The Honourable

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The Honourable (British English) or The Honorable (American English; see spelling differences) (abbreviation: Hon., Hon'ble, or variations) is an honorific style that is used as a prefix before the names or titles of certain people, usually with official governmental or diplomatic positions.


Use by governments

International diplomacy

In international diplomatic relations, representatives of foreign states are often styled as The Honourable. Deputy chiefs of mission, chargés d'affaires , consuls-general and consuls are always given the style. All heads of consular posts, whether they are honorary or career postholders, are accorded the style according to the State Department of the United States. [1] However, the style Excellency instead of The Honourable is used for ambassadors and high commissioners.


The Congo

In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the prefix 'Honourable' or 'Hon.' is used for members of both chambers of the Parliament of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Informally, senators are sometimes given the higher style of 'Venerable'.[ citation needed ]


The style of Honourable is accorded members of parliament in Ghana. It is also extended to certain grades of Royal Orders awarded by Ghana's sub-national Kingdoms.[ citation needed ]


The style Honourable is used to address members of the Kenyan parliament. Traditionally, members of Parliament are not allowed to call each other by name in the chambers, but rather use the terms "Honourable colleague" or "Honorable Member for ...". [2] The written form is Hon. [Last Name], [First Name] or Honourable [Last Name] or Honourable [Position] (e.g. Honourable Speaker).


Recipients of the rank of Grand Officer or above of the Order of the Star and Key of the Indian Ocean and persons knighted by Queen Elizabeth II are automatically entitled to prefix The Hon, Hons or The Honourable to their name. Commanders and Officers may request permission from the President to use this prefix. Recipients of the order who are not Mauritian citizens may not use the prefix or post-nominals unless granted permission by the President.

South Africa

All members of the South African parliament and the nine provincial legislatures are entitled to this prefix.

East Asia

Hong Kong

In Hong Kong, the prefix The Honourable is used for the following people:


In Macau, the prefix The Honourable is used occasionally for the following people:



A rough equivalent of the style Honourable would be Hochwohlgeboren 'high well-born', which was used until 1918 for all members of noble families not having any higher style. Its application to bourgeois dignitaries became common in the 19th century, though it has faded since and was always of doubtful correctness.

Ehrwürdig or Ehrwürden, the literal translation of 'honourable', is used for Catholic clergy and religious with the exceptions of priests and abbesses, who are Hochwürden 'reverend'. A subdeacon is Wohlehrwürden 'very honourable'; a deacon is Hochehrwürden 'right honourable'.


In Ireland, all judges of the High Court, Court of Appeal and Supreme Court are referred to as The Honourable Mr/Ms Justice. [3]


In Italy, the style The Honourable (Italian: Onorevole) is customarily used to refer to a member of the Italian Chamber of Deputies, to a member of the Sicilian Regional Assembly, or to a member of the Rome City Council. Former MPs can maintain the style. [4]


All members of the unicameral Parliament of Malta are entitled to this prefix.

The Netherlands

An extensive system of honorifics used to be in place in the Netherlands. In a more formal setting it still is. De weledele lord/vrouwe 'the honourable lord/lady' is used for the genteel bourgeoisie. The middle classes are instead addressed with De heer/mevrouw 'sir/madam', which is the equivalent of Mr/Ms in English.

Also typical is the use of De weledelgeboren heer/vrouwe 'the well-born lord/lady', for students at universities, traditionally children of the genteel bourgeoisie.

The system adds honorifics based on prestige for military officers based on rank, barristers, prosecutors, judges, members of parliament, government ministers, nobles, clergy, and for academic degrees of master's and above.

In the Dutch language, Mr is a formal and academic title, for both men and women, protected by Dutch law, ranking above a doctorate and below a professorship. It stands for Meester 'master', and is strictly reserved for holders of a master's degree in law (LL.M.) who are qualified to practice law. Holders are addressed as De weledelgestrenge heer/vrouwe Mr 'the well-born lord/lady master', followed by their name.


In the Spanish Autonomous Community of Catalonia the word Honorable (Catalan: Honorable) is used for current and former members of the cabinet (consellers) of the President of the Catalan Government ( Generalitat de Catalunya ). Former and current Heads of Government or President of the Generalitat are given the name of Molt Honorable ("Very Honorable"). This also applies to former and current heads of government of the Autonomous Communities of Valencia and Balearic Islands. [5]

United Kingdom


In the United Kingdom, all sons and daughters of viscounts and barons [6] (including the holders of life peerages) and the younger sons of earls are styled with this prefix. (The daughters and younger sons of dukes and marquesses and the daughters of earls have the higher style of Lord or Lady before their first names, and the eldest sons of dukes, marquesses and earls are known by one of their father's or mother's subsidiary titles.) The style is only a courtesy, however, and on legal documents they may be described as, for instance, John Smith, Esq., commonly called The Honourable John Smith. As the wives of sons of peers share the styles of their husbands, the wives of the sons of viscounts and barons and the younger sons of earls are styled, for example, The Hon. Mrs John Smith. Likewise, the married daughters of viscounts and barons, whose husbands hold no higher title or dignity, are styled, for example, The Hon. Mrs Smith.

