting it still is. A direct translation of "The Honorable": De weledele heer/vrouwe is used for the well-to-do bourgeoisie. Middle-class members are directed with De heer/mevrouw which is like Mr/Mrs in the anglophone world.

Typical is the use of De welededelgeboren heer/vrouwe (well-born Mr/Ms) for students at universities. Traditionally their parents were the well-to-do bourgeoisie and traditionally their time attending university was a time to celebrate life. As far as celebrating life in contrast with "honorable" they are "well-born" as children from their honorable parents.

The system adds honorifics based on prestige for military officers based on rank, barristers, prosecutors judges, members of parliament and ministers. A system for nobles is also in place. As well as for academic grades from master's degrees and up and for clergy.

Under Dutch law Mr is a formal and academic title and protected by law. It means "Meester/Master" and is strictly reserved for holders of a master's degree in law (LL.M.). They will be addressed as De weledelgestrenge heer/vrouwe Mr. name. "The honourable gentleman/lady Master" followed by their name". The form Mr is male and female.


In the Spanish Autonomous Community of Catalonia the word Honorable (Catalan: Honorable) is used for current and former members of the cabinet (consellers) of the President of the Catalan Government ( Generalitat de Catalunya ). Former and current Heads of Government or President of the Generalitat are given the name of Molt Honorable ("Much Honorable"). This also applies to former and current heads of government of the Autonomous Communities of Valencia and Balearic Islands. [4]

United Kingdom


In the United Kingdom, all sons and daughters of viscounts and barons (including the holders of life peerages) and the younger sons of earls are styled with this prefix. (The daughters and younger sons of dukes and marquesses and the daughters of earls have the higher style of Lord or Lady before their first names, and the eldest sons of dukes, marquesses and earls are known by one of their father's or mother's subsidiary titles.) The style is only a courtesy, however, and on legal documents they may be described as, for instance, John Smith, Esq., commonly called The Honourable John Smith. As the wives of sons of peers share the styles of their husbands, the wives of the sons of viscounts and barons and the younger sons of earls are styled, for example, The Hon. Mrs John Smith. Likewise, the married daughters of viscounts and barons, whose husbands hold no higher title or dignity, are styled, for example, The Hon. Mrs Smith.

In 1912, King George V granted maids of honour (royal attendants) the style of the honourable for life, with precedence next after daughters of barons. [5]

The honourable is also customarily used as a form of address for most foreign nobility that is not formally recognised by the sovereign (e.g. ambassadors) when in the UK.

Some people are entitled to the prefix by virtue of their offices. Rules exist that allow certain individuals to keep the prefix The Honourable even after retirement.

Several corporate entities have been awarded the style by royal warrant, for example:


The style The Honourable is usually used in addressing envelopes (where it is usually abbreviated to The Hon.) and formally elsewhere, in which case Mr or Esquire are omitted. In speech, however, The Honourable John Smith is usually referred to simply as Mr John Smith.

In the House of Commons of the United Kingdom, as in other traditionally lower houses of Parliament and other legislatures, members must as a minimum refer to each other as the honourable member or my honourable friend out of courtesy, but they are not entitled to the style in writing. It was previously the case that members who were 'senior' barristers may be called the honourable and learnèd member; serving or ex-serving members of the military the honourable and gallant member; and ordained clergy in the House the honourable and reverend member. However, this was abolished in 2010 following a recommendation of the Modernisation Committee. [6] When anyone is entitled to the prefix The Right Honourable this is used instead of the honourable.

In the Falkland Islands, the style the honourable is given to any serving or former members of the Legislative Assembly or Legislative Council.

In the Isle of Man, the style the honourable (often abbreviated to Hon.) is used to refer to a minister while holding office.

North America


In Canada, while not enshrined in any legislation, the style of address in common use has some individuals referred to as The Honourable (French: l'honorable). Those who have the honorific for life include: [7] [8] [9]

In addition, some people have the honorific while in office only: [7] [9]

Derivatives include:

  • The Honourable Mr/Madam Justice — justices of superior courts.
  • The Honourable Judge — judges of provincial courts and formerly judges of district or county courts. [10]

The Governor General may grant permission to retain the title after they cease to hold office. Persons eligible to retain the title include the Speaker of the House of Commons (if not made a privy councillor already), territorial commissioners, and judges of certain courts.

It is usual for speakers of the House of Commons to be made privy councillors, in which case they keep the style for life. Also, provincial premiers and federal opposition leaders are sometimes made privy councillors.

Members of the House of Commons of Canada and of provincial legislatures refer to each other during proceedings of the house as "honourable members" (or l'honorable député) but are not permitted by the social custom to have the Honourable as a prefix in front of their name unless they are privy councillors. [11]

Current and former governors general, prime ministers, chief justices and certain other eminent persons generally use the style the Right Honourable for life (or le/la très honorable in French). Originally, this is subject to being summoned to the British Privy Council. Several early prime ministers were not summoned to the British Privy Council and hence were styled "The Honourable", these were Alexander Mackenzie, Sir John Abbott and Sir Mackenzie Bowell.

