An urban area or urban agglomeration, is a human settlement with high population density and infrastructure of built environment. Urban areas are created through urbanization and are categorized by urban morphology as cities, towns, conurbations or suburbs. In urbanism, the term contrasts to rural areas such as villages and hamlets and in urban sociology or urban anthropology it contrasts with natural environment. The creation of early predecessors of urban areas during the urban revolution led to the creation of human civilization with modern urban planning, which along with other human activities such as exploitation of natural resources leads to human impact on the environment.
In geography, statistics and archaeology, a settlement, locality or populated place is a community in which people live. The complexity of a settlement can range from a small number of dwellings grouped together to the largest of cities with surrounding urbanized areas. Settlements may include hamlets, villages, towns and cities. A settlement may have known historical properties such as the date or era in which it was first settled, or first settled by particular people.
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.
Infrastructure is the fundamental facilities and systems serving a country, city, or other area, including the services and facilities necessary for its economy to function. Infrastructure is composed of public and private physical improvements such as roads, bridges, tunnels, water supply, sewers, electrical grids, and telecommunications. In general, it has also been defined as "the physical components of interrelated systems providing commodities and services essential to enable, sustain, or enhance societal living conditions".
The world's urban population in 1950 of just 746 million has increased to 3.9 billion in the decades since.In 2009, the number of people living in urban areas (3.42 billion) surpassed the number living in rural areas (3.41 billion) and since then the world has become more urban than rural. This was the first time that the majority of the world's population lived in a city. In 2014 there were 7.2 billion people living on the planet, of which the global urban population comprised 3.9 billion. The Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs at that time predicted the urban population would grow to 6.4 billion by 2050, with 37% of that growth to come from three countries: China, India and Nigeria.
The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs is part of the United Nations Secretariat and is responsible for the follow-up to major United Nations Summits and Conferences, as well as services to the United Nations Economic and Social Council and the Second and Third Committees of the United Nations General Assembly. UN DESA assists countries around the world in agenda-setting and decision-making with the goal of meeting their economic, social and environmental challenges. It supports international cooperation to promote sustainable development for all, having as a foundation the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as adopted by the UN General Assembly on 25 September 2015. In providing a broad range of analytical products, policy advice, and technical assistance, UN DESA effectively translates global commitments in the economic, social and environmental spheres into national policies and actions and continues to play a key role in monitoring progress towards internationally agreed-upon development goals. It is also a member of the United Nations Development Group.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.404 billion. Covering approximately 9,600,000 square kilometers (3,700,000 sq mi), it is the third- or fourth-largest country by total area. Governed by the Communist Party of China, the state exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities, and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.
India, also known as the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.
Urban areas are created and further developed by the process of urbanization. Urban areas are measured for various purposes, including analyzing population density and urban sprawl.
Urban sprawl or suburban sprawl mainly refers to the unrestricted growth in many urban areas of housing, commercial development, and roads over large expanses of land, with little concern for urban planning. In addition to describing a particular form of urbanization, the term also relates to the social and environmental consequences associated with this development. In Continental Europe the term "peri-urbanisation" is often used to denote similar dynamics and phenomena, although the term urban sprawl is currently being used by the European Environment Agency. There is widespread disagreement about what constitutes sprawl and how to quantify it. For example, some commentators measure sprawl only with the average number of residential units per acre in a given area. But others associate it with decentralization, discontinuity, segregation of uses, and so forth.
Unlike an urban area, a metropolitan area includes not only the urban area, but also satellite cities plus intervening rural land that is socio-economically connected to the urban core city, typically by employment ties through commuting, with the urban core city being the primary labor market.
A metropolitan area, sometimes referred to as a metro area or commuter belt, is a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories, sharing industry, infrastructure, and housing. A metro area usually comprises multiple jurisdictions and municipalities: neighborhoods, townships, boroughs, cities, towns, exurbs, suburbs, counties, districts, states, and even nations like the eurodistricts. As social, economic and political institutions have changed, metropolitan areas have become key economic and political regions. Metropolitan areas include one or more urban areas, as well as satellite cities, towns and intervening rural areas that are socioeconomically tied to the urban core, typically measured by commuting patterns. In the United States, the concept of the metropolitan statistical area has gained prominence. Metropolitan areas may themselves be part of larger megalopolises.
A satellite town or satellite city is a concept in urban planning that refers essentially to smaller metropolitan areas that are located close to, but are mostly independent of larger metropolitan areas. The satellite city is too far from the urban core to be considered part of the metropolitan area.