In 1912, King George V granted maids of honour (royal attendants) the style of the honourable for life, with precedence next after daughters of barons. [7]

The honourable is also customarily used as a form of address for most foreign nobility that is not formally recognised by the sovereign (e.g. ambassadors) when in the UK.

Some people are entitled to the prefix by virtue of their offices. Rules exist that allow certain individuals to keep the prefix The Honourable even after retirement.

Several corporate entities have been awarded the style by royal warrant, for example:


The style The Honourable is usually used in addressing envelopes (where it is usually abbreviated to The Hon.) and formally elsewhere, in which case Mr or Esquire are omitted. In speech, however, The Honourable John Smith is usually referred to simply as Mr John Smith.

In the House of Commons of the United Kingdom, as in other traditionally lower houses of Parliament and other legislatures, members must as a minimum refer to each other as the honourable member or my honourable friend out of courtesy, but they are not entitled to the style in writing. Members who are 'senior' barristers may be called the honourable and learnèd member, serving or ex-serving members of the military the honourable and gallant member, and ordained clergy in the House the honourable and reverend member; a practice which the Modernisation Committee recommended abolished, [8] but which use has continued. [9] When anyone is entitled to be styled Right Honourable this is used instead of honourable.

In the Falkland Islands, the style the honourable is given to any serving or former members of the Legislative Assembly or Legislative Council.

In the Isle of Man, the style the honourable (often abbreviated to Hon.) is used to refer to a minister while holding office.

North America


In Canada, while not enshrined in any legislation, some people are commonly referred to as The Honourable (French: l'honorable). Those who have the honorific for life include: [10] [11] [12]

People who have the honorific while in office only include: [10] [12]

Derivatives include:

  • The Honourable Mr/Madam Justice — justices of federal courts, provincial appellate and superior courts.
  • The Honourable Judge — judges of provincial courts and formerly judges of district or county courts. [13]

In all cases, the Governor General of Canada may grant permission to retain the style after they cease to hold office. Persons eligible to retain the style include the Speaker of the House of Commons (who may already be eligible as a privy councillor), territorial commissioners, and judges of certain courts (e.g., the Supreme Court of Canada). The most recent former justice granted such privileges was Frank Iacobucci.

It is usual for speakers of the House of Commons to be made privy councillors, in which case they keep the style for life. By custom, the Leader of Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition in the House of Commons is appointed to the privy council, granting them the style (being the only non-government MP accorded such privilege). In the past, certain provincial premiers (e.g., Peter Lougheed, Bill Davis, Joey Smallwood and Tommy Douglas) were elevated to the privy council and gained the style, but such practice is rare.

Members of the House of Commons of Canada and of provincial legislatures refer to each other during proceedings of the house with the courtesy style "honourable member" (or l'honorable député), but their name is not otherwise prefixed with the Honourable (unless they are privy councillors). [14]

Current and former governors general, prime ministers, chief justices and certain other eminent persons use the style of Right Honourable for life (or le/la très honorable in French). This was originally subject to being summoned to the British Privy Council. Several early prime ministers were not summoned to the British Privy Council, and hence were styled The Honourable: Alexander Mackenzie, Sir John Abbott and Sir Mackenzie Bowell.

Members of the Executive Council of Quebec have not used the style The Honourable since 1968 but retain the ability to do so, and are often accorded the honorific in media and by the federal government.

The Caribbean


Members of the Order of the Caribbean Community are entitled to be styled The Honourable for life. [15]


In Barbados, members of the Parliament carry two main titles: members of the House of Assembly are styled The Honourable, while members of the Senate are styled "Senator". Companions of Honour of the former Order of Barbados from the pre-republic era of Barbados, as well Members of the current Order of the Republic, are accorded the style The Honourable.


In Jamaica, those awarded the Order of Jamaica (considered Jamaica's equivalent to a British knighthood) and those awarded the Order of Merit are styled Honourable.

United States

In the United States, the prefix the Honorable has been used to formally address various officials at the federal and state levels, but it is most commonly used for the President-elect, governors, judges, and members of Congress when formally addressing them. [16] The style may be conferred pursuant to federal government service, according to federal rules, or by state government service, where the rules may be different. Modifiers such as the Right Honorable or the Most Honorable are not used. The 't' in 'the' is not capitalized in the middle of a sentence. [17]

Under the rules of etiquette, the President, Vice President, members of both houses of Congress, governors of states, members of state legislatures, and mayors are accorded the title. [18] Persons appointed to office nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate are accorded the title; this rule includes members of the Cabinet and sub-Cabinet (such as deputies and undersecretaries), [18] [19] administrators, members, and commissioners of the various independent agencies, councils, commissions, and boards, [19] federal judges, ambassadors of the United States, [20] U.S. Attorneys, [21] U.S. Marshals, [22] the Architect of the Capitol, the Librarian of Congress and Public Printer of the United States, [19] and presidentially appointed inspectors general. [23]

