|Transit type||Rapid transit|
|Number of lines||6|
|Number of stations||159|
|Daily ridership||1.235 million (2018 Avg.) |
1.80 million (25 October 2019 peak)
|Annual ridership||408.529 million (2018)|
|Began operation||28 December 1984(original system)|
12 June 2006(new system)
|Ended operation||9 October 2001(original system)|
|System length||233.2 km (144.9 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
The Tianjin Metro or Tianjin Rail Transit is the rapid transit system in the city of Tianjin, which was the second city, after Beijing, in mainland China to operate a subway system. Opened in 1984, the system has 6 operating lines and 159 stations spanning 233.2 km (144.9 mi).
The lines are jointly operated by two companies, namely the Tianjin Metro Group Co. Ltd and the Binhai Mass Transit Development Co. Ltd. The former operates Lines 1, 2, 3 and 6, while the latter operates Line 5 and Line 9. The two companies merged and regrouped as the Tianjin Rail Transit Group Co. (TRT) in 2017.
Tianjin, as an inland harbor of China, has long been a major commercial city. After the founding of the People's Republic in 1949, the number of vehicles on the roads significantly increased, causing pollution. To overcome these problems, the transport authority decided to close the old tram network and switch over to a rapid transit system.
However, due to cost, it was not until 1970 that construction of the system first took place. The first section, spanning 3.6 km (2.2 mi) of track and 4 stations (Xinhualu, Yingkoudao, Anshandao and Haiguangsi), was completed by February 1976. The second section, with an additional 1.6 km (0.99 mi) of track and the Xinanjiao and Erweilu stations, was completed by 1980. After construction resumed, the total length was 7.4 km (4.6 mi), with 8 stations, and service on the line began on 28 December 1984.
To reduce construction costs, the transport authority decided to use an abandoned canal bed to form part of the system, and did not dig deeply. By using the canal bed, the underground section is only 2–3 meters under the street surface, and was the world's shallowest metro. There were only 1,000 full-time construction workers at that time; the others were volunteers from factories, schools and institutions all over the city. The average number of volunteer workers exceeded 2,000 a day, which rendered the project unique in the world then. Construction was delayed in 1976 when an earthquake hit the city, but was resumed in 1979 and completed by 1984.
At the end of the 1990s, it was observed that the Metro system was quite out of date. The atmosphere of the stations was uninviting, difficult to navigate, and with few passenger amenities on the platforms. Trains were infrequent, sporadic and commonly delayed. The trains themselves were dilapidated, seat covers often torn off, and dim. Taking into consideration more modern, cleaner systems in East Asia, a massive reconstruction, modernization and expansion plan was laid out in 2000. In preparation, the system was closed on 1 September 2001, with renovation starting on 21 November. After purchasing new rolling stock, adding half-height platform screen doors and extending the line up to Shuanglin, the line re-opened on 6 December 2006 as Line 1, after trial testing that began on 12 June of that year.
During the renovation of the first line, other lines underwent construction. Line 9, operated by Binhai Mass Transit Development Co. Ltd, began construction in 2001 and its first section opened on 28 March 2004. Between 2004 and 2007, many new stations on the line opened successively. On 1 May 2011, the line was further extended westwards by 3 stations, bringing it to its current length of 52.8 km (32.8 mi). The Tram line in the system, the TEDA Modern Guided Rail Tram, was built to serve the Tianjin Economic Development Area and was opened on 10 May 2007. Line 2, after a lengthy construction delay and a structural accident, finally opened, as two separate sections, to the public on 1 July 2012, with the sections being reconnected on 28 August 2013. Line 3, another main north-south line, opened in October 2012.
| Donggulu |
| Liuyuan |
| Caozhuang |
| Binhaiguojijichang |
| Xiaodian |
| Nanzhan |
| Beichenkejiyuanbei |
| Zhongyiyifuyuan |
| Nansunzhuang |
| Meilinlu |
| Tianjinzhan |
| Donghailu |
|Metro lines total||233.2||159|
|North of College District|
Line 1 is built upon the old surface-level line, and was opened in 2006. It is 42.227 km (26.2 mi) with 32 stations (currently 27 stations in operation). The old at-grade Shuanglin station was closed on 28 December 2016 and reopened as a new underground station on 3 December 2018. The old rolling stocks (DKZ9 Series) were replaced at the same time.
