|Transit type||Rapid transit|
|Number of lines||8|
|Number of stations||164|
|Daily ridership||1.235 million (2018 Avg.) |
1.80 million (25 October 2019 peak)
|Annual ridership||408.529 million (2018)|
|Began operation||28 December 1984(original system)|
12 June 2006(new system)
|Ended operation||9 October 2001(original system)|
|System length||265 km (164.7 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
The Tianjin Metro or Tianjin Rail Transit is the rapid transit system in the city of Tianjin,which was the second city in mainland China after Beijing to operate a subway system (the Beijing Subway opened in 1971). Opened in 1984,the system has 8 operating lines and 164 stations spanning 265 km (164.7 mi).
The lines are jointly operated by two companies:the Tianjin Metro Group Co. Ltd and the Binhai Mass Transit Development Co. Ltd. The former operates Lines 1,2,3,and 6,while the latter operates Lines 5 and 9. The two companies merged and regrouped as the Tianjin Rail Transit Group Co. (TRT) in 2017.
Tianjin,as an inland harbor of China,has long been a major commercial city. After the founding of the People's Republic in 1949,the number of vehicles on the roads significantly increased,causing pollution. To overcome these problems,the transport authority decided to close the old tram network and switch over to a rapid transit system.
However,due to cost,it was not until 1970 that construction of the system first took place. The first section,spanning 3.6 km (2.2 mi) of track and 4 stations (Xinhualu,Yingkoudao,Anshandao and Haiguangsi),was completed by February 1976. Further construction was delayed due to an earthquake in 1976. The second section,with an additional 1.6 km (0.99 mi) of track and the Xinanjiao and Erweilu stations,was completed by 1980. After construction resumed,the total length was 7.4 km (4.6 mi),with 8 stations, and service on the line began on 28 December 1984.
To reduce construction costs,the transport authority decided to use an abandoned canal bed to form part of the system,and did not dig deeply. By using the canal bed,the underground section is only 2–3 meters under the street surface,and was the world's shallowest metro. There were only 1,000 full-time construction workers at that time;the others were volunteers from factories,schools and institutions all over the city. The average number of volunteer workers exceeded 2,000 a day,which rendered the project unique in the world then. Construction was delayed in 1976 when an earthquake hit the city,but was resumed in 1979 and completed by 1984.
At the end of the 1990s,it was observed that the Metro system was quite out of date. The atmosphere of the stations was uninviting,difficult to navigate,and with few passenger amenities on the platforms. Trains were infrequent,sporadic and commonly delayed. The trains themselves were dilapidated,seat covers often torn off,and dim. Taking into consideration more modern,cleaner systems in East Asia,a massive reconstruction,modernization and expansion plan was laid out in 2000. In preparation,the system was closed on 1 September 2001,with renovation starting on 21 November. After purchasing new rolling stock,adding half-height platform screen doors and extending the line up to Shuanglin,the line re-opened on 6 December 2006 as Line 1,after trial testing that began on 12 June of that year.
During the renovation of the first line,other lines underwent construction. Line 9,operated by Binhai Mass Transit Development Co. Ltd,began construction in 2001 52.8 km (32.8 mi). The Tram line in the system,the TEDA Modern Guided Rail Tram,was built to serve the Tianjin Economic Development Area and was opened on 10 May 2007. Line 2,after a lengthy construction delay and a structural accident,finally opened,as two separate sections,to the public on 1 July 2012,with the sections being reconnected on 28 August 2013. Line 3,another main north-south line,opened in October 2012.and its first section opened on 28 March 2004. Between 2004 and 2007,many new stations on the line opened successively. On 1 May 2011,the line was further extended westwards by 3 stations,bringing it to its current length of
| Donggulu |
| Liuyuan |
| Caozhuang |
| Binhaiguojijichang |
| Xiaodian |
| Nanzhan |
| Dongnanjiao |
| Xinxingcun |
| Beichenkejiyuanbei |
| Liqizhuangnan |
| Nansunzhuang |
| Lushuidao |
| Lushuidao |
| Xianshuiguxi |
| Tianjinzhan |
| Donghailu |
|Metro lines total||265||184|
|North of College District|
Line 1 is built upon the old surface-level line, and was opened in 2006. It is 42.227 km (26.2 mi) with 32 stations (currently 27 stations in operation). The old at-grade Shuanglin station was closed on 28 December 2016 and reopened as a new underground station on 3 December 2018. The old rolling stocks (DKZ9 Series) were replaced at the same time. Line 1's color is red.
