An urban area, or built-up area, is a human settlement with a high population density and infrastructure of built environment. Urban areas are created through urbanization and are categorized by urban morphology as cities, towns, conurbations or suburbs. In urbanism, the term contrasts to rural areas such as villages and hamlets; in urban sociology or urban anthropology it contrasts with natural environment. The creation of early predecessors of urban areas during the urban revolution led to the creation of human civilization with modern urban planning, which along with other human activities such as exploitation of natural resources led to a human impact on the environment. "Agglomeration effects" are in the list of the main consequences of increased rates of firm creation since. This is due to conditions created by a greater level of industrial activity in a given region. However, a favorable environment for human capital development would also be generated simultaneously.
The world's urban population in 1950 of just 746 million has increased to 3.9 billion in the decades since.In 2009, the number of people living in urban areas (3.42 billion) surpassed the number living in rural areas (3.41 billion), and since then the world has become more urban than rural. This was the first time that the majority of the world's population lived in a city. In 2014 there were 7.2 billion people living on the planet, of which the global urban population comprised 3.9 billion. The Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs at that time predicted the urban population would grow to 6.4 billion by 2050, with 37% of that growth to come from three countries: China, India and Nigeria.
The UN publishes data on cities, urban areas and rural areas, but relies almost entirely on national definitions of these areas. The UN principles and recommendations state that due to different characteristics of urban and rural areas across the globe, a global definition is not possible.
Urban areas are created and further developed by the process of urbanization. Urban areas are measured for various purposes, including analyzing population density and urban sprawl.
Unlike an urban area, a metropolitan area includes not only the urban area, but also satellite cities plus intervening rural land that is socio-economically connected to the urban core city, typically by employment ties through commuting, with the urban core city being the primary labor market.
The concept of an "urban area" as used in economic statistics should not be confused with the concept of the "urban area" used in road safety statistics. The last concept is also known as "built-up area in road safety". According to the definition by the Office for National Statistics, "Built-up areas are defined as land which is 'irreversibly urban in character', meaning that they are characteristic of a town or city. They include areas of built-up land with a minimum of 20 hectares (200,000 m2; 49 acres). Any areas [separated by] less than 200 metres [of non-urban space] are linked to become a single built-up area.
European countries[ which? ] define urbanized areas on the basis of urban-type land use, not allowing any gaps of typically more than 200 metres (220 yd), and use satellite imagery instead of census blocks to determine the boundaries of the urban area. In less-developed countries[ which? ], in addition to land use and density requirements, a requirement that a large majority of the population, typically 75%, is not engaged in agriculture and/or fishing is sometimes used.[ citation needed ]
Since 2000, China's cities have expanded at an average rate of 10% annually. It is estimated that China's urban population will increase by 292 million people by 2050, million migrant workers work part-time in the major cities, returning home to the countryside periodically with their earnings.when its cities will house a combined population of over one billion. The country's urbanization rate increased from 17.4% to 46.6% between 1978 and 2009. Between 150 and 200
Today, China has more of cities with one million or more long-term residents than any other country, including the three global cities of Beijing, Hong Kong, and Shanghai; by 2025, the country will be home to 221 cities with over a million inhabitants.The figures in the table below are from the 2008 census, and are only estimates of the urban populations within administrative city limits; a different ranking exists when considering the total municipal populations (which includes suburban and rural populations). The large "floating populations" of migrant workers make conducting censuses in urban areas difficult; the figures below include only long-term residents.
Largest cities in China
For the Census of India 2011, the definition of urban area is a place having a minimum population of 5,000 of density 400 persons per square kilometre (1,000/sq mi) or higher, and 75% plus of the male working population employed in non-agricultural activities. Places administered by a municipal corporation, cantonment board or notified town area committee are automatically considered urban areas.
The Census of India 2011 also defined the term "urban agglomeration" as an integrated urban area consisting of a core town together with its "outgrowths" (contiguous suburbs).
