Royal free city

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Royal free city or free royal city (Latin: libera regia civitas) was the official term for the most important cities in the Kingdom of Hungary from the late 12th century [1] [2] [3] until the Hungarian Revolution of 1848. These cities were granted certain privileges by the king to rule out the possibility of the control of the Hungarian nobility, hence "royal", and exercised some self-government in relation to their internal affairs, hence "free". From the late 14th century, the elected envoys of the Royal free cities participated in the sessions of the Hungarian parliament, thus they became part of the legislature. The list include also cities in the Kingdom of Croatia and the Banate of Bosnia, which were part of the Lands of the Hungarian Crown.


The term "royal free city" in the languages of the kingdom is:

The status was similar to the Free Cities in the Holy Roman Empire.

List of Free Royal Cities in the Kingdom of Hungary

Arad railway station Arad, stacidomo kun vaporlokomotivo 1.jpeg
Arad railway station
Raba at Gyor A Raba kettos hid.jpg
Rába at Győr
View from above Kezmarok (Kesmark) Kezmarok.png
View from above Kežmarok (Késmárk)
Kleinhoflein (Kishoflany) im Burgenland at the foot of the Leitha Mountains (Lajta-hegyseg) Leithagebirge.jpg
Kleinhöflein (Kishöflány) im Burgenland at the foot of the Leitha Mountains (Lajta-hegység)
Levoca (Locse) from Marianska hora (Mariahegy) Levoca from mh.jpg
Levoča (Lőcse) from Mariánska hora (Máriahegy)
Novi Sad (Ujvidek) Novi Sad IMG 9190.JPG
Novi Sad (Újvidék)
Zvolen (Zolyom) Zvolen (Zolyom, Altsohl) - city center.jpg
Zvolen (Zólyom)
Current English nameHungarian nameOther historical names
Alba Iulia Gyulafehérvár
Arad Arad
Baia Mare Nagybánya
Baia Sprie Felsőbánya
Banská Bystrica Besztercebánya [4]
Banská Štiavnica [5] Selmecbánya
Bardejov Bártfa [6]
Bihać BihácsBišće, Bić
Bistrița Beszterce
Braşov BrassóKronstadt
Bratislava [7] PozsonyPressburg, Prešporok, Požun
Brezno Breznóbánya
Budapest Buda [8] [9]
Cluj-Napoca KolozsvárKlausenburg, Cluj
Debrecen Debrecen
Eisenstadt Kismarton
Erzsébetváros Erzsébetváros [10]
Esztergom Esztergom
Gherla Szamosújvár
Győr Győr
Kežmarok [11] Késmárk
Komárom Komárom
Košice [12] Kassa
Kőszeg Kőszeg
Krapina Korpona [13]
Kremnica Körmöcbánya [14]
Levoča [15] Lőcse
Ľubietová Libetbánya [16]
Mediaș Medgyes [17]
Modra Modor
Nová Baňa [18] Újbánya
Novi Sad Újvidék
Orăștie SzászvárosBroos
Pécs Pécs
Budapest Pest [19]
Pezinok Bazin [20]
Prešov [18] Eperjes
Pukanec Bakabánya [21]
Rijeka Fiume
Sabinov Kisszeben
Satu Mare SzatmárnémetiSătmar
Sebeș SzászsebesMühlbach
Sfântu Gheorghe Szentgyörgy
Sibiu NagyszebenHermannstadt
Sighișoara Segesvár [22] Schäßburg
Skalica [23] Szakolca
Sombor Zombor
Sopron Sopron
Subotica Szabadka
Szeged Szeged
Székesfehérvár Székesfehérvár [24]
Târgu-Mureș Marosvásárhely
Timișoara Temesvár
Trenčín Trencsén
Trnava [7] Nagyszombat
Veľký Šariš Nagysáros
Vukovar VukovárValkóvár
Zvolen [25] Zólyom
Zagreb [26] ZágrábGradec, Agram

Towns with only partial privileges

Current English nameHungarian nameOther historical names
Banská Belá Bélabánya
Belá-Dulice Turócbéla
Berehove Beregszász
Nitra Nyitra
Podolínec Podolin
Sighetu Marmatiei Máramarossziget
Šamorín SomorjaZent Maria, Samaria
Uzhhorod Ungvár
Vasvár Vasvár
Vršac Versec

See also

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  22. A Királyföldön fekvő szabad királyi városok soha nem alakultak önálló törvényhatósággá.
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  24. Szekesfehervar (Hungary)
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