Urban township

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An urban township (in Michigan, Minnesota and Ohio) or urban town (in Wisconsin) is a designation of a unit of local government in several midwestern U.S. states. Generally, an urban township is afforded more local authority than that of a township and less than that of a city. Often, urban townships use this authority for greater economic development. (In Michigan, an urban township is different from a Charter township.) For more information on the specifics in each state, see the respective entries below:

Michigan State of the United States of America

Michigan is a state in the Great Lakes and Midwestern regions of the United States. The state's name, Michigan, originates from the Ojibwe word mishigamaa, meaning "large water" or "large lake". With a population of about 10 million, Michigan is the tenth most populous of the 50 United States, with the 11th most extensive total area, and is the largest state by total area east of the Mississippi River. Its capital is Lansing, and its largest city is Detroit. Metro Detroit is among the nation's most populous and largest metropolitan economies.

Minnesota State of the United States of America

Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and northern regions of the United States. Minnesota was admitted as the 32nd U.S. state on May 11, 1858, created from the eastern half of the Minnesota Territory. The state has a large number of lakes, and is known by the slogan the "Land of 10,000 Lakes". Its official motto is L'Étoile du Nord.

Ohio State of the United States of America

Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States. Of the fifty states, it is the 34th largest by area, the seventh most populous, and the tenth most densely populated. The state's capital and largest city is Columbus.

An urban township is a designation of a unit of local government in the U.S. state of Michigan as prescribed by section 2 of Public Act 281 of 1986, being section 125.2152 of the Michigan Compiled Laws. The designation allows a general law township or charter township to be considered a municipality under the auspices of the act, and create what is known as a "local development finance authority," in the same way a city or village is entitled. This authority is created in order to, according to the long title of the act, "encourage local development to prevent conditions of unemployment and promote economic growth." Powers entitled to such authorities include the issuance of municipal bonds and tax increment financing.

An urban township or urban town is a designation of a unit of local government in Minnesota as prescribed by Minnesota Statues 2004, 368.01. A town (township) within 20 miles of the city hall of a city of over 200,000, or a town with a population of 1,200 or more, is automatically an urban township. In addition, a town with a population of 1,000 or more may vote at its annual town meeting to become an urban township.

An urban township is a designation of a unit of local government in Ohio as prescribed by chapter 504 of the Ohio Revised Code. Chapter 504 outlines the procedures for an Ohio civil township to adopt limited home rule government. At least 5,000 people are required to reside in unincorporated areas of a township for that township to adopt limited home rule government. If 15,000 or more people live in unincorporated areas of a township, that township may qualify as an urban township under O.R.C. § 504.01(B) or (D).

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