Largest cities or towns in India
|4||Hyderabad||Telangana||6,809,970||14||Indore||Madhya Pradesh||1,960 521|
|6||Chennai||Tamil Nadu||4,681,087||16||Bhopal||Madhya Pradesh||1,795,648|
|7||Kolkata||West Bengal||4,486,679||17||Visakhapatnam||Andhra Pradesh||1,730,320|
In Japan urbanized areas are defined as contiguous areas of densely inhabited districts (DIDs) using census enumeration districts as units with a density requirement of 4,000 inhabitants per square kilometre (10,000/sq mi).
Largest cities or towns in Japan
In Pakistan, an area is a major city and municipality if it has more than 100,000 inhabitants according to census results. Cities include adjacent cantonments. Urbanisation in Pakistan has increased since the time of independence and has several different causes. The majority of southern Pakistan's population lives along the Indus River. Karachi is its most populous city.In the northern half of the country, most of the population lives in an arc formed by the cities of Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gujrat, Jhelum, Sargodha, Sheikhupura, Nowshera, Mardan and Peshawar. During 1990–2008, city dwellers made up 36% of Pakistan's population, making it the most urbanised nation in South Asia. Furthermore, 50% of Pakistanis live in towns of 5,000 people or more. Karachi is the most populated city in Pakistan closely followed by Lahore according to the 2017 Census.
|7||Multan||Punjab||1,871,843||17||Rahim Yar Khan||Punjab||420,419|
|9||Islamabad||Capital Territory||1,009,832||19||Dera Ghazi Khan||Punjab||399,064|
With an estimated population of 16.3 million, Metro Manila is the most populous metropolitan area in the Philippines and the 11th in the world. However, the greater urban area is the 5th largest in the world with a population of 20,654,307 people (2010 estimate).Including Metro Manila, the Philippines has twelve metropolitan areas as defined by the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA). Metro Angeles, Metro Bacolod, Metro Baguio, Metro Batangas, Metro Cagayan de Oro, Metro Cebu, Metro Dagupan, Metro Davao, Metro Iloilo-Guimaras, Metro Naga, Metro Olongapo.
As per Republic Act No. 9009, in order to become a city, a local government unit must :
|1||Quezon City||National Capital Region||2,936,116||11||Parañaque||National Capital Region||665,822|
|2||Manila||National Capital Region||1,780,148||12||Dasmariñas||Calabarzon||659,019|
|3||Davao City||Davao Region||1,632,991||13||Valenzuela||National Capital Region||620,422|
|4||Caloocan||National Capital Region||1,583,978||14||Bacoor||Calabarzon||600,609|
|5||Cebu City||Central Visayas||922,611||15||General Santos||Soccsksargen||594,446|
|6||Zamboanga City||Zamboanga Peninsula||861,799||16||Las Piñas||National Capital Region||588,894|
|7||Taguig||National Capital Region||804,915||17||Makati||National Capital Region||582,602|
|8||Antipolo||Calabarzon||776,386||18||San Jose del Monte||Central Luzon||574,089|
|9||Pasig||National Capital Region||755,300||19||Bacolod||Western Visayas||561,875|
|10||Cagayan de Oro||Northern Mindanao||675,950||20||Muntinlupa||National Capital Region||504,509|
Singapore is an island city-state in Southeast Asia. About 5.6 million people live and work within 700 square kilometres (270 sq mi), making Singapore the 2nd-most-densely populated country in the world, after Monaco, another city-state. The Central Area in the south-eastern part of the island, is the country's city centre. It is surrounded by suburban settlements outside of its limits. These settlements are connected to the Central Area and each other by a dense network of roads, expressways and metro railway lines dubbed MRT by locals. Singapore has a highly centralised, unitary government with a unicameral legislature (the City Council and the Rural Board were abolished in the 1960s). While there are town councils and mayors in Singapore, these are essentially property managers in charge of the maintenance of public housing within their constituency boundaries. They do not represent local authorities with any legislative or executive autonomy from the national government.
Largest planning areas in Singapore
|2||Jurong West||West||266,720||12||Pasir Ris||East||146,920|
|8||Choa Chu Kang||West||187,510||18||Kallang||Central||101,420|
|9||Ang Mo Kio||North-East||165,710||19||Queenstown||Central||97,870|
The largest cities of South Korea have an autonomous status equivalent to that of provinces. Seoul, the largest city and capital, is classified as a teukbyeolsi (Special City), while the next 6 largest cities (see the list below) are classified as gwangyeoksi (Metropolitan Cities; see Special cities of South Korea). Smaller cities are classified as si ("cities") and are under provincial jurisdiction, at the same level as counties (see:Administrative divisions of South Korea).