Since 2009, former members of the Executive Council of Nova Scotia retain "The Honourable" for life.[ citation needed ] By contrast, since 1968, members of the Executive Council of Quebec have not used the title "The Honourable".

The Caribbean


Members of the Order of the Caribbean Community are entitled to be styled The Honourable for life. [12]


In Barbados, members of the Parliament carry two main titles: members of the House of Assembly are styled "The Honourable", while members of the Senate are styled "Senator". Persons appointed to Her Majesty's Privy Council in London are styled "The Right Honourable". Persons accorded with the Order of Barbados are styled "Sir" (male), or "Dame" (female) as a Knight or Dame of St Andrew; or "The Honourable" as Companion of Honour. Persons made a National Hero of Barbados are styled "The Right Excellent".


In Jamaica, those awarded the Order of Jamaica (considered Jamaica's equivalent to a British knighthood) are styled "The Honourable".

Puerto Rico

In Puerto Rico, much like the continental United States, the term "Honorable" (in Spanish) is used, but not required by law, to address Puerto Rican governors as well as city mayors, members of state and municipal legislatures, judges and property registrars, as well as when formally addressing the President of the United States, of which Puerto Rico is a territory.

United States

In the United States, the prefix the Honorable has been used to formally address various officials at the federal and state levels, but it is most commonly used for the President-elect, governors, judges, and members of Congress when formally addressing them. [13] In the United States, the title may be conferred pursuant to federal government service, according to federal rules, or by state government service, where the rules may be different. Modifiers such as the Right Honorable or the Most Honorable are not used. The "t" in "the" is not capitalized in the middle of a sentence. [14]

Under the rules of etiquette, the President, Vice President, members of both houses of Congress, governors of states, members of state legislatures, and mayors are accorded the title. [15] Persons appointed to office nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate are accorded the title; this rule includes members of the Cabinet and sub-Cabinet (such as deputies and undersecretaries), [15] [16] administrators, members, and commissioners of the various independent agencies, councils, commissions, and boards, [16] federal judges, ambassadors of the United States, [17] U.S. Attorneys, [18] U.S. Marshals, [19] the Architect of the Capitol, the Librarian of Congress and Public Printer of the United States, [16] and presidentially appointed inspectors general. [20]

High state officials other than governor, such as lieutenant governor [21] and state attorneys general [22] are also accorded the title of "the Honorable." State court judges and justices of the peace, like federal judges, also are accorded "the Honorable" title. [23] Practices vary on whether appointed state official, such as the heads of state Cabinet-level departments are given the title. [15] [24] In Rhode Island, Superior Court clerks are accorded "the Honorable". There is also no universal rule for whether county or city officials other than the mayor (such as city council, board of aldermen, board of selectmen, planning and zoning commission members, and code enforcement board members, or city manager or police chief or fire chief) are given the title; as these may be different state by state. [25] Certain quasi-judicial positions in local government, such as the Board of Adjustment or Special Master who adjudicates code enforcement, may be referenced with "the Honorable" in front of their name, collective or individual.

Members of the White House staff at the rank of special assistant, deputy assistant, assistant to the president, and Counselor to the President are accorded the title. Officials nominated to high office but not yet confirmed (e.g., commissioner-designate) and interim or acting officials are generally not accorded the title "the Honorable", except for Cabinet-level officials. [13]

Opinions vary on whether the term "the Honorable" is accorded for life. [15] According to the protocols of the U.S. Department of State, all persons who have been in a position that entitled them to "The Honorable" continue to retain that honorific title even after they leave that position. [26] However, The State Department is not an authority on state and local officials such as mayors, members of state legislatures, and high state officials. It should never, however, based on the rules of etiquette, be used for persons who are deceased. [27]

American protocol expert Robert Hickey says, "The courtesy title The Honorable is used when addressing or listing the name of a living person. When the name of a deceased person is listed it is just (Full Name) + Office Held." [28] The 2016 Bloomsbury guide to titles and forms of address states that the title 'honorable' in this context is "held for life or during tenure of office." [29] The New York Times Manual of Style and Usage by Allan M. Siegal (1999), p. 88, advises: "Omit courtesy titles with surnames of historic or pre-eminent figures no longer living."

Some estimate that in the United States there are nearly 100,000 people who are accorded the "Honorable" title, many in the Washington, D.C. region. [15] Although civilian officials, including service secretaries (e.g., Secretary of the Army) of the Pentagon receive the title, [16] military officers do not, despite having been confirmed by the Senate.

In the Commonwealth of Kentucky, commissioned Kentucky colonels are considered honorary aides-de-camp to the Governor and members of his/her staff. As such, they are entitled to the style of Honorable as indicated on their commission certificates. The commission and letters patent granted by the governor and secretary of state bestowing the title of Kentucky colonel refers to the honoree as "Honorable First Name Last Name." However, this style is rarely used with most Kentucky colonels preferring to be referred to and addressed as colonel.[ citation needed ]

The style The Honorable is used on envelopes when referring to an individual in the third person. It is never properly used to refer to oneself. [24] although Omarosa Manigault, an aide to the Trump White House, did so in a June 2017 letter to the Congressional Black Caucus [30] .