Employment is a relationship between two parties, usually based on a contract where work is paid for, where one party, which may be a corporation, for profit, not-for-profit organization, co-operative or other entity is the employer and the other is the employee. Employees work in return for payment, which may be in the form of an hourly wage, by piecework or an annual salary, depending on the type of work an employee does or which sector she or he is working in. Employees in some fields or sectors may receive gratuities, bonus payment or stock options. In some types of employment, employees may receive benefits in addition to payment. Benefits can include health insurance, housing, disability insurance or use of a gym. Employment is typically governed by employment laws, regulations or legal contracts.
European countries define urbanized areas on the basis of urban-type land use, not allowing any gaps of typically more than 200 metres (220 yd), and use satellite imagery instead of census blocks to determine the boundaries of the urban area. In less-developed countries, in addition to land use and density requirements, a requirement that a large majority of the population, typically 75%, is not engaged in agriculture and/or fishing is sometimes used.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.
Land use involves the management and modification of natural environment or wilderness into built environment such as settlements and semi-natural habitats such as arable fields, pastures, and managed woods. It also has been defined as "the total of arrangements, activities, and inputs that people undertake in a certain land cover type."
Satellite imagery are images of Earth or other planets collected by imaging satellites operated by governments and businesses around the world. Satellite imaging companies sell images by licensing them to governments and businesses such as Apple Maps and Google Maps.
Argentina is highly urbanized.The ten largest metropolitan areas account for half of the population, and fewer than one in ten live in rural areas. About 3 million people live in Buenos Aires City and the Greater Buenos Aires metropolitan area totals around 15 million, making it one of the largest urban areas in the world, with a population of 18 million all up.
Greater Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires Metropolitan Area or Buenos Aires Metropolitan Region refers to the urban agglomeration comprising the autonomous city of Buenos Aires and the adjacent 24 partidos (districts) in the Province of Buenos Aires. Thus, it does not constitute a single administrative unit. The conurbation spreads south, west and north of Buenos Aires city. To the east, the River Plate serves as a natural boundary.
Córdoba has around 1.5 million people living in the urban area, while Rosario, Mendoza and Tucumán have around 1.2 million inhabitants eachand La Plata, Mar del Plata, Salta and Santa Fe have at least 500,000 people each.
The population is unequally distributed amongst the provinces: about 60% live in the Pampa region (21% of the total area), including 20 million people in Buenos Aires Province; Córdoba Province Santa Fe Province and the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires have 3 million each. Seven other provinces have over one million people each: Mendoza, Tucumán, Entre Ríos, Salta, Chaco, Corrientes and Misiones. Tucumán is the most densely populated with 60 per square kilometre (160/sq mi), the only Argentine province more densely populated than the world average, while the southern province of Santa Cruz has around 1 inhabitant per square kilometre (2.6/sq mi).
Largest cities or towns in Argentina
(2015 INDEC metro area estimate)
|1||Buenos Aires||(Autonomous city)||13,834,000||11||Resistencia||Chaco||409,000|
|2||Córdoba||Córdoba||1,519,000||12||Santiago del Estero||Santiago del Estero||406,000|
|5||Tucumán||Tucumán||868,000||15||San Salvador de Jujuy||Jujuy||338,000|
|6||La Plata||Buenos Aires||836,000||16||Neuquén||Neuquén||309,000|
|7||Mar del Plata||Buenos Aires||633,000||17||Bahía Blanca||Buenos Aires||307,000|
|9||Santa Fe||Santa Fe||530,000||19||Formosa||Formosa||258,000|
|10||San Juan||San Juan||513,000||20||San Luis||San Luis||218,000|
In Australia, urban areas are referred to as "urban centres" and are defined as population clusters of 1,000 or more people, with a density of at least 200/km2 (518/sq mi) Australia is one of the most urbanised countries in the world, with more than 50% of the population residing in the nation's five biggest cities.