Largest cities or towns in South Korea
The figures below are the 2011 estimates for the twenty largest urban populations within administrative city limits; a different ranking exists when considering the total metropolitan area populations (in such rankings the Taipei-Keelung metro area is by far the largest agglomeration).
Largest cities and townships in Taiwan
|1||New Taipei||New Taipei City||4,000,164|
In Vietnam, there are 6 types of urban areas:
Hồ Chí Minh City
|1||Hồ Chí Minh City||Municipality||8,146,300||11||Buôn Ma Thuột||Đắk Lắk||340,000|
|2||Hà Nội||Municipality||7,216,000||12||Huế||Thừa Thiên-Huế||333,715|
|3||Hải Phòng||Municipality||1,763,000||13||Thái Nguyên||Thái Nguyên||330,000|
|4||Đà Nẵng||Municipality||1,328,000||14||Vũng Tàu||Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu||327,000|
|5||Cần Thơ||Municipality||1,248,000||15||Qui Nhơn||Bình Định||311,000|
|6||Biên Hòa||Đồng Nai||1,104,495||16||Long Xuyên||An Giang||280,300|
|7||Nha Trang||Khánh Hòa||792,397||17||Việt Trì||Phú Thọ||277,539|
|8||Vinh||Nghệ An||490,000||18||Bắc Ninh||Bắc Ninh||272,634|
|9||Hải Dương||Hải Dương||403,893||19||Thủ Dầu Một||Bình Dương||271,000|
|10||Đà Lạt||Lâm Đồng||356,393||20||Thái Bình||Thái Bình||270,000|
Similar to other Nordic countries, an urban area (taajama in Finnish) in Finland must have a building at least every 200 m (660 ft) and at least 200 people. To be considered a town or a city (kaupunki) for statistical purposes, an urban area must have at least 15,000 people. This is not to be confused with the city / town designation used by municipalities.
Largest cities or towns in Finland
|1||Helsinki||Uusimaa||643 272||11||Pori||Satakunta||84 587|
|2||Espoo||Uusimaa||279 044||12||Joensuu||North Karelia||76 067|
|3||Tampere||Pirkanmaa||231 853||13||Lappeenranta||South Karelia||72 909|
|4||Vantaa||Uusimaa||223 027||14||Hämeenlinna||Tavastia Proper||67 662|
|5||Oulu||Northern Ostrobothnia||201 801||15||Vaasa||Ostrobothnia||67 392|
|6||Turku||Finland Proper||189 669||16||Rovaniemi||Lapland||62 420|
|7||Jyväskylä||Central Finland||140 188||17||Seinäjoki||Southern Ostrobothnia||62 676|
|8||Lahti||Päijänne Tavastia||119 573||18||Mikkeli||Southern Savonia||54 261|
|9||Kuopio||Northern Savonia||118 209||19||Kotka||Kymenlaakso||53 539|
|10||Kouvola||Kymenlaakso||84 196||20||Salo||Finland Proper||52 984|
In France multiple words exist to define various kinds of urban area. One of the first word used was the word agglomération, which first was used to deal with a group of people. The word was used for instance in the law from 5 april 1884 (loi du 5 avril 1884) whose article 98 gives to the mayor police power (pouvoirs de police, where French police word comes from the latin word politia or from the greec word πόλις both retalted to the city) meaning authority on the city, but only within the agglomération. That law was used by a jurisprudence from year 1907 to forbid a mayor to set a speed limit on the road next to a farm considering that at that time, a group of houses inside a farm might be an agglomération, but the road next to it was not inside the agglomération..
Later, in the 1920s, the concept of agglomération was used in the code de la route (Highway code) to define specific law within/outside such a zone.