Line 2 opened for trial operations on 1 July 2012. Due to a structural accident in Jianguodao Station, Line 2 was operated as two separate sections from July 2012 to 28 August 2013, when the affected station opened after being rebuilt. The line is 27.157 km (16.875 mi) long with 20 stations.
The line, running southeast-northwest, opened on 1 October 2012. It is 33.7 km (20.9 mi) long with 26 stations. 20 km (12 mi) of track is underground, with 1.2 km (0.75 mi) at ground level and the rest on elevated viaducts. Of the 21 stations, one is elevated, one is at ground level and the other 19 are underground.
The full line of Line 5 runs from Beichenkejiyuanbei to Liqizhuangnan with 28 stations. Currently, Line 5 runs from Beichenkejiyuanbei to Zhongyiyifuyuan, with 27 stations.
The full line is 34.8 km (21.6 mi) long with 28 stations. Completion had been scheduled for 2012, but was rescheduled for late 2015 and opened on 22 October 2018. Line 5 and Line 6 forms a loop.
It is run by Tianjin Binhai Mass Transit Development Co., Ltd, which becomes a subsidiary of Tianjin Rail Transit Group Corporation since 2017.
Line 6 runs from Nansunzhuang to Meilinlu with a total length of 42.6 km (26.5 mi). The second part of the Line 6 (Nancuiping to Meilinlu) opened on 26 April 2018. In the near future, Line 6 will expand 3 stations to the final terminus Nanmaji (or Poyangnanlu) station.
Line 9 is an east-west line running just north of the Haihe River. It runs from Tianjin railway station to Donghai Road station. It was opened in 2004, spanning 52.8 km (32.8 mi) with 21 stations. The line provides interchange to the TEDA Tram line. Line 9 was suspended after damage from the August 2015 explosions, and resumed operation on 16 December from Tianjin Railway Station to Tianjin Pipe Corporation Station. Now, the damaged part has been reopened, along with two new stations: Zhuangguizhuang and Taihulu.
The line is operated by Tianjin Binhai Mass Transit Development Co., Ltd, which becomes a subsidiary of Tianjin Rail Transit Group Corporation since 2017.
The TEDA Tram is a tram line that runs between TEDA and North of College District stations, mainly serving the Tianjin Economic Development Area (TEDA). It opened on 10 May 2007 and is 7.86 km (4.88 mi) long.
It is run by Tianjin Binhai Mass Transit Development Co., Ltd, which becomes a subsidiary of Tianjin Rail Transit Group Corporation since 2017.
There were older, box-type metro cars, built by Nippon Sharyo until the system was closed for reconstruction. After re-opening, 114 CNR Changchun Railway Vehicle Company Limited Rapid Train set Vehicle cars entered service & replaced the old ones. Unlike the old cars, the CNR cars contain air conditioning.
Tianjin Metro uses magnetic smartcards. The fare is distance-based and ranges between 2 and 5 Yuan.
One-way tickets are available at automatic ticket machines, where passengers can purchase up to 9 tickets. The tickets are only effective in three hours from purchase. You can purchase it from the automatic ticket machine, and recycle it by simply inserting it into the turnstile when you leave the station.
Stored-value tickets can be repeatedly used for the regular subway passengers, the fare for each journey outbound passengers through the gates when the balance deducted from the stored-value tickets. Within one year of non-use of stored-value tickets as expired, outdated stored-value tickets available at the station free update procedures for handling customer service center. Common Stored Value Ticket holders to enjoy 10% off travel.
