Dependent territory

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A dependent territory, dependent area, or dependency is a territory that does not possess full political independence or sovereignty as a sovereign state, yet remains politically outside the controlling state's integral area.[ citation needed ]

Contents

A dependent territory is commonly distinguished from a country subdivision by being considered not to be a constituent part of a sovereign state. An administrative subdivision, instead, is understood to be a division of a state proper. A dependent territory, conversely, often maintains a great degree of autonomy from its controlling state. Historically, most colonies were considered to be dependent territories. The dependent territories that currently remain in the world today generally maintain a very high degree of political autonomy. Not all autonomous entities, though, are considered to be dependent territories, [1] [ failed verification ] and not all dependent territories are autonomous. Most inhabited dependent territories have their own ISO 3166 country codes.

Some political entities inhabit a special position guaranteed by an international treaty or another agreement, thereby creating a certain level of autonomy (e.g., a difference in immigration rules). Those entities are sometimes considered to be, or are at least grouped with, dependent territories, [2] [3] but are officially considered by their governing states to be an integral part of those states. [2] Examples are Åland (a part of Finland) and Hong Kong (a part of China). [4]


Summary

Dependent territories and their sovereign states. All territories are labeled according to ISO 3166-1 or with numbers. Colored areas without labels are integral parts of their respective countries. Antarctica is shown as a condominium instead of individual claims. Dependent territories.svg
Dependent territories and their sovereign states. All territories are labeled according to ISO 3166-1 or with numbers. Colored areas without labels are integral parts of their respective countries. Antarctica is shown as a condominium instead of individual claims.

The lists below include the following:

Dependent territories

Similar entities

Lists of dependent territories

This list includes all territories that have not been legally incorporated into their governing state, including several territories that are not on the list of non-self-governing territories of the General Assembly of the United Nations. [5] All claims in Antarctica are listed in italics.

New Zealand

Summary: New Zealand has two self-governing associated states, one dependent territory (Tokelau), and a territorial claim in Antarctica. [6]

States in free associationAdministrationISO 3166 country codes
Flag of the Cook Islands.svg  Cook Islands Self-governing state in free association with New Zealand since 1965. Cook Islands' status is considered to be equivalent to independence for international law purposes, and the country exercises full sovereignty over its internal and external affairs. [7] Under the terms of the free association agreement, however, New Zealand retains some responsibility for the foreign relations and defence of the Cook Islands. These responsibilities confer no rights of control and are exercised only at the request of the Cook Islands Government. The government of New Zealand does not consider it appropriate for the Cook Islands to have a separate seat at the United Nations, due to its continued use of the right of Cook Islanders to have New Zealand citizenship. [8] CK
Flag of Niue.svg  Niue Self-governing state in free association with New Zealand since 1974. Niue's status is considered to be equivalent to independence for international law purposes, and the country exercises full sovereignty over its internal and external affairs. [7] Under the terms of the free association agreement, however, New Zealand retains some responsibility for the foreign relations and defence of Niue. These responsibilities confer no rights of control and are exercised only at the request of the Government of Niue. The government of New Zealand does not consider Niue to be sovereign due to its continued use of New Zealand citizenship. [8] NU
Dependent territoryAdministrationISO 3166 country codes
Flag of Tokelau.svg  Tokelau Territory of New Zealand. A UN-sponsored referendum on self-governance in February 2006 did not produce the two-thirds supermajority necessary for changing the current political status. Another one was in October 2007, which failed to reach the two-thirds margin. [9] TK
Dependent territory
(uninhabited, claimed)
AdministrationISO 3166 country codes
Flag of New Zealand.svg  Ross Dependency This is New Zealand's Antarctic claim. Unlike Tokelau and the associated states (Cook Islands and Niue), the Ross Dependency is, according to the New Zealand government, constitutionally part of New Zealand. [10]

Norway

Summary: Norway has one dependent territory and two Antarctic claims. Norway also possesses the inhabited islands of Svalbard where Norwegian sovereignty is limited (see below).