In 1968, the French word agglomération was introduced in the French version of the Vienna convention on road traffic in the place where the English word built-up area was used in the English version of this exact same treaty. In this treaty, the word is only defined as a concept signaled by an entry sign and an exist sign, even if allowing members of the treaty to have different definition.
Nowadays, with globalisation words from English origin or english meaning tend to be introduced in French language to introcuce in France new concepts or new words or new meanings for old words and/or to change the size and the power a mayor can have. Such words are Aire urbaines (urban area), Métropole, Agglomération (agglomeration), Communauté urbaine, Gand something (Grand Paris, Grand Toulouse), and probably other words.
As a member of the European Union, the OECD and the European Union, for statistical purpose, France might need to cope with inside/outside built-up area meaning inside/outside the limits of an urban area.
In France, an urban area (Fr: aire urbaine ) is a zone encompassing an area of built-up growth (called an "urban unit" ( unité urbaine )– close in definition to the North American urban area) and its commuter belt ( couronne ). Americans would find the INSEE definition of the urban area to be similar to their metropolitan area, and the INSEE sometimes uses the term aire métropolitaine to refer to the country's largest aires urbaines.
The largest cities in France, in terms of urban area population (2013), are Paris (12,405,426), Lyon (2,237,676), Marseille (1,734,277), Toulouse (1,291,517), Bordeaux (1,178,335), Lille (1,175,828), Nice (1,004,826), Nantes (908,815), Strasbourg (773,447) and Rennes (700,675).
Largest cities or towns in France
|2||Marseille||Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur||862,211||12||Reims||Grand Est||183,113|
|5||Nice||Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur||342,637||15||Toulon||Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur||169,634|
|6||Nantes||Pays de la Loire||306,694||16||Grenoble||Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes||158,180|
|8||Strasbourg||Grand Est||279,284||18||Angers||Pays de la Loire||151,229|
Germany has a number of large cities. There are 11 officially recognised metropolitan regions in Germany – and since 2006, 34 potential cities were identified which can be called a Regiopolis.
The largest conurbation is the Rhine-Ruhr region (11 million in 2008 [update] ), including Düsseldorf (the capital of North Rhine-Westphalia), Cologne, Bonn, Dortmund, Essen, Duisburg, and Bochum.
Largest urban agglomerations in Germany
Federal Statistical Office of Germany (31 December 2017)
|9||Leipzig||Saxony||1,027,669||19||Freiburg im Breisgau||Baden-Württemberg||330,213|
The Netherlands is the 30th most densely populated country in the world, with 404.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,048/sq mi)—or 497 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,287/sq mi) if only the land area is counted. The Randstad is the country's largest conurbation located in the west of the country and contains the four largest cities: Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, and Utrecht. The Randstad has a population of 7 million inhabitants and is the 6th largest metropolitan area in Europe.
Largest municipalities in the Netherlands
|2||Rotterdam||South Holland||650,711||12||Haarlem||North Holland||162,864|
|3||The Hague||South Holland||544,766||13||Arnhem||Gelderland||161,260|
|7||Tilburg||North Brabant||219,632||17||Haarlemmermeer||North Holland||155,770|
Urban areas in Sweden (tätorter) are statistically defined localities, totally independent of the administrative subdivision of the country. There are 1,956 such localities in Sweden, with a population ranging from 200 to 1,372,000 inhabitants.
The United Kingdom's Office for National Statistics has produced census results from urban areas since 1951, since 1981 based upon the extent of irreversible urban development indicated on Ordnance Survey maps. The definition is an extent of at least 20 ha and at least 1,500 census residents. Separate areas are linked if less than 200 m (220 yd) apart. Included are transportation features.The UK has five Urban Areas with a population over a million and a further sixty nine with a population over one hundred thousand.
