Shuangyashan

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Shuangyashan

双鸭山市
Shuangyashan feb nyar parad.jpg
New Year's Parade in February 2002
Location of Shuangyashan Prefecture within Heilongjiang (China).png
Location of Shuangyashan City (yellow) in Heilongjiang (light grey) and China
China Heilongjiang location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Shuangyashan
Location of the city centre in Heilongjiang
Coordinates(Shuangyashan municipal government): 46°40′34″N131°08′30″E / 46.6762°N 131.1416°E / 46.6762; 131.1416 Coordinates: 46°40′34″N131°08′30″E / 46.6762°N 131.1416°E / 46.6762; 131.1416
Country People's Republic of China
Province Heilongjiang
County-level divisions 8
Municipal seat Jianshan District
Government
  Type Prefecture-level city
   CPC Shuangyashan SecretaryLi Xiangang (李显刚)
  MayorWu Fengcheng (武凤呈)
Area
  Total26,483 km2 (10,225 sq mi)
Population
 (2010) [1]
  Total1,462,626
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
155000
Area code(s) 0469
ISO 3166 code CN-HL-05
Licence plates 黑J
Climate Dwb
Shuangyashan
SYS.svg
"Shuangyashan", as written in Chinese
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 双鸭山
Traditional Chinese 雙鴨山
Literal meaningdouble duck mountain
Manchu name
Manchu script ᡧᡠᠸᠠᠩ ᠶᠠ ᡧᠠᠨ ᡥᠣᡨᠣᠨ
Romanization Juru'niyehe'alin hoton
Russian name
Russian Шуанъяшань

Shuangyashan (Chinese :双鸭山; pinyin :Shuāngyāshān) is a coal mining prefecture-level city located in the eastern part Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China, bordering Russia's Khabarovsk and Primorsky krais to the east. The city's name means a pair-of-ducks mountains and refers to two peaks northeast of the city. [2] In 2007 it had a GDP of RMB 20.6 billion with a 14.2% growth rate.

Contents

Administrative divisions

#Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2003 est.)Area (km²)Density (/km²)
1 Jianshan District 尖山区Jiānshān Qū210,0001181,780
2 Lingdong District 岭东区Lǐngdōng Qū90,00090899
3 Sifangtai District 四方台区Sìfāngtái Qū70,000169414
4 Baoshan District 宝山区Bǎoshān Qū130,000572227
5 Jixian County 集贤县Jíxián Xiàn310,0002,860108
6 Youyi County 友谊县Yǒuyì Xiàn120,0001,80067
7 Baoqing County 宝清县Bǎoqīng Xiàn420,00013,44331
8 Raohe County 饶河县Ráohé Xiàn140,0006,61321

History

Shuangyashan was given its name in AD 1384 during the Ming Dynasty. However, few people lived in the area before coal was discovered there in 1914. In 1928 a major coal mining operation was established on the site and in 1946 the area was first designated a county. Shuangyashan was established as a special mining district in 1954 and officially designated a city by the CPC Central Committee and State Council in 1956.

Geography and climate

Resources

Shuangyashan is rich in coal, magnetite and marble. The proven coal reserves in the city total 11 billion tons, ranking first out of 13 prefecture and prefecture-level cities in the province. The magnetite reserves in Shuangyashan exceed 120 million tons, ranking first in Heilongjiang Province.

Climate

The city has a cold temperate monsoon climate, with long, cold, windy winters. The annual mean temperature in the city is 4.46 °C (40.0 °F).

