|Governor of Western Australia|
|Style||His Excellency the Honourable|
|Residence||Government House, Perth|
|Nominator||Premier of Western Australia|
|Appointer|| Monarch of Australia |
on the advice of the Premier
|Term length|| At Her Majesty's pleasure |
(usually 5 years by convention)
|Formation||6 February 1832|
|First holder||Captain James Stirling|
The governor of Western Australia is the representative in Western Australia of Elizabeth II as the queen of Australia. As with the other governors of the Australian states, the governor of Western Australia performs constitutional, ceremonial and community functions, including:
Furthermore, all Bills passed by the Parliament of Western Australia require the governor's signature before they become Acts and pass into law. However, since convention almost always requires the governor to act on the advice of the premier and the Cabinet, such approval is almost always a formality.
The current governor is Kim Beazley. He succeeded Kerry Sanderson, who was the first woman to hold the position, in May 2018.
Until the appointment of Sir James Mitchell in 1948, all governors of Western Australia had been British officials. After Mitchell's appointment, a further three Britons served as governor: Mitchell's two immediate successors, and then, from 1980 to 1983, Rear-Admiral Sir Richard Trowbridge who was the last British governor of any Australian state.
The governor of Western Australia is styled His Excellency during his term in office (or Her Excellency for a female governor). In August 2014, three of the four living past governors – John Sanderson, Ken Michael and Malcolm McCusker – were given the style "The Honourable", on the recommendation of the premier.The other living former governor, Michael Jeffery, already held the style in virtue of his later service as governor-general of Australia.
The governor's standard of Western Australia is the same design as the British blue ensign with the union flag at the upper left quarter. On the right side, the state badge of Western Australia, comprising a black swan in a yellow disc, is surmounted by the St. Edward's crown.
If the standard is flying at Government House, on a vehicle or at an event, this indicates that the governor is present.
This is a list of governors and lieutenant-governors of Western Australia.
Stirling was in fact only commissioned as the governor of Western Australia from 4 March 1831, rectifying the absence of a legal instrument providing the authority detailed in Stirling's Instructions of 30 December 1828. Stirling had said of his own position:
I believe I am the first Governor who ever formed a settlement without Commission, Laws, Instructions and Salary.
|1||Captain Sir James Stirling RN||30 December 1828||5 February 1832|
|1||Captain Sir James Stirling RN||4 March 1832||2 January 1839|
|2||John Hutt||3 January 1839||26 January 1846|
|3||Lieutenant Colonel Andrew Clarke KCH||27 January 1846||11 February 1847|
|-||Lieutenant Colonel Frederick Irwin (acting Governor)||12 February 1847||11 August 1848|
|4||Captain Charles Fitzgerald||12 August 1848||22 July 1855|
|5||Sir Arthur Kennedy GCMG CB||23 July 1855||27 February 1862|
|6||Dr John Hampton||28 February 1862||1 November 1868|
|7||Sir Benjamin Pine||2 November 1868||29 September 1869|
|8||The Hon. Sir Frederick Weld GCMG||30 September 1869||10 January 1875|
|9||Sir William Robinson GCMG||11 January 1875||11 November 1877|
|10||Major General The Hon. Sir Harry Ord GCMG CB RE||12 November 1877||9 April 1880|
|-||Sir William Robinson GCMG (2nd time)||10 April 1880||1 June 1883|
|11||Sir Frederick Broome KCMG||2 June 1883||19 October 1890|
|-||Sir William Robinson GCMG (3rd time)||20 October 1890||22 December 1895|
|12||Lieutenant Colonel Sir Gerard Smith KCMG||23 December 1895||30 April 1901|
|13||Sir Arthur Lawley GCIE KCMG||1 May 1901||23 March 1903|
|14||Admiral Sir Frederick Bedford KCB||24 March 1903||30 May 1909|
|15||Sir Gerald Strickland KCMG||31 May 1909||16 March 1913|