A spouse of someone with the style of The Honorable receives no additional style, unless personally entitled to the style in his or her own right by virtue of holding, or having held, one of the offices mentioned above.



In Australia, the style is generally used for an administrator of a territory, government ministers, members of most state legislative councils (upper houses), and judges of superior courts.


In May 2013, the style was given approval by the Queen to be granted to the Governor-General of Australia, both retrospectively and for current and future holders of the office, [31] to be used in the form "His/Her Excellency the Honourable" while holding office and as "the Honourable" in retirement.

As of December 2014, the practice of appointing the vice-regal office holder, as well as former living, the style The Honourable for life has been also adopted for the state governors of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia, Victoria and Tasmania (where it only applied to the current governor and future governors) as well as the Administrator of the Northern Territory.[ citation needed ]

Government ministers

In Australia, all ministers in Commonwealth and state governments and the government of the Northern Territory are entitled to be styled the Honourable. The Australian Capital Territory does not have an executive council and so its ministers are not entitled to the style. In Victoria, the style is granted for life, so it is customary for former ministers to retain the title after leaving office. [32] [33] In New South Wales, Queensland, [34] South Australia and Tasmania the premiers can advise the Queen of Australia to grant former ministers the style for life. In the Northern Territory, the chief minister can request the administrator to make a recommendation to the governor-general who in turn makes a recommendation to the Queen. A minimum five years' service as a member of the executive council and/or as a presiding officer is a prerequisite. In Western Australia, conditional on royal assent, the title may become permanent after three years' service in the ministry. [35] All such awards are published in the Commonwealth Government Gazette. The presiding officers of the parliaments of the Commonwealth, the states and the Northern Territory are also styled the Honourable, but normally only during their tenure of office. Special permission is sometimes given for a former presiding officer to retain the style after leaving office, as is the case in the Northern Territory.

Members of Parliament

The style "Honourable" is not acquired through membership of either the House of Representatives or the Senate (see Parliament of Australia). A member or senator may have the style if they have acquired it separately, e.g. by being a current or former minister. During proceedings within the chambers, forms such as "the honourable Member for ...", "the honourable the Leader of the Opposition", or "My honourable colleague" are used. This is a parliamentary courtesy and does not imply any right to the style.

Traditionally, members of the legislative councils of the states have been styled the Honourable for the duration of their terms. That practice is still followed in New South Wales, Western Australia, South Australia and Tasmania. In Victoria, the practice was abolished in 2003. In New South Wales, Greens NSW members of the Legislative Council, who are eligible for the Honourable style, have refrained from using it, deeming it to be "outdated" and a "colonial trapping". [36]


Judges of all superior courts are also referred to formally by the style the Honourable, both during and after holding the office.

New Zealand

The style "The Honourable" was first granted in 1854 for use by members of the Executive Council, the Speaker of the Legislative Council, the Members of the Legislative Council, and the Speaker of the House of Representatives. [37]

In addition to the standard Commonwealth usage, the Speaker of the House of Representatives was entitled to be referred to as The Honourable until 2010, when it was announced that sitting and future Governors-General, Prime Ministers, Chief Justices, and Speakers of the House of Representatives would be entitled to be referred to as The Right Honourable . [38]

In July 2006 the Governor-General (and former living Governors-General) were granted the use of the style "The Honourable" [39] [40] until 2010 when the Governors-General was granted the title of "The Right Honourable" if they did not hold the title already or were a Privy Counsellor. [41]

New Zealand office holders who are "The Honourable" ex-officio can be granted[ by whom? ] the style for life as a courtesy when they vacate the office; all honours and awards are published in The New Zealand Gazette .

South Asia


In People's Republic of Bangladesh,House Speaker, Ministers, Members of parliaments and Mayors are entitled to the style "Honourable". On the other hand, the Prime Minister and the President are styled "The Honourable" or "His/Her Excellency". [42] [43]


In India, judges of the High Courts of India and Supreme Court of India are addressed as "Honourable"; often stylized and abbreviated as "HMJ", i.e., Honourable Mr/Ms. Justice, followed by their name. Also the elected legislators and Heads of Government are formally called "Honourable" followed by their name.


In Pakistan, the judicial officers are addressed as honourable while presiding over in the courts of law. It is a norm to address judges of superior judiciary as honourable judges. Diplomats are addressed as Your Excellency. The head of state and Prime Minister is addressed her/his excellency.

UNESCO an agency of United Nations conferred Confucius Award, title of honourable upon a Pakistani educationist, Dr. Allah Bakhsh Malik in recognition of leadership role and meritorious services, for the promotion of education, adult literacy and vocational skill development. He is the only Pakistani conferred the honorific title of honourable by United Nations's UNESCO.

Sri Lanka

In Sri Lanka, the honorific "the Honourable" is used to refer to the Prime Minister, Ministers, and Members of Parliament. The honorific is usually used to address the Attorney-General and Solicitor-General as well as Judges of the Supreme Court, the Court of Appeal and the High Courts. [44]

Southeast Asia


In Malaysia, an elected Member of Parliament or State Legislative Assemblyman will be entitled to be referred to as "Yang Berhormat", which is literally "The Honourable".