Largest populated areas in Australia
2018 data from Australian Bureau of Statistics
|6||Gold Coast–Tweed Heads||Qld/NSW||679,127||16||Toowoomba||Qld||136,861|
According to IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics) urban areas already concentrate 84.35% of the population, while the Southeast region remains the most populated one, with over 80 million inhabitants. — all in the Southeastern Region — with 20, 12, and 5 million inhabitants respectively. The majority of state capitals are the largest cities in their states, except for Vitória, the capital of Espírito Santo, and Florianópolis, the capital of Santa Catarina. There are also non-capital metropolitan areas in the states of São Paulo (Campinas, Santos and the Paraíba Valley), Minas Gerais (Steel Valley), Rio Grande do Sul (Sinos Valley) and Santa Catarina (Itajaí Valley).The largest metropolitan areas in Brazil are São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, and Belo Horizonte
Largest urban agglomerations in Brazil
2017 Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics estimates
Rio de Janeiro
|1||São Paulo||São Paulo||21,314,716||11||Belém||Pará||2,157,180|
|2||Rio de Janeiro||Rio de Janeiro||12,389,775||12||Manaus||Amazonas||2,130,264|
|3||Belo Horizonte||Minas Gerais||5,142,260||13||Campinas||São Paulo||2,105,600|
|5||Brasília||Federal District||3,986,425||15||Baixada Santista||São Paulo||1,702,343|
|6||Porto Alegre||Rio Grande do Sul||3,894,232||16||São José dos Campos||São Paulo||1,572,943|
|8||Fortaleza||Ceará||3,594,924||18||Natal||Rio Grande do Norte||1,349,743|
According to Statistics Canada, an urban area in Canada is an area with a population of at least 1,000 people where the density is no fewer than 400 persons per square kilometre (1,000/sq mi). If two or more urban areas are within 2 km (1.2 mi) of each other by road, they are merged into a single urban area, provided they do not cross census metropolitan area or census agglomeration boundaries.
Largest cities or towns in Canada
In the Canada 2011 Census, Statistics Canada redesignated urban areas with the new term "population centre";the new term was chosen in order to better reflect the fact that urban vs. rural is not a strict division, but rather a continuum within which several distinct settlement patterns may exist. For example, a community may fit a strictly statistical definition of an urban area, but may not be commonly thought of as "urban" because it has a smaller population, or functions socially and economically as a suburb of another urban area rather than as a self-contained urban entity, or is geographically remote from other urban communities. Accordingly, the new definition set out three distinct types of population centres: small (population 1,000 to 29,999), medium (population 30,000 to 99,999) and large (population 100,000 or greater). Despite the change in terminology, however, the demographic definition of a population centre remains unchanged from that of an urban area: a population of at least 1,000 people where the density is no fewer than 400 persons per km2.
Since 2000, China's cities have expanded at an average rate of 10% annually. It is estimated that China's urban population will increase by 292 million people by 2050, million migrant workers work part-time in the major cities, returning home to the countryside periodically with their earnings.when its cities will house a combined population of over one billion. The country's urbanization rate increased from 17.4% to 46.6% between 1978 and 2009. Between 150 and 200
Today, China has more of cities with one million or more long-term residents than any other country, including the three global cities of Beijing, Hong Kong, and Shanghai; by 2025, the country will be home to 221 cities with over a million inhabitants.The figures in the table below are from the 2008 census, and are only estimates of the urban populations within administrative city limits; a different ranking exists when considering the total municipal populations (which includes suburban and rural populations). The large "floating populations" of migrant workers make conducting censuses in urban areas difficult; the figures below include only long-term residents.
Largest cities or towns in China
In Colombia the largest Metropolitan area is Bogotá's, which has around 9.8 million of inhabitants and includes municipalities like Cota, La Calera, Chía, Soacha, Usaquen, Suba, among others. It's one of the most important cities in Latin America, especially in business,art and culture. Bogotá has been the International City of the Book and has unique places like Monserrate, Torre Colpatria, Bolivar Square, BD Bacatá, Corferias, National University etc.
Largest cities or towns in Colombia
National Administrative Department of Statistics (DANE), 2016 projections
|3||Cali||Valle del Cauca||2,358,302||13||Bello||Antioquia||458,196|
|6||Cúcuta||Norte de Santander||634,276||16||Buenaventura||Valle del Cauca||373,717|
Similar to other Nordic countries, an urban area (taajama in Finnish) in Finland must have a building at least every 200 m (660 ft) and at least 200 people. To be considered a town or a city (kaupunki) for statistical purposes, an urban area must have at least 15,000 people. This is not to be confused with the city / town designation used by municipalities.