|16||Major General Sir Harry Barron KCMG CVO||17 March 1913||8 April 1917|
|17||The Rt Hon. Sir William Ellison-Macartney KCMG||9 April 1917||8 April 1920|
|18||Sir Francis Newdegate GCMG||9 April 1920||27 October 1924|
|19||Colonel Sir William Campion KCMG DSO TD||28 October 1924||8 June 1931|
|20||Sir James Mitchell GCMG||5 October 1948||30 June 1951|
|21||General Sir Charles Gairdner GBE KCMG KCVO CB||6 November 1951||25 October 1963|
|22||Major General Sir Douglas Kendrew KCMG CB CBE DSO||25 October 1963||6 January 1974|
|23||Air Commodore Sir Hughie Edwards VC KCMG CB DSO OBE DFC||7 January 1974||2 April 1975|
|24||Air Chief Marshal Sir Wallace Hart Kyle GCB KCVO CBE DSO DFC||24 November 1975||24 November 1980|
|25||Rear Admiral Sir Richard Trowbridge KCVO||25 November 1980||24 November 1983|
|26||Professor Gordon Reid AC||2 July 1984||30 September 1989|
|27||The Hon. Sir Francis Burt AC KCMG QC||29 March 1990||31 October 1993|
|28||Major General Michael Jeffery AC CVO MC||1 November 1993||17 August 2000|
|29||Lieutenant General John Sanderson AC||18 August 2000||31 October 2005|
|30||Dr Ken Michael AC||18 January 2006||2 May 2011|
|31||Malcolm McCusker AC CVO QC||1 July 2011||30 June 2014|
|32||Kerry Sanderson AC||20 October 2014||1 May 2018|
|33||Kim Beazley AC||1 May 2018||Incumbent|
The governor of New South Wales is the viceregal representative of the Australian monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, in the state of New South Wales. In an analogous way to the governor-general of Australia at the national level, the governors of the Australian states perform constitutional and ceremonial functions at the state level. The governor is appointed by the queen on the advice of the premier of New South Wales, for an unfixed period of time—known as serving At Her Majesty's pleasure—though five years is the norm. The current governor is retired judge Margaret Beazley, who succeeded David Hurley on 2 May 2019.
The Premier of Western Australia is the head of the executive branch of government in the Australian state of Western Australia. The Premier has similar functions in Western Australia to those performed by the Prime Minister of Australia at the national level, subject to the different Constitutions.
Kim Christian Beazley is an Australian politician who is currently Governor of Western Australia. He was previously Deputy Prime Minister of Australia from 1995 to 1996, Leader of the Labor Party and Leader of the Opposition from 1996 to 2001 and 2005 to 2006, and Ambassador to the United States from 2010 to 2016. He served in multiple roles in the Hawke and Keating Governments from 1983 to 1996.
Admiral Sir James Stirling was a Scottish naval officer and colonial administrator. His enthusiasm and persistence persuaded the British Government to establish the Swan River Colony and he became the first Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Western Australia. In 1854, when Commander-in-Chief, East Indies and China Station, Stirling on his own initiative signed Britain's first Anglo-Japanese Friendship Treaty. Throughout his career Stirling showed considerable diplomatic skill and was selected for a number of sensitive missions. Paradoxically, this was not reflected in his personal dealings with officialdom and his hopes for preferment received many rebuffs. Stirling also personally led the attack in Western Australia on a group of approximately seventy Bindjareb men, women and children now known as the Pinjarra massacre.
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Sir James Mitchell, was an Australian politician. He was the 13th Premier of Western Australia, serving on two occasions, the Lieutenant-Governor of Western Australia for 15 years, and the 22nd Governor of Western Australia from 1948 to 1951.
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Kenneth Comninos Michael, is an Australian civil engineer, academic and former public servant who was the 30th Governor of Western Australia, serving from 2006 to 2011.
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