Langfang

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Langfang

廊坊市
Ming Tang Wen Quan .jpg
Lang Fang Jing Ke Long An imitation of Western Style - panoramio.jpg
Beijing New Airport.jpg
Wan Da Guang Chang Ye Jing Nightview of Wanda Plaza - panoramio.jpg
Bei Jing Cheng Shi Xue Yuan -Dong Fang Da Xue Cheng Xiao Qu .Xue Sheng Gong Yu  - panoramio.jpg
Clockwise from the top: Mingtang Hot Spring Resort, Jingkelong, Beijing Daxing International Airport, Oriental University City, Downtown Langfang at night
Langfang
Location of Langfang Prefecture within Hebei (China).png
Location of Langfang City jurisdiction in Hebei
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Langfang
Location of the city centre in Hebei
China Northern Plain relief location map.png
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Langfang
Langfang (North China Plain)
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Langfang
Langfang (China)
Coordinates(Langfang municipal government): 39°32′18″N116°41′01″E / 39.5383°N 116.6835°E / 39.5383; 116.6835 Coordinates: 39°32′18″N116°41′01″E / 39.5383°N 116.6835°E / 39.5383; 116.6835
Country People's Republic of China
Province Hebei
Settled1948
EstablishedSeptember 13, 1988
Municipal seat Guangyang District
Area
   Prefecture-level city 6,417.28 km2 (2,477.73 sq mi)
  Urban
[1]
292.00 km2 (112.74 sq mi)
   Districts [1] 960.0 km2 (370.7 sq mi)
Population
   Prefecture-level city 4,358,839
  Density680/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
   Urban
[1]
572,000
  Urban density2,000/km2 (5,100/sq mi)
  Districts [1]
1,058,000
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
ISO 3166 code CN-HE-10
License Plate Prefix冀R
Website lf.gov.cn
Langfang
Simplified Chinese 廊坊
Literal meaning"assistant minister's dwelling"

Langfang (Chinese :廊坊), is a prefecture-level city of Hebei Province, which was known as Tianjin Prefecture until 1973. It was renamed Langfang Prefecture after Tianjin became a municipality and finally upgraded into a prefecture-level city in 1988. Langfang is located approximately midway between Beijing and Tianjin. At the 2010 census, the population of Langfang was 4,358,839, of whom 868,066 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made of Guangyang and Anci districts; [2] its total area is around 6,417.28 km2 (2,477.73 sq mi). Langfang borders Baoding to the southwest, Cangzhou to the south (both prefecture-level cities of Hebei), Beijing to the north and Tianjin to the east. Sanhe City and Dachang Hui County are now conurbated with Beijing, so that they form part of the same built-up area. Langfang is the smallest prefecture-level city of Hebei Province by land area.

Contents

Administrative divisions

Langfang consists of 2 county-level districts, 2 county-level cities, 5 counties, 1 autonomous county, and one economic development zone (开发区).

Map
Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2004 est.)
Area (km²)Density (/km²)
Anci District 安次区Āncì Qū350,000595588
Guangyang District 广阳区Guǎngyáng Qū410,0003131,310
Bazhou City 霸州市Bàzhōu Shì570,000784727
Sanhe City 三河市Sānhé Shì480,000643747
Gu'an County 固安县Gù'ān Xiàn390,000697560
Yongqing County 永清县Yǒngqīng Xiàn370,000774478
Xianghe County 香河县Xiānghé Xiàn310,000458677
Dacheng County 大城县Dàchéng Xiàn460,000910505
Wen'an County 文安县Wén'ān Xiàn460,000980769
Dachang Hui
Autonomous County
大厂回族自治县Dàchǎng Huízú
Zìzhìxiàn
110,000176625

Development district:

Geography

Considering Langfang's position between these two prominent cities, it is a relatively green city. Every 300 to 500 m (980 to 1,640 ft) along the city's major streets are parks where local people stroll and take exercise. Langfang's five-kilometer long pedestrian street is now the longest in China.[ citation needed ] On the other hand, air pollution is a severe problem and in 2013 it was ranked among the 10 worst cities in China for air pollution, along with 6 other cities in Hebei including Xingtai, Shijiazhuang, Baoding, Handan, Hengshui and Tangshan, are among China's 10 most polluted cities. [3]

The "Northern Three Counties" Exclave

The "Northern Three Counties of Langfang" exclave, separated from the rest of the province, is a part of Langfang City. The exclave comprises Sanhe City, Xianghe County, and Dachang Hui Autonomous County and is located between the municipalities of Beijing and Tianjin.