Dependent territory
(uninhabited)
AdministrationISO 3166 country codes
Flag of Norway.svg  Bouvet Island Dependency administered from Oslo by the Polar Affairs Department of the Ministry of Justice and the Police. BV
Dependent territories
(uninhabited, claimed)
AdministrationISO 3166 country codes
Flag of Norway.svg  Peter I Island Dependencies (subject to the Antarctic Treaty System) administered from Oslo by the Polar Affairs Department of the Ministry of Justice and the Police.
Flag of Norway.svg  Queen Maud Land

United Kingdom

Summary: The United Kingdom has three "crown dependencies", 13 "overseas territories" (10 autonomous, two used primarily as military bases, and one uninhabited), and one Antarctic claim.

Crown dependenciesAdministrationISO 3166 country codes
Flag of Guernsey.svg  Bailiwick of Guernsey Responsibility for defence, international representation, and good government rests with the United Kingdom. The Parliament of the United Kingdom cannot legislate on their behalf unless explicit consent is provided. [11] [12] [13] GG
Flag of Jersey.svg  Bailiwick of Jersey JE
Flag of the Isle of Man.svg  Isle of Man IM
Overseas territoriesAdministrationISO 3166 country codes
Flag of Anguilla.svg  Anguilla House of Assembly of Anguilla handles domestic affairs. Appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. AI
Flag of Bermuda.svg  Bermuda Parliament of Bermuda handles domestic affairs and the territory is defined by the U.K. as self-governing. Appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. BM
Flag of the British Virgin Islands.svg  British Virgin Islands House of Assembly of the British Virgin Islands handles domestic affairs. Appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories VG
Flag of the Cayman Islands.svg  Cayman Islands Legislative Assembly of the Cayman Islands handles domestic affairs. Appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. KY
Flag of the Falkland Islands.svg  Falkland Islands Legislative Assembly of the Falkland Islands handles domestic affairs. Appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. Also claimed by Argentina. FK
Flag of Gibraltar.svg  Gibraltar Gibraltar Parliament handles domestic affairs. Almost complete internal self-government. Appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. GI
Flag of Montserrat.svg  Montserrat Legislative Council of Montserrat handles domestic affairs. Appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. MS
Flag of the Pitcairn Islands.svg  Pitcairn Islands Island Council of the Pitcairn Islands handles some domestic affairs, however decisions are subject to approval by the Governor of the Pitcairn Islands, reporting to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. Appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. PN
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Legislative Council of Saint Helena, Ascension Island Council and Tristan da Cunha Island Council handle domestic affairs. Appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. SH
Flag of the Turks and Caicos Islands.svg  Turks and Caicos Islands House of Assembly of the Turks and Caicos Islands handles some domestic affairs. Appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. TC
Overseas territory
(sovereign base areas)
AdministrationISO 3166 country codes
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Akrotiri and Dhekelia Two sovereign base areas administered as a single British overseas territory by the Commander of British Forces Cyprus, reporting to the Ministry of Defence. Permanent Cypriot population, as well as British military personnel and their families.
Overseas territories
(uninhabited)
AdministrationISO 3166 country codes
Flag of the Commissioner of the British Indian Ocean Territory.svg  British Indian Ocean Territory Administered by the Commissioner of the British Indian Ocean Territory, reporting to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. The indigenous Chagossian population was removed between 1967 and 1973. Presently the territory is restricted to military personnel, principally at the joint U.K.-U.S. naval base on the atoll of Diego Garcia. Also claimed by Mauritius. IO
Flag of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.svg  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Administered by the Commissioner of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (who is also the Governor of the Falkland Islands), reporting to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. Also claimed by Argentina. GS
Overseas territory
(uninhabited, claimed)
AdministrationISO 3166 country codes
Flag of the British Antarctic Territory.svg  British Antarctic Territory Administered by the Commissioner of the British Antarctic Territory, reporting to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. The UK's Antarctic claim.

United States

Summary: the United States has 13 "unincorporated" dependent territories under its control and two claimed territories outside its control. [14] The uninhabited Palmyra Atoll is administered similarly to some of these territories, and is usually included on lists of U.S. overseas territories, but it is excluded from this list because it is classified in U.S. law as an incorporated territory. [15]

Unincorporated organized territoriesAdministrationISO 3166 country codes
Flag of Guam.svg  Guam Unincorporated organized territory of the U.S.; policy relations conducted through Office of Insular Affairs, Department of the Interior. Appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. GU or

US-GU

Flag of the Northern Mariana Islands.svg  Northern Mariana Islands Commonwealth in political union with the U.S.; federal funding administered by the Office of Insular Affairs, Department of the Interior. MP or