High state officials other than governor, such as lieutenant governor [24] and state attorneys general [25] are also accorded the style Honorable. State court judges and justices of the peace, like federal judges, also are accorded the style Honorable. [26] Practices vary on whether appointed state official, such as the heads of state cabinet-level departments are given the title. [18] [27] There is also no universal rule for whether county or city officials other than the mayor (such as city council, board of aldermen, board of selectmen, planning and zoning commission, and code enforcement board members, or city manager or police chief or fire chief) are given the title; as these may be different state by state. [28]

Members of the White House staff at the rank of special assistant, deputy assistant, assistant to the president, and Counselor to the President are accorded the title. Officials nominated to high office but not yet confirmed (e.g., commissioner-designate) and interim or acting officials are generally not accorded the style Honorable, except for cabinet-level officials. [16]

Opinions vary on whether the term the Honorable is accorded for life. [18] According to the protocols of the U.S. Department of State, all persons who have been in a position that entitled them to The Honorable continue to retain that honorific style for life. [29] However, the State Department is not an authority on state and local officials such as mayors, members of state legislatures, and high state officials. The prefix is not used for people who have died. [30] [31] [32] [33]

Some estimate that in the United States there are nearly 100,000 people who are accorded the "Honorable" title, many in the Washington, D.C. region. [18] Civilian officials, including service secretaries (e.g., Secretary of the Army) of the Pentagon receive the title. [19]

The style The Honorable is used on envelopes when referring to an individual in the third person. It is never properly used to refer to oneself. [34]

A spouse of someone with the style of The Honorable receives no additional style.



In Australia, the style is generally used for an administrator of a territory, government ministers, members of most state legislative councils (upper houses), and judges of superior courts.


In May 2013, the title was given approval by the Queen to be granted to past, present, and future Governors-General of Australia, [35] to be used in the form His or Her Excellency the Honourable while holding office, and The Honourable in retirement.

By December 2014, the practice of appointing the vice-regal office holder, as well as former living, the style The Honourable for life had also been adopted for the state governors of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia, Victoria and Tasmania (where it did not apply to past governors), as well as the Administrator of the Northern Territory.[ citation needed ]

Government ministers

In Australia, all ministers in Commonwealth and state governments and the government of the Northern Territory are entitled to be styled the Honourable. The Australian Capital Territory does not have an executive council and so its ministers are not entitled to the style. In Victoria, the style is granted for life, so it is customary for former ministers to retain the style after leaving office. [36] [37] In New South Wales, Queensland, [38] South Australia and Tasmania the premiers can advise the King of Australia to grant former ministers the style for life. In the Northern Territory, the chief minister can request the administrator to make a recommendation to the governor-general who in turn makes a recommendation to the Queen. A minimum five years' service as a member of the executive council and/or as a presiding officer is a prerequisite. In Western Australia, conditional on royal assent, the style may become permanent after three years' service in the ministry. [39] All such awards are published in the Commonwealth Government Gazette. The presiding officers of the parliaments of the Commonwealth, the states and the Northern Territory are also styled the Honourable, but normally only during their tenure of office. Special permission is sometimes given for a former presiding officer to retain the style after leaving office, as is the case in the Northern Territory.

Members of Parliament

The title Honourable is not acquired through membership of either the House of Representatives or the Senate (see Parliament of Australia). A member or senator may have the style if they have acquired it separately, e.g. by being a current or former minister. During proceedings within the chambers, forms such as "the honourable member for ...", "the honourable Leader of the Opposition", or "my honourable colleague" are used. This is a parliamentary courtesy and does not imply any right to the style.

Traditionally, members of the legislative councils of the states have been styled the Honourable for the duration of their terms. That practice is still followed in New South Wales, Western Australia, South Australia and Tasmania. In Victoria, the practice was abolished in 2003. In New South Wales, Greens NSW members of the Legislative Council, who are eligible for the Honourable style, have refrained from using it, deeming it to be "outdated" and a "colonial trapping". [40]


Judges of all superior courts are also referred to formally by the style the Honourable, both during and after holding the office.

New Zealand

The style The Honourable was first granted in 1854 for use by members of the Executive Council, the Speaker of the Legislative Council, the Members of the Legislative Council, and the Speaker of the House of Representatives. [41]

In addition to the standard Commonwealth usage, the Speaker of the House of Representatives was entitled to be referred to as The Honourable until 2010, when it was announced that sitting and future Governors-General, Prime Ministers, Chief Justices, and Speakers of the House of Representatives would be entitled to be referred to as The Right Honourable . [42]

In July 2006 the Governor-General (and former living Governors-General) were granted the use of the title The Honourable [43] [44] until 2010 when the Governors-General was granted the title Right Honourable if they did not hold the style already or were a Privy Counsellor. [45]

New Zealand office holders who are The Honourable ex-officio are usually granted the style for life by the Governor-General as a courtesy when they vacate the office; [46] all honours and awards are published in The New Zealand Gazette .

