This article provides a summary of results for elections to the Western Australian Legislative Assembly, the lower house in Western Australia's bicameral state legislative body, the Parliament of Western Australia, which came into being in 1890 when Western Australia achieved responsible self-government. The number of seats has increased over time, from 30 at its first election, to the current total of 59 seats. Western Australian politics were initially non-partisan, with individual Members of Parliament choosing to align either with the Government or the Opposition. This began to change in the 1901 election with the election of six Labor members, and then with Labor attaining outright victory in the 1904 election. By 1911, a rival party to Labor had emerged in the centre-right Liberal Party of Western Australia, which many of the former independents had joined.This entity evolved into the Nationalist Party and eventually into the Liberal Party in 1944.
The chart below shows the information graphically, with the most recent results on the right. It shows the popularity in terms of seats won, of the Labor Party (red) and the Nationalist Party and its predecessors (mid-blue) in the first half of the 20th century, as well as the emergence of the Country Party (green) in 1914, with whom the Nationalists and later the Liberals formed a coalition in order to form government. Two distinct periods were characterised by one party or coalition's dominance—the Labor Party won six of the seven elections between 1924 and 1947, and the Liberal Party (dark blue) in coalition with the Country Party won seven of the eight elections between 1959 and 1983. Occasional internal splits within the Country Party, now known as the Nationals, are also shown on the chart in differing shades of green.
The table below shows the total number of seats won by the major political parties at each election. The totals of the winning party or coalition are shown in bold, while other parties in government are shown in bold italic. Full details on any election are linked via the year of the election at the start of the row.
|Election||Date||Total seats||Labor||Liberal [A]||Nationalist [B]||Country/ National [C]||Nat. Lab. [D]||Independent||Other Parties|
|41st||13 March 2021||59||53||2||4|
|40th||11 March 2017||59||41||13||5|
|39th||9 March 2013||59||21||31||7|
|38th||6 September 2008||59||28||24||4||3|
|37th||26 February 2005||57||32||18||5||2|
|36th||10 February 2001||57||32||16||5||4|
|35th||14 December 1996||57||19||29||6||3|
|34th||6 February 1993||57||24||26||6||1|
|33rd||4 February 1989||57||31||20||6|
|32nd||8 February 1986||57||32||19||6|
|31st||19 February 1983||57||32||20||3||2||National [C]|
|30th||23 February 1980||55||23||26||3||3||National [C]|
|29th||19 February 1977||55||22||27||6|
|28th||30 March 1974||51||22||23||6|
|27th||20 February 1971||51||26||17||8|
|26th||23 March 1968||51||23||19||9|
|25th||20 February 1965||50||21||21||8|
|24th||31 March 1962||50||24||18||8|
|23rd||21 March 1959||50||23||17||8||2|
|22nd||7 April 1956||50||29||11||8||2|
|21st||14 February 1953||50||26||15||9|
|20th||25 March 1950||50||23||15||9||3|
|19th||15 March 1947||50||23||13||12||2|
|18th||20 November 1943||50||30||7||10||3|
|17th||18 March 1939||50||27||7||12||4|
|16th||15 February 1936||50||26||8||13||3|
|15th||8 April 1933||50||30||8||12|
|14th||26 March 1930||50||23||16||10||1|
|13th||26 March 1927||50||27||16||7|
|12th||22 March 1924||50||27||9||1||7|
|11th||12 March 1921||50||16||10||16||6||2|
|10th||29 September 1917||50||15||16||12||6||1|
|9th||21 October 1914||50||26||16||8|
|8th||3 October 1911||50||34||16|
|7th||11 September 1908||50||22||28|
|6th||27 October 1905||50||15||35|
|5th||28 June 1904||50||22||19||9|
Until the 1904 election, most candidates did not belong to political parties. However, some candidates declared their support for the administration of the time, while others declared their opposition to it. Full details on any election are linked via the year of the election at the start of the row.
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