|Largest urban areas of the United Kingdom|
(England and Wales: 2011 census built-up area; Scotland: 2012 estimates urban area; Northern Ireland: 2001 census urban area)
|Rank||Urban area||Pop.||Principal settlement||Rank||Urban area||Pop.||Principal settlement|
Greater London Urban Area
|1||Greater London Urban Area||9,787,426||London||11||Bristol Urban Area||617,280||Bristol|
West Midlands Urban Area
|2||Greater Manchester Urban Area||2,553,379||Manchester||12||Leicester Urban Area||508,916||Leicester|
|3||West Midlands Urban Area||2,440,986||Birmingham||13||Edinburgh Urban Area||488,610||Edinburgh|
|4||West Yorkshire Urban Area||1,777,934||Leeds||14||Belfast Urban Area||483,418||Belfast|
|5||Greater Glasgow||1,199,629||Glasgow||15||Brighton and Hove built-up area||474,485||Brighton|
|6||Liverpool Urban Area||864,122||Liverpool||16||South East Dorset conurbation||466,266||Bournemouth|
|7||South Hampshire||855,569||Southampton||17||Cardiff Urban Area||390,214||Cardiff|
|9||Nottingham Urban Area||729,977||Nottingham||19||The Potteries Urban Area||372,775||Stoke-on-Trent|
|10||Sheffield Urban Area||685,368||Sheffield||20||Coventry and Bedworth Urban Area||359,262||Coventry|
Statistics Norway defines urban areas ("tettsteder") similarly to the other Nordic countries. Unlike in Denmark and Sweden, the distance between each building has to be of less than 50 m, although exceptions are made due to parks, industrial areas, rivers, and similar. Groups of houses less than 400 m from the main body of an urban area are included in the urban area.
Largest cities or towns in Norway
According to Statistics Des. 2018
|9||Ålesund||Møre og Romsdal||52,163||19||Larvik||Vestfold||24,208|
In Poland, official "urban" population figures simply refer to those localities which have the status of towns (miasta). The "rural" population is that of all areas outside the boundaries of these towns. This distinction may give a misleading impression in some cases, since some localities with only village status may have acquired larger and denser populations than many many smaller towns.
Largest cities or towns in Poland
|Rank||Name||Federal subject||Pop.||Rank||Name||Federal subject||Pop.|
|2||Saint Petersburg||Saint Petersburg||5,282,000||12||Krasnoyarsk||Krasnoyarsk Krai||1,084,000|
|3||Novosibirsk||Novosibirsk Oblast||1,603,000||13||Perm||Perm Krai||1,042,000|
|4||Yekaterinburg||Sverdlovsk Oblast||1,456,000||14||Voronezh||Voronezh Oblast||1,032,000|
|5||Nizhny Novgorod||Nizhny Novgorod Oblast||1,267,000||15||Volgograd||Volgograd Oblast||1,016,000|
|7||Chelyabinsk||Chelyabinsk Oblast||1,199,000||17||Saratov||Saratov Oblast||843,000|
|8||Omsk||Omsk Oblast||1,178,000||18||Tolyatti||Samara Oblast||711,000|
In Australia, urban areas are referred to as "urban centres" and are defined as population clusters of 1,000 or more people, with a density of at least 200/km2 (518/sq mi) Australia is one of the most urbanised countries in the world, with more than 50% of the population residing in Australia's three biggest urban centres.
Largest populated areas in Australia
2019 data from Australian Bureau of Statistics
|6||Gold Coast–Tweed Heads||Qld/NSW||693,671||16||Darwin||NT||147,255|
Statistics New Zealand defines urban areas in New Zealand, which are independent of any administrative subdivisions and have no legal basis.There are three classes of urban area: main urban areas are the 17 urban areas which have a population of 30,000 or more; secondary urban areas are the 14 urban areas which have a population of 10,000 or more but less than 30,000, and minor urban areas are the 103 urban areas which have a population of 1,000 or more but less than 10,000. Urban areas are reclassified after each New Zealand census, so population changes between censuses does not change an urban area's classification.
Largest cities or towns in New Zealand
Statistics New Zealand June 2019 estimate (SSGA18 boundaries)
|2||Christchurch||Canterbury||377,200||12||Rotorua||Bay of Plenty||54,500|
|5||Tauranga||Bay of Plenty||135,000||15||Nelson||Nelson||49,300|
|8||Palmerston North||Manawatū-Whanganui||80,300||18||Upper Hutt||Wellington||41,000|
According to Statistics Canada, an urban area in Canada is an area with a population of at least 1,000 people where the density is no fewer than 400 persons per square kilometre (1,000/sq mi). If two or more urban areas are within 2 km (1.2 mi) of each other by road, they are merged into a single urban area, provided they do not cross census metropolitan area or census agglomeration boundaries.
