Syssel

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A syssel is a historical type of country subdivision in Denmark and elsewhere in Scandinavia. The mediaeval Danish sysler may be compared to the fylker of Norway, the landskaps of Sweden and Finland, the shires of England and Scotland, and the Gaue of the Holy Roman Empire. A syssel was subdivided into a number of hundreds or herreder.

Contents

The name still can be found in the Danish district of Vendsyssel and in Norway in the title sysselmann (the highest government representative at Svalbard – also with police authority).

Jutland

A map showing the divisions of medieval Denmark: herreder (hundreds) and Jutland's sysler. Administrative division of denmark in medieval times.jpg
A map showing the divisions of medieval Denmark: herreder (hundreds) and Jutland's sysler.

Sysler and hundreds:

  1. Vendsyssel: Horns Herred, Vennebjerg Herred, Børglum Herred, Jerslev Herred, Hvetbo Herred, Kær Herred
  2. Thysyssel: Hillerslev Herred, Hundborg Herred, Hassing Herred, Refs Herred
  3. Sallingsyssel: Morsø Nørre Herred, Morsø Sønder Herred, Salling Nørre Herred, Harre Herred, Rødding Herred, Hindborg Herred and Fjends Herred)
  4. Himmersyssel: Slet Herred, Hornum Herred, Fleskum Herred, Års Herred, Hellum Herred, Gislum Herred, Hindsted Herred and Rinds Herred
  5. Ommersyssel: Nørlyng Herred, Sønderlyng Herred, Middelsom Herred, Onsild Herred, Nørhald Herred, Gerlev Herred and Støvring Herred
  6. Hardsyssel: Vandfuld Herred, Skodborg Herred, Hjerm Herred, Ginding Herred, Ulfborg Herred, Hammerum Herred, Hind Herred and Bølling Herred)
  7. Åbosyssel: Houlbjerg Herred, Galten Herred, Sønderhald Herred, Rougsø Herred, Djurs Nørre Herred, Djurs Sønder Herred, Mols Herred, Øster Lisbjerg Herred, Vester Lisbjerg Herred, Sabro Herred, Gjern Herred, Hjelmslev Herred, Framlev Herred, Hasle Herred, Ning Herred
  8. Loversyssel: Lysgård Herred, Hids Herred, Vrads Herred, Tyrsting Herred, Nim Herred, Hatting Herred, Bjerre Herred, Voer Herred, Hads Herred
  9. Hansyssel: Hanherred
  10. Vardesyssel: Vester Horne Herred, Nørre Horne Herred, Øster Horne Herred, Skast Herred, Gørding Herred, Malt Herred
  11. Jellingsyssel: Nørvang Herred and Tørrild Herred
  12. Almindsyssel: Jerlev Herred, Andst Herred, Brusk Herred, Holmans Herred and Elbo Herred
  13. Barvidsyssel: Tyrstrup Herred, Gram Herred (eastern half), Rangstrup Herreder and Haderslev Herred
  14. Ellumsyssel: Hviding Herred, Højer Herred, Lø Herred, Kær Herred, Slogs Herred, Rise Herred, Lundtoft Herred, Sundeved and a small part of eastern Søndre Rangstrup Herred
  15. Istedsyssel: Nørre & Sønder Gøs Herreder, Vis Herred, Ugle Herred, Husby Herred, Ny Herred, Strukstrup Herred, Slis Herred and Arns Herred.

Greenland

Before the administrative reform in Greenland of November 18, 1950, there were 12 syssel in West Greenland. [1]

See also

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Vendsyssel

Vendsyssel is the northernmost traditional district of Denmark and of Jutland. Being divided from mainland Jutland by the Limfjord, it is technically a part of the North Jutlandic Island, but the name often used informally for the entire island. Vendsyssel is part of the North Denmark Region.

Søften

Søften is a small Danish town in Jutland, roughly three kilometers south of Hinnerup and just northwest of Aarhus. Søften has a population of 2,886. Archaeological surveys of the area (2), indicate the earliest settlements dates to the Nordic Iron Age.

Morsø Municipality

Morsø municipality is a municipality in Region Nordjylland in northern Denmark. The municipality is located on the island of Morsø or Mors, an island in the Limfjord, the sound that separates the island of Vendsyssel-Thy from the rest of Jutland Peninsula. The municipality includes the smaller island of Agerø, and covers an area of 368 km². It has a total population of 22,091 (2008). Its mayor is Egon Pleidrup Poulsen, a member of the Social Democrats (Socialdemokraterne) political party.

Jammerbugt Municipality Municipality in Denmark

Jammerbugt Municipality is a municipality in the North Jutland Region on the North Jutlandic Island. It is located along the coast of Skagerrak to the north and the Limfjord to the south. It and borders the municipalities of Thisted, Vesthimmerland, Aalborg, Brønderslev and Hjørring.

Traditional districts of Denmark

The traditional districts of Denmark differ from the country's administrative country subdivisions, as their existence and extent are usually not defined by law. Danes will often refer to their traditional districts if asked where they come from, rather than the administrative unit which have been changed several times.