All full-time students attending schools, technical secondary, craftsmen, and vocational schools with student ID issued by letter may purchase student tickets and enjoy a student discount.
Seniors between 60 and 69 years old with a "Tianjin old preference card" (green) can buy discounted senior tickets, seniors 70 years old and older, with a "Tianjin old preference card" (purple) may purchase specially discounted tickets.
On 8 December 2006 (Tianjin Metro) Line 1 ordered to launch half-price tickets, a free second ticket and group ticket three kinds of tickets.
Half-price ticket card prepaid value of 200 yuan, the sale price of 100 yuan, 10 yuan deposit required to pay extra for a total purchase price of 110 per issue. So doing half-price ticket fare can be enjoyed nine discount and eventually converted into 4.5 fold. Half-price tickets from the purchase date (including day of) 90 days, the use of force within the validity period can not be recharged, the amount within 90 days after the ticket automatically cleared, tickets void. When it expires, the undamaged coupon presents their deposit slip and a detailed description to any customer service center station, with a refundable deposit of 10 Yuan.
By sub-votes is divided into two kinds: first, the amount of 35 yuan ticket can take 20 times, pay extra 10 yuan deposit for a total purchase price of 45. The second vote the amount of 80 can take 50 times, pay extra 10 yuan deposit for a total purchase price of 90. By sub-vote from the date of purchase, valid for 30 days after expiry, the card automatically cleared by Ci. If all the x-use within the validity period has finished, you can vote again to take within the Result purchase the corresponding times, since the Result date, the purchase by meeting the entry into force is still valid for 30 days. As of 2007 December 30, by sub-votes will not accept refill, take the time to use the remaining card after the ticket void.
The City Card is a non-contact type IC card Transit card similar to the Yikatong card in Beijing. It is accepted in subway, light rail, bus, ferry and taxi transport. Since 28 December 2006, City Card has been accepted on the Metro Line 1. City Card holders can enjoy a discounted fare during transfers between modes. This is the most popular method for long distance traveling. Ferryboat and bus fares are not distance based.
The "Tianjin Metro Phase 2 construction plan", which is approved by the NDRC, consists 513 km of lines total.
|Line||Section||Terminals||Planned Opening Date||Length|
|Phase 1 (Urban section)||Lüshuigongyuan||Lushuidao||2024||18.54||17|
|North of Hai River section||Hancailu||Jinlindao||2023||35|
The southern section of Line 4 will be 19.4 km (12.1 mi) long. The southern section of Line 4 is scheduled to open in 2021 from Dongnanjiao to Xinxingcun.
The Phase 1 of Line 10 will be 21.18 km (13.16 mi) long with 21 stations. The Phase 1 of Line 10 is scheduled to open in 2021 from Yudongcheng to Yutai.
Line 11 will run from Shuishanggongyuan to Dongliliujinglu. It is 22.6 km long with 21 stations.
A 22.5 km (14.0 mi) long line strictly serving the urban core of Binhai connecting Binhai West railway station to the Yujiapu Financial District and Binhai railway station (formerly known as Yujiapu railway station).
A 35 km (22 mi) long suburban metro line connecting the northern suburbs of Binhai to the Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area and Yujiapu Financial District.
Line 7 started constrction in 2019 and will run from Yuguandao to Saidabazhilu. It is 26.53 km long with 21 stations and runs north south. The line will use six car high capacity Type A trains.
The Shanghai Metro is a rapid transit system in Shanghai, operating urban and suburban transit services to 14 of its 16 municipal districts and to Huaqiao Town, Kunshan, Jiangsu Province. Opening in 1993 with full-scale construction extending back to 1986, the Shanghai Metro is the third-oldest rapid transit system in mainland China, after the Beijing Subway and the Tianjin Metro. It has seen substantial growth, significantly during the years leading up to the Expo 2010, and is still expanding quickly, with its most recent expansions having opened in December 2018. It is the biggest component of the Shanghai metropolitan rail transit network, together with the Shanghai maglev train, the Zhangjiang Tram, the Songjiang Tram and the China Railway-operated commuter rail services to Jinshan. The metro system is also integrated with other forms of public transport in Shanghai.