US-MP

Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  Puerto Rico Unincorporated organized territory of the U.S. with commonwealth status; policy relations conducted through the Executive Office of the President. PR or

US-PR

Flag of the United States Virgin Islands.svg  United States Virgin Islands Unincorporated organized territory of the U.S. Policy relations conducted by the Office of Insular Affairs, Department of the Interior. Appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. VI or

US-VI

Unincorporated unorganized territoriesAdministrationISO 3166 country codes
Flag of American Samoa.svg  American Samoa Unincorporated unorganized territory administered by the Office of Insular Affairs, U.S. Department of the Interior. Appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. AS or

US-AS

Unincorporated unorganized territories
(uninhabited) [note 3]
AdministrationISO 3166 country codes
Flag of the United States.svg  Baker Island Unincorporated unorganized territories of the U.S. administered by the Fish and Wildlife Service of the Department of the Interior. UM-81
Flag of the United States.svg  Howland Island UM-84
Flag of the United States.svg  Jarvis Island UM-86
Flag of the United States.svg  Johnston Atoll UM-67
Flag of the United States.svg  Kingman Reef UM-89
Flag of the United States.svg  Midway Atoll UM-71
Flag of the United States.svg  Navassa Island Unincorporated unorganized territory of the U.S. administered by the Fish and Wildlife Service of the Department of the Interior from the Cabo Rojo National Wildlife Refuge in Cabo Rojo, Puerto Rico. Claimed by Haiti and privately via the Guano Islands Act . UM-76
Flag of the United States.svg  Wake Atoll Unincorporated unorganized territory of the U.S. administered by the U.S. Air Force under an agreement with the Department of the Interior. Claimed by the Marshall Islands. UM-79
Unincorporated unorganized territories
(uninhabited, claimed)
AdministrationISO 3166 country codes
  Bajo Nuevo Bank Administered by Colombia. Claimed by the U.S. (under the Guano Islands Act) and Jamaica. A claim by Nicaragua was resolved in 2012 in favor of Colombia by the International Court of Justice (U.S. not a party nor recognizes the court's jurisdiction).
  Serranilla Bank Administered by Colombia. Site of a naval garrison. Claimed by the U.S. (since 1879 under the Guano Islands Act), Honduras, and Jamaica. A claim by Nicaragua was resolved in 2012 in favor of Colombia by the International Court of Justice (U.S. not a party nor recognizes the court's jurisdiction).

Lists of similar entities

The following entities are, according to the law of their state, integral parts of the state but exhibit many characteristics of dependent territories. This list is generally limited to entities that are either subject to an international treaty on their status, uninhabited, or have a unique level of autonomy and are largely self-governing in matters other than international affairs. As a result, it does not include entities with no unique autonomy, such as the overseas regions of France, the home nations of the United Kingdom, and Alaska and Hawaii of the United States. Entities with only limited unique autonomy, such as the autonomous regions of Portugal, the autonomous communities of Spain, and Zanzibar are also not included. All claims in Antarctica are listed in italics.

Australia

Summary: Australia has six external territories in its administration and one Antarctic claim.

Although all territories of Australia are considered to be fully integrated in its federative system, and the official status of an external territory does not differ largely from that of a mainland territory (except in regards to immigration law), debate remains as to whether the external territories are integral parts of Australia, due to their not being part of Australia in 1901, when its constituent states federated (with the exception of Coral Sea Islands, which was a part of Queensland). [16] Norfolk Island was self-governing from 1979 to 2016. [17] The external territories are often grouped separately from Australia proper for statistical purposes.

External territoriesAdministrationISO 3166 country codes
Flag of Christmas Island.svg  Christmas Island Administered from Canberra by the Department of Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development, and Communications. [18] CX
Flag of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands.svg  Cocos (Keeling) Islands CC
Flag of Norfolk Island.svg  Norfolk Island NF
External territories
(uninhabited)
AdministrationISO 3166 country codes
Flag of Australia.svg  Ashmore and Cartier Islands Administered from Canberra by the Department of Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Communications. [18]
Flag of Australia.svg  Coral Sea Islands [note 4]
Flag of Australia.svg  Heard Island and McDonald Islands Administered from Canberra by the Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment. [18] HM
External territory
(uninhabited, claimed)
AdministrationISO 3166 country codes
Flag of Australia.svg  Australian Antarctic Territory Administered from Canberra by the Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment. [18]

China

Summary: China has two special administrative regions (SARs) that are governed according to the constitution and respective basic laws. The SARs greatly differ from mainland China in administrative, economic, legislative and judicial terms, including by currency, left-hand versus right-hand traffic, official languages and immigration control.