Bornholm County

Bornholms Amt is a former county on the island of Bornholm in easternmost Denmark.

Aalborg County

Aalborg County is a former province in Denmark, located in north-eastern Jutland around the eastern approach to the Limfjord. Aalborg County was established in 1793 and abolished in 1970 when it merged with Hjørring County forming the new North Jutland County.

Svendborg County

Svendborg County is a former province in Denmark, located on the southern half of the island of Funen in central Denmark. Svendborg County was established in 1793 and abolished in 1970 when it merged with Odense County forming the new Funen County.

Hjørring County

Hjørring County is a former province in Denmark, located on the northern tip of Jutland and encompassing most of the island of Vendsyssel-Thy and the island of Læsø. Hjørring County was established in 1793 and abolished in 1970 when it merged with Aalborg County forming the new North Jutland County.

Haderslev County

Haderslev County is a former province in Denmark, located on the northernmost part of Southern Jutland. Haderslev County was established in 1920 following the reunification of Denmark and South Jutland following the Schleswig Plebiscites. It was dissolved in 1970 when it merged with three other counties to form South Jutland County. Haderslev County corresponded geographically to the former Prussian Kreis Hadersleben except for Hvidding Herred which was transferred to Tønder County. Half of Tyrstrup Herred was transferred from Haderslev County to Vejle County when Denmark surrendered Schleswig to Prussia and the Austrian Empire in 1864, and this region remained Danish.

Sønderborg County

Sønderborg County is a former province in Denmark, located on the island of Als and the easternmost part of Southern Jutland. Sønderborg County was established in 1920 following the reunification of Denmark and South Jutland following the Schleswig Plebiscites. It was dissolved in 1970 when it merged with three other counties to form South Jutland County. Sønderborg County corresponded geographically to the former Prussian Kreis Sonderburg.

Thisted County

Thisted County is a former province in Denmark, located on the north-westernmost part of the country It encompassed the westernmost part of the island of Vendsyssel-Thy. It was dissolved in 1970 when the bulk of it was merged into Viborg County while other regions joined the counties of Ringkjøbing and North Jutland.

Hanherred

Han Herred or Hanherrederne is a traditional district in northern Jutland, Denmark. It lies between Thy in the west and Vendsyssel in the east. To the north it faces the North Sea (Skagerrak) and to the south the Limfjord. There are only two towns with more than 1,000 inhabitants, Fjerritslev and Brovst.

Fjerritslev Municipality Former municipality in Denmark

Until January 1, 2007 Fjerritslev Municipality was a municipality in the former North Jutland County, on the North Jutlandic Island, bordering the Limfjord to the south and North Sea to the north. The municipality covered an area of 289.65 km2, and had a total population of 8,397 (2006). Its last mayor was Otto Kjær Larsen, a member of the Venstre political party.

Sønder Boulevard

Sønder Boulevard is a boulevard in the Vesterbro district of Copenhagen, Denmark, whose broad central reserve has been turned into a linear park with various facilities for sports and other activities. It runs from Halmtorvet next to Copenhagen Central Station in the north east to the Carlsberg district in the southwest.

Søgade, Copenhagen

Vester, Nørre and Øster Søgade is a succession of streets along the eastern side of The Lakes in central Copenhagen, Denmark. The streets run from Gammel Kongevej to the south to the beginning of Østerbrogade at Lille Trianglen in the north. Vester Søgade runs from Gammel Kongevej to Gyldenløvesgade, Nørre Søgade runs from Gyldenløvesgade to Dronning Louises Bro, and Øster Søgade from Dronning Louises Bro to Lille Triangel.

Farimagsgade

Vester, Nørre and Øster Farimagsgade is a succession of streets which together connect the south-western Vesterbro to the northern Østerbro along the periphery of the city centre in Copenhagen, Denmark. A continuation of Reventlowsgade, Vester Farimagsgade extends from Vesterbrogade at Vesterport Station and, initially, runs along the sunken railway tracks on the left before soon reaching H. C. Andersens Boulevard. It then turns into Nørre Farimagsgade and continues behind Ørsted Park to Gothersgade where it becomes Øster Farimagsgade and proceeds along another greenspace, the Copenhagen Botanical Garden, passes Sølvtorvet and the neighbourhood of terraced houses known as Kartoffelrækkerne before terminating at Lille Triangel where Østerbrogade begins.

Jerslev, Denmark Town in North Jutland Region, Denmark

Jerslev is a small town in central Vendsyssel, Denmark. The town is in the North Jutland Region and belongs to Brønderslev Municipality. As of 2020, it has a population of 865.

Pandrup Municipality Former municipality in Denmark

Until January 1, 2007 Pandrup Municipality was a municipality in the former North Jutland County, on the north coast of the North Jutlandic Island. The municipality covered an area of 189.67 km2, and had a total population of 10,612 (2006). Its last mayor was Flemming Jansen, a member of the Venstre political party.

References

  1. Aage Brünner: Danmark Herreds-By og Birke Vaaben, ca. 1944, S. 25 Grønland (PDF; 19,4 MB)