In Myanmar, the Chief Justice and Justices of the Supreme Court of Myanmar are referred as 'The Honourable'. [45]


In the Philippines, the style is usually used to give distinction to any elected official (whether in office or retired) ranging from the smallest political unit, the barangay , to the Congress of the Philippines, which consists of the Senate and House of Representatives. [46] Appointed officials such as members of the Cabinet (secretaries, acting secretaries, ad interim secretaries, undersecretaries, and assistant secretaries), the Solicitor General, and heads of government agencies at the national and local levels are also accorded this style. [47] For example, a kagawad (barangay or village council member) named Juan de la Cruz will be referred to as The Honorable Juan de la Cruz. In written form, the style may be shortened to "Hon." (e.g. Hon. Juan de la Cruz).

The Chief Justice, Justices of the Supreme Court and Court of Appeals, and Trial Court Judges are also addressed in this style. [46] Meanwhile, the President and Vice-President of the Philippines is always given the style His/Her Excellency. [46]


The Chief Justice, Judges of Appeal, and Justices of the Supreme Court, [48] and the Presiding Judge and District Judges of the State Courts [49] are conventionally addressed in formal settings using the honorific "The Honourable".

All former Prime Ministers and current Members of the Singapore Parliament is formally addressed in international settings using the honorific "The Honourable".

The use of the honorific "The Honourable" to refer to the Prime Minister, Ministers, and Members of Parliament is not required by the Standing Orders of Parliament, [50] but during a 1988 parliamentary debate the Leader of the House, Wong Kan Seng, said it would be polite for MPs to refer to their colleagues using the terms "Mr.", "Honourable Mr." or "Honourable Minister" depending on their choice. [51]

The honorific is usually also used to address the Attorney-General and Solicitors-General, and the heads of states and leaders of foreign countries on short-term visits to Singapore. [52]


Private and non-profit organisations

Private organisations, non-profits, NGOs and religious movements sometimes style a leader or founder as The Honourable; e.g. "The Honourable Elijah Muhammad". When written, it is sometimes shortened to "The Hon." or simply "Hon." for abbreviation.

See also

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A styleof office or form/manner of address, is an official or legally recognized form of address for a person or other entity, and may often be used in conjunction with a personal title. A style, by tradition or law, precedes a reference to a person who holds a post or political office, and is sometimes used to refer to the office itself. An honorific can also be awarded to an individual in a personal capacity. Such styles are particularly associated with monarchies, where they may be used by a wife of an office holder or of a prince of the blood, for the duration of their marriage. They are also almost universally used for presidents in republics and in many countries for members of legislative bodies, higher-ranking judges and senior constitutional office holders. Leading religious figures also have styles.

The Right Honourable is an honorific style traditionally applied to certain persons and collective bodies in the United Kingdom, the former British Empire and the Commonwealth of Nations. The term is predominantly used today as a style associated with the holding of certain senior public offices in the United Kingdom, Sri Lanka, Canada, Kenya, The Bahamas and New Zealand.

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The Order of precedence in New Zealand is a guide to the relative seniority of constitutional office holders and certain others, to be followed, as appropriate at State and official functions. The previous order of precedence is revoked and Her Majesty The Queen approved the following Order of Precedence in New Zealand effective 20 September 2018:

  1. The Queen of New Zealand.
  2. The Governor-General or, while acting in the place of the Governor-General, the officer administering the Government
  3. The Prime Minister.
  4. The Speaker of the House of Representatives
  5. The Chief Justice
  6. The Dean of the Diplomatic Corps
  7. The Deputy Prime Minister
  8. Ministers of the Crown
  9. Former Governors-General
  10. Ambassadors and High Commissioners in New Zealand and Chargés d’Affaires accredited to New Zealand.
  11. The Leader of the Opposition in the House of Representatives
  12. Leaders, including co-leaders and joint leaders, of political parties represented in the House of Representatives, other than Ministers of the Crown.
  13. Members of the House of Representatives. There is no established order of precedence over members of parliament in general, although each party has its internal ranking.
  14. Judges of the Supreme Court of New Zealand, the Court of Appeal and the High Court of New Zealand.
  15. Former Prime Ministers, former Speakers of the House of Representatives, former Chief Justices, and members of the Privy Council.
  16. Mayors of territorial authorities and chairpersons of regional councils, while in their own cities, districts and regions. In 1989, boroughs and counties were amalgamated into district councils. District mayors, and the Chatham Islands mayor could expect to be accorded this same precedence.
  17. The Public Service Commissioner, Chief of Defence Force, Commissioner of Police, and Officers of Parliament .
  18. The Solicitor-General, Clerk of the House of Representatives, and Clerk of the Executive Council when attending a function involving the exercise of the position’s specific responsibilities.
  19. Chief executives of public service and non-public service departments.
  20. The Vice Chief of Defence Force, and Chiefs of Navy, Army and Air Force, and other statutory office holders.
  21. Consuls-General and Consuls of countries without diplomatic representation in New Zealand.
  22. Members of New Zealand and British orders, and holders of decorations and medals in accordance with the Order of Wear in New Zealand.

