Guilin

Last updated

Guilin
桂林市 • Gveilinz Si
Kweilin
Guilinshi.png
Scenery of Guilin
Guangxi subdivisions - Guilin.svg
Location of Guilin City jurisdiction in Guangxi
China edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Guilin
Location in China
Coordinates(Guilin Central Square (桂林中心广场)): 25°16′30″N110°17′46″E / 25.275°N 110.296°E / 25.275; 110.296 Coordinates: 25°16′30″N110°17′46″E / 25.275°N 110.296°E / 25.275; 110.296
Country People's Republic of China
Autonomous region Guangxi
Area
   Prefecture-level city 27,797 km2 (10,732 sq mi)
  Urban
2,753 km2 (1,063 sq mi)
  Metro
5,041 km2 (1,946 sq mi)
Elevation
153 m (502 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [1]
   Prefecture-level city 4,931,137
  Density180/km2 (460/sq mi)
   Urban
1,725,865
  Urban density630/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
   Metro
2,148,641
  Metro density430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
541XXX
Area code 0773
ISO 3166 code CN-GX-03
License plate prefixes 桂C for Guilin's city proper, Yangshuo, and Lingui; all others 桂H
Website www.guilin.gov.cn

Scenic spots around Guilin include:

Cuisine

Guilin pickled tofu Doufuru.JPG
Guilin pickled tofu

Guilin cuisine is a mixture of Cantonese cuisine and Zhuang cuisine. It is known for its snacks and the use of spices, especially chili. Guilin chili sauce (桂林辣椒酱), used widely in cooking by locals, is made of fresh chili, garlic, and fermented soybeans, and is considered one of the city's Three Treasures (桂林三宝). The other two of the Three Treasures are Guilin Sanhua Jiu (桂林三花酒), a variety of rice baijiu , or liquor distilled from rice; and Guilin pickled tofu.

Guilin rice noodles Guilin mifan.jpg
Guilin rice noodles

Guilin rice noodles have been the local breakfast staple since the Qin dynasty and are renowned for their delicate taste. Legend has it that when Qin troops suffering from diarrhea entered this region, a cook created the Guilin rice noodles for the army because they had trouble eating the local food. Specifically, the local specialty is noodles with horse meat, but this dish can also be ordered without the horse meat. Zongzi , a dumpling made from glutinous rice and mung bean paste wrapped in a bamboo or banana leaf is another popular delicacy in Guilin.

Quotes

"I often sent pictures of the hills of Guilin which I painted to friends back home, but few believed what they saw."
- Fan Chengda (Chinese Song Dynasty scholar) [21]
"Guilin's scenery is best among all under heaven." (Chinese:桂林山水甲天下; pinyin:Guìlín shānshuǐ jiǎ tiānxià)
- popular Chinese saying [22]

International relations

Twin towns—Sister cities

Guilin is twinned with:

The Guilin relationship with the New Zealand city Hastings started in 1977, after a research scientist, Stuart Falconer, identified a number of common areas of interest between the two cities, including horticulture and their rural-urban mix. [28] In 1997 Guilin commenced an exchange relationship with Ōta, Gunma, Japan. [29]

Notable residents

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Liuzhou</span> Prefecture-level city in Guangxi, Peoples Republic of China

Liuzhou is a prefecture-level city in north-central Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China. The prefecture's population was 3,758,700 in 2010, including 1,436,599 in the built-up area made of 4 urban districts. Its total area is 18,777 km2 (7,250 sq mi) and 667 km2 (258 sq mi) for the built up area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wenshan Zhuang and Miao Autonomous Prefecture</span> Autonomous prefecture in Yunnan, Peoples Republic of China

Wenshan Zhuang and Miao Autonomous Prefecture is an autonomous prefecture in southeastern Yunnan Province, People's Republic of China and the easternmost prefecture-level division of the province. It borders Baise, Guangxi to the east, Vietnam's Hà Giang Province to the south for 438 kilometres (272 mi), Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture to the west and Qujing to the north.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Baise</span> Prefecture-level city in Guangxi, Peoples Republic of China

Baise, or Bose, is the westernmost prefecture-level city of Guangxi, China bordering Vietnam as well as the provinces of Guizhou and Yunnan. The city has a population of 4.3 million, of which 1.4 million live in the urban area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hezhou</span> Prefecture-level city in Guangxi, Peoples Republic of China

Hezhou (贺州) is a prefecture-level city in the northeast of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lingui District</span> District in Guangxi, Peoples Republic of China

Lingui District is the county seat and district administered by Guilin, Guangxi, China, and located midway between Guilin and Yangshuo. The district is mostly rural and hilly, marked by the same dramatic karst topography for which Guilin is famous. Tourist attractions include Snake World, Xiongsheng Tiger and Bear Village, and Crocodile Kingdom.

De'e is a town under the administration of Longlin Various Nationalities Autonomous County, Guangxi, China, located in the southwest of the county. As of 2018, it has 15 villages under its administration. It is inhabited by several ethnic minorities, including the Miao, Yi, Gelao, and Zhuang. Ethnic minorities account for 93.6 percent of the town's population.

Wangtang is a village in Chaotian Township, Lingchuan County, Guilin, Guangxi in the People's Republic of China, about 25 km southeast of Guilin. In 2009, the Guilin city government provided aid to the village, and described it as hilly, relatively high altitude, and prone to water shortages. The elementary school in Wangtang was lacking in funding, and more than 280 students were forced to use old, hard desks as a result.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Longsheng Various Nationalities Autonomous County</span> Autonomous county in Guangxi, Peoples Republic of China

Longsheng Various Nationalities (Gezu) Autonomous County is a county in the northeast of Guangxi, China, bordering Hunan Province to the north. It is under the administration of Guilin City. The county covers 2,538 km2 (980 sq mi), and as of 2019 it had a census registered population of 186,000. The county has six towns and four townships under its jurisdiction, the county seat is the town of Longsheng.

