Tianjin

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Tianjin
天津市
Tientsin, T'ien-chin
Panoramic View from Tianjin TV Tower East(small)(2008-08).JPG
Xuan Cai Jin Men 11Tianjin Eye and Haihe River.jpg
Saint Joseph Cathedral (Tianjin) far.jpg
Tianjin Train Station.JPG
Tianjin IMG 4567 Hai River - Tianjin WFC Jin Tower - Tianjin Maoye Mansion.jpg
CBD of TBNA 2011.jpg
Clockwise from the top: Panorama of the city from Tianjin Radio and Television Tower, St Joseph Cathedral, Tianjin World Financial Center, Panorama of Binhai New Area, Tianjin railway station, Tianjin Eye
Tianjin
Tianjin in China (+all claims hatched).svg
Location of Tianjin Municipality within China
Coordinates(Tianjin Century Clock Plaza): 39°08′01″N117°12′19″E / 39.1336°N 117.2054°E / 39.1336; 117.2054 Coordinates: 39°08′01″N117°12′19″E / 39.1336°N 117.2054°E / 39.1336; 117.2054
Country China
Settledc. 340 BC
Municipal seat Hexi District
Divisions
 - County-level
 - Township-
level

16 districts
240 towns and townships
Government
  Type Municipality
  Body Tianjin Municipal People's Congress
   CCP Secretary Li Hongzhong
   Congress Chairman Duan Chunhua
  Mayor Liao Guoxun
   CPPCC Chairman Sheng Maolin
Area
  Municipality11,946 km2 (4,612 sq mi)
  Land11,609.91 km2 (4,482.61 sq mi)
  Water186 km2 (72 sq mi)
  Urban
11,609.91 km2 (4,482.61 sq mi)
  Metro
5,609.9 km2 (2,166.0 sq mi)
Elevation
5 m (16 ft)
Highest elevation1,078 m (3,537 ft)
Population
 (2020) [1]
  Municipality13,866,009
  Density1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
   Urban
 (2020) [2]
10,932,000
   Metro
[3]
12,491,300
Demonym(s) Tianjinese
Tianjiner
Postal code
300000 – 301900
Area code(s) 22
ISO 3166 code CN-TJ
GDP (2020) CNY 1.408 trillion
USD 204 billion (31st) [4]
 - per capita CNY 101,570
USD 14,720 (25th)
 • growthIncrease2.svg 1.5%
HDI (2019)0.838 [5] (3rd) – very high
Vehicle registration 津A, B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M
津E (taxis)
AbbreviationTJ / ; jīn
  1. A number of alternative etymologies are sometimes given; see the names section.

Citations

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Works cited

  1. Miscellaneous series, Issues 7–11. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, 1912.
  2. Walravens, Hartmut. "German Influence on the Press in China". – In: Newspapers in International Librarianship: Papers Presented by the Newspaper Section at IFLA General Conferences. Walter de Gruyter, January 1, 2003. ISBN   3110962799, 9783110962796.
  3. Also available at (Archive) the website of the Queens Library – This version does not include the footnotes visible in the Walter de Gruyter version
  4. Also available in Walravens, Hartmut and Edmund King. Newspapers in international librarianship: papers presented by the newspapers section at IFLA General Conferences. K.G. Saur, 2003. ISBN   3598218370, 9783598218378.

Further reading

  • (fr) Mathieu Gotteland, Les forces de l'ordre japonaises à Tientsin, 1914–1940 : Un point de vue français, Éditions universitaires européennes, 2015.
  • O. D. Rasmussen (1925). Tientsin: An Illustrated Outline History. University of Michigan: Tientsin Press. OCLC   2594229.
  • Donati, Sabina (June 2016). "Italy's Informal Imperialism in Tianjin During the Liberal Epoch, 1902–1922". The Historical Journal. 59 (2): 447–468. doi:10.1017/S0018246X15000461. S2CID   163536150.
  • Maurizio Marinelli, Giovanni Andornino, Italy's Encounter with Modern China: Imperial dreams, strategic ambitions, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.
  • Maurizio Marinelli, "The Triumph of the Uncanny: Italians and Italian Architecture in Tianjin", In Cultural Studies Review, Vol. 19, 2, 2013, 70–98.
  • Maurizio Marinelli, "The Genesis of the Italian Concession in Tianjin: A Combination of Wishful Thinking and Realpolitik". Journal of Modern Italian Studies, 15 (4), 2010: 536–556.
Tianjin
Tianjin (Chinese characters).svg
"Tiānjīn" in Chinese characters