An honorific is a title that conveys esteem, courtesy, or respect for position or rank when used in addressing or referring to a person. Sometimes, the term "honorific" is used in a more specific sense to refer to an honorary academic title. It is also often conflated with systems of honorific speech in linguistics, which are grammatical or morphological ways of encoding the relative social status of speakers. Honorifics can be used as prefixes or suffixes depending on the appropriate occasion and presentation in accordance with style and customs.

English honorifics

In the English language, an honorific is a form of address conveying esteem, courtesy or respect. These can be titles prefixing a person's name, e.g.: Mr, Mrs, Miss, Ms, Mx,Sir, Dr, Lady or Lord, or titles or positions that can appear as a form of address without the person's name, as in Mr President, General, Captain, Father, Doctor or Earl.

His Honour or Her Honour is an honorific prefix traditionally applied to certain classes of people, in particular justices and judges and mayors. In Australia and the United States, the prefix is also used for magistrates. A corruption of the term, "Hizzoner", is sometimes used to irreverently refer to mayors of larger U.S. cities such as New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, or Philadelphia.

The following is the Australian Table of Precedence.

  1. The Queen of Australia: Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II
  2. The Governor-General of Australia: His Excellency General The Honourable David Hurley AC, DSC, FTSE
  3. Governors of states in order of appointment:
    1. Governor of Queensland His Excellency The Honourable Paul de Jersey AC, CVO, QC
    2. Governor of South Australia His Excellency The Honourable Hieu Van Le AC
    3. Governor of Tasmania Her Excellency Professor The Honourable Kate Warner AC
    4. Governor of Victoria Her Excellency The Honourable Linda Dessau AC
    5. Governor of Western Australia His Excellency The Honourable Kim Beazley AC
    6. Governor of New South Wales Her Excellency The Honourable Margaret Beazley AC, QC
  4. The Prime Minister The Honourable Scott Morrison MP
  5. The President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives in order of election:
    1. Speaker of the House of Representatives The Honourable Tony Smith MP
    2. President of the Senate Senator The Honourable Scott Ryan
  6. The Chief Justice of Australia The Honourable Susan Kiefel AC
  7. Senior diplomatic posts:
    1. Ambassadors and High Commissioners in order of date of presentation of the Letters of Credence or Commission
    2. Chargés d'affaires en pied or en titre in order of date of presentation of the Letters of Credence or Commission
    3. Chargés d'affaires and Acting High Commissioners in order of date of assumption of duties
  8. Members of the Federal Executive Council:
    1. Ministry List
  9. Administrators of Territories in order of appointment:
    1. Administrator of Norfolk Island
    2. Administrator of the Australian Indian Ocean Territories
    3. Administrator of the Northern Territory
  10. The Leader of the Opposition The Honourable Anthony Albanese MP
  11. Former holders of high offices:
    1. Former Governors-General in order of leaving office:
      1. The Hon. Bill Hayden AC (1989–1996)
      2. The Hon. Sir William Deane AC KBE QC (1996–2001)
      3. Dr Peter Hollingworth AC, OBE (2001–2003)
      4. The Hon. Dame Quentin Bryce AD, CVO (2008–2014)
      5. General The Hon. Sir Peter Cosgrove AK, CVO, MC (2014–2019)
    2. Former Prime Ministers in order of leaving office:
      1. The Hon. Paul Keating (1991–1996)
      2. The Hon. John Howard OM AC SSI (1996–2007)
      3. The Hon. Kevin Rudd AC
      4. The Hon. Julia Gillard AC (2010–2013)
      5. The Hon. Tony Abbott AC (2013–2015)
      6. The Hon. Malcolm Turnbull AC (2015–2018)
    3. Former Chief Justices in order of leaving office:
      1. The Hon. Sir Anthony Mason AC KBE GBM QC (1987–1995)
      2. The Hon. Sir Gerard Brennan AC KBE GBS QC (1995–1998)
      3. The Hon. Murray Gleeson AC GBS QC (1998–2008)
      4. The Hon. Robert French AC (2008–2017)
  12. Premiers of states in order of state populations, then the Chief Minister of the Northern Territory:
    1. Premier of New South Wales
    2. Premier of Victoria
    3. Premier of Queensland
    4. Premier of Western Australia
    5. Premier of South Australia
    6. Premier of Tasmania
    7. Chief Minister of the Northern Territory
  13. Justices of the High Court in order of appointment:
    1. The Hon. Stephen Gageler AC
    2. The Hon. Patrick Keane AC
    3. The Hon. Michelle Gordon AC
