Census town

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In India and some other countries, a census town is designated as a town that satisfies certain characteristics.

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India

In India, a census town is one which is not statutorily notified and administered as a town, but nevertheless whose population has attained urban characteristics. [1] They are characterized by the following:

Examples of Indian census towns include Greater Noida and Chakeri in Uttar Pradesh; Indranagar in Tripura;Begampur, Chandpara, Nandigram,Chittaranjan and Beliatore in West Bengal, Chevella in Telangana, Amini in Lakshadweep, Deolali in Maharashtra, Ghatshila in Purbi Singhbhum District of Jharkhand; and BGR Township (Bongaigaon Refinery Township) in Bongaigaon Urban Agglomeration in Assam; Pileru in Andhra Pradesh, Chikhli in Gujarat, Ichgam in Jammu and Kashmir.

Census 2011

The number of census towns (CTs) in India grew from 1,362 in 2001 to 3,894 in 2011. [4] As per Pradhan (2013), [5] these CTs account for 30% of the urban growth in the last decade. [6] Pradhan also notes that the largest increase in the number of CTs was in the states of West Bengal and Kerala.

Ministry of Urban Development Notification

The Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, in May 2016 asked the 28 states in India to take action to start the process of recognizing CTs as urban areas. [7] The argument given for this conversion was that a statutory Urban Local Body (ULB) is required to ensure planned development of these areas. In this notification, Rajiv Gauba, Secretary (Urban Development) notes:

The opportunity of planned urban development might get lost if unplanned construction and ad hoc provisioning of infrastructure is allowed to take place over a long time.

Additionally, the Ministry, in the notification, has informed the states that they stand to gain from according statutory status to these towns. With a greater number of statutory towns, the states would be able to get more money from the Centre as per the 14th Finance Commission Report. Additionally, under Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT), 50% weightage is given to the number of statutory towns in the state/UT to determine the allocation of funds to these states/UTs.

Following this notification, Maharashtra state government converted 19 CTs in the state to statutory ULBs. [8] These 19 CTs are in close proximity to the town of Pune and this conversion is expected to lessen the infrastructure and population pressures on the town.

Ireland

According to Ireland's Central Statistics Office, a census town by definition has a "cluster of fifty or more occupied dwellings, not having a legally defined boundary, in which within a distance of 800 metres there is a nucleus of either thirty occupied houses on both sides of the road or twenty occupied houses on one side of the Road". Census towns were distinct from municipal towns; the latter, which had legally defined boundaries and local government powers, were abolished by the Local Government Reform Act 2014.

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Sattenapalle Town in Andhra Pradesh, India

Sattenapalle is a town in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the headquarters of Sattenapalle mandal under Guntur revenue division. It is also one of the main region in the district to be a part of Andhra Pradesh Capital Region.

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Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY) is an initiative by the Government of India in which affordable housing will be provided to the urban poor with a target of building 2 crore affordable houses by 31 March 2022. It has two components: Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana(Urban) (PMAY-U) for the urban poor and Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana (Gramin) for the rural poor. This scheme is converged with other schemes to ensure houses have a toilet, Saubhagya Yojana electricity connection, Ujjwala Yojana LPG connection, access to drinking water and Jan Dhan banking facilities, etc. Total 1 crore homes are approved against total demand of 1.12 crore as of 28 December 2019.

Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation

Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) was launched by Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi in June 2015 with the focus to establish infrastructure that could ensure adequate robust sewage networks and water supply for urban transformation by implementing urban revival projects. Rajasthan was the first state in the country to submit State Annual Action Plan under Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT). The scheme Housing for All by 2022 and Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) were launched on the same day. The scheme is dependent with public–private partnership(PPP) model. If required, various other schemes like Swachh Bharat Mission, Housing for All 2022, along with the local state schemes like that related to water supply and sewerage and other infrastructure related schemes can be linked to AMRUT.

Waste management in India

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Palakollu Municipality

Palakollu Municipality is the local self-government in Palakollu of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Palakollu Municipality merged five Grama panchayats of Seven village's on dated 7 January 2020. the Seven Village's population of 42,932 It around occupies 20.08 square kilometres (7.75 sq mi) and after merged palakollu municipality It around occupies 24.68 square kilometres (9.53 sq mi) with 35 election wards it is total population of 1,04,216 and making it the fourth most populous city in West Godavari District in Andhra Pradesh. It is classified as a Selection Grade Municipality.

References

  1. Ramachhandran, M. (13 February 2012). "Rescuing cities from chaos". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
  2. "Census of India: Some terms and definitions" (PDF). Census of India. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
  3. "New Census Towns Showcase New India", Mint.
  4. "Census of India 2011 - Paper 2" (PDF). Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  5. Pradhan (2013)
  6. "Unacknowledged Urbanisation". Economic and Political Weekly. 48 (36). 2015-06-05.
  7. "States asked to convert 3,784 urban areas into statutory Urban Local Bodies". pib.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-09-29.
  8. "19 new civic bodies to boost urbanization in Pune - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2016-09-29.