Special administrative regionsAdministrationISO 3166 country codes
Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong Former British colony. Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China since 1997 according to the Sino-British Joint Declaration, an international treaty registered with the United Nations. The Hong Kong Basic Law provides for the territory to enjoy a high degree of autonomy per the "one country, two systems" model under the central government of China. Although the territory is not part of Mainland China, it is officially considered an integral part of the People's Republic of China. [19] [20] [21] HK or

CN-HK

Flag of Macau.svg  Macau Former Portuguese colony. Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China since 1999 according to the Sino-Portuguese Joint Declaration, an international treaty registered with the United Nations. The Macau Basic Law provides for the territory to enjoy a high degree of autonomy per the "one country, two systems" model under the central government of China. Although the territory is not part of Mainland China, it is officially considered an integral part of the People's Republic of China. MO or

CN-MO

Denmark

The Kingdom of Denmark contains two autonomous territories with their own governments and legislatures, and input into foreign affairs. [22]

Self-governing territoriesAdministrationISO 3166 country codes
Flag of the Faroe Islands.svg  Faroe Islands Autonomous since 1948. [22] A constituent part of the Kingdom of Denmark, but not of the European Union. FO
Flag of Greenland.svg  Greenland Autonomous since 1979. [22] A constituent part of the Kingdom of Denmark, but withdrew from the European Economic Community in 1985. GL

Finland

Summary: Finland has one autonomous region that is also subject to international treaties.

Autonomous regionAdministrationISO 3166 country codes
Flag of Aland.svg  Åland Åland is governed according to the Act on the Autonomy of Åland and international treaties. These laws guarantee the islands' autonomy in Finland, which has ultimate sovereignty over them, as well as a demilitarized status. AX or

FI-01

France

Summary: France has overseas six autonomous collectivities and two uninhabited territories (one of which includes an Antarctic claim). This does not include its "standard" overseas regions (which are also overseas departments) of French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, and Réunion. Although also located overseas, they have the same status as the regions of metropolitan France. Nonetheless, all of France's overseas territory is considered an integral part of the French Republic.

Overseas collectivitiesAdministrationISO 3166 country codes
Flag of French Polynesia.svg  French Polynesia Overseas collectivity since 2003; overseas country since 2004. Appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. PF or

FR-PF

Flag of France.svg  Saint Barthélemy Seceded from Guadeloupe to become an overseas collectivity in 2007. BL or

FR-BL

Flag of France.svg  Saint Martin Seceded from Guadeloupe to become an overseas collectivity in 2007. It is the only overseas collectivity that is fully part of the European Union. MF or

FR-MF

Flag of France.svg  Saint Pierre and Miquelon Territorial collectivity since 1985. Overseas collectivity since 2003. PM or

FR-PM

Flag of France.svg  Wallis and Futuna Overseas territory since 1961. Overseas collectivity since 2003. WF or

FR-WF

Sui generis collectivityAdministrationISO 3166 country codes
Flags of New Caledonia.svg  New Caledonia " Sui generis " collectivity [23] since 1998. [24] Appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. NC or

FR-NC

Overseas state private property
(uninhabited)
AdministrationISO 3166 country codes
Flag of France.svg  Clipperton Island The island is administered under the direct authority of the French government [25] by the French Minister of the Overseas. FR-CP
Overseas territory
(uninhabited)
AdministrationISO 3166 country codes
Flag of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands.svg  French Southern and Antarctic Lands TAAF ( Terres australes et antartiques françaises ) is an overseas territory since 1955, administered from Paris by an Administrateur Supérieur.
The territory includes the Antarctic claim of Adélie Land . [26]
TF or

FR-TF [note 5]

Netherlands

Summary: The Kingdom of the Netherlands comprises three autonomous "constituent countries" in the Caribbean (listed below) and one constituent country, the Netherlands, with most of its area in Europe but also encompassing three overseas Caribbean municipalitiesBonaire, Sint Eustatius, and Saba. (Those three Caribbean municipalities are excluded here because they are directly administered by the Government of the Netherlands. [28] ) All Kingdom citizens share the same nationality and are thus citizens of the European Union, but only the European portion of the Netherlands is part of the territory of the Union, the Customs Union and the Eurozone (overseas countries and territory status).