    4. The Hon. James Edelman
    5. The Hon. Simon Steward QC
    6. The Hon. Jacqueline Sarah Gleeson SC
  14. Senior judges:
    1. Chief Justice of the Federal Court of Australia
    2. President of the Fair Work Commission
  15. Chief Justices of States in order of appointment:
    1. Chief Justice of New South Wales
    2. Chief Justice of South Australia
    3. Chief Justice of Tasmania
    4. Chief Justice of Queensland
    5. Chief Justice of Victoria
    6. Chief Justice of Western Australia
  16. Australian members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom in order of appointment:
    1. Ian Sinclair
    2. Sir William Heseltine
  17. The Chief of the Defence Force
  18. Chief Judges of Federal and Territory Courts in order of appointment
    1. Chief Justice of the Australian Capital Territory
    2. Chief Justice of the Northern Territory
    3. Chief Justice of the Family Court of Australia
  19. Members of Parliament
  20. Judges of the Federal Court of Australia and Family Court of Australia, and Deputy presidents of the Fair Work Commission in order of appointment
  21. Lord Mayors of capital cities in order of city populations:
    1. Lord Mayor of Sydney
    2. Lord Mayor of Melbourne
    3. Lord Mayor of Brisbane
    4. Lord Mayor of Perth
    5. Lord Mayor of Adelaide
    6. Lord Mayor of Hobart
    7. Lord Mayor of Darwin
  22. Heads of religious communities according to the date of assuming office in Australia
  23. Presiding officers of State Legislatures in order of appointment, then Presiding Officer of the Northern Territory legislature:
    1. President of the New South Wales Legislative Council
    2. Speaker of the Victorian Legislative Assembly
    3. Speaker of the Western Australian Legislative Assembly
    4. President of the Western Australian Legislative Council
    5. Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Queensland
    6. Speaker of the Tasmanian House of Assembly
    7. Speaker of the South Australian House of Assembly
    8. President of the Victorian Legislative Council
    9. Speaker of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly
    10. President of the Tasmanian Legislative Council
    11. President of the South Australian Legislative Council
    12. Speaker of the Northern Territory Legislative Assembly
  24. Members of State Executive Councils in order of state populations, and then members of the Northern Territory Executive Council:
    1. Executive Council of New South Wales
    2. Executive Council of Victoria
    3. Executive Council of Queensland
    4. Executive Council of Western Australia
    5. Executive Council of South Australia
    6. Executive Council of Tasmania
    7. Executive Council of the Northern Territory
  25. Leaders of the Opposition of State Legislatures in order of state populations, then in the Northern Territory:
    1. Leader of the Opposition of New South Wales
    2. Leader of the Opposition of Victoria
    3. Leader of the Opposition of Queensland
    4. Leader of the Opposition of Western Australia
    5. Leader of the Opposition of South Australia
    6. Leader of the Opposition of Tasmania
    7. Leader of the Opposition of the Northern Territory
  26. Judges of State and Territory Supreme Courts in order of appointment:
    1. Supreme Court of New South Wales
    2. Supreme Court of Victoria
    3. Supreme Court of Queensland
    4. Supreme Court of Western Australia
    5. Supreme Court of South Australia
    6. Supreme Court of Tasmania
    7. Supreme Court of the Northern Territory
  27. Members of State Legislatures in order of state populations:
    1. New South Wales Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council
    2. Victorian Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council
    3. Queensland Legislative Assembly
    4. Western Australian Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council
    5. South Australian House of Assembly and Legislative Council
    6. Tasmanian House of Assembly and Legislative Council
    7. Northern Territory Legislative Assembly
  28. The Secretaries of Departments of the Australian Public Service and their peers and the Chiefs of the Air Force, Army, and Navy and Vice Chief of the Defence Force in order of first appointment to this group:
    1. Vice Chief of the Defence Force
    2. Chief of Navy
    3. Chief of Army
    4. Chief of Air Force
  29. Consuls-General, Consuls and Vice-Consuls according to the date on which recognition was granted
  30. Members of the Australian Capital Territory Legislative Assembly
  31. Recipients of Decorations or Honours from the Sovereign
  32. Citizens of the Commonwealth of Australia

