Phnom Penh

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Phnom Penh
ភ្នំពេញ
  • Phnom Penh Capital
  • រាជធានីភ្នំពេញ
Phnom Penh Independence Monument.jpg
Phnom Penh View.jpg
Phnom Penh Skyline 2023.jpg
2016 Phnom Penh, Muzeum Narodowe Kambodzy (15).jpg
Boeng Keng Kang skyline.jpg
Wat Phnom.jpg
Phnom Penh 2023.jpg
From top, left to right: Independence Monument, Phnom Penh skyline, Skyscrapers in Khan Chamkar Mon district, National Museum of Cambodia, Khan Boeng Keng Kang district, Wat Phnom, View of Phnom Penh from the Mekong river
Nicknames: 
  • Pearl of Asia (pre-1960s)
  • The Charming City
Phnom Penh
Map
Cambodia adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Phnom Penh
Location within Cambodia
Asia laea location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Phnom Penh
Location within Asia
Coordinates: 11°34′10″N104°55′16″E / 11.56944°N 104.92111°E / 11.56944; 104.92111
Country Flag of Cambodia.svg  Cambodia
Settled5th century [2]
Founded1372
Capital status 1434–1497
Capital re-established1865
Named for Wat Phnom and Lady Penh
Subdivisions14 khans [3]
Government
  Type Municipal council
   Governor Khuong Sreng (CPP)
   National Assembly
12 / 125
Area
  Total679 km2 (262 sq mi)
  Rank 24th
Elevation
11.89 m (39.01 ft)
Population
 (2019 census) [4]
  TotalIncrease2.svg 2,281,951
  Rank1st
  Density3,361/km2 (8,700/sq mi)
   Rank1st
Demonyms
  • Phnom Penher
  • (French: Phnom Penhois(e))
Time zone UTC+07:00 (ICT)
Area code +855 (023)
HDI (2019)
  • 0.731 [5]
  • high · 1st
Website phnompenh.gov.kh
   Buddhism (97.8%)
   Islam (1.6%)
   Christianity (0.5%)
  Animism and Other religions (0.1%)

The state religion is Theravada Buddhism. More than 97.8% of the people in Phnom Penh are Buddhists. Chams have been practicing Islam for hundreds of years. A small percentage follow Christianity.

Politics

The National Assembly building of Cambodia Cambodian National Assembly 2016-7.jpg
The National Assembly building of Cambodia
Supreme Court Building 2016 Phnom Penh, Budynek sadu (04).jpg
Supreme Court Building

Phnom Penh is allocated 12 seats in the National Assembly, making it the largest constituency.

Members of Parliament

Phnom Penh
Khmer name
Khmer ភ្នំពេញ
UNGEGN: Phnum Pénh
GD: Phnum Penh
ALA-LC: Bhnaṃ Beñ
IPA: [pʰnomˈpɨɲ]
NamePolitical party
1 Pa Socheatvong Cambodian People's Party
2Ith Sam Heng Cambodian People's Party
3Mam Bunheng Cambodian People's Party
4 Ing Kuntha Phavi Cambodian People's Party
5 Kep Chuktema Cambodian People's Party
6Hou Sry Cambodian People's Party
7Krouch Sam An Cambodian People's Party
8Lauk Kheng Cambodian People's Party
9Ousman Hasan Cambodian People's Party
10Cheap Sivon Cambodian People's Party
11Pich Kimsreang Cambodian People's Party
12Ly Chheng Cambodian People's Party

Economy

The Central Post Office Building Central.Post.Office.Poste.Phnom.Penh.1.Cambodge.jpg
The Central Post Office Building
The Hong Kong Center, headquarters of oil producer TotalEnergies in Cambodia Hong.Kong.Center.Total.Cambodge.1.jpg
The Hong Kong Center, headquarters of oil producer TotalEnergies in Cambodia

Phnom Penh is Cambodia's economic centre as it accounts for a large portion of the Cambodian economy. Double-digit economic growth rates in recent years have triggered an economic boom in Phnom Penh, with new hotels, restaurants, schools, bars, high rises and residential buildings springing up in the city.