Climate

Climate data for Langfang (19812010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)1.8
(35.2)
5.7
(42.3)
12.5
(54.5)
21.0
(69.8)
26.9
(80.4)
30.9
(87.6)
31.6
(88.9)
30.4
(86.7)
26.6
(79.9)
19.8
(67.6)
10.2
(50.4)
3.6
(38.5)
18.4
(65.2)
Daily mean °C (°F)−4.1
(24.6)
−0.5
(31.1)
6.0
(42.8)
14.3
(57.7)
20.3
(68.5)
24.6
(76.3)
26.5
(79.7)
25.2
(77.4)
20.2
(68.4)
13.2
(55.8)
4.3
(39.7)
−1.9
(28.6)
12.3
(54.2)
Average low °C (°F)−8.8
(16.2)
−5.5
(22.1)
0.5
(32.9)
8.1
(46.6)
13.9
(57.0)
18.9
(66.0)
22.1
(71.8)
21.0
(69.8)
15.1
(59.2)
7.8
(46.0)
−0.5
(31.1)
−6.3
(20.7)
7.2
(44.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches)3.3
(0.13)
4.4
(0.17)
9.2
(0.36)
22.4
(0.88)
32.4
(1.28)
69.9
(2.75)
146.1
(5.75)
139.3
(5.48)
47.6
(1.87)
25.4
(1.00)
11.1
(0.44)
2.5
(0.10)
513.6
(20.21)
Average relative humidity (%)51494849566376797264605560
Source: China Meteorological Administration [4]

History

On June 26, 1900, during the Boxer Movement, belligerent European forces heading towards Beijing were stopped by Boxers at the Battle of Langfang, and were defeated and forced to turn back to Tianjin. The Chinese forces were victorious. [5]

It was the site of another battle during the Second Sino-Japanese War.

Economy

Langfang's economy emphasizes computers and technology and manufacturing. To that effect Langfang is home to an Export Processing Zone, an area for factories, and the Oriental University City, a 4-billion yuan investment that began construction in 1999, where some 30 universities enroll about 50,000 students.

There are two national oil and gas companies based in Langfang. The China Petroleum Pipeline Bureau, the primary builder of pipelines in China, and the ENN Group, a natural gas company, are both based in the city. [6]

Development Zone

The Langfang Export Processing Zone (Langfang EPZ) was established by the State Council in 2005. It has a planned area of 0.5 km2 and commenced operation in October 2008. It is the only state-level development zone in Langfang. Langfang EPZ is located in the Langfang Economic and Technical Development Zone (Langfang ETDZ), which is a province-level development zone. It is 38 km (24 mi) from Beijing's third ring-road, and 50 km (31 mi) from down-town Tianjin. It is 60 km (37 mi) from Beijing Capital International Airport, and 70 km (43 mi) from Tianjin Binhai International Airport, airports which are China's first and twelfth largest airports in terms of cargo transport, respectively. The nation's fourth largest seaport, Tianjin Port, is 105 km (65 mi) from Langfang EPZ. [7]

Transport

Langfang Railway Station Langfang Railway Station.jpg
Langfang Railway Station

Langfang contains part of the Beijing Daxing International Airport ( IATA : PKX, ICAO : ZBAD), opened in September 2019. It is also only a one-hour drive from Beijing Capital International Airport ( IATA : PEK, ICAO : ZBAA) and the Tianjin New Port. The Langfang North railway station serves the older Beijing–Shanghai railway, while the newer Langfang railway station opened in July 2011 as the penultimate stop on the Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway. [8]

Related Research Articles

Tianjin City and province-level municipality of China

Tianjin, alternately romanized as Tientsin, is a municipality and a coastal metropolis in Northern China on the shore of the Bohai Sea. It is one of the nine national central cities in Mainland China, with a total population estimated at 15,621,200 in 2016. Its built-up area, made up of 12 central districts, was home to 12,491,300 inhabitants in 2016 and is also the world's 29th-largest agglomeration and 11th-most populous city proper.

Hebei Province of China

Hebei is a coastal province of the People's Republic of China, and is part of the North China region. The modern province was established in 1911 as Chihli Province. Its capital and largest city is Shijiazhuang. Its one-character abbreviation is "冀" (), named after Ji Province, a Han dynasty province (zhou) that included what is now southern Hebei. The name Hebei literally means "north of the river", referring to its location entirely to the north of the Yellow River.

Shijiazhuang Prefecture-level city in Hebei, Peoples Republic of China

Shijiazhuang formerly known as Shimen and romanized as Shihkiachwang, is the capital and largest city of North China's Hebei Province. Administratively a prefecture-level city, it is about 266 kilometres (165 mi) southwest of Beijing, and it administers eight districts, two county-level cities, and 12 counties.

Tangshan Prefecture-level city in Hebei, Peoples Republic of China

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Baoding Prefecture-level city in Hebei, Peoples Republic of China

Baoding, formerly known as Baozhou and Qingyuan, is a prefecture-level city in central Hebei province, approximately 150 kilometres (93 mi) southwest of Beijing. At the 2010 census, Baoding City had 11,194,372 inhabitants out of which 2,176,857 lived in the built-up area made of 3 urban districts and Qingyuan and Mancheng counties largely being conurbated, on 1,840 km2 (710 sq mi). Baoding is among 13 Chinese cities with a population of over 10 million, ranking seventh.

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Cangzhou Prefecture-level city in Hebei, Peoples Republic of China

Cangzhou is a prefecture-level city in eastern Hebei province, People's Republic of China. At the 2010 census, Cangzhou's built-up area made of Yunhe, Xinhua districts and Cang County largely being conurbated had a population of 1,205,814 inhabitants, while the prefecture-level administrative unit in total has a population of 7,134,062. It lies approximately 90 kilometres (56 mi) from the major port city of Tianjin, and 180 km (110 mi) from Beijing.