The Shenzhen Metro is the rapid transit system for the city of Shenzhen in Guangdong province, China. The system opened on 28 December 2004. The network underwent major expansion prior to the 2011 Summer Universiade and with three new lines in 2016. The extension opened on 8 December 2019 put the network at 303.4 kilometres of trackage operating on 8 lines with 215 stations. That made the Shenzhen Metro 7th longest in China and 12th longest in the world's List of metro systems on that date. By 2030 the network is planned to be 8 express and 24 non-express lines totalling 1142 kilometres of trackage.
Wuhan Metro is a rapid transit system serving the city of Wuhan, China. Owned and operated by Wuhan Metro Group Co., Ltd., the network now includes 9 lines, 228 stations, and 339 km (211 mi) of route length. Line 1, the first line in the system, opened on 28 July 2004, which made Wuhan become the seventh city in mainland China with rapid transit system, after Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Changchun, and Dalian. Line 2 opened on 28 December 2012 and is the first underground rail line crossing the Yangtze River. Commuting across the Yangtze River and Han River has been the bottleneck of Wuhan traffic. However, the appearance of Wuhan Metro greatly relieved this problem. With 1.22 billion annual passengers in 2019, Wuhan Metro is the sixth-busiest rapid transit system in mainland China. There are a number of lines or sections under construction. The government of Wuhan City promised the citizens that at least two lines or sections open every year. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the entire network was out of service from 23 January 2020 to 27 March 2020.
The Chongqing Rail Transit is the rapid transit system in the city of Chongqing, China. In operation since 2005, it serves the transportation needs of the city's main business and entertainment downtown areas and inner suburbs. As of December 2019, CRT consisted of eight lines, with a total track length of 326.9 km (203.1 mi). Lines 1, 4, 5, 6, 10 and the Loop line are conventional heavy-rail subways, while Lines 2 and 3 are high-capacity monorails. To keep up with urban growth, construction is under way on Lines 9, 18 and S5, in addition to extensions to Lines 1, 4, 5, 6, 10 and the Loop line. A network of 18 lines is planned.
The Nanjing Metro is a rapid transit system serving the urban and suburban districts of Nanjing, the capital city of Jiangsu Province in the People's Republic of China. The system has ten lines and 159 stations running on 393.628 km (244.589 mi) of track. It is operated and maintained by the Nanjing Metro Group Company. The total length of the system ranks fourth in China, after Shanghai, Beijing and Guangzhou. In 2017, the metro system carried a total of 977.4 million annual riders.
Chengdu Metro is the rapid transit system of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan Province, China. The system has seven lines in operation. Line 1 was opened on 27 September 2010, making it the first heavy-rail metro line in southwest China. Line 2 began operations in September 2012. Line 4 opened to public at the end of December 2015, while Line 3 opened in July 2016. Metro lines are operated by Chengdu Rail Transit Group Company Limited. There are currently over 215 km (134 mi) of subway lines under construction in Chengdu. By the end of 2020, the Chengdu Metro will have 13 lines reaching 521 km (324 mi) in length serving over 8 million trips per day.
Urban rail transit in the People's Republic of China encompasses a broad range of urban and suburban electric passenger rail mass transit systems including subway, light rail, tram and maglev. Some classifications also include non-rail bus rapid transport. By the end of 2016, there were 30 metro systems in Mainland China with a total combined length of 3,586 km (2,228 mi). Today China boasts the world's longest, second-longest and third-longest metro systems. Eight of the world's 15 longest metro systems are in China. Although the Shanghai Metro only started operating in 1993, it is now the world's longest subway system. Half of the top ten busiest metro systems in the world are in China. As of January 2016, 39 cities have metro systems approved according to the National Development and Reform Commission. China plans to spend 4.7 trillion yuan on transport infrastructure in the three years following 2016. As of early 2017, China has 5,636.5 km (3,502.4 mi) of under-construction rail transit lines. By the end of 2018, Mainland China has opened 35 metro systems with 185 metro lines.