Largest cities or towns in Finland
|1||Helsinki||Uusimaa||643 272||11||Pori||Satakunta||84 587|
|2||Espoo||Uusimaa||279 044||12||Joensuu||North Karelia||76 067|
|3||Tampere||Pirkanmaa||231 853||13||Lappeenranta||South Karelia||72 909|
|4||Vantaa||Uusimaa||223 027||14||Hämeenlinna||Tavastia Proper||67 662|
|5||Oulu||Northern Ostrobothnia||201 801||15||Vaasa||Ostrobothnia||67 392|
|6||Turku||Finland Proper||189 669||16||Rovaniemi||Lapland||62 420|
|7||Jyväskylä||Central Finland||140 188||17||Seinäjoki||Southern Ostrobothnia||62 676|
|8||Lahti||Päijänne Tavastia||119 573||18||Mikkeli||Southern Savonia||54 261|
|9||Kuopio||Northern Savonia||118 209||19||Kotka||Kymenlaakso||53 539|
|10||Kouvola||Kymenlaakso||84 196||20||Salo||Finland Proper||52 984|
In France, an urban area (Fr: aire urbaine ) is a zone encompassing an area of built-up growth (called an "urban unit" ( unité urbaine )– close in definition to the North American urban area) and its commuter belt ( couronne ). Americans would find the INSEE definition of the urban area to be similar to their metropolitan area, and the INSEE sometimes uses the term aire métropolitaine to refer to the country's largest aires urbaines.
The largest cities in France, in terms of urban area population (2013), are Paris (12,405,426), Lyon (2,237,676), Marseille (1,734,277), Toulouse (1,291,517), Bordeaux (1,178,335), Lille (1,175,828), Nice (1,004,826), Nantes (908,815), Strasbourg (773,447) and Rennes (700,675).
Largest cities or towns in France
|2||Marseille||Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur||862,211||12||Reims||Grand Est||183,113|
|5||Nice||Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur||342,637||15||Toulon||Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur||169,634|
|6||Nantes||Pays de la Loire||306,694||16||Grenoble||Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes||158,180|
|8||Strasbourg||Grand Est||279,284||18||Angers||Pays de la Loire||151,229|
Germany has a number of large cities. There are 11 officially recognised metropolitan regions in Germany – and since 2006, 34 potential cities were identified which can be called a Regiopolis.
The largest conurbation is the Rhine-Ruhr region (11 million in 2008 [update] ), including Düsseldorf (the capital of North Rhine-Westphalia), Cologne, Bonn, Dortmund, Essen, Duisburg, and Bochum.
Largest urban agglomerations in Germany
Federal Statistical Office of Germany (31 December 2017)
|9||Leipzig||Saxony||1,027,669||19||Freiburg im Breisgau||Baden-Württemberg||330,213|
For the Census of India 2011, the definition of urban area is a place having a minimum population of 5,000 of density 400 persons per square kilometre (1,000/sq mi) or higher, and 75% plus of the male working population employed in non-agricultural activities. Places administered by a municipal corporation, cantonment board or notified town area committee are automatically considered urban areas.
The Census of India 2011 also defined the term "urban agglomeration" as an integrated urban area consisting of a core town together with its "outgrowths" (contiguous suburbs).
Largest cities or towns in India
|4||Hyderabad||Telangana||6,809,970||14||Indore||Madhya Pradesh||1,960 521|
|6||Chennai||Tamil Nadu||4,681,087||16||Bhopal||Madhya Pradesh||1,795,648|
|7||Kolkata||West Bengal||4,486,679||17||Visakhapatnam||Andhra Pradesh||1,730,320|
In Japan urbanized areas are defined as contiguous areas of densely inhabited districts (DIDs) using census enumeration districts as units with a density requirement of 4,000 inhabitants per square kilometre (10,000/sq mi).
Largest cities or towns in Japan
The Netherlands is the 30th most densely populated country in the world, with 404.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,048/sq mi)—or 497 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,287/sq mi) if only the land area is counted. The Randstad is the country's largest conurbation located in the west of the country and contains the four largest cities: Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, and Utrecht. The Randstad has a population of 7 million inhabitants and is the 6th largest metropolitan area in Europe.
Largest municipalities in the Netherlands
|2||Rotterdam||South Holland||644,527||12||Haarlem||North Holland||161,213|
|3||The Hague||South Holland||537,988||13||Arnhem||Gelderland||159,277|
|7||Tilburg||North Brabant||217,342||17||'s-Hertogenbosch||North Brabant||154,231|
Statistics New Zealand defines urban areas in New Zealand, which are independent of any administrative subdivisions and have no legal basis. 16,250) is still classified as a minor urban area because its population was under 10,000 at the 2013 Census.There are three classes of urban area: main urban areas are the 17 urban areas which have a population of 30,000 or more; secondary urban areas are the 14 urban areas which have a population of 10,000 or more but less than 30,000, and minor urban areas are the 103 urban areas which have a population of 1,000 or more but less than 10,000. Urban areas are reclassified after each New Zealand census, so population changes between censuses does not change an urban area's classification. For example, Rolleston (pop.