South Asia


In People's Republic of Bangladesh, House Speaker, Ministers, Members of parliaments and Mayors are entitled to the style Honourable. On the other hand, the Prime Minister and the President are styled Honourable or Excellency . [47] [48]


In India, judges of the High Courts of India and Supreme Court of India are addressed as Honourable(Hon'ble); [49] often stylized and abbreviated as "HMJ", i.e., Honourable Mr/Ms. Justice, followed by their name. Also the elected legislators and Heads of Government are formally called Honourable followed by their name. The vice president is also addressed as the hon'ble


In Pakistan, the judicial officers are addressed as honourable while presiding over in the courts of law. It is a norm to address judges of superior judiciary as honourable judges. Diplomats are addressed as Your Excellency. The head of state and Prime Minister is addressed her/his excellency.

Sri Lanka

In Sri Lanka, the honorific The Honourable is used to refer to the President, Prime Minister, Ministers, and Members of Parliament. Attorney-General and Solicitor-General as well as Judges of the Supreme Court, the Court of Appeal and the High Courts. [50]

Southeast Asia


In Malaysia, an elected Member of Parliament or State Legislative Assemblyman is entitled to be referred to as Yang Berhormat, which translates to 'the honourable'.


In Myanmar, the Chief Justice and Justices of the Supreme Court of Myanmar are referred as 'The Honourable'. [51]


In the Philippines, the style is usually used to give distinction to any elected official (whether in office or retired) ranging from the smallest political unit, the barangay , to the Congress of the Philippines, which consists of the Senate and House of Representatives. [52] Appointed officials such as members of the Cabinet (secretaries, acting secretaries, ad interim secretaries, undersecretaries, and assistant secretaries), the Solicitor General, and heads of government agencies at the national and local levels are also accorded this style. [53] For example, a kagawad (barangay or village council member) named Juan de la Cruz will be referred to as The Honorable Juan de la Cruz. In written form, the style may be shortened to "Hon." (e.g. Hon. Juan de la Cruz).

The Chief Justice, Ombudsman, Justices of the Supreme Court, Sandiganbayan, and Court of Appeals, and Trial Court Judges are also addressed in this honorific style. [52] Meanwhile, the President and Vice-President of the Philippines is always given the style His/Her Excellency. [52]


The Chief Justice, Judges of Appeal, and Justices of the Supreme Court, [54] and the Presiding Judge and District Judges of the State Courts [55] are conventionally addressed in formal settings using the honorific The Honourable.

All former Prime Ministers and current Members of the Singapore Parliament is formally addressed in international settings using the honorific The Honourable.

The use of the honorific The Honourable to refer to the Prime Minister, Ministers, and Members of Parliament is not required by the Standing Orders of Parliament, [56] but during a 1988 parliamentary debate the Leader of the House, Wong Kan Seng, said it would be polite for MPs to refer to their colleagues using the terms "Mr.", "Honourable Mr." or "Honourable Minister" depending on their choice. [57]

The honorific is usually also used to address the Attorney-General and Solicitors-General, and the heads of states and leaders of foreign countries on short-term visits to Singapore. [58]

Non-governmental use

Private, non-profit, and non-governmental (NGO) organisations, and religious movements sometimes style a leader or founder as The Honourable, e.g. The Honourable Elijah Muhammad .