The Alberta order of precedence is a nominal and symbolic hierarchy of important positions within the province of Alberta. It has no legal standing but is used to dictate ceremonial protocol at events of a provincial nature.

  1. Queen of Canada in Right of Alberta: Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II
  2. Lieutenant Governor of Alberta: The Honourable Salma Lakhani
  3. Premier of Alberta: The Honourable Jason Kenney
  4. The Chief Justice of The Court of Appeal of Alberta: The Honourable Justice Catherine Fraser
  5. Former Lieutenant Governors of Alberta
    1. The Honourable Donald Ethell
    2. The Honourable Lois Mitchell
  6. Former Premiers of Alberta
    1. Ed Stelmach
    2. Alison Redford
    3. Dave Hancock
    4. Rachel Notley
  7. Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta: Nathan Cooper
  8. Ambassadors and High Commissioners accredited to Canada
  9. Members of the Executive Council of Alberta, in relative order of precedence as determined by the Premier
  10. Leader of the Official Opposition: Rachel Notley
  11. Current members of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada resident in Alberta, with precedence given to current members of the federal cabinet
  12. Members of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta with precedence governed by the date of their first election to the Legislature
  13. Members of the Senate of Canada, who represent Alberta by date of appointment
    1. The Honourable Elaine McCoy
    2. The Honourable Douglas Black
    3. The Honourable Scott Tannas
    4. The Honourable Patti LaBoucane-Benson
    5. The Honourable Paula Simons
  14. Members of the House of Commons of Canada who represent Alberta constituencies by date of election
  15. Superior court justices
    1. Chief Justice of the Court of Queen's Bench of Alberta: The Honourable Justice M.T. Moreau
    2. Justices of the Court of Appeal of Alberta
    3. Justices of the Court of Queen's Bench of Alberta
  16. Heads of religious denominations
  17. Heads of Consular Posts: Consuls-General; Consuls; Vice-Consuls; Consular Agents
  18. Judges of the Provincial Court of Alberta
    1. Chief Judge of the Provincial Court of Alberta
    2. Other judges by seniority of appointment
  19. Mayors of Alberta municipalities
  20. Aboriginal Leaders
    1. Chiefs of the Treaty First Nations in Alberta, in order of seniority of election to office;
    2. President of Métis Settlements General Council
    3. President of Métis Nation of Alberta: Audrey Poitras
  21. Deputy Minister to the Premier and Cabinet Secretary
  22. Clerk of the Legislative Assembly
  23. Ombudsman
  24. Provincial Auditor
  25. Chief Electoral Officer: Glen Resler
  26. Ethics Commissioner: Marguerite Trussler
  27. Information and Privacy Commissioner: Jill Clayton
  28. Deputy Ministers
  29. Senior Alberta government officials with rank of Deputy Minister as determined by the Executive Council
  30. Chief Executive Officers of Crown Corporations
  31. Leadership of Alberta universities
    1. Chancellor of the University of Alberta: Ralph B. Young
    2. Chancellor of the University of Calgary: Jim Dinning
    3. Chancellor of the University of Lethbridge: Shirley McClellan
    4. Chairman of the Board, University of Alberta
    5. Chairman of the Board, University of Calgary
    6. Chairman of the Board, University of Lethbridge
    7. Chairman of the Board, Athabasca University
    8. Chairman of the Board, Mount Royal University
    9. Chairman of the Board, MacEwan University
    10. President of the University of Alberta: David H. Turpin
    11. President of the University of Calgary: Ed McCauley
    12. President of the University of Lethbridge: Michael J. Mahon
    13. President of Athabasca University: Frits Pannekoek
    14. President of Mount Royal University: David Docherty
    15. President of Grant MacEwan University: David W. Atkinson
  32. Police and military
    1. Commanding Officer, "K" Division, Royal Canadian Mounted Police: Curtis Zablocki
    2. Commander, 3rd Canadian Division: Brigadier-General W.H. Fletcher
    3. Commanding Officer, HMCS Nonsuch
    4. Commanding Officer, 1 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group
    5. Commanding Officer, 1 Area Support Group
    6. Commanding Officer, 41 Canadian Brigade Group
    7. Commanding Officer, 4 Wing

His Worship or Her Worship is an honorific prefix for mayors, justices of the peace and magistrates in present or former Commonwealth realms. In spoken address, these officials are addressed as Your Worship or referred to as His Worship or Her Worship. In Australia all states now use Your Honour as the form of address for magistrates.

Mister, usually written in its contracted form Mr. (US) or Mr (UK), is a commonly used English honorific for men under the rank of knighthood. The title 'Mr' derived from earlier forms of master, as the equivalent female titles Mrs, Miss, and Ms all derived from earlier forms of mistress. Master is sometimes still used as an honorific for boys and young men.

The Most Excellent is an honorific prefix that is traditionally applied to certain people in Spain and certain Spanish-speaking countries. Following Spanish tradition, it is an ex officio style and is used in written documents and very formal occasions.

The Executive Council of Queensland is the body through which the Premier and Ministers advise the Governor on the exercise of executive powers.