Line 2 opened for trial operations on 1 July 2012. Due to a structural accident in Jianguodao Station, Line 2 was operated as two separate sections from July 2012 to 28 August 2013, when the affected station opened after being rebuilt. The line is 27.157 km (16.875 mi) long with 20 stations. Line 2's color is yellow.
The line, running southeast-northwest, opened on 1 October 2012. It is 33.7 km (20.9 mi) long with 26 stations. 20 km (12 mi) of track is underground, with 1.2 km (0.75 mi) at ground level and the rest on elevated viaducts. Of the 21 stations, one is elevated, one is at ground level and the other 19 are underground. Line 3's color is light blue.
The southern section of Line 4 will be 19.4 km (12.1 mi) long. The southern section of Line 4 is opened in December 2021 from Dongnanjiao to Xinxingcun. Line 4's color is green.
Line 5 runs from Beichenkejiyuanbei to Liqizhuangnan with 28 stations. The line is 34.8 km (21.6 mi) long with 28 stations. On 22 October 2018, the section from Danhebeidao to Zhongyiyifuyuan (26 stations) became operational. On 31 January 2019, the line was extended one station to Beichenkejiyuanbei. On 7 December 2021, the line was extended one station to Liqizhuangnan. Line 5 and Line 6 forms a loop. It is run by Tianjin Binhai Mass Transit Development Co., Ltd, which becomes a subsidiary of Tianjin Rail Transit Group Corporation since 2017. Line 5's color is orange.
Line 6 runs from Nansunzhuang to Lushuidao with a total length of 42.6 km (26.5 mi). The section from Changhonggongyuan to Nancuiping opened on 6 August 2016. The section from Nansunzhuang to Changhonggongyuan opened on 31 December 2016. The section from Nancuiping to Meilinlu opened on 26 April 2018, and the section from Meilinlu to Lushuidao opened on 28 December 2021. Line 6's color is magenta.
Line 8, running from Lushuidao to Xianshuiguxi, opened on 28 December 2021. This line is also the first metro line in Tianjin to use Type A, GoA4 automated trains. Line 8's color is violet.
Line 9 is an east-west line running just north of the Haihe River. It runs from Tianjin railway station to Donghai Road station. It was opened in 2004, spanning 52.8 km (32.8 mi) with 21 stations. The line provides interchange to the TEDA Tram line. Line 9 was suspended after damage from the August 2015 explosions, and resumed operation on 16 December from Tianjin Railway Station to Tianjin Pipe Corporation Station. Now, the damaged part has been reopened, along with two new stations: Zhangguizhuang and Taihulu. The line is operated by Tianjin Binhai Mass Transit Development Co., Ltd, which becomes a subsidiary of Tianjin Rail Transit Group Corporation since 2017. Line 9's color is blue.
The TEDA Tram is a tram line that runs between TEDA and North of College District stations, mainly serving the Tianjin Economic Development Area (TEDA). It opened on 10 May 2007 and is 7.86 km (4.88 mi) long. It is run by Tianjin Binhai Mass Transit Development Co., Ltd, which becomes a subsidiary of Tianjin Rail Transit Group Corporation since 2017. TEDA Line's color is light green.
There were older, box-type metro cars, built by Nippon Sharyo until the system was closed for reconstruction. After re-opening, 114 CNR Changchun Railway Vehicle Company Limited Rapid Train set Vehicle cars entered service & replaced the old ones. Unlike the old cars, the CNR cars contain air conditioning.
Tianjin Metro uses magnetic smartcards. The fare is distance-based and ranges between 2 and 5 Yuan.
Journeys can be paid for using QR codes.
One-way tickets are available at automatic ticket machines, where passengers can purchase up to 9 tickets. The tickets are only effective in three hours from purchase. You can purchase it from the automatic ticket machine, and recycle it by simply inserting it into the turnstile when you leave the station.