See also

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  1. The King of Australia: His Majesty King Charles III
  2. The Governor-General of Australia: His Excellency General the Honourable David Hurley AC, DSC, FTSE
  3. Governors of states in order of appointment:
    1. Governor of Victoria Her Excellency the Honourable Linda Dessau AC
    2. Governor of New South Wales Her Excellency the Honourable Margaret Beazley AC, QC
    3. Governor of Tasmania Her Excellency the Honourable Barbara Baker AC
    4. Governor of South Australia Her Excellency the Honourable Frances Adamson AC
    5. Governor of Queensland Her Excellency the Honourable Jeannette Young, PSM
    6. Governor of Western Australia His Excellency the Honourable Chris Dawson APM
  4. The Prime Minister: The Honourable Anthony Albanese MP
  5. The President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives in order of election:
    1. President of the Senate Senator The Honourable Sue Lines
    2. Speaker of the House of Representatives The Honourable Milton Dick MP
  6. The Chief Justice of Australia: The Honourable Chief Justice Susan Kiefel AC
  7. Senior diplomatic posts:
    1. Ambassadors and High Commissioners in order of date of presentation of the Letters of Credence or Commission
    2. Chargés d'affaires en pied or en titre in order of date of presentation of the Letters of Credence or Commission
    3. Chargés d'affaires and Acting High Commissioners in order of date of assumption of duties
  8. Members of the Federal Executive Council:
    1. Ministry List
  9. Administrators of Territories in order of appointment:
    1. Administrator of Norfolk Island
    2. Administrator of the Australian Indian Ocean Territories
    3. Administrator of the Northern Territory
  10. The Leader of the Opposition: The Honourable Peter Dutton MP
  11. Former holders of high offices:
    1. Former Governors-General in order of leaving office:
      1. The Hon. Bill Hayden AC (1989–1996)
      2. The Hon. Sir William Deane AC KBE QC (1996–2001)
      3. The Rt. Rev and Hon. Dr Peter Hollingworth AC OBE (2001–2003)
      4. The Hon. Dame Quentin Bryce AD CVO (2008–2014)
      5. General the Hon. Sir Peter Cosgrove AK CVO MC (2014–2019)
    2. Former Prime Ministers in order of leaving office:
      1. The Hon. Paul Keating (1991–1996)
      2. The Hon. John Howard OM AC SSI (1996–2007)
      3. The Hon. Kevin Rudd AC
      4. The Hon. Julia Gillard AC (2010–2013)
      5. The Hon. Tony Abbott AC (2013–2015)
      6. The Hon. Malcolm Turnbull AC (2015–2018)
      7. The Hon. Scott Morrison (2018–2022)
    3. Former Chief Justices in order of leaving office:
      1. The Hon. Sir Anthony Mason AC KBE GBM QC (1987–1995)
      2. The Hon. Murray Gleeson AC GBS QC (1998–2008)
      3. The Hon. Robert French AC (2008–2017)
  12. Premiers of states in order of state populations, then Chief Ministers of the territories in order of territory populations:
    1. Premier of New South Wales
    2. Premier of Victoria
    3. Premier of Queensland
    4. Premier of Western Australia
    5. Premier of South Australia
    6. Premier of Tasmania
    7. Chief Minister of the Australian Capital Territory
    8. Chief Minister of the Northern Territory
  13. Justices of the High Court in order of appointment:
    1. The Hon. Stephen Gageler AC
    2. The Hon. Patrick Keane AC
    3. The Hon. Michelle Gordon AC
    4. The Hon. James Edelman
    5. The Hon. Simon Steward
    6. The Hon. Jacqueline Sarah Gleeson
  14. Senior judges:
    1. Chief Justice of the Federal Court of Australia
    2. President of the Fair Work Commission
  15. Chief Justices of States in order of appointment:
    1. Chief Justice of New South Wales
    2. Chief Justice of South Australia
    3. Chief Justice of Tasmania
    4. Chief Justice of Queensland
    5. Chief Justice of Victoria
    6. Chief Justice of Western Australia
  16. Australian members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom in order of appointment:
    1. The Rt Hon. Ian Sinclair
    2. The Rt Hon. Sir William Heseltine
  17. The Chief of the Defence Force
  18. Chief Judges of Federal and Territory Courts in order of appointment
    1. Chief Justice of the Australian Capital Territory
    2. Chief Justice of the Northern Territory
    3. Chief Justice of the Family Court of Australia
  19. Members of Parliament
  20. Judges of the Federal Court of Australia and Family Court of Australia, and Deputy presidents of the Fair Work Commission in order of appointment
  21. Lord Mayors of capital cities in order of city populations:
    1. Lord Mayor of Sydney
    2. Lord Mayor of Melbourne
    3. Lord Mayor of Brisbane
    4. Lord Mayor of Perth
    5. Lord Mayor of Adelaide
    6. Lord Mayor of Hobart
    7. Lord Mayor of Darwin
  22. Heads of religious communities according to the date of assuming office in Australia
  23. Presiding officers of State Legislatures in order of appointment, then Presiding Officer of Territory Legislatures in order of appointment:
    1. Speaker of the Victorian Legislative Assembly
    2. Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Queensland
    3. President of the Victorian Legislative Council
    4. Speaker of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly
    5. President of the Tasmanian Legislative Council
    6. President of the South Australian Legislative Council
    7. Speaker of the Western Australian Legislative Assembly
    8. President of the New South Wales Legislative Council
    9. President of the Western Australian Legislative Council
    10. Speaker of the Tasmanian House of Assembly
    11. Speaker of the South Australian House of Assembly
    12. Speaker of the Australian Capital Territory Legislative Assembly
    13. Speaker of the Northern Territory Legislative Assembly
  24. Members of State Executive Councils in order of state populations, and then members of the Northern Territory Executive Council:
    1. Executive Council of New South Wales
    2. Executive Council of Victoria
    3. Executive Council of Queensland
    4. Executive Council of Western Australia
    5. Executive Council of South Australia
    6. Executive Council of Tasmania
    7. Executive Council of the Northern Territory
  25. Leaders of the Opposition of State Legislatures in order of state populations, then Leaders of the Opposition in Territory Legislatures in order of territory populations:
    1. Leader of the Opposition of New South Wales
    2. Leader of the Opposition of Victoria
    3. Leader of the Opposition of Queensland
    4. Leader of the Opposition of Western Australia
    5. Leader of the Opposition of South Australia
    6. Leader of the Opposition of Tasmania
    7. Leader of the Opposition of the Australian Capital Territory
    8. Leader of the Opposition of the Northern Territory
  26. Judges of State and Territory Supreme Courts in order of appointment:
    1. Supreme Court of New South Wales
    2. Supreme Court of Victoria
    3. Supreme Court of Queensland
    4. Supreme Court of Western Australia
    5. Supreme Court of South Australia
    6. Supreme Court of Tasmania
    7. Supreme Court of the Northern Territory
  27. Members of State and Territory Legislatures in order of population:
    1. New South Wales Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council
    2. Victorian Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council
    3. Queensland Legislative Assembly
    4. Western Australian Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council
    5. South Australian House of Assembly and Legislative Council
    6. Tasmanian House of Assembly and Legislative Council
    7. Australian Capital Territory Legislative Assembly
    8. Northern Territory Legislative Assembly
  28. The Secretaries of Departments of the Australian Public Service and their peers and the Chiefs of the Air Force, Army, and Navy and Vice Chief of the Defence Force in order of first appointment to this group:
    1. Vice Chief of the Defence Force
    2. Chief of Navy
    3. Chief of Army
    4. Chief of Air Force
  29. Consuls-General, Consuls and Vice-Consuls according to the date on which recognition was granted
  30. Members of the Australian Capital Territory Legislative Assembly
  31. Recipients of Decorations or Honours from the Sovereign
  32. Citizens of the Commonwealth of Australia