The economy is based on commercial interests such as garments, trading, and small and medium enterprises. In the past few years the property business has been booming, with rapidly increasing real estate prices. Tourism is also a major contributor in the capital as more shopping and commercial centres open, making Phnom Penh one of the major tourist destinations in South East Asia along with Siem Reap and Sihanoukville. According to the World Travel and Tourism Council, tourism made up 19.2 percent (US$2,053 million) of Cambodia's GDP in 2009 and accounts for 13.7 percent of total employment. [35] One of the most popular areas in Phnom Penh for tourists is Sisowath Quay, alongside the Tonle Sap River. Sisowath Quay is a five kilometre strip of road that includes restaurants, bars, and hotels. [36]

The US$2.6 billion new urban development, Camko City, is meant to bolster the city landscape. The Bureau of Urban Affairs of Phnom Penh Municipality has plans to expand and construct new infrastructure to accommodate the growing population and economy. High rise buildings will be constructed at the entrance of the city and near the lakes and riverbanks. Furthermore, new roads, canals, and a railway system will be used to connect Camko City and Phnom Penh. [37]


Other projects include:

With booming economic growth seen since the 1990s, new shopping venues have opened, such as Sorya Center Point, Aeon Mall Phnom Penh, Aeon Mall Sen Sok City, Aeon Mall Mean Chey and Olympia Mall. Many international brands have opened such as Mango, Salvatore Ferragamo, Hugo Boss, Padini Concept Store, Lily, Timberland, Jimmy Choo, CC Double O, MO, Brands Outlet, Nike, Converse, Pony, Armani Exchange, and Super Dry.

The tallest skyscraper in Phnom Penh is Vattanac Capital Tower at a height of 188 metres (617 ft), dominating Phnom Penh's skyline with its neighbour skyscraper Canadia Tower (OCIC Tower). [38] The tower was completed in December 2014. Modern high rises have been constructed all around the city, not concentrated in any one particular area.

The Central Market Phsar Thmei is a tourist attraction. The four wings of the yellow colored market are teeming with numerous stalls selling gold and silver jewelry, antique coins, clothing, clocks, flowers, food, fabrics and shoes. Phsar Thmei is undergoing under a major renovation, along with the creation of newer stalls.

