Lower house

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A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house. [1]


Despite its official position "below" the upper house, in many legislatures worldwide, the lower house has come to wield more power. The lower house typically is the more numerous of the two chambers. A legislature composed of only one house is described as unicameral.

Common attributes

In comparison with the upper house, lower houses frequently display certain characteristics.

Status of lower house

Titles of lower houses

Common names

Dáil Éireann, Republic of Ireland

Many lower houses are named in the following manner: House/Chamber of Representatives/the People/Commons/Deputies.

Unique Names

GovernmentLower House Unique NameMeaning
Austria Austria Nationalrat National Council
Germany Germany Bundestag Federal Diet
Greece Greece Βουλή των Ελλήνων Council of the Hellenes
India India Lok Sabha House of the People
Indonesia Indonesia Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat People's Representative Council
Republic of Ireland Ireland Dáil Éireann Assembly of Ireland
Isle of Man Isle of Man House of Keys
Italy Italy Camera dei Deputati Chamber of Deputies
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan Mazhilis Assembly
Malaysia Malaysia Dewan Rakyat People's Hall
Myanmar Myanmar Pyithu Hluttaw [2] House of Representatives
Netherlands Netherlands Tweede Kamer Second Chamber
Poland Poland Sejm Gathering
Russia Russia State Duma
Spain Spain Congreso de los Diputados Congress of Deputies

See also


  1. Bicameralism (1997) by George Tsebelis.
  2. "pyithuhluttaw.gov.mm". www.pyithuhluttaw.gov.mm. Retrieved 2016-03-02.