Constituent countriesAdministrationISO 3166 country codes
Flag of Aruba.svg  Aruba Defined as a "country" ("land") within the Kingdom by the Statute of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Aruba obtained full autonomy in internal affairs upon separation from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986. Part of the Kingdom but not in Europe, its citizenship nonetheless includes status as Citizens of the European Union. (The Kingdom government coincides almost exactly with the Government of the Netherlands, and is responsible for defense, foreign affairs, and nationality law.) AW or

NL-AW

Flag of Curacao.svg  Curaçao Defined as a "country" ("land") within the Kingdom by the Statute of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Curaçao and Sint Maarten were part of the Netherlands Antilles until it was dissolved in October 2010. Part of the Kingdom but not in Europe, their citizenship nonetheless includes status as Citizens of the European Union. (The Kingdom government coincides almost exactly with the Government of the Netherlands, and is responsible for defense, foreign affairs, and nationality law.) CW or

NL-CW

Flag of Sint Maarten.svg  Sint Maarten SX or

NL-SX

Norway

Summary: Norway has, in the Arctic, one inhabited archipelago with restrictions placed on Norwegian sovereignty — Svalbard. [29] [30] Unlike the country's dependent territory (Bouvet Island) and Antarctic claims (see above), Svalbard is a part of the Kingdom of Norway. [31]

TerritoryAdministrationISO 3166 country codes
Flag of Norway.svg  Svalbard This Arctic archipelago is the northernmost permanent civilian settlement in the world. Not incorporated into any county, it is administered by a governor appointed by the Norwegian government. Since 2002, its main settlement of Longyearbyen has elected a local government. Other settlements include the Russian mining community of Barentsburg, the research station of Ny-Ålesund, and the mining outpost of Sveagruva. The Svalbard Treaty of 1920 recognizes Norwegian sovereignty (administered since 1925 as a sovereign part of the Kingdom of Norway) but established Svalbard as a free economic zone [29] and a demilitarized zone. SJ or
NO-21

Description

Bora Bora Island, French Polynesia BoraBora SEtienne.jpg
Bora Bora Island, French Polynesia

Three Crown dependencies are in a form of association with the United Kingdom. They are independently administrated jurisdictions, although the British Government is solely responsible for defense and international representation and has ultimate responsibility for ensuring good government. They do not have diplomatic recognition as independent states, but neither are they integrated into the U.K. (nor the European Union). The U.K. Parliament retains the ability to legislate for the crown dependencies even without the agreement of their legislatures. No crown dependency has representation in the U.K. Parliament.

Although they are British Overseas Territories, Bermuda and Gibraltar have similar relationships to the U.K. as do the Crown dependencies. While Britain is officially responsible for their defense and international representation, these jurisdictions maintain their own militaries and have been granted limited diplomatic powers, in addition to having internal self-government.

New Zealand and its dependencies share the same governor-general and constitute one monarchic realm. The Cook Islands and Niue are officially termed associated states.

Puerto Rico (since 1952) and the Northern Mariana Islands (since 1986) are non-independent states freely associated with the United States. The mutually negotiated Covenant to Establish a Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) in Political Union with the United States was approved in 1976. The covenant was fully implemented on November 3, 1986, under Presidential Proclamation no. 5564, which conferred United States citizenship on legally qualified CNMI residents. [32] Under the Constitution of Puerto Rico, Puerto Rico is described as a Commonwealth and Puerto Ricans have a degree of administrative autonomy similar to that of a citizen of a U.S. state. Puerto Ricans "were collectively made U.S. citizens" in 1917, as a result of the Jones-Shafroth Act. [33] [34] The commonly used name in Spanish of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, literally "Associated Free State of Puerto Rico", which sounds similar to "free association" particularly when loosely used in Spanish, is sometimes erroneously interpreted to mean that Puerto Rico's relationship with United States is based on a Compact of Free Association and at other times is erroneously held to mean that Puerto Rico's relationship with United States is based on an Interstate compact. This is a constant source of ambiguity and confusion when trying to define, understand, and explain Puerto Rico's political relationship with the United States. For various reasons Puerto Rico's political status differs from that of the Pacific Islands that entered into Compacts of Free Association with the United States. As sovereign states, these islands have the full right to conduct their foreign relations, while the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico has territorial status subject to United States congressional authority under the Constitution's Territory Clause, "to dispose of and make all needful Rules and Regulations respecting the Territory… belonging to the United States." [35] Puerto Rico does not have the right to unilaterally declare independence, and at the last referendum (1998), the narrow majority voted for "none of the above", which was a formally undefined alternative used by commonwealth supporters to express their desire for an "enhanced commonwealth" option. [35]

