MTR

Last updated

Mass Transit Railway (MTR)
港鐵
HK MTR logo.svg
Tung Chung Line Train.jpg
An MTR train on the Tung Chung line
Overview
Locale Hong Kong
Transit type
Number of lines
  • Heavy rail: 10
  • Light rail: 12
Number of stations
  • Heavy rail: 98
  • Light rail: 68 [1]
Daily ridership
Website mtr.com.hk
Operation
Began operation
  • 1 October 1910;111 years ago (1910-10-01) (British Section of KCR opened)
  • 1 October 1979;42 years ago (1979-10-01) (MTR's Modified Initial System opened)
  • 2 December 2007;14 years ago (2007-12-02) (MTR and KCR operations merged)
Operator(s) MTR Corporation
Technical
System length
  • Heavy rail: 174.7 km (108.6 mi) [3]
  • Light rail: 36.2 km (22.5 mi) [3] [4]
Track gauge
  • 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge (East Rail line, Tuen Ma line, South Island line, Light Rail and line extensions after 2014)
  • 1,432 mm (4 ft 8+38 in) almost-standard gauge (all other lines)
Bilingual real-time information is provided on every platform, shown above is the PIDS for East Rail line MTR PIDS East Rail Line.gif
Bilingual real-time information is provided on every platform, shown above is the PIDS for East Rail line
Most heavy-rail stations have lifts connecting the platform and the concourse MTR ETS (35).JPG
Most heavy-rail stations have lifts connecting the platform and the concourse

The architecture of MTR stations is less artistic, instead focusing on structural practicability. With the high level of daily passenger traffic, facilities of the MTR stations are built with durability and accessibility in mind. After extensive retrofitting, the MTR system has become, in general, disabled-friendly—the trains have dedicated wheelchair space, the stations have special floor tiles to guide the blind safely on the platforms, and there are extra wide entry and exit gates for wheelchairs as well. Portable ramp for wheelchair users are available for boarding and alighting trains. On board the rolling stock, there are also flashing system maps on select trains while Active Line Diagrams and traditional route maps are installed on the others. Infopanels as well as on MTR In-Train TV onboard trains display important messages such as next station announcements as well as operational messages. [68]

Telecommunications

3G and LTE (4G) mobile phone network is in place throughout the MTR system of stations and tunnels allowing passengers to stay connected underground. Currently, full 3G network coverage in all stations and tunnels (except underground section on East Rail line and Tuen Ma line) for the MTR system has been provided by 3 Hong Kong, SmarTone and PCCW. Passengers are able to use high-speed internet on their mobile phones regardless whether the train is above ground or under ground. [69] The MTR has already extended the Wi-Fi service to all of the Airport Express trains and the expansion of the service to other MTR routes is still under consideration by MTR. [70] All 93 stations on the MTR offer free Wi-Fi service with a limit of 15 minutes per session and a maximum of five sessions per day. [71]

In late 2015 it was announced that all 400 payphones in the MTR system would be removed in early 2016. The contract with the service provider, Shinetown Telecom, was expiring, and the MTR Corporation said that no one had tendered a proposal to take over the contract. [72] [73] As a result, the MTR system no longer has payphones.

Announcements

When the system opened, public announcements were made in British English and Cantonese by train captains and station staff. In 1992 the announcements were standardised, pre-recorded by RTHK presenter Cheri Chan Yu-yan (Chinese :陳如茵), who is now an assistant professor of English-language education at the University of Hong Kong, and who remains the voice of the MTR today. [74] [75] Since 2004, to accommodate Mainland Chinese visitors under the Individual Visit Scheme, Mandarin Chinese was added to the repertory.

Public toilets

Unlike many other metro systems around the world, "main line" MTR stations originally did not have toilet facilities available for public use. Passengers may use MTR staff toilets at all stations on request. In 2006, MTRCL said it would not consider retrofitting existing underground toilets, because of the challenge of installing new piping and toilet facilities. [76] Only stations on the Airport Express and Disneyland Resort line had access to toilet facilities. All former KCR stations (on the East Rail line and Tuen Ma line), merged into the MTR network in 2007, have public toilets.

During the Legislative Council rail merger bill discussions, the MTR Corporation was criticised by legislators for their unwillingness to install toilets in main line stations. [77] MTRCL indicated that it would carry out a review of the feasibility of installing public toilets at or in the vicinity of its above-ground railway stations. [76] Discussions between the Government and MTRCL have taken into account LegCo members' request for a stronger commitment by the corporation to the provision of public toilets on new railway lines. This resulted