Largest urban areas in New Zealand
Statistics New Zealand June 2018 estimate (NZSAC92 boundaries)
|5||Tauranga||Bay of Plenty||141,600||15||Whanganui||Manawatu-Wanganui||40,900|
|10||Rotorua||Bay of Plenty||59,500||20||Taupo||Waikato||24,700|
Statistics Norway defines urban areas ("tettsteder") similarly to the other Nordic countries. Unlike in Denmark and Sweden, the distance between each building has to be of less than 50 m, although exceptions are made due to parks, industrial areas, rivers, and similar. Groups of houses less than 400 m from the main body of an urban area are included in the urban area.
Largest cities or towns in Norway
According to Statistics Des. 2018
|9||Ålesund||Møre og Romsdal||52,163||19||Larvik||Vestfold||24,208|
In Pakistan an area is a major city and municipality if it has more than 100,000 inhabitants according to census results, Cities include adjacent cantonments. Urbanisation in Pakistan has increased since the time of independence and has several different causes. The majority of southern Pakistan's population lives along the Indus River. Karachi is its most populous city.In the northern half of the country, most of the population lives in an arc formed by the cities of Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gujrat, Jhelum, Sargodha, Sheikhupura, Nowshera, Mardan and Peshawar. During 1990–2008, city dwellers made up 36% of Pakistan's population, making it the most urbanised nation in South Asia. Furthermore, 50% of Pakistanis live in towns of 5,000 people or more. Karachi is the most populated city in Pakistan closely followed by Lahore according to the 2017 Census.
|7||Multan||Punjab||1,871,843||17||Rahim Yar Khan||Punjab||420,419|
|9||Islamabad||Capital Territory||1,009,832||19||Dera Ghazi Khan||Punjab||399,064|
With an estimated population of 16.3 million, Metro Manila is the most populous metropolitan area in the Philippines and the 11th in the world. However, the greater urban area is the 5th largest in the world with a population of 20,654,307 people (2010 estimate).Including Metro Manila, the Philippines has twelve metropolitan areas as defined by the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA). Metro Angeles, Metro Bacolod, Metro Baguio, Metro Batangas, Metro Cagayan de Oro, Metro Cebu, Metro Dagupan, Metro Davao, Metro Iloilo-Guimaras, Metro Naga, Metro Olongapo.
As per Republic Act No. 9009, in order to become a city, a local government unit must :
|1||Quezon City||National Capital Region||2,936,116||11||Parañaque||National Capital Region||665,822|
|2||Manila||National Capital Region||1,780,148||12||Dasmariñas||Calabarzon||659,019|
|3||Davao City||Davao Region||1,632,991||13||Valenzuela||National Capital Region||620,422|
|4||Caloocan||National Capital Region||1,583,978||14||Bacoor||Calabarzon||600,609|
|5||Cebu City||Central Visayas||922,611||15||General Santos||Soccsksargen||594,446|
|6||Zamboanga City||Zamboanga Peninsula||861,799||16||Las Piñas||National Capital Region||588,894|
|7||Taguig||National Capital Region||804,915||17||Makati||National Capital Region||582,602|
|8||Antipolo||Calabarzon||776,386||18||San Jose del Monte||Central Luzon||574,089|
|9||Pasig||National Capital Region||755,300||19||Bacolod||Western Visayas||561,875|
|10||Cagayan de Oro||Northern Mindanao||675,950||20||Muntinlupa||National Capital Region||504,509|
In Poland, official "urban" population figures simply refer to those localities which have the status of towns (miasta). The "rural" population is that of all areas outside the boundaries of these towns. This distinction may give a misleading impression in some cases, since some localities with only village status may have acquired larger and denser populations than many many smaller towns.
Largest cities or towns in Poland
|Rank||Name||Federal subject||Pop.||Rank||Name||Federal subject||Pop.|
|2||Saint Petersburg||Saint Petersburg||5,282,000||12||Krasnoyarsk||Krasnoyarsk Krai||1,084,000|
|3||Novosibirsk||Novosibirsk Oblast||1,603,000||13||Perm||Perm Krai||1,042,000|
|4||Yekaterinburg||Sverdlovsk Oblast||1,456,000||14||Voronezh||Voronezh Oblast||1,032,000|
|5||Nizhny Novgorod||Nizhny Novgorod Oblast||1,267,000||15||Volgograd||Volgograd Oblast||1,016,000|
|7||Chelyabinsk||Chelyabinsk Oblast||1,199,000||17||Saratov||Saratov Oblast||843,000|
|8||Omsk||Omsk Oblast||1,178,000||18||Tolyatti||Samara Oblast||711,000|
Singapore is an island city-state in Southeast Asia. About 5.6 million people live and work within 700 square kilometres (270 sq mi), making Singapore the 2nd-most-densely populated country in the world, after Monaco, another city-state. The Central Area in the south-eastern part of the island, is the country's city centre. It is surrounded by suburban settlements outside of its limits. These settlements are connected to the Central Area and each other by a dense network of roads, expressways and metro railway lines dubbed MRT by locals. Singapore has a highly centralised, unitary government with a unicameral legislature (the City Council and the Rural Board were abolished in the 1960s). While there are town councils and mayors in Singapore, these are essentially property managers in charge of the maintenance of public housing within their constituency boundaries. They do not represent local authorities with any legislative or executive autonomy from the national government.