Diego Garcia Island, British Indian Ocean Territory DG Ariel Plantation.jpg
Diego Garcia Island, British Indian Ocean Territory

This kind of relationship can also be found in the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which is termed a federacy. The European continental part is organized like a unitary state. However, the status of its "constituent countries" in the Caribbean (Aruba, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten) can be considered akin to dependencies [36] [37] or "associated non-independent states."

The Kingdom of Denmark also operates similarly, akin to another federacy. The Faroe Islands and Greenland are two self-governing territories or regions within the Kingdom. The relationship between Denmark proper and these two territories is semi-officially termed the Rigsfællesskabet ("Unity of the Realm").

Overview of inhabited dependent territories

NamePopulation (2016) [38] Area (km2) [39] Area (mi2) [39] ContinentSovereign stateLegal status [40]
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Akrotiri and Dhekelia 15,70025498 Europe Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Overseas territory
(sovereign base areas)
Flag of Aland.svg  Åland 29,0131,580610 Europe Flag of Finland.svg  Finland Autonomous region
Flag of American Samoa.svg  American Samoa 54,19419977 Oceania Flag of the United States.svg  United States Unincorporated territory
Flag of Anguilla.svg  Anguilla 15,1009135 North America Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Overseas territory
Flag of Aruba.svg  Aruba 113,648178.9169.08 North America Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Constituent country
Flag of Bermuda.svg  Bermuda 70,53753.220.5 North America Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Overseas territory
Flag of the British Virgin Islands.svg  British Virgin Islands 34,23215359 North America Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Overseas territory
Flag of the Cayman Islands.svg  Cayman Islands 57,268264101.9 North America Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Overseas territory
Flag of Christmas Island.svg  Christmas Island 2,20513552 Asia Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia External territory
Flag of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands.svg  Cocos (Keeling) Islands 596145.4 Asia Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia External territory
Flag of the Cook Islands.svg  Cook Islands 18,10024093 Oceania Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Free association
Flag of Curacao.svg  Curaçao 158,986444171 North America Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Constituent country
Flag of the Falkland Islands.svg  Falkland Islands 2,93112,1734,700 South America Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Overseas territory
Flag of the Faroe Islands.svg  Faroe Islands 49,1884,167540 Europe Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Constituent country
Flag of French Polynesia.svg  French Polynesia 285,7351,3991,609 Oceania Flag of France.svg  France Overseas country
Flag of Gibraltar.svg  Gibraltar 29,3286.52.5 Europe Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Overseas territory
Flag of Greenland.svg  Greenland 56,4832,166,086836,330 North America Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Constituent country
Flag of Guam.svg  Guam 162,742544210 Oceania Flag of the United States.svg  United States Unincorporated territory
Flag of Guernsey.svg  Guernsey 63,0266525 Europe Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Crown dependency
Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong 7,374,0002,7551,064 Asia Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China Special administrative region
Flag of the Isle of Man.svg  Isle of Man 88,195572221 Europe Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Crown dependency
Flag of Jersey.svg  Jersey 98,069118.245.6 Europe Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Crown dependency
Flag of Macau.svg  Macau 650,900115.344.5 Asia Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China Special administrative region
Flag of Montserrat.svg  Montserrat 5,26710139 North America Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Overseas territory
Flags of New Caledonia.svg  New Caledonia 275,35518,5767,172 Oceania Flag of France.svg  France Sui generis collectivity
Flag of Niue.svg  Niue 1,190261.46100.95 Oceania Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Free association
Flag of Norfolk Island.svg  Norfolk Island 2,21034.613.4 Oceania Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia External territory
Flag of the Northern Mariana Islands.svg  Northern Mariana Islands 53,467464179 Oceania Flag of the United States.svg  United States Commonwealth
Flag of the Pitcairn Islands.svg  Pitcairn Islands 574317 Oceania Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Overseas territory
Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  Puerto Rico 3,411,3079,1043,515 North America Flag of the United States.svg  United States Commonwealth
Flag of France.svg  Saint Barthélemy 7,209259.7 North America Flag of France.svg  France Overseas collectivity
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 5,633394152 Africa Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Overseas territory
Flag of France.svg  Saint Martin 31,94953.220.5 North America Flag of France.svg  France Overseas collectivity
Flag of France.svg  Saint Pierre and Miquelon 5,59524293 North America Flag of France.svg  France Overseas collectivity
Flag of Sint Maarten.svg  Sint Maarten 41,4863714 North America Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Constituent country
Flag of Norway.svg  Svalbard 2,66761,02223,561 Europe Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Division
Flag of Tokelau.svg  Tokelau 1,499103.9 Oceania Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Dependent territory
Flag of the Turks and Caicos Islands.svg  Turks and Caicos Islands 51,430430166 North America Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Overseas territory
Flag of the United States Virgin Islands.svg  United States Virgin Islands 102,951346.36133.73 North America Flag of the United States.svg  United States Unincorporated territory
Flag of France.svg  Wallis and Futuna 15,66414255 Oceania Flag of France.svg  France Overseas collectivity