The Alberta order of precedence is a nominal and symbolic hierarchy of important positions within the province of Alberta. It has no legal standing but is used to dictate ceremonial protocol at events of a provincial nature.

  1. The Sovereign: His Majesty King Charles III
  2. Lieutenant Governor of Alberta: The Honourable Salma Lakhani
  3. Premier of Alberta: The Honourable Jason Kenney
  4. The Chief Justice of The Court of Appeal of Alberta: The Honourable Justice Catherine Fraser
  5. Former Lieutenant Governors of Alberta
    1. The Honourable Donald Ethell
    2. The Honourable Lois Mitchell
  6. Former Premiers of Alberta
    1. Ed Stelmach
    2. Alison Redford
    3. Dave Hancock
    4. Rachel Notley
  7. Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta: Nathan Cooper
  8. Ambassadors and High Commissioners accredited to Canada
  9. Members of the Executive Council of Alberta, in relative order of precedence as determined by the Premier
  10. Leader of the Official Opposition: Rachel Notley
  11. Current members of the King's Privy Council for Canada resident in Alberta, with precedence given to current members of the federal cabinet
  12. Members of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta with precedence governed by the date of their first election to the Legislature
  13. Members of the Senate of Canada, who represent Alberta by date of appointment
    1. The Honourable Elaine McCoy
    2. The Honourable Douglas Black
    3. The Honourable Scott Tannas
    4. The Honourable Patti LaBoucane-Benson
    5. The Honourable Paula Simons
  14. Members of the House of Commons of Canada who represent Alberta constituencies by date of election
  15. Superior court justices
    1. Chief Justice of the Court of King's Bench of Alberta: The Honourable Justice M.T. Moreau
    2. Justices of the Court of Appeal of Alberta
    3. Justices of the Court of King's Bench of Alberta
  16. Heads of religious denominations
  17. Heads of Consular Posts: Consuls-General; Consuls; Vice-Consuls; Consular Agents
  18. Judges of the Provincial Court of Alberta
    1. Chief Judge of the Provincial Court of Alberta
    2. Other judges by seniority of appointment
  19. Mayors of Alberta municipalities
  20. Aboriginal Leaders
    1. Chiefs of the Treaty First Nations in Alberta, in order of seniority of election to office;
    2. President of Métis Settlements General Council
    3. President of Métis Nation of Alberta: Audrey Poitras
  21. Deputy Minister to the Premier and Cabinet Secretary
  22. Clerk of the Legislative Assembly
  23. Ombudsman
  24. Provincial Auditor
  25. Chief Electoral Officer: Glen Resler
  26. Ethics Commissioner: Marguerite Trussler
  27. Information and Privacy Commissioner: Jill Clayton
  28. Deputy Ministers
  29. Senior Alberta government officials with rank of Deputy Minister as determined by the Executive Council
  30. Chief Executive Officers of Crown Corporations
  31. Leadership of Alberta universities
    1. Chancellor of the University of Alberta: Ralph B. Young
    2. Chancellor of the University of Calgary: Jim Dinning
    3. Chancellor of the University of Lethbridge: Shirley McClellan
    4. Chairman of the Board, University of Alberta
    5. Chairman of the Board, University of Calgary
    6. Chairman of the Board, University of Lethbridge
    7. Chairman of the Board, Athabasca University
    8. Chairman of the Board, Mount Royal University
    9. Chairman of the Board, MacEwan University
    10. President of the University of Alberta: David H. Turpin
    11. President of the University of Calgary: Ed McCauley
    12. President of the University of Lethbridge: Michael J. Mahon
    13. President of Athabasca University: Frits Pannekoek
    14. President of Mount Royal University: David Docherty
    15. President of Grant MacEwan University: David W. Atkinson
  32. Police and military
    1. Commanding Officer, "K" Division, Royal Canadian Mounted Police: Curtis Zablocki
    2. Commander, 3rd Canadian Division: Brigadier-General W.H. Fletcher
    3. Commanding Officer, HMCS Nonsuch
    4. Commanding Officer, 1 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group
    5. Commanding Officer, 1 Area Support Group
    6. Commanding Officer, 41 Canadian Brigade Group
    7. Commanding Officer, 4 Wing

Worship is an honorific prefix for mayors, justices of the peace and magistrates in present or former Commonwealth realms. In spoken address, these officials are addressed as Your Worship or referred to as His Worship, Her Worship, or Their Worship. In Australia, all states now use Your Honour as the form of address for magistrates.