Climate data for Shuangyashan (1981–2010 normals)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)−11.9
(10.6)
−6.7
(19.9)
1.3
(34.3)
12.5
(54.5)
20.1
(68.2)
25.1
(77.2)
27.3
(81.1)
25.9
(78.6)
20.5
(68.9)
11.6
(52.9)
−0.7
(30.7)
−9.8
(14.4)
9.6
(49.3)
Daily mean °C (°F)−16.6
(2.1)
−11.9
(10.6)
−3.7
(25.3)
6.9
(44.4)
14.2
(57.6)
19.6
(67.3)
22.4
(72.3)
21.0
(69.8)
14.8
(58.6)
6.2
(43.2)
−5.2
(22.6)
−14.2
(6.4)
4.5
(40.0)
Average low °C (°F)−20.2
(−4.4)
−16.4
(2.5)
−8.5
(16.7)
1.4
(34.5)
8.3
(46.9)
14.1
(57.4)
17.7
(63.9)
16.6
(61.9)
9.8
(49.6)
1.5
(34.7)
−9.0
(15.8)
−17.6
(0.3)
−0.2
(31.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches)7.3
(0.29)
6.7
(0.26)
15.9
(0.63)
27.2
(1.07)
48.1
(1.89)
83.8
(3.30)
122.1
(4.81)
130.2
(5.13)
55.8
(2.20)
32.8
(1.29)
10.7
(0.42)
10.9
(0.43)
551.5
(21.72)
Average relative humidity (%)67605350546774776856566562
Source: China Meteorological Administration [3]

Economy

Shuangyashan is a major center for coal mining. The city also produces steel, lumber, chemicals, building materials, textiles, electric machinery, and food products. In 2010, Shuangyashan's GDP reached RMB 37.67 billion, featuring a growth of 25% from a year ago. [4] The production output of steel and coal ranked the first and the second in Heilongjiang province. The region has attracted investments from large domestic companies such as Shandong Luneng Group and Jianlong Group. Tourism, retailing and wholesaling are also the pillars of the city's service sector. [5]

More recently, the city has been feeling the effects of the coal downturn, with mining demand collapsing amidst a slowdown in China's economic growth. [6]

Transportation

Shuangyashan is the end of the Harbin to Shuangyashan railway spur link. 15 hours from Harbin by train, and 90 minutes from the closest prefecture-level city, Jiamusi. A modern freeway connects the town to Jiamusi over a distance of 57 km (35 mi). There is a modern coach service as well which does this trip in approximately 45 minutes. The city is 80 km (50 mi) from Jiamusi Airport, which operates regular flights to Beijing, Dalian, Shanghai, Qingdao, Guangzhou, Sanya and Khabarovsk.

Sight-seeing

A small house in the countryside a few kilometres outside of Shuangyashan Shuangyashan maj lampa.jpg
A small house in the countryside a few kilometres outside of Shuangyashan

Shuangyashan is surrounded by small mountains, and a large park based around one of these mountains forms a major feature of the outdoor life of the town. During the winter, this pine and elm-covered mountain forms an area for recreational activities.

Related Research Articles

Heilongjiang Province of China

Heilongjiang is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the northeast of the country. The province is bordered by Jilin to the south and Inner Mongolia to the west. It also shares a border with Russia to the north and east. The capital and the largest city of the province is Harbin. Among Chinese provincial-level administrative divisions, Heilongjiang is the sixth-largest by total area and the 15th-most populous.

Shangzhi County-level city in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Shangzhi is a county-level city under the jurisdiction of Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China. It is 127 kilometres (79 mi) away from central Harbin and has an area of approximately 9,000 km2 (3,500 sq mi). The city proper has a population of around 120,000, while the total administrative population is approximately 600,000 inhabitants. The most spacious county-level division of Harbin City, it borders Yanshou County to the north, Wuchang to the southwest, Acheng District to the northwest, and Bin County to the northwest, as well as the prefecture-level city of Mudanjiang to the southeast.

Jiamusi Prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Jiamusi is a prefecture-level city in eastern Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China. Located along the middle and lower reaches of the Songhua River, it faces Russia's Khabarovsk Krai across the Ussuri River and the Heilongjiang. In 2018, Jiamusi had a GDP of RMB 101.2 billion with a 4.3% growth rate. Jiamusi had a total population of 2.333 million at the 2018 census, of which 1.24 million lived in the urban area and 1.09 million lived in the rural area.

Hegang Prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

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Mudanjiang Prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Mudanjiang, alternately romanized as Mutankiang, is a prefecture-level city in the southeast part of Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China. It was called Botankou under Japanese occupation. It serves as a regional transport hub with a railway junction and an international airport connecting with several major Chinese cities as well as Incheon International Airport serving Seoul. Mudanjiang is located 248 km (154 mi) from Vladivostok, Russia. In 2011 Mudanjiang had a GDP of RMB 93.48 billion with a 15.1% growth rate. In 2015 Mudanjiang had a GDP of RMB 118.63 billion.