Largest cities or towns in Canada
In the Canada 2011 Census, Statistics Canada redesignated urban areas with the new term "population centre";the new term was chosen in order to better reflect the fact that urban vs. rural is not a strict division, but rather a continuum within which several distinct settlement patterns may exist. For example, a community may fit a strictly statistical definition of an urban area, but may not be commonly thought of as "urban" because it has a smaller population, or functions socially and economically as a suburb of another urban area rather than as a self-contained urban entity, or is geographically remote from other urban communities. Accordingly, the new definition set out three distinct types of population centres: small (population 1,000 to 29,999), medium (population 30,000 to 99,999) and large (population 100,000 or greater). Despite the change in terminology, however, the demographic definition of a population centre remains unchanged from that of an urban area: a population of at least 1,000 people where the density is no fewer than 400 persons per km2.
In the United States, there are two categories of urban area. The term urbanized area denotes an urban area of 50,000 or more people. Urban areas under 50,000 people are called urban clusters. Urbanized areas were first delineated in the United States in the 1950 census, while urban clusters were added in the 2000 census. There are 1,371 urban areas and urban clusters with more than 10,000 people.
The U.S. Census Bureau defines an urban area as "core census block groups or blocks that have a population density of at least 1,000 people per square mile (386 per square kilometer) and surrounding census blocks that have an overall density of at least 500 people per square mile (193 per square kilometer)".
The largest urban area in the United States is the New York metropolitan area. The population of New York City, the core of the metropolitan area, exceeds 8.5 million people, its metropolitan statistical area has a population that is over 20 million, and its combined statistical area population is over 23 million. The next six largest urban areas in the U.S. are Los Angeles, Chicago, Miami, Philadelphia, San Francisco, Houston, and Atlanta. [ citation needed ]About 82 percent of the population of the United States lives within the boundaries of an urbanized area as of December, 2010. Combined, these areas occupy about 2 percent of the land area of the United States. Many Americans live in agglomerations of cities, suburbs, and towns that are adjacent to a metropolitan area's largest city.
The concept of Urbanized Areas as defined by the U.S. Census Bureau is often used as a more accurate gauge of the size of a city, since in different cities and states the lines between city borders and the urbanized area of that city are often not the same. For example, the city of Greenville, South Carolina has a city population just over 68,000 and an urbanized area population of around 400,000, while Greensboro, North Carolina has a city population just over 285,000 and an urbanized area population of around 300,000 — meaning that Greenville is actually "larger" for some intents and purposes, but not for others, such as taxation, local elections, etc.
In the U.S. Department of Agriculture's natural resources inventory, urban areas are officially known as developed areas or urban and built-up areas. Such areas include cities, ethnic villages, other built-up areas of more than 10 ac (4 ha), industrial sites, railroad yards, cemeteries, airports, golf courses, shooting ranges, institutional and public administration sites, and similar areas. The 1997 national resources inventory placed over 98,000,000 ac (40,000,000 ha) in this category, an increase of 25,000,000 ac (10,000,000 ha) since 1982.