Tianyang District is a district in western Guangxi, China. It is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Baise.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bama Yao Autonomous County</span> County in Guangxi, Peoples Republic of China

Bama Yao Autonomous County is a county in Guangxi, China. It is under the administration of Hechi City. The residents of Bama County have a reputation for longevity, and Bama has been the focus of studies from geriatricians nationwide.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mienic languages</span> Language family of China and Southeast Asia

The Mienic or Yao languages are spoken by the Yao people of China, Vietnam, Laos, and Thailand.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Northern Tai languages</span> Tai language branch of China and Southeast Asia

The Northern Tai languages are an established branch of the Tai languages of Southeast Asia. They include the northern Zhuang languages and Bouyei of China, Tai Mène of Laos and Yoy of Thailand.

The People's Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region is a large, comprehensive provincial 3A hospital and medical center of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China, established in 1941. As a teaching hospital, it facilitates final year medical students from Guangxi Medical University, Guilin Medical University.

Pinggui District is one of two urban districts of the city of Hezhou, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. The district lies in the western part of the city proper of Hezhou, it was formed from one subdistrict, one township and 7 towns of Babu District on 8 June 2016. Pinggui District is bordered by Zhongshan and Zhaoping Counties to the west, Cangwu County to the south, Babu District to the east, Jianghua County of Hunan Province and Fuchuan County to the north. It covers 2,022 km2 (781 sq mi) with population of 415,000. Its seat is Xiwan Subdistrict (西湾街道).

Wuming Mandarin or Wuming Guanhua, known locally as Wuminghua, is a dialect of Southwestern Mandarin spoken in urban Wuming District, specifically in the towns of Chengxiang and Fucheng. It is a variety that has been influenced substantially by Zhuang, which is the majority language of the district.

Li Xinyuan is a former Chinese politician who served as mayor and party secretary of Guigang in Guangxi. He was investigated by China's top anti-graft agency in March 2021. He was a representative of the 19th National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party.

Liu Jun is a former Chinese politician who spent most of his career in southwest China's Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. He was investigated by China's top anti-graft agency in February 2018. Previously he served as vice chairman of the Guangxi Regional Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and before that, chairman of the Standing Committee of Guilin Municipal People's Congress and party secretary of Guilin.

Zhao Fulin is a Chinese politician who served as party secretary of Guangxi from 1990 to 1997 and chairman of Guangxi People's Congress from 1995 to 2002.

References

  1. "China: Guăngxī (Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
  2. Foster, Simon (2012). Frommer's China . John Wiley & Sons. pp.  612. ISBN   9781118223529.
  3. “桂林山水甲天下”之英译. China Daily (in Chinese (China)). Retrieved 11 June 2019.
  4. 1 2 3 4 桂林概况. people.com.cn (in Chinese (China)). Archived from the original on 29 October 2018. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  5. "Cruise Through The Beautiful Scenery Of The Li River In Guilin". Discover China. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  6. 1 2 "Guilin (China) Encyclopædia Britannica". Encyclopædia Britannica (Online). Retrieved 11 July 2013.
  7. "Guilin never ceases to amaze" . Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  8. "History of Guilin". Archived from the original on 9 May 2012. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
  9. "Guilin History" . Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  10. "初心50城|广西桂林:"抗战文化城"的新文旅之路". thepaper.cn. 23 April 2021. Retrieved 7 December 2021.
  11. "Beijing Hotels 【 #1 Ranked Hotel in Beijing 】 - Nehow.com". Nehow.com. Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  12. "Guilin History" . Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  13. 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese (China)). China Meteorological Administration . Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  14. 中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集(1971-2000年). China Meteorological Administration. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 25 May 2010.
  15. 广西壮族自治区统计局、广西壮族自治区人口普查办公室. 《广西壮族自治区2010年人口普查资料》. 中国统计出版社. 2012年7月. ISBN 978-7-5037-6549-0.
  16. "桂林市志 方言志". 广西壮族自治区地方志编纂委员会办公室.
  17. "Guilin Economy; china Window" . Retrieved 11 July 2013.
  18. "High-speed Trains Available in Guilin" ChinaTour.Net Accessed 2014-12-29
  19. "G314 timetable" Archived 13 February 2019 at the Wayback Machine Accessed 2019-02-12
  20. "Guilin Tours - Best Tour Packages For Guilin, China in 2019". Discover China. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  21. "Guilin Tours, Guilin Tour Packages, China Travel Agency". Archived from the original on 29 July 2019. Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  22. "Learn Chinese, Study Chinese, Language, Study in China, Travel in China, Guilin". Archived from the original on 29 December 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  23. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2014.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  24. "Kumamoto International Foundation". Archived from the original on 13 April 2016. Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  25. "Miasta bliźniacze Torunia" [Toruń's twin towns]. Urząd Miasta Torunia [City of Toruń Council] (in Polish). Retrieved 22 August 2013.
  26. "City of Orlando International Affairs". Archived from the original on 12 April 2013. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
  27. "Tlaxcoapan se hermana con Guilin, China" . Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  28. "Hastings-Guilin Sister City relationship". Archived from the original on 23 March 2010. Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  29. 中華人民共和国広西壮族自治区桂林市 [Guilin, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China] (in Japanese). Retrieved 20 June 2016.

Further reading

Guilin
Guilin (Chinese characters).svg
"Guìlín" in Chinese characters