Largest planning areas in Singapore
|2||Jurong West||West||266,720||12||Pasir Ris||East||146,920|
|8||Choa Chu Kang||West||187,510||18||Kallang||Central||101,420|
|9||Ang Mo Kio||North-East||165,710||19||Queenstown||Central||97,870|
|2||Cape Town||Western Cape||4,004,793|
|5||Port Elizabeth||Eastern Cape||1,263,051|
|8||East London, Eastern Cape||Eastern Cape||810,528|
The largest cities of South Korea have an autonomous status equivalent to that of provinces. Seoul, the largest city and capital, is classified as a teukbyeolsi (Special City), while the next 6 largest cities (see the list below) are classified as gwangyeoksi (Metropolitan Cities; see Special cities of South Korea). Smaller cities are classified as si ("cities") and are under provincial jurisdiction, at the same level as counties (see:Administrative divisions of South Korea).
Largest cities or towns in South Korea
Urban areas in Sweden (tätorter) are statistically defined localities, totally independent of the administrative subdivision of the country. There are 1,956 such localities in Sweden, with a population ranging from 200 to 1,372,000 inhabitants.
The figures below are the 2011 estimates for the twenty largest urban populations within administrative city limits; a different ranking exists when considering the total metropolitan area populations (in such rankings the Taipei-Keelung metro area is by far the largest agglomeration).
Largest cities and townships in Taiwan
|1||New Taipei||New Taipei City||4,000,164|
The United Kingdom's Office for National Statistics has produced census results from urban areas since 1951, since 1981 based upon the extent of irreversible urban development indicated on Ordnance Survey maps. The definition is an extent of at least 20 ha and at least 1,500 census residents. Separate areas are linked if less than 200 m (220 yd) apart. Included are transportation features.The UK has five Urban Areas with a population over a million and a further sixty nine with a population over one hundred thousand.
|Largest urban areas of the United Kingdom|
(England and Wales: 2011 census built-up area; Scotland: 2012 estimates urban area; Northern Ireland: 2001 census urban area)
|Rank||Urban area||Pop.||Principal settlement||Rank||Urban area||Pop.||Principal settlement|
|1||Greater London Urban Area||9,787,426||London||11||Bristol Urban Area||617,280||Bristol|
|2||Greater Manchester Urban Area||2,553,379||Manchester||12||Leicester Urban Area||508,916||Leicester|
|3||West Midlands Urban Area||2,440,986||Birmingham||13||Edinburgh Urban Area||488,610||Edinburgh|
|4||West Yorkshire Urban Area||1,777,934||Leeds||14||Belfast Urban Area||483,418||Belfast|
|5||Greater Glasgow||1,199,629||Glasgow||15||Brighton and Hove built-up area||474,485||Brighton|
|6||Liverpool Urban Area||864,122||Liverpool||16||South East Dorset conurbation||466,266||Bournemouth|
|7||South Hampshire||855,569||Southampton||17||Cardiff Urban Area||390,214||Cardiff|
|9||Nottingham Urban Area||729,977||Nottingham||19||The Potteries Urban Area||372,775||Stoke-on-Trent|
|10||Sheffield Urban Area||685,368||Sheffield||20||Coventry and Bedworth Urban Area||359,262||Coventry|
In the United States, there are two categories of urban area. The term urbanized area denotes an urban area of 50,000 or more people. Urban areas under 50,000 people are called urban clusters. Urbanized areas were first delineated in the United States in the 1950 census, while urban clusters were added in the 2000 census. There are 1,371 urban areas and urban clusters with more than 10,000 people.
The U.S. Census Bureau defines an urban area as "core census block groups or blocks that have a population density of at least 1,000 people per square mile (386 per square kilometer) and surrounding census blocks that have an overall density of at least 500 people per square mile (193 per square kilometer)".