Yichun, Heilongjiang Prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

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Jixi Prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

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Suihua Prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

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Qitaihe Prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

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Acheng District District in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Acheng District, formerly Acheng City, is one of nine districts of the prefecture-level city of Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang Province, Northeast China, covering part of the southeastern suburbs. The district was approved to establish from the former Acheng City (阿城市) by the Chinese State Council on August 15, 2006. As of 2010, it had a population of 596,856 residing in an area of 2,680 square kilometres (1,030 sq mi), and is 29 km (18 mi) southeast of downtown Harbin, 190 km (120 mi) north of Jilin City, and around 50 km (31 mi) south of the Songhua River. It lies within the basin of and until 1909 was considered synonymous with the Ashi River which gave its name to the Jurchen Jin Dynasty. The district administers nine subdistricts, eight towns, one township, and one ethnic township. It borders Daowai District to the north, Bin County to the northeast, Shangzhi to the southeast, and Wuchang to the south, Shuangcheng District to the west, and Pingfang and Xiangfang Districts to the northwest.

Shuangcheng District District in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Shuangcheng District is one of nine districts of the prefecture-level city of Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang Province, Northeast China, covering part of the southwestern suburbs. The district was approved to establish from the former Shuangcheng City (双城市) by the Chinese State Council on May 2, 2014. It sits approximately 42 kilometres (26 mi) south-southwest of downtown Harbin. Formerly a county-level city until 15 May 2014. The westernmost county-level division of Harbin City, it borders Daoli District to the north, Nangang and Pingfang Districts to the northeast, Acheng District to the east, and Wuchang to the southeast, as well as the Jilin prefecture-level divisions of Changchun to the south and Songyuan to the southwest.

Daoli District District in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

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Yilan County, Heilongjiang County in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Yilan County is a county of Heilongjiang Province, Northeast China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang. It is more than 240 kilometres (150 mi) to the east-northeast of central Harbin. Its county seat, which is also called Yilan, is located near the confluence of the Mudan River with the Sungari. The easternmost county-level division of Harbin City, it borders Fangzheng County to the southwest, Tonghe County to the west, as well as the prefecture-level cities of Yichun to the north, Jiamusi to the northeast, Qitaihe to the southeast, and Mudanjiang to the south.

Hulan District District in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

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Fangzheng County County in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Fangzheng County is a county of Heilongjiang Province, Northeast China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang. It borders Tonghe County to the north, Yilan County to the northeast, Yanshou County to the south, Bin County to the west, and Mulan County to the northwest, as well as the prefecture-level city of Mudanjiang to the northwest.

Bayan County County in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Bayan County is a county of Heilongjiang Province, Northeast China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang. It borders Mulan County to the east, Bin County to the south, Hulan District to the west, as well as the prefecture-level city of Suihua to the north.

Mulan County County in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Mulan County is a county of Heilongjiang Province, Northeast China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang. It borders Tonghe County to the east, Fangzheng County to the southeast, Bin County to the south, and Bayan County to the west, as well as the prefecture-level city of Suihua to the north. The county is not related to Chinese figure Hua Mulan.

Yanshou County County in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Yanshou County is a county of Heilongjiang Province, Northeast China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang. It borders Fangzheng County to the north, Shangzhi to the south, and Bin County to the northwest.

Tonghe County County in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Tonghe County is under the administration of Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China, located on the northern (left) bank of the Songhua River. It is 161 kilometres (100 mi) to the east of central Harbin, bordering Yilan County to the east, Fangzheng County to the south, Mulan County to the west, as well as the prefecture-level city of Yichun to the north.

Jiansanjiang Place in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Jiansanjiang is an administrative area of 230,000 in eastern Heilongjiang province, China. It was established as a nongken farm.

References

  1. 2010年黑龙江省第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报. Heilongjiang Bureau of Statistics (黑龙江省统计局). Archived from the original on 15 August 2013. Retrieved 11 May 2011.
  2. 双鸭山城市介绍. jiaodong.net. 2008-09-15.
  3. 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration . Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  4. 2010年双鸭山市国民经济和社会发展统计公报. Heilongjiang Bureau of Statistics.
  5. Profiles of China Provinces, Cities and Industrial Parks
  6. Children of Coal: Life After the Collapse