|Leading population centers (see complete list)|
|Rank||Core city (cities)||Metro area population||Metropolitan Statistical Area||Region|
|1||New York||19,979,477||New York–Newark–Jersey City, NY–NJ–PA MSA||Northeast|
|2||Los Angeles||13,291,486||Los Angeles–Long Beach–Anaheim, CA MSA||West|
|3||Chicago||9,498,716||Chicago–Joliet–Naperville, IL–IN–WI MSA||Midwest|
|4||Dallas–Fort Worth||7,539,711||Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington, TX MSA||South|
|5||Houston||6,997,384||Houston–The Woodlands-Sugar Land MSA||South|
|6||Washington, D.C.||6,249,950||Washington, D.C.–VA–MD–WV MSA||South|
|7||Miami||6,198,782||Miami–Fort Lauderdale–West Palm Beach, FL MSA||South|
|8||Philadelphia||6,096,372||Philadelphia–Camden–Wilmington, PA–NJ–DE–MD MSA||Northeast|
|9||Atlanta||5,949,951||Atlanta–Sandy Springs–Roswell, GA MSA||South|
|10||Boston||4,875,390||Boston–Cambridge–Quincy, MA–NH MSA||Northeast|
|11||Phoenix||4,857,962||Phoenix–Mesa–Chandler, AZ MSA||West|
|12||San Francisco||4,729,484||San Francisco–Oakland–Berkeley, CA MSA||West|
|13||Riverside–San Bernardino||4,662,361||Riverside–San Bernardino–Ontario, CA MSA||West|
|14||Detroit||4,326,442||Detroit–Warren–Dearborn, MI MSA||Midwest|
|15||Seattle||3,939,363||Seattle–Tacoma–Bellevue, WA MSA||West|
|16||Minneapolis–St. Paul||3,629,190||Minneapolis–St. Paul–Bloomington, MN–WI MSA||Midwest|
|17||San Diego||3,343,364||San Diego–Carlsbad–San Marcos, CA MSA||West|
|18||Tampa–St. Petersburg||3,142,663||Tampa–St. Petersburg–Clearwater, FL MSA||South|
|19||Denver||2,932,415||Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO MSA||West|
|20||St. Louis||2,805,465||St. Louis, MO-IL MSA||Midwest|
|Based on 2018 MSA population estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau|
Argentina is highly urbanized.The ten largest metropolitan areas account for half of the population, and fewer than one in ten live in rural areas. About 3 million people live in Buenos Aires City and the Greater Buenos Aires metropolitan area totals around 15 million, making it one of the largest urban areas in the world, with a population of 18 million all up.
Córdoba has around 1.5 million people living in the urban area, while Rosario, Mendoza and Tucumán have around 1.2 million inhabitants eachand La Plata, Mar del Plata, Salta and Santa Fe have at least 500,000 people each.
The population is unequally distributed amongst the provinces: about 60% live in the Pampa region (21% of the total area), including 20 million people in Buenos Aires Province; Córdoba Province Santa Fe Province and the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires have 3 million each. Seven other provinces have over one million people each: Mendoza, Tucumán, Entre Ríos, Salta, Chaco, Corrientes and Misiones. Tucumán is the most densely populated with 60 per square kilometre (160/sq mi), the only Argentine province more densely populated than the world average, while the southern province of Santa Cruz has around 1 inhabitant per square kilometre (2.6/sq mi).
Largest cities or towns in Argentina
(2015 INDEC metro area estimate)
|1||Buenos Aires||(Autonomous city)||3,054,000||11||Resistencia||Chaco||409,000|
|2||Córdoba||Córdoba||1,519,000||12||Santiago del Estero||Santiago del Estero||406,000|
|5||San Miguel de Tucumán||Tucumán||868,000||15||San Salvador de Jujuy||Jujuy||338,000|
|6||La Plata||Buenos Aires||836,000||16||Neuquén||Neuquén||309,000|
|7||Mar del Plata||Buenos Aires||633,000||17||Bahía Blanca||Buenos Aires||307,000|
|9||Santa Fe||Santa Fe||530,000||19||Formosa||Formosa||258,000|
|10||San Juan||San Juan||513,000||20||San Luis||San Luis||218,000|
According to IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics) urban areas already concentrate 84.35% of the population, while the Southeast region remains the most populated one, with over 80 million inhabitants. — all in the Southeastern Region — with 21, 12, and 5 million inhabitants respectively. In general, state capitals are the largest cities in their states, except for Vitória, the capital of Espírito Santo, and Florianópolis, the capital of Santa Catarina. There are also non-capital metropolitan areas in the states of São Paulo (Campinas, Santos and the Paraíba Valley), Minas Gerais (Steel Valley), Rio Grande do Sul (Sinos Valley) and Santa Catarina (Itajaí Valley).The largest metropolitan areas in Brazil are São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, and Belo Horizonte
Largest urban agglomerations in Brazil
2017 Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics estimates
Rio de Janeiro
|1||São Paulo||São Paulo||21,314,716||11||Belém||Pará||2,157,180|
|2||Rio de Janeiro||Rio de Janeiro||12,389,775||12||Manaus||Amazonas||2,130,264|
|3||Belo Horizonte||Minas Gerais||5,142,260||13||Campinas||São Paulo||2,105,600|
|5||Brasília||Federal District||3,986,425||15||Baixada Santista||São Paulo||1,702,343|
|6||Porto Alegre||Rio Grande do Sul||3,894,232||16||São José dos Campos||São Paulo||1,572,943|
|8||Fortaleza||Ceará||3,594,924||18||Natal||Rio Grande do Norte||1,349,743|
In Colombia the largest Metropolitan area is Bogotá's, which has around 9.8 million inhabitants and includes municipalities like Cota, La Calera, Chía, Soacha, Usaquen, Suba, among others. It's one of the most important cities in Latin America, especially in business, art and culture. Bogotá has been the International City of the Book and has unique places like Monserrate, Torre Colpatria, Bolivar Square, BD Bacatá, Corferias, National University etc.