Education

Universities and colleges

Buddhist Institute Buddhist Institute - Phnom Penh - Cambodia.jpg
Buddhist Institute
Royal University of Phnom Penh Campus II Royal University of Phnom Penh Campus 2.JPG
Royal University of Phnom Penh Campus II
Institute of Foreign Languages Institute of Foreign Languages.jpg
Institute of Foreign Languages
Institut de Technologie du Cambodge Institut de technologie du Cambodge.jpg
Institut de Technologie du Cambodge
NameKhmer
American University of Phnom Penh សាកលវិទ្យាល័យអាមេរិកាំងភ្នំពេញ
BELTEI International Universityសាកលវិទ្យាល័យប៊ែលធីអន្តរជាតិ
Cambodia Academy of Digital Technology បណ្ឌិត្យសភាបច្ចេកវិទ្យាឌីជីថលកម្ពុជា
University of Cambodia (UC)សាកលវិទ្យាល័យកម្ពុជា
International University (IU)សាកលវិទ្យាល័យអន្តរជាតិ
École Royale d'Administration (ERA)សាលាភូមិន្ទរដ្ឋបាល
Royal University of Phnom Penh (RUPP)សាកលវិទ្យាល័យភូមិន្ទភ្នំពេញ
Royal University of Law and Economics (RULE)សាកលវិទ្យាល័យភូមិន្ទនីតិសាស្រ្ត និងវិទ្យាសាស្រ្តសេដ្ឋកិច្ច
Royal University of Fine Arts (RUFA)សាកលវិទ្យាល័យភូមិន្ទវិចិត្រសិល្បៈ
Royal University of Agriculture (RUA)សាកលវិទ្យាល័យភូមិន្ទកសិកម្ម
National University of Management (NUM)សាកលវិទ្យាល័យជាតិគ្រប់គ្រង
Institute of Technology of Cambodia (ITC)វិទ្យាស្ថានបច្ចេកវិទ្យាកម្ពុជា
Buddhist Institute វិទ្យាស្ថានពុទ្ធសាសនបណ្ឌិត្យ
Royal Academy of Cambodia រាជបណ្ឌិត្យសភាកម្ពុជា
Cambodian Agricultural Research and Development Instituteវិទ្យាស្ថានស្រាវជ្រាវ និងអភិវឌ្ឍកសិកម្មកម្ពុជា
National Institute of Businessវិទ្យាស្ថានជាតិពាណិជ្ជសាស្រ្ត
National Institute of Education វិទ្យាស្ថានជាតិអប់រំ
National Polytechnic Institute of Cambodiaវិទ្យាស្ថានជាតិពហុបច្ចេកទេសកម្ពុជា
National Technical Training Instituteវិទ្យាស្ថានជាតិបណ្តុះបណ្តាលបច្ចេកទេស
Paññāsāstra University of Cambodia សាកលវិទ្យាល័យបញ្ញាសាស្ត្រកម្ពុជា
Preah Sihanouk Raja Buddhist University ពុទ្ធិកសាកលវិទ្យាល័យព្រះសីហនុរាជ
Prek Leap National College of Agricultureសាលាជាតិកសិកម្មព្រែកលៀប
University of Health Sciences សាកលវិទ្យាល័យវិទ្យាសាស្រ្តសុខាភិបាល
University of Puthisastra សាកលវិទ្យាល័យពុទ្ធិសាស្ត្រ
Preah Kosomak Polytechnic Instituteវិទ្យាស្ថានពហុបច្ចេកទេសព្រះកុសុមៈ
Limkokwing University of Creative Technology សាកលវិទ្យាល័យ លីមកុកវីង [39]
Industrial Technical Instituteវិទ្យាស្ថានបច្ចេកទេសឧស្សាហកម្ម
Paragon International University សាកលវិទ្យាល័យអន្តរជាតិផារ៉ាហ្គន
Institute For Development of Economy (IDE)វិទ្យាស្ថានអភិវឌ្ឍន៍សេដ្ឋកិច្ច
Western University [40] សាកលវិទ្យាល័យវេស្ទើន
Student Development Institute (SDI)វិទ្យាស្ថានអភិវឌ្ឍន៍និស្សិត
Asia Euro University សាកលវិទ្យាល័យអាស៊ី អឺរ៉៉ុប

Primary schools, secondary schools, and high schools

NameName in Khmer
Bak Touk High Schoolវិទ្យាល័យបាក់ទូក
Chaktomuk Secondary Schoolអនុវិទ្យាល័យចតុមុខ
Chbar Ampov High Schoolវិទ្យាល័យច្បារអំពៅ
Chea Sim Boeng Kang Kang High Schoolវិទ្យាល័យជាស៊ីមបឹងកេងកង
Chea Sim Chroy Changvar High Schoolវិទ្យាល័យជាស៊ីមជ្រោយចង្វារ
Chea Sim Samaky High Schoolវិទ្យាល័យជាស៊ីមសាមគ្គី
Chea Sim Santhormok High Schoolវិទ្យាល័យជាស៊ីមសន្ធរម៉ុក
Hun Sen-Bun Rany Phsar Daeum Thkov High Schoolវិទ្យាល័យហ៊ុនសែនប៊ុនរ៉ានីផ្សារដើមថ្កូវ
Indradevi High Schoolវិទ្យាល័យឥន្ទ្រទេវី
Lycée Sisowath វិទ្យាល័យព្រះស៊ីសុវត្ថិ
Tuol Svay Prey High Schoolវិទ្យាល័យទួលស្វាយព្រៃ
Wat Koh High Schoolវិទ្យាល័យវត្តកោះ