Stored-value tickets can be repeatedly used for the regular subway passengers, the fare for each journey outbound passengers through the gates when the balance deducted from the stored-value tickets. Within one year of non-use of stored-value tickets as expired, outdated stored-value tickets available at the station free update procedures for handling customer service center. Common Stored Value Ticket holders to enjoy 10% off travel.
All full-time students attending schools, technical secondary, craftsmen, and vocational schools with student ID issued by letter may purchase student tickets and enjoy a student discount.
Seniors between 60 and 69 years old with a "Tianjin old preference card" (green) can buy discounted senior tickets, seniors 70 years old and older, with a "Tianjin old preference card" (purple) may purchase specially discounted tickets.
On 8 December 2006 (Tianjin Metro) Line 1 ordered to launch half-price tickets, a free second ticket and group ticket three kinds of tickets.
Half-price ticket card prepaid value of 200 yuan, the sale price of 100 yuan, 10 yuan deposit required to pay extra for a total purchase price of 110 per issue. So doing half-price ticket fare can be enjoyed nine discount and eventually converted into 4.5 fold. Half-price tickets from the purchase date (including day of) 90 days, the use of force within the validity period can not be recharged, the amount within 90 days after the ticket automatically cleared, tickets void. When it expires, the undamaged coupon presents their deposit slip and a detailed description to any customer service center station, with a refundable deposit of 10 Yuan.
By sub-votes is divided into two kinds: first, the amount of 35 yuan ticket can take 20 times, pay extra 10 yuan deposit for a total purchase price of 45. The second vote the amount of 80 can take 50 times, pay extra 10 yuan deposit for a total purchase price of 90. By sub-vote from the date of purchase, valid for 30 days after expiry, the card automatically cleared by Ci. If all the x-use within the validity period has finished, you can vote again to take within the Result purchase the corresponding times, since the Result date, the purchase by meeting the entry into force is still valid for 30 days. As of 2007 December 30, by sub-votes will not accept refill, take the time to use the remaining card after the ticket void.
The City Card is a non-contact type IC card Transit card similar to the Yikatong card in Beijing. It is accepted in subway, light rail, bus, ferry and taxi transport. Since 28 December 2006, City Card has been accepted on the Metro Line 1. City Card holders can enjoy a discounted fare during transfers between modes. This is the most popular method for long distance traveling. Ferryboat and bus fares are not distance based.
The "Tianjin Metro Phase 2 construction plan", which is approved by the NDRC, consists 513 km of lines total.
|Line||Section||Terminals||Planned Opening Date||Length|
|Phase 1 (Urban section)||Lüshuigongyuan||Lushuidao||2024||18.54||17|
The Phase 1 of Line 10 will be 21.18 km (13.16 mi) long with 21 stations. The Phase 1 of Line 10 is scheduled to open in 2022 from Yudongcheng to Yutai.
Line 11 will run from Shuishanggongyuan to Dongliliujinglu. It is 22.6 km long with 21 stations.
A 22.5 km (14.0 mi) long line strictly serving the urban core of Binhai connecting Binhai West railway station to the Yujiapu Financial District and Binhai railway station (formerly known as Yujiapu railway station).
A 35 km (22 mi) long suburban metro line connecting the northern suburbs of Binhai to the Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area and Yujiapu Financial District.
Line 7 started construction in 2019 and will run from Yuguandao to Saidabazhilu. It is 26.53 km long with 21 stations and runs north south. The line will use six car high capacity Type A trains.
Wuhan Metro is a rapid transit system serving the city of Wuhan, Hubei, China. Owned and operated by Wuhan Metro Group Co., Ltd., the network now includes 11 lines, 282 stations, and 435 km (270 mi) of route length. With 1.22 billion annual passengers in 2019, Wuhan Metro is the sixth-busiest rapid transit system in mainland China. There are a number of lines or sections under construction. The government of Wuhan City promised the citizens that at least two lines or sections open every year.
The Beijing–Tianjin intercity railway is a Chinese high-speed railway that runs 117 km line between Beijing and Tianjin. Designed for passenger traffic only, the Chinese government built the line to accommodate trains traveling at a maximum speed of 350 km/h (217 mph), and currently carries CRH high-speed trains running speeds up to 350 km/h (217 mph) since August 2018.
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