A municipal district is an administrative entity comprising a clearly-defined territory and its population. It can refer to a city, a town, a village, a small grouping of them, or a rural area.
In Canada, municipal districts are a type of rural municipality in Alberta that is governed by elected councils with the mandate to administer rural areas that can include farmlands, resource areas, and unincorporated hamletss and rural residential subdivisions.Statistics Canada recognizes Alberta's 64 municipal districts as a type of census subdivision for statistical purposes.
In Alberta, the term county is synonymous with the term municipal district and is not its own incorporated municipal status that is different from that of a municipal district. As such, Alberta Municipal Affairs provides municipal districts with the opportunity to brand themselves either as municipal districts or counties in their official names.
A county in Alberta used to be a type of designation in a single-tier municipal system, but it was changed to "municipal district" under the Municipal Government Act, when the County Act was repealed in the mid-1990s. They were then also permitted to retain the usage of county in their official names.
Statistics Canada also refers to Nova Scotia's 12 district municipalities as municipal districts for census subdivision purposes.The City of Flin Flon in Manitoba also held a municipal district status between 1933 and 1946.
In the Dominican Republic, when a municipality consists of more than one urban center, those beside the municipalities seat can be elevated to the status of a municipal district (distrito municipal). A municipal council (Junta Municipal) for such a municipal district is nominated by the municipal council of the municipality to which it belongs (Ley 3455 Titulo I Capitulo IV).
In Ireland, the Local Government Reform Act 2014 brought in a system of municipal districts for local government purposes from 1 June 2014 following local elections in May, replacing town and borough councils. The districts are second-tier units below counties, with the exception of the Dublin Region and the cities of Cork and Galway which retained their existing local government structures. The districts are constituencies for county councils, with councillors being simultaneously elected to both bodies. Some municipal districts are titled "borough districts" (Clonmel, Drogheda, Sligo and Wexford) or "metropolitan districts" (Limerick and Waterford), though they have no additional powers.
In Russia, municipal districts are a form of local self-governmentand a type of municipal formations. They are usually formed within the borders of existing administrative districts.
In the United States, the District of Columbia is divided into two municipal districts, based on the city's wards, solely for the purposes of electing delegates in the Democratic Party's presidential primaries to the Democratic National Convention.
A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposes in certain modern nations. The term is derived from the Old French conté or cunté denoting a jurisdiction under the sovereignty of a count (earl) or a viscount. Literal equivalents in other languages, derived from the equivalent of "count", are now seldom used officially, including comté, contea, contado, comtat, condado, Grafschaft, graafschap, and zhupa in Slavic languages; terms equivalent to English language administrative terms such as municipality, district, circuit and commune/community are now often instead used.
Russia is divided into several types and levels of subdivisions.
Flin Flon is a mining city in Canada. It is located on a correction line on the Manitoba and Saskatchewan border, with the majority of the city located within Manitoba. Residents thus travel southwest into Saskatchewan, and northeast into Manitoba.
Okrug is an administrative division of some Slavic states. The word "okrug" is a loanword in English, but it is nevertheless often translated as "area", "district", or "region".
The municipal divisions in Russia, also called municipal formations, are territorial divisions of the Russian Federation which are formally granted the authority to manage local affairs through local self-government. As of January 1, 2020, there are 20,846 municipal divisions in Russia, including 1,673 municipal divisions, 635 urban okrugs, and 33 municipal okrugs.
Canada has a total of 3,573 municipalities among its 10 provinces and 3 territories that are subject to some form of local government.
A rural settlement is a self-governing political division in Russia. A rural settlement is composed of one or more contiguous rural communities: towns, villages, hamlets, farmsteads, exurbs, resorts, villas, stanitsas, kishlaks, auls, or any other type. Political authority in rural settlements is exercised by the inhabitants, either directly or through elected bodies.