The Shenyang Metro is a rapid transit system serving the city of Shenyang, Liaoning, China. It is the 7th operational subway system in Mainland China and the first in Northeast China.
TEDA Modern Guided Rail Tram is a Translohr Light Rail line in Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area (TEDA). It is a modern, high speed rubber-tyred tram line, both first in China & Asia. The line is considered as part of the Tianjin Metro system. It is run by Tianjin Binhai Mass Transit Development Co., Ltd, which becomes a subsidiary of Tianjin Rail Transit Group Corporation since 2017.
Suzhou Rail Transit, also known as Suzhou Metro, is a rapid transit system serving the city of Suzhou, in Jiangsu Province, China. Line 1 began operation on April 28, 2012. Line 2 opened on December 28, 2013. Another five lines are also planned to be completed before 2020. Upon completion, the system will be about 140 kilometers long and have 109 stations. Line S1 of Suzhou Metro connecting neighboring Kunshan city and beyond to the Shanghai Metro is currently under construction.
Zhengzhou Metro is a rapid transit rail network serving urban and suburban districts of Zhengzhou, the capital city of Henan province. It is operated by the state owned Zhengzhou Metro Group. As of September 2019, the network has 5 operational lines, with a network length of 151.8 km (94.3 mi) and 98 stations. Opened on 28 December 2013, it is the first and currently the only operational metro system in Henan, and 18th in mainland China.
Line 1 of the Tianjin Metro runs from the north-west to the south-east of downtown Tianjin. It is 42.227 km (26.2 mi) in length with 32 stations.
Line 9 is a rapid transit line of the Tianjin Metro. It spans 52.8 km with 21 stations, connecting the urban area of Tianjin with Binhai New Area, a new area within the jurisdiction of Tianjin Municipality. The one-way journey time is approximately one hour.
Line 2 of the Tianjin Metro is a rapid transit line running from west to east Tianjin. Opened on 1 July 2012, the line is 27.157 km long and has 20 stations. It is mostly underground; all stations, with the exception of surface-level station Caozhuang, are underground.
Kunming Metro, or Kunming Rail Transit, is a rapid transit system in Kunming, the capital of Yunnan Province. With a population of just over 3 million people, Kunming was one of the largest cities in China without a metro system before its construction. The system consist of 3 lines with 3 more lines under construction. The metro typically consists of underground segments in the city centre and elevated grade-separated segments in the periphery.
Fuzhou Metro is a rapid transit system in Fuzhou Metropolitan Area, Fujian Province, China. The first line was planned to open in 2014. Due to the construction difficulties and accidental archaeologic finding, the southern section was delayed to 2016 and the northern section was delayed to 2017. Currently, the Fuzhou Metro Network consists of two lines operated by are Fuzhou Metro Group, and Fuzhou CETC Rail Trainsit Company, respectively.
Several cities in China had tram systems during the 20th century; however, by the end of the century, only Dalian, Hong Kong and Changchun remained extant. However the 21st century has seen a resurgence in tram transport systems as China attempts to combat with urban traffic congestion and pollution.
Shijiazhuang Metro is a rapid transit system in Shijiazhuang, Hebei province, China.
Line 5 of the Tianjin Metro is a rapid transit line running from semi-circular from north-west to south-west Tianjin. It is run by Tianjin Binhai Mass Transit Development Co., Ltd, which becomes a subsidiary of Tianjin Rail Transit Group Corporation since 2017.
Line 4 of Tianjin Metro is an under construction metro line in Tianjin. The southern section (Dongnanjiao–Xinxingcun) will open in June 2021.