The largest urban area in the United States is the New York metropolitan area. The population of New York City, the core of the metropolitan area, exceeds 8.5 million people, its metropolitan statistical area has a population that is over 20 million, and its combined statistical area population is over 23 million. The next six largest urban areas in the U.S. are Los Angeles, Chicago, Miami, Philadelphia, San Francisco, Houston, and Atlanta. [ citation needed ]About 82 percent of the population of the United States lives within the boundaries of an urbanized area as of December, 2010. Combined, these areas occupy about 2 percent of the land area of the United States. Many Americans live in agglomerations of cities, suburbs, and towns that are adjacent to a metropolitan area's largest city.
The concept of Urbanized Areas as defined by the U.S. Census Bureau is often used as a more accurate gauge of the size of a city, since in different cities and states the lines between city borders and the urbanized area of that city are often not the same. For example, the city of Greenville, South Carolina has a city population just over 64,000 and an urbanized area population of over 800,000, while Greensboro, North Carolina has a city population just over 285,000 and an urbanized area population of around 400,000 — meaning that Greenville is actually "larger" for some intents and purposes, but not for others, such as taxation, local elections, etc.
In the U.S. Department of Agriculture's natural resources inventory, urban areas are officially known as developed areas or urban and built-up areas. Such areas include cities, ethnic villages, other built-up areas of more than 10 ac (4 ha), industrial sites, railroad yards, cemeteries, airports, golf courses, shooting ranges, institutional and public administration sites, and similar areas. The 1997 national resources inventory placed over 98,000,000 ac (40,000,000 ha) in this category, an increase of 25,000,000 ac (10,000,000 ha) since 1982.
|Leading population centers (see complete list)|
|Rank||Core city (cities)||Metro area population||Metropolitan Statistical Area||Region|
|1||New York||19,979,477||New York–Newark–Jersey City, NY–NJ–PA MSA||Northeast|
|2||Los Angeles||13,291,486||Los Angeles–Long Beach–Anaheim, CA MSA||West|
|3||Chicago||9,498,716||Chicago–Joliet–Naperville, IL–IN–WI MSA||Midwest|
|4||Dallas–Fort Worth||7,539,711||Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington, TX MSA||South|
|5||Houston||6,997,384||Houston–The Woodlands-Sugar Land MSA||South|
|6||Washington, D.C.||6,249,950||Washington, D.C.–VA–MD–WV MSA||South|
|7||Miami||6,198,782||Miami–Fort Lauderdale–West Palm Beach, FL MSA||South|
|8||Philadelphia||6,096,372||Philadelphia–Camden–Wilmington, PA–NJ–DE–MD MSA||Northeast|
|9||Atlanta||5,949,951||Atlanta–Sandy Springs–Roswell, GA MSA||South|
|10||Boston||4,875,390||Boston–Cambridge–Quincy, MA–NH MSA||Northeast|
|11||Phoenix||4,857,962||Phoenix–Mesa–Chandler, AZ MSA||West|
|12||San Francisco||4,729,484||San Francisco–Oakland–Fremont, CA MSA||West|
|13||Riverside–San Bernardino||4,662,361||Riverside–San Bernardino–Ontario, CA MSA||West|
|14||Detroit||4,326,442||Detroit–Warren–Dearborn, MI MSA||Midwest|
|15||Seattle||3,939,363||Seattle–Tacoma–Bellevue, WA MSA||West|
|16||Minneapolis–St. Paul||3,629,190||Minneapolis–St. Paul–Bloomington, MN–WI MSA||Midwest|
|17||San Diego||3,343,364||San Diego–Carlsbad–San Marcos, CA MSA||West|
|18||Tampa–St. Petersburg||3,142,663||Tampa–St. Petersburg–Clearwater, FL MSA||South|
|19||Denver||2,932,415||Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO MSA||West|
|20||St. Louis||2,805,465||St. Louis, MO-IL MSA||Midwest|
|Based on 2018 MSA population estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau|
In Vietnam, there are 6 types of urban areas:
Hồ Chí Minh City
|1||Hồ Chí Minh City||Municipality||8,146,300||11||Buôn Ma Thuột||Đắk Lắk||340,000|
|2||Hà Nội||Municipality||7,216,000||12||Huế||Thừa Thiên–Huế||333,715|
|3||Hải Phòng||Municipality||1,763,000||13||Thái Nguyên||Thái Nguyên||330,000|
|4||Đà Nẵng||Municipality||1,328,000||14||Vũng Tàu||Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu||327,000|
|5||Cần Thơ||Municipality||1,248,000||15||Quy Nhơn||Bình Định||311,000|
|6||Biên Hòa||Đồng Nai||1,104,495||16||Long Xuyên||An Giang||280,300|
|7||Nha Trang||Khánh Hòa||792,397||17||Việt Trì||Phú Thọ||277,539|
|8||Vinh||Nghệ An||490,000||18||Bắc Ninh||Bắc Ninh||272,634|
|9||Hải Dương||Hải Dương||403,893||19||Thủ Dầu Một||Bình Dương||271,000|
|10||Đà Lạt||Lâm Đồng||356,393||20||Thái Bình||Thái Bình||270,000|
The demographics of Russia are the demographic features of the population of the Russian Federation including population growth, population density, ethnic composition, education level, health, economic status and other aspects.