Tongzhou District, Beijing District in Beijing, Peoples Republic of China

Tongzhou District is a district of Beijing. It is located in southeast Beijing and considered the eastern gateway to the nation's capital. Downtown Tongzhou itself lies around 20 km (12 mi) east of central Beijing, at the northern end of the Grand Canal and at the easternmost end of Chang'an Avenue. The entire district covers an area of 906 km2 (350 sq mi), or 6% of Beijing's total area. It had a population of 673,952 at the 2000 Census, and has seen significant growth and development since then, growing to a population of 1,184,000 at the 2010 Census. The district is subdivided into four subdistricts, ten towns, and one ethnic township.

Sanhe, Hebei County-level city in Hebei, Peoples Republic of China

Sanhe is a county-level city administered by Langfang prefecture in eastern Hebei province, People's Republic of China. Sanhe city, Dachang Hui Autonomous County, and Xianghe County form the "Northern Three Counties of Langfang", an exclave of Hebei province surrounded by the Beijing and Tianjin municipalities.

Oriental University City, founded in 2000, is located in the Langfang Development Zone in Langfang City, Hebei, China. The campus covers a land area of 3.31 million sq. meters and houses 14 leading universities and colleges with a population of over 36,000 students. Notable education institutions include Peking University Founder Technology College, Beijing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine Oriental Institute, and Beijing City College.

Zhuozhou County-level city in Hebei, Peoples Republic of China

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The Bohai Economic Rim (BER) or Bohai Bay Economic Rim (BBER) is the economic region surrounding Tianjin (Tientsin). It also includes areas in Hebei, Liaoning and Shandong surrounding the Bohai Sea. This region has undergone major economic and infrastructural changes and is an emerging economic powerhouse of North China, rivaling both the Pearl River Delta in southern China and the Yangtze River Delta in eastern China.

Langfang North railway station

Langfang North railway station, formerly known as Langfang railway station before June 1, 2011, is a railway station situated between Beijing and Tianjin, in Langfang, Hebei. It is served by the conventional Beijing–Shanghai railway and is situated adjacent to Langfang railway station, which is served by high-speed trains. An underground passage links the two.

Xianghe County County in Hebei, Peoples Republic of China

Xianghe County is a county of central Hebei province. It is under the administration of Langfang prefecture-level city. Xianghe has 7 towns and 2 townships. It is 45 kilometres (28 mi) southeast of Beijing.

Dachang Hui Autonomous County Autonomous county in Hebei, Peoples Republic of China

Dachang Hui Autonomous County is a Hui autonomous county of Hebei province. It is under the administration of Langfang prefecture-level city, and was established in 1955. The Hui Muslim county of Dachang was subjected to slaughter by the Japanese in the Second Sino-Japanese War.

Langfang railway station

The Langfang railway station is a high-speed railway station in Langfang, Hebei, situated between Beijing and Tianjin. It is served by the Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway.

The Beijing–Shanhaiguan railway, named the Jingshan Railway or the Jingyu Railway, is a branch railway that runs from the capital city of Beijing to the Shanhaiguan District of Qinhuangdao via Tianjin. It contains a total of 22 stations.

Yanjiao Town in Hebei, Peoples Republic of China

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Jing-Jin-Ji Megalopolis in Hebei, Peoples Republic of China

The Jingjinji Metropolitan Region or Jing-Jin-Ji (JJJ), also known as Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BJ-TJ-HB) and as the Capital Economic Zone, is the National Capital Region of the People's Republic of China. It is the biggest urbanized megalopolis region in North China. It includes an economic region surrounding the municipalities of Beijing and Tianjin, along the coast of the Bohai Sea. This emerging region is rising as a northern metropolitan region rivaling the Pearl River Delta in the south and the Yangtze River Delta in the east. In 2016 Jingjinji had a total population of 112 million people and was as populated as Guangdong, the most populous province of China.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, ed. (2019). China Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook 2017. Beijing: China Statistics Press. p. 46. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  2. http://www.citypopulation.de/php/china-hebei-admin.php
  3. Bildner, Eli (February 27, 2013). "Interactive Maps of China's Most–and Least–Polluted Places". Global Voices China. http://newsmotion.org. Archived from the original on 3 September 2014. Retrieved 1 September 2014.
  4. 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data. China Meteorological Administration . Retrieved 2018-11-09.
  5. Paul A. Cohen (1997). History in three keys: the boxers as event, experience, and myth . Columbia University Press. p.  49. ISBN   0-231-10651-3 . Retrieved 2010-06-28. dong fuxiang major victory seymour tianjin.
  6. "China National Wins Reliance Gas Pipeline Contract in India". Bloomberg. July 8, 2014.
  7. RightSite.asia | Langfang Export Processing Zone
  8. "Archived copy" 京沪高铁公布23个站名 6月1日起正式启用. 2011-05-26. Archived from the original on 2011-08-08. Retrieved 2012-04-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)