  1. This is referenced in the Los Angeles Country Protocol Register: "Following the practice of the U.S. Department of State Office of Protocol, all heads of post are accorded the courtesy title of "The Honorable" before their names." Los Angeles has the highest density of consulates and consulates-general of any city in the world. Furthermore, for example, Archived 22 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine or Archived 22 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine An authoritative source can be found at where the Austrian Ministry of Foreign Affairs lists all Honorary Consuls with the style of "The Hon."
  3. For a case of a former parliamentarian who was called, in an institutional hearing, "honorable" or "senator" (and even "president", a position he had held much earlier in his life), see Commissione stragi, X legislatura, Seduta n. 74 del 21 febbraio 1991, pp. 4-144, in Archivio storico del Senato, ASSR, Terrorismo e stragi (X-XIII leg.), 1.74.
  4. "Llista de tractaments protocol·laris [in catalan]". Universitat Pompeu Fabra. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
  5. "No. 28661". The London Gazette. 8 November 1912. p. 8201.
  6. (PDF) or empty |title= (help)
  7. 1 2 "Titles". Canadian Heritage. Government of Canada. Retrieved 28 February 2016.
  8. "lieutenant-governor, Lt.-Gov., His/Her Honour, Honourable". Public Works and Government Services Canada. Government of Canada. Retrieved 28 February 2016.
  9. 1 2 "Table of Titles to be used in Canada". Government of Canada. Government of Canada. Retrieved 28 February 2016.
  10. "Canadian Heritage – Styles of address – Provincial/territorial dignitaries". 26 January 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2010.
  11. Canadian Heritage – Styles of address – Federal dignitaries
  12. "Agreement Instituting The Order Of The Caribbean Community". Archived from the original on 13 June 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2010.
  13. 1 2 Robert Hickey, How to Use the Honorable (citing Mary Mel French, United States Protocol: The Guide to Official Diplomatic Etiquette).
  14. "How to Use "The Honorable"".
  15. 1 2 3 4 5 Mary K. Mewborn, Too Many Honorables?, Washington Life November 1999.
  16. 1 2 3 4 French, Mary Mel Ambassador (16 May 2010). "United States Protocol: The Guide to Official Diplomatic Etiquette". Rowman & Littlefield Publishers via Google Books.
  17. "US Ambassador".
  18. "US Attorney".
  19. Marshal.
  20. Inspector General.
  21. Robert Hickey, Lieutenant Government
  22. Robert Hickey, Attorney General.
  23. Robert Hickey, U.S. State Officials.
  24. 1 2 Robert Hickey, How to Use "the Honorable",
  25. Robert Hickey, Councilman.
  26. "Protocol Frequently Asked Questions".
  27. Robert Hickey, "How to Address U.S. Officials, Both Current and Former, As The Honorable" online
  28. See Robert Hickey, "How to Address U.S. Officials, Both Current and Former, As The Honorable"
  29. Bloomsbury Publishing (2016). Titles and Forms of Address: A Guide to Correct Use. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 127.
  30. Emily Heil, She signed her name as ‘the Honorable Omarosa Manigault.’ But should she use the title?
  31. "The title 'the Honourable' for Governors-General", Australian Government Special Gazette C2013G00681, 8 May 2013.
  32. "Parliament of Victoria – Addressing Members". 8 March 2013. Retrieved 4 September 2013.
  33. Pitson, John, ed. (1978). Style Manual for authors, editors and printers of Australian Government publications. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. p. 349.
  34. "Frequently asked questions – Education – Queensland Parliament". Retrieved 4 September 2013.
  35. "Parliament of WA – Addressing a Member". Retrieved 4 September 2013.
  36. "Greens put "Honourable" title in history's dustbin". Greens. Lee Rhiannon. 3 April 2011. Retrieved 21 October 2019.
  37. "Untitled" (11 July 1854) 16 New Zealand Gazette 72.
  38. "Rules for the Grant, Use and Retention of the Title “The Right Honourable” in New Zealand" (23 September 2010) 124 New Zealand Gazette 3251 at 3285.
  39. "Rules for the Use and Grant of the Title "The Honourable" in New Zealand" (20 July 2006) 82 New Zealand Gazette 2561 at 2583.
  40. "Changes to rules around use of title". 17 July 2006.
  41. "Rules for the Grant, Use and Retention of the Title “The Honourable” in New Zealand" (23 September 2010) 124 New Zealand Gazette 3251 at 3285.
  42. "Ministry of Primary and Mass Education" (PDF). Government of The People's Republic of Bangladesh. 23 November 2015. Retrieved 22 April 2016.
  43. "Her Excellency Sheikh Hasina, Prime Minister of the Government of Bangladesh". Columbia University World Leaders Forum. 25 September 2015. Retrieved 22 April 2016.
  44. Gunawardena, Edward. "How honourable are the 'Honourable' few". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  45. "2017 Report" (PDF). Supreme Court of Myanmar: 11.
  46. 1 2 3 Alfonso, Oscar M., ed. (2005). Handbook on Protocol in the University of the Philippines (PDF). Quezon City, Philippines: Office of the Secretary of the University, University of the Philippines System. p. 52. ISBN   971-93031-1 -5 . Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  47. Alfonso, Oscar M., ed. (2005). Handbook on Protocol in the University of the Philippines (PDF). Quezon City, Philippines: Office of the Secretary of the University, University of the Philippines System. pp. 52–67. ISBN   971-93031-1 -5 . Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  48. See, for example, the Supreme Court e-Practice Directions (PDF), Supreme Court of Singapore, 23 February 2017, p. 16 ("Forms of address"), paragraph 18, archived from the original (PDF) on 1 May 2017: "The Honourable the Chief Justice, on the advice of the Council of Judges, has directed …"; and the Organised Crime Regulations2016( S 236/2016 ), Schedule, Form 2: "To: The Honourable the Justices and Judicial Commissioners of the High Court in Singapore".
  49. See, for example, the Rules of Court( R 5, 2014 Rev. Ed. ), First Schedule, Form 238: "Before the Honourable District Judge".
  50. Standing Orders of Parliament (as amended on 19 October 2004) (PDF), Parliament of Singapore, 19 October 2004, archived from the original (PDF) on 26 May 2009, retrieved 2 November 2009.
  51. Wong Kan Seng(Leader of the House)," Amendment of Standing Orders (Paper Parl. 4 of 1988) ",Singapore Parliamentary Debates, Official Report (11 August 1988), vol. 51, cols. 524 and 528.
  52. See, for example, S. Iswaran (13 March 2017), Speech by Mr S Iswaran, Minister for Trade and Industry (Industry), at the Official Opening of the Australian Landing Pad in Singapore, on Monday, 13 March 2017, 1040 Hrs, at BASH (79 Ayer Rajah Crescent) (PDF), Government of Singapore : "The Honourable Julie Bishop, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Australia, …".