A megacity is a very large city metropolitan area, typically with a population of more than 10 million people. Precise definitions vary: the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs in its 2014 "World Urbanization Prospects" report counted urban agglomerations having over 10 million inhabitants. A University of Bonn report held that they are "usually defined as metropolitan areas with a total population of 10 million or more people". Others list cities satisfying criteria of either 5 or 8 million and also have a population density of 2,000 per square kilometre. A megacity can be a single metropolitan area or two or more metropolitan areas that converge due to close proximity. The terms conurbation, metropolis, and metroplex are also applied to the latter.
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Portugal, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
Tomsk Oblast is a federal subject of Russia. It lies in the southeastern West Siberian Plain, in the southwest of the Siberian Federal District. Its administrative center is the city of Tomsk. Population: 1 078 923 (1,047,394.
Kemerovo Oblast, also known as Kuzbass (Кузба́сс) after the Kuznetsk Basin, is a federal subject of Russia, located in southwestern Siberia, where the West Siberian Plain meets the South Siberian mountains. The oblast, which covers an area of 95,500 square kilometers (36,900 sq mi), shares a border with Tomsk Oblast in the north, Krasnoyarsk Krai and the Republic of Khakassia in the east, the Altai Republic in the south, and with Novosibirsk Oblast and Altai Krai in the west. Kemerovo is the administrative center of the oblast, though Novokuznetsk is the largest city in the oblast, in terms of size. Kemerovo Oblast is one of Russia's most urbanized regions, with over 70% of the population living in its nine principal cities. Its ethnic composition is predominantly Russian, but Ukrainians, Tatars, and Chuvash also live in the oblast. The population recorded during the 2010 Census was 2,763,135.
In general, a rural area or countryside is a geographic area that is located outside towns and cities. The Health Resources and Services Administration of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services defines the word rural as encompassing "...all population, housing, and territory not included within an urban area. Whatever is not urban is considered rural."
Syktyvkar is the capital city of the Komi Republic, Russia. Population: 235,006 (2010 Census); 230,011 (2002 Census); 232,117 (1989 Census).
Altai Krai is a federal subject of Russia. It borders with the regions of, clockwise from the west, Kazakhstan, Novosibirsk and Kemerovo Oblasts, and the Altai Republic. The krai's administrative center is the city of Barnaul. As of the 2010 Census, the population of the krai was 2,419,755.
Chelyabinsk Oblast is a federal subject of Russia in the Ural Mountains region, on the border of Europe and Asia. Its administrative center is the city of Chelyabinsk. Population: 3,476,217.
Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, also known as Nizhegorod Oblast, is a federal subject of Russia. Its administrative center is the city of Nizhny Novgorod. It has a population of 3,310,597 as of the 2010 Census. From 1932 to 1990 it was known as Gorky Oblast.
Murmansk Oblast is a federal subject of Russia, located in the northwestern part of the country. Its administrative center is the city of Murmansk. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 795,409.
Tula Oblast is a federal subject of Russia. It is geographically in the European Russia region of the country and is part of the Central Federal District, covering an area of 25,700 square kilometers (9,900 sq mi) and a population of 1,553,925 (2010).
A city proper is the area contained within city limits. A city proper is not limited to a city; it can describe the complete area of any locality that fits the definition. The United Nations defines the term as "the single political jurisdiction which contains the historical city centre."
A metropolis is a large city or conurbation which is a significant economic, political, and cultural center for a country or region, and an important hub for regional or international connections, commerce, and communications. The term is Ancient Greek (μητρόπολις) and means the "mother city" of a colony, that is, the city which sent out settlers. This was later generalized to a city regarded as a center of a specified activity, or any large, important city in a nation.
Interactive map of Moscow metropolitan area