International schools

NameName in Khmer
Singapore (Cambodia) International Academy (SCIA) សាលារៀនអន្តរជាតិស៊ីងហ្គាពួរ (ខេមបូឌា) អ៊ិនធើណេសិនណាល អេឃើឌឹមី
Abundant Life International School (ALIS) Archived March 26, 2023, at the Wayback Machine សាលាអន្តរជាតិអាប៊ែនឌែនឡៃ
American Intercon School American Intercon School (AIS)សាលារៀនអន្តរទ្វីបអាមេរិកាំង, Salariĕn Ántărătvib Amérĭkăng
Australian International School Phnom Penh (AISPP)
Beijing International School សាលាអន្តរជាតិប៉េកាំង, Sala Ántărăchéatĕ Pékăng
BELTEI International School សាលាប៊ែលធីអន្តរជាតិ, Sala Bêlthi Ántărăchéatĕ
British International School of Phnom Penh
CIA First International School សាលាអន្តរជាតិស៊ីអាយអេហ្វឺសត៍, Sala Ántărăchéatĕ Si'ay'é Fœst
East-West International School សាលាអន្តរជាតិអ៊ិសវ៉េស, Sala Ántărăchéatĕ 'Ĭs Vés
Footprint International School
Harrods International Academy
Home of English International School
iCAN British International School
International School of Phnom Penh (ISPP)សាលារៀនអន្តរជាតិភ្នំពេញ
International School of Singapore
Invictus International School Phnom Penh
Japanese School of Phnom Penh 金边日本学校
Lycée français René Descartes de Phnom Penh
New Gateway International School
Northbridge International School
Paragon International School សាលារៀនអន្តរជាតិផារ៉ាហ្គន, Salariĕn Ántărăchéatĕ Pharagân
Southbridge International School
Advanced International Schoolសាលារៀនអន្តរជាតិអ៊ែតវ៉ាន់, 顶尖国际学校

Supplementary and extra schools

EnglishOriginal Name
Japanese Supplementary School of Phnom Penh(プノンペン補習授業校, Punonpen Hoshū Jugyō Kō)
Rodwell Learning Center សាលាបង្រៀនគួររ៉ដវែល, Sala Bángriĕn Kuŏr Râdvêl

The Japanese Supplementary School of Phnom Penh, formerly known in English as the Phnom Penh Japanese School, [41] [42] is a part-time Japanese School, operated by the Japanese Association of Cambodia (JACAM;カンボジア日本人会 Kambojia Nihonjin-kai). [43] It is in Sangkat Toek Thla in Sen Sok. [44] It was established in 2002. It had 60 students in June 2011. [45]

Culture

"Dried" version of Phnom Penh noodles with soup broth on the side. Driedphnompenhnoodles.jpg
"Dried" version of Phnom Penh noodles with soup broth on the side.

Phnom Penh also has its own dialect of Khmer. Speakers of the Phnom Penh dialect often elide syllables, which has earned it a reputation for being lazy speech. Phnom Penh is also known for its influence on New Khmer Architecture. Phnom Penh is notable for Ka tieu Phnom Penh, its variation on rice noodle soup, a dish available in sit-down cafes as well as street cafes.

The city hosts a number of music events throughout the city. Indie bands have grown in number due also in part to the emergence of private music schools such as SoundsKool Music (also operating in the city of Siem Reap), and Music Arts School (registered as a non-governmental organization). The Cambodian fishing dance originated in Phnom Penh at the Royal University of Fine Arts in the 1960s. [46]

The Cambodian fishing dance originated from Phnom Penh. Khmer folk dance.JPG
The Cambodian fishing dance originated from Phnom Penh.

The two most visited museums in the city are the National Museum, which is the country's leading historical and archaeological museum, and Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum, a former Khmer Rouge prison. The National Museum hosts celebrations of Cambodian dance and music, including a popular classic Apsara dance show of traditional folk dances as well as original creations.

Cambodian New Year

At this time, Phnom Penh celebrates Cambodian New Year, an occasion increasingly popular with tourists. During this typically hottest part of the year, water gets thrown around adding to the party atmosphere along with dancing and music. The precise date changes year-by-year but this holiday lasts, at least, three days. This festival marks the turn of the year based on the ancient Khmer calendar and also marks the end of the prior year harvest.