The Most Excellent is an honorific prefix that is traditionally applied to certain people in Spain and certain Spanish-speaking countries. Following Spanish tradition, it is an ex officio style and is used in written documents and very formal occasions.

The Minister for Corrective Services is a position in the Cabinet of Western Australia, first created in 1983 during the Burke Ministry. The minister was known as the Minister for Prisons until 1987, but since then has been known under its current title.


  1. This is referenced in the Los Angeles Country Protocol Register: "Following the practice of the U.S. Department of State Office of Protocol, all heads of post are accorded the courtesy style of 'The Honorable' before their names." Los Angeles has the highest density of consulates and consulates-general of any city in the world. Furthermore, for example, Archived 22 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine or Archived 22 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine An authoritative source can be found at where the Austrian Ministry of Foreign Affairs lists all Honorary Consuls with the style of The Hon.
  2. "Glossary of Terms". Parliament of Kenya. Retrieved 26 September 2021.
  3. "The Judges | the Courts Service of Ireland".
  4. For a case of a former parliamentarian who was called, in an institutional hearing, "honorable" or "senator" (and even "president", a position he had held much earlier in his life), see Commissione stragi, X legislatura, Seduta n. 74 del 21 febbraio 1991, pp. 4-144, in Archivio storico del Senato, ASSR, Terrorismo e stragi (X-XIII leg.), 1.74.
  5. "Llista de tractaments protocol·laris [in catalan]". Universitat Pompeu Fabra. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
  6. "The Honourable – style or title". Encyclopædia Britannica . Retrieved 4 August 2022. (...) The Heralds’ College officially reported on the petition on October 31, 1835, stating (...) that “the style of ‘The Honourable’ is given to the Judges and to the Barons of the Exchequer, with others; because, by the Decree of the 10th of King James the First, for settling the place and precedency of the Baronets, the Judges, and Barons of the Exchequer, were declared to have place and precedence before the younger sons of Viscounts and Barons.”
    (...) The analogy held only in so far as both styles were applicable to those who belonged to the less exalted ranks of the titled classes, for the title “honourable” was not definitely confined to certain classes until later.
    The terms honorabilis and honorabilitas were in use in the Middle Ages as a form of politeness rather than as a specific title. More than two centuries later John Selden, in his Titles of Honor (1614), does not include “honourable” among the courtesy titles given to the children of peers.
    The style was, in fact, used extremely loosely until well on into the 18th century.
    (...) British baronets, for instance, claimed that they had been styled “the honourable” until the end of the 18th century, and in 1835 they petitioned for the style as a prefix to their names. The Heralds’ College officially reported on the petition on October 31, 1835, stating that the presented evidence did not prove the right of baronets to the style and that its use “has been no more warranted by authority than when the same style has been applied to Field Officers in the Army and others.”.
    (...) It is not, indeed, until 1874 that there is any clear evidence of an authoritative limitation of the title. In this year the wives of Lords of Appeal were granted style and precedence as baronesses, but it was provided that their children were not “to assume or use the prefix of Honourable, or to be entitled to the style, rank or precedence of the children of a Baron.” In 1898, however, this was revoked, and it was ordained “that such children shall have and enjoy on all occasions the style and title enjoyed by the children of hereditary Barons together with the rank and precedence.” By these acts of the Crown, the prefix “honourable” would seem to have been restricted as a definite title of honour, yet in legal documents the sons of peers are still styled merely “esquire". This latter fact points to the time when the prefix “honourable” was a mark of deference paid by others rather than a style assumed by right.
  7. "No. 28661". The London Gazette. 8 November 1912. p. 8201.
  8. "Factsheet G7 - Some Traditions and Customs of the House" (PDF). House of Commons. August 2010. p. 2.
  9. Afghanistan.Hansard. (2021). An example of the use after recommended abolition.
  10. 1 2 "Titles". Canadian Heritage. Government of Canada. Retrieved 28 February 2016.
  11. "lieutenant-governor, Lt.-Gov., His/Her Honour, Honourable". Public Works and Government Services Canada. Government of Canada. 8 October 2009. Retrieved 28 February 2016.
  12. 1 2 "Table of Titles to be used in Canada". Government of Canada. Government of Canada. Retrieved 28 February 2016.
  13. "Canadian Heritage – Styles of address – Provincial/territorial dignitaries". 26 January 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2010.
  14. Canadian Heritage – Styles of address – Federal dignitaries
  15. "Agreement Instituting The Order Of The Caribbean Community". Archived from the original on 13 June 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2010.