|3||Cali||Valle del Cauca||2,172,527||13||Santa Marta||Magdalena||455,299|
|6||Cúcuta||Norte de Santander||685,445||16||Montería||Córdoba||388,499|
The demographics of Russia are the demographic features of the population of the Russian Federation including population growth, population density, ethnic composition, education level, health, economic status and other aspects.
A megacity is a very large city, typically with a population of more than 10 million people. Precise definitions vary: the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs in its 2018 "World Urbanization Prospects" report counted urban agglomerations having over 10 million inhabitants. A University of Bonn report held that they are "usually defined as metropolitan areas with a total population of 10 million or more people". Others list cities satisfying criteria of either 5 or 8 million and also have a population density of 2,000 per square kilometre. The terms conurbation, metropolis, and metroplex are also applied to the latter.
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Portugal, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
A metropolitan area is a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories, sharing industry, infrastructure, and housing. A metro area usually comprises multiple jurisdictions and municipalities: neighborhoods, townships, boroughs, cities, towns, exurbs, suburbs, counties, districts, states, and even nations like the eurodistricts. As social, economic and political institutions have changed, metropolitan areas have become key economic and political regions.
In general, a rural area or countryside is a geographic area that is located outside towns and cities. The Health Resources and Services Administration of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services defines the word rural as encompassing "...all population, housing, and territory not included within an urban area. Whatever is not urban is considered rural."
A conurbation is a region comprising a number of cities, large towns, and other urban areas that, through population growth and physical expansion, have merged to form one continuous urban or industrially developed area. In most cases, a conurbation is a polycentric urbanised area, in which transportation has developed to link areas to create a single urban labour market or travel to work area.
Tyumen Oblast is a federal subject of Russia. It is geographically located in the Western Siberia region of Siberia, and is administratively part of the Urals Federal District. The oblast has administrative jurisdiction over two autonomous okrugs: Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug and Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug. Tyumen Oblast including its autonomous okrugs is the third-largest federal subject by area, and has a population of 3,395,755 (2010)
Murmansk Oblast is a federal subject of Russia, located in the northwestern part of the country. Its administrative center is the city of Murmansk. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 795,409.
Tula Oblast is a federal subject of Russia. It is geographically in the European Russia region of the country and is part of the Central Federal District, covering an area of 25,700 square kilometers (9,900 sq mi) and a population of 1,553,925 (2010).
A city proper is the area contained within city limits. A city proper is not limited to a city; it can describe the complete area of any locality that fits the definition. The United Nations defines the term as "the single political jurisdiction which contains the historical city centre."
A metropolis is a large city or conurbation which is a significant economic, political, and cultural center for a country or region, and an important hub for regional or international connections, commerce, and communications. The term is Ancient Greek (μητρόπολις) and means the "mother city" of a colony, that is, the city which sent out settlers. This was later generalized to a city regarded as a center of a specified activity, or any large, important city in a nation.
Moscow metropolitan area or Moscow capital region is the largest metropolitan area in Russia and Europe, with population of about 20 million. It consists of the city of Moscow and parts of the surrounding Moscow Oblast.