Water Festival

Colorful boats during Bon Om Touk. Boat Racing Bon Om Touk.jpg
Colorful boats during Bon Om Touk.

The largest annual festival in Phnom Penh, this lively gathering celebrates the reversing of the flow of the Tonlé Sap River. The holiday lasts three days as people flood into the city to enjoy the fireworks, boat races, live concerts, eating and partying. The boat racing dates back to ancient times marking the strengths of the Khmer marine forces during the Khmer Empire.

On November 22, 2010, at least 348 people were crushed to death in a bridge stampede at the festival. [47]

Ancestors' Day

Ancestors' Day, also called Pchum Ben, is a very important aspect of Cambodian culture. It may be translated as "gathering together" to make offerings and is a time of reunion, commemoration, express love and appreciation for one's ancestors. By offering food and good karma to those possibly trapped in the spirit world, living relatives help assuage their misery and guide them back into the cycle of reincarnation.

Visak Bochea

Vesākha is an annual holiday observed traditionally by Buddhists in Cambodia. Sometimes informally called "Buddha's Birthday", it actually encompasses the birth, enlightenment (nirvāṇa), and passing away (Parinirvāna) of Gautama Buddha.

Cityscape and architecture

Phnom Penh city at night View of Phnom Penh from SVAY CHROM.jpg
Phnom Penh city at night

The oldest structure is Wat Phnom from the founding days of the city, constructed in 1373. The main tourist attractions are the Royal Palace with the Silver Pagoda, and the National Museum, constructed during the French colonial era in the late-19th century in the classical Khmer style and hosting a vast collection of Khmer antiquities. The Independence Monument (Khmer: Vimean Akareach), although from the 1950s, is also constructed in the ancient Khmer style.

The French, who were the colonial masters from the 19th century to the 1940s, also left their mark, with various colonial villas, French churches, boulevards, and the Art Deco market Phsar Thom Thmei. A notable landmark of the colonial era is the Hotel Le Royal.

Starting with independence from the French in the 1950s and lasting until the era of the Khmer Rouge in the 1970s, Phnom Penh underwent tremendous growth as the capital city of a newly independent country. King Sihanouk was eager to present a new style of architecture and thus invigorate the process of nation building. A new golden era of architecture took off, with various projects and young Khmer architects, often educated in France, given opportunities to design and construct. This new movement was called "New Khmer Architecture" and was often characterised by a fusion of Bauhaus, European post-modern architecture, and traditional elements from Angkor. The most prominent architect was Vann Molyvann, who was nominated chief national architect by the king himself in 1956. Molyvann created landmark buildings such as the Preah Suramarit National Theatre or the Vann Molyvann House. Other architects helped construct the newly founded Royal Khmer University, the Institute of Foreign Languages, and the National Sports Centre. With the growth of the upper and entrepreneurial middle

Statue of Lady Penh, the city's founder. Statue of Lady Penh.jpg
Statue of Lady Penh, the city's founder.

classes, new suburbs were built in the 1950s and 1960s. Although these buildings survived the Khmer Rouge era and the civil war, today they are under threat due to economic development and financial speculation. [48] Villas and gardens from that era are being destroyed and redeveloped to make place for bigger structures. The landmark National Theatre by Molyvann was razed in 2008. [49] A movement is rising in Cambodia to preserve this modernist heritage. Old villas are sometimes being converted into boutique hotels, such as the Knai Bang Chatt.

Monuments and memorials to the genocide of the Khmer Rouge era in the 1970s are the Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum (a former high school used as a concentration camp) and, on the outskirts of the city, the Choeung Ek Genocide Center. The Cambodia-Vietnam Friendship Monument was commissioned by the Vietnamese communists as symbol of Khmer-Vietnamese friendship during the late-1970s following the liberation of Cambodia from the Khmer Rouge.