See also

Notes

  1. Each territory in the United States Minor Outlying Islands is labeled UM- followed by the first letter of its name and another unique letter if needed.
  2. The following territories do not have ISO 3166-1 codes:
    1: Akrotiri and Dhekelia
    2: Ashmore and Cartier Islands
    3: Coral Sea Islands
  3. Midway Atoll and Wake Island have a few people, but these territories are not permanently inhabited.
  4. Willis Island is permanently manned by a small team of meteorologists.
  5. The Antarctic claim of Adélie Land (a district of the TAAF) [26] is not included within the ISO 3166 designation. The ISO designates the remainder of the TAAF the "French Southern Territories". [27]

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An autonomous administrative division is a subnational administrative division or internal territory of a sovereign state that has a degree of autonomy — self-governance — under the national government. Autonomous areas are distinct from the constituent units of a federation in that they possess unique powers for their given circumstances. Typically, it is either geographically distinct from the rest of the state or populated by a national minority. Decentralization of self-governing powers and functions to such divisions is a way for a national government to try to increase democratic participation or administrative efficiency or to defuse internal conflicts. States that include autonomous areas may be federacies, federations, or confederations. Autonomous areas can be divided into territorial autonomies, subregional territorial autonomies, and local autonomies.

United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories UN General Assembly document listing places that are not self-governing and subject to decolonization

Chapter XI of the United Nations Charter refers to a non-self-governing territory (NSGT) as a territory “whose people have not yet attained a full measure of self-government.” In practice, a NSGT is a territory deemed by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) to be "non-self-governing". Chapter XI of the UN Charter also includes a "Declaration on Non-Self-Governing Territories" that the interests of the occupants of dependent territories are paramount and requires member states of the United Nations in control of such territories to submit annual information reports concerning the development of those territories. Since 1946, the UNGA has maintained a list of non-self governing territories under member states' control. Since its inception, dozens of territories have been removed from the list, typically when they attained independence or internal self-government, while other territories have been added as new administering countries joined the United Nations or the General Assembly reassessed the status of certain territories.

A federacy is a form of government where one or several substate units enjoy considerably more independence than the majority of the substate units. To some extent, such an arrangement can be considered to be similar to asymmetric federalism.

Territory

A territory is an administrative division, usually an area that is under the jurisdiction of a sovereign state. In most countries, a territory is an organized division of an area that is controlled by a country but is not formally developed into, or incorporated into, a political unit of the country that is of equal status to other political units that may often be referred to by words such as "provinces" or "regions" or "states". In international politics, a territory is usually either the total area from which a state may extract power resources or any non-sovereign geographic area which has come under the authority of another government; which has not been granted the powers of self-government normally devolved to secondary territorial divisions; or both.

Special Committee on Decolonization U.N. General Assembly special committee

The United Nations Special Committee on the Situation with Regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, or the Special Committee on Decolonization (C-24), is a committee of the United Nations General Assembly that was established in 1961 and is exclusively devoted to the issue of decolonization.

References

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