  16. 1 2 Robert Hickey, How to Use the Honorable (citing Mary Mel French, United States Protocol: The Guide to Official Diplomatic Etiquette).
  17. "How to Use 'The Honorable'". 27 May 2020.
  18. 1 2 3 4 5 Mary K. Mewborn, Too Many Honorables?, Washington Life November 1999.
  19. 1 2 3 4 French, Mary Mel Ambassador (16 May 2010). United States Protocol: The Guide to Official Diplomatic Etiquette. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. ISBN   9781442203211 via Google Books.
  20. "US Ambassador". May 2020.
  21. "US Attorney". 2 May 2020.
  22. Marshal.
  23. Inspector General.
  24. Robert Hickey, Lieutenant Government
  25. Robert Hickey, Attorney General.
  26. Robert Hickey, U.S. State Officials.
  27. Robert Hickey, "How to Use 'the Honorable'".
  28. Robert Hickey, Councilman.
  29. "Protocol Frequently Asked Questions".
  30. Robert Hickey, "How to Address U.S. Officials, Both Current and Former, As The Honorable" online
  31. See Robert Hickey, "How to Address U.S. Officials, Both Current and Former, As The Honorable"
  32. Bloomsbury Publishing (2016). Titles and Forms of Address: A Guide to Correct Use. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 127. ISBN   9781472924346.
  33. The New York Times Manual of Style and Usage by Allan M. Siegal (1999), p. 88
  34. name="Hickey">Robert Hickey, "How to Use 'the Honorable'".
  35. "The title 'the Honourable' for Governors-General", Australian Government Special Gazette C2013G00681, 8 May 2013.
  36. "Parliament of Victoria – Addressing Members". 8 March 2013. Retrieved 4 September 2013.
  37. Pitson, John, ed. (1978). Style Manual for authors, editors and printers of Australian Government publications. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. p. 349.
  38. "Frequently asked questions – Education – Queensland Parliament". Retrieved 4 September 2013.
  39. "Parliament of WA – Addressing a Member". Retrieved 4 September 2013.
  40. "Greens put "Honourable" title in history's dustbin". Greens. Lee Rhiannon. 3 April 2011. Retrieved 21 October 2019.
  41. "Untitled" (11 July 1854) 16 New Zealand Gazette 72.
  42. "Rules for the Grant, Use and Retention of the Title 'The Right Honourable' in New Zealand" (23 September 2010) 124 New Zealand Gazette 3251 at 3285.
  43. "Rules for the Use and Grant of the Title 'The Honourable' in New Zealand" (20 July 2006) 82 New Zealand Gazette 2561 at 2583.
  44. "Changes to rules around use of title". 17 July 2006.
  45. "Rules for the Grant, Use and Retention of the Title 'The Honourable' in New Zealand" (23 September 2010) 124 New Zealand Gazette 3251 at 3285.
  46. "'The Honourable'". Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet. New Zealand Government. Retrieved 1 October 2021.
  47. "Ministry of Primary and Mass Education" (PDF). Government of The People's Republic of Bangladesh. 23 November 2015. Retrieved 22 April 2016.
  48. "Her Excellency Sheikh Hasina, Prime Minister of the Government of Bangladesh". Columbia University World Leaders Forum. 25 September 2015. Retrieved 22 April 2016.
  49. "Is it a Judge who is Hon'ble or a Court?". TheLeaflet. 12 April 2021. Retrieved 28 June 2021.
  50. Gunawardena, Edward. "How honourable are the 'Honourable' few". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  51. "2017 Report" (PDF). Supreme Court of Myanmar: 11.
  52. 1 2 3 Alfonso, Oscar M., ed. (2005). Handbook on Protocol in the University of the Philippines (PDF). Quezon City, Philippines: Office of the Secretary of the University, University of the Philippines System. p. 52. ISBN   971-93031-1-5 . Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  53. Alfonso, Oscar M., ed. (2005). Handbook on Protocol in the University of the Philippines (PDF). Quezon City, Philippines: Office of the Secretary of the University, University of the Philippines System. pp. 52–67. ISBN   971-93031-1-5 . Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  54. See, for example, the Supreme Court e-Practice Directions (PDF), Supreme Court of Singapore, 23 February 2017, p. 16 ("Forms of address"), paragraph 18, archived from the original (PDF) on 1 May 2017: "The Honourable the Chief Justice, on the advice of the Council of Judges, has directed …"; and the Organised Crime Regulations2016( S 236/2016 ), Schedule, Form 2: "To: The Honourable the Justices and Judicial Commissioners of the High Court in Singapore".
  55. See, for example, the Rules of Court( R 5, 2014 Rev. Ed. ), First Schedule, Form 238: "Before the Honourable District Judge".
  56. Standing Orders of Parliament (as amended on 19 October 2004) (PDF), Parliament of Singapore, 19 October 2004, archived from the original (PDF) on 9 May 2010, retrieved 2 November 2009.
  57. Wong Kan Seng(Leader of the House)," Amendment of Standing Orders (Paper Parl. 4 of 1988) ",Singapore Parliamentary Debates, Official Report (11 August 1988), vol. 51, cols. 524 and 528.
  58. See, for example, S. Iswaran (13 March 2017), Speech by Mr S Iswaran, Minister for Trade and Industry (Industry), at the Official Opening of the Australian Landing Pad in Singapore, on Monday, 13 March 2017, 1040 Hrs, at BASH (79 Ayer Rajah Crescent) (PDF), Government of Singapore : "The Honourable Julie Bishop, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Australia, …".