The population, foreign investment, and urban development in Phnom Penh grew dramatically during the 1990s and early-2000s. The rapid growth resulted in the city's infrastructure distinctly lacking (the drainage system is particularly notorious, and Phnom Penh frequently floods during the wet season), and a need for both residential and commercial spaces. The simultaneous demand for residential and commercial housing and the increase of international investment has led to the planning, if not construction, of several satellite cities. The largest of these cities are: Grand Phnom Penh International City, CamKo City, Diamond Island City, Boeung Kak Town, and Chruy Cangva City.

On the outskirts of the city, farmland has been developed into garment factories and housing for lower economic classes and those displaced by the new development in the city center.

Panoramic view of Phnom Penh.jpg
Panoramic view of Phnom Penh from City Center
2016 Phnom Penh, Muzeum Narodowe Kambodzy (03).jpg Royal.Place.Phnom.Penh.Palais.Royal.Cambodge.001.jpg LeRoyal PP.jpg Colonial Villa on Street 108 Phnom Penh.jpg Ministry of Land Management, Urban Planning and Construction.jpg
National Museum , designed in the early-1920s by George Groslier. Royal Throne Hall , constructed in the 1860s under King Norodom I.Façade, Hotel Le Royal , built in 1929 in the reign of King Sisowath Monivong. Colonial villa in Phnom Penh.Ministry of Land Management, Urban Planning and Construction.
Phnom Penh city at night.jpg
Phnom Penh city at night revealing skylines and the royal palace, viewed from the east bank of Tonle Sap river in September 2019.

2035 master plan

Originally intended to be completed by 2020, the 2035 master plan [50] is a French-funded project for the development of Phnom Penh. Although the plan was approved by the Ministry of Land Management, Urban Planning and Construction in 2005, it has yet to be ratified by the Cabinet of Cambodia. The original plan details five edge-city projects connected to the historical city centre by waterways and tree-lined corridors. [51]

Media

Dailies

Khmer

English

  • Phnom Penh Post , a daily English-language newspaper published in Phnom Penh.
  • The Cambodia Daily , an English-language daily newspaper (fled from Cambodia in 2017, still operating online).
  • Khmer Times , an English-language daily newspaper.

Chinese

  • 《柬華日報》(Jianhua Daily), a daily Chinese-language newspaper published in Phnom Penh.
  • 《星洲日報》( Sin Chew Daily ), a Chinese-language daily newspaper, the Cambodian edition of the Malaysian Chinese daily of the same name.
  • 《華商日報》(Huashang Daily), a Chinese-language daily newspaper.
  • 《高棉日报》(Khmer Daily), a Chinese-language daily newspaper.
  • 《新柬埔寨》(New Cambodia), a Chinese-language daily newspaper.

Magazines

Online news

Sport

The martial arts of Bokator, Pradal Serey (Khmer kick boxing) and Khmer traditional wrestling have venues in Phnom Penh watched by dedicated spectators. Cambodia has increasingly become involved in modern sports over the last 30 years. As with the rest of the country, football and the martial arts are particularly popular. Ultimate fighting and freestyle boxing have also become more common in recent years.[ citation needed ]

The most prominent sporting venue in the city is the Phnom Penh National Olympic Stadium with a capacity of 50,000 [55] —although the country never hosted the Olympic Games due to disruption by the civil war and the Khmer Rouge in the 1970s. Built in 1964, [55] it is home to the Cambodia national football team. [56] On completion the stadium was one of the largest in Asia. Volleyball, basketball, and Tai-Kwon-Do games are often hosted at the stadium. The stadium closed in 2000, [55] but was redeveloped and reopened.

In footballing ventures, Phnom Penh is formally represented by Phnom Penh Crown FC despite being home to numerous football teams who plays in the Cambodian League. Including Visakha, Nagaworld, Boeungket and the aforementioned Phnom Penh Crown, amongst many others.

The National Sports Centre of Cambodia hosts swimming, boxing, and volleyball competitions. Noted local football clubs include Phnom Penh Empire, Khemara Keila FC and Military Police. The city hosted the 2023 Southeast Asian Games and the 2023 ASEAN Para Games, this marked the first time that Cambodia has hosted a multi-sport event.

Transport

Phnom Penh International Airport Phnom penh airport.JPG
Phnom Penh International Airport

Phnom Penh International Airport is the largest and busiest airport in Cambodia. It is seven kilometres west of central Phnom Penh. The airport is connected to the city center by taxi, train, and shuttle bus. The airport is set to be replaced with the new Techo Takhmao International Airport in 2025.

Cambodia's national flag carrier, Cambodia Angkor Air, launched in 2009, is headquartered in Phnom Penh and has its main hub there, with an additional hub at the Angkor International Airport. [57]

Air France used to serve Phnom Penh from Paris-Charles de Gaulle but this service has since stopped. Qatar Airways now flies to and from Phnom Penh, via Saigon.

Taxis, pick-ups, and minibuses leave the city for destinations all over the country, but are fast losing ground to cheaper and more comfortable buses. Phnom Penh also has a rail service.

There are numerous bus companies, including Phnom Penh Public Transport and GST Express, running services to most provincial capitals, including Sihanoukville, Kampong Chhnang, Oudong and Takéo. Phnom Penh Sorya Transport Co. offers bus service to several provincial destinations along the National Routes and to Saigon. Giant Ibis is another bus company based in Phnom Penh, which travels to Sihanoukville, Kampot, Siem Reap and Saigon, and has free Wi-Fi, air conditioning and modest pricing.

The city is Cambodia's main freshwater port, a major port on the Mekong River. It is linked to the South China Sea, 290 kilometres distant, via a channel of the Mekong in Vietnam.

Public transport

Phnom Penh BRT bus approaching Monivong-Sihanouk station Phnom Penh BRT bus approaching Monivong-Sihanouk station.jpg
Phnom Penh BRT bus approaching Monivong-Sihanouk station

Phnom Penh is served by air conditioned public buses. Initial attempts by the Japanese government to develop a Phnom Penh bus service began in 2001. An update of the JICA urban transport master plan for Phnom Penh was completed and implemented in 2014. [58] The city is now served by 21 bus lines, operated by the Phnom Penh municipal government. Private transportation within the city include the cycle rickshaw, known in Khmer as "cyclo", the motorcycle taxi known in Khmer as "moto", the auto rickshaw known locally as "tuk-tuk", the trailer attached to a motorcycle taxi known in Khmer as "remorque", and the standard automobile taxicab known in Khmer as "taxi". [59] Private forms of transportation used by locals include bicycles, motorbikes, and cars.

Highways

Motorcycle traffic in Phnom Penh Moto.Traffic.PhnomPenh.jpg
Motorcycle traffic in Phnom Penh

As the capital of Cambodia, a number of national highways connect the city with various parts of the country:

National HighwayCodeLengthOriginTerminal
National Highway 1 10001167.10 km103.83 miPhnom Penh Vietnamese Border
National Highway 2 10002120.60 km74.94 miPhnom Penh Vietnamese Border
National Highway 3 10003202.00 km125.52 miPhnom Penh Veal Renh
National Highway 4 10004226.00 km140.43 miPhnom Penh Sihanoukville
National Highway 5 10005407.45 km253.18 miPhnom Penh Thai Border
National Highway 6 10006416.00 km258.49 miPhnom Penh Banteay Meanchey
National Highway 7 10007509.17 km316.38 miSkun (Cheung Prey District) Lao Border

Water supply

Water supply in Phnom Penh has improved dramatically in terms of access, service quality, efficiency, cost recovery and governance between 1993 and 2006. The number of customers has increased ninefold, service quality has improved from intermittent to continuous supply, water losses have been cut dramatically and the city's water utility went from being bankrupt to making a modest profit. [60] These achievements were recognized through international awards such as the 2006 Ramon Magsaysay Award and the 2010 Stockholm Industry Water Award. [61] The city's water utility is the Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority (PPWSA). Its main water sources are the Mekong River, the Tonle Sap river and the Tonle Bassac river.

Twin towns – sister cities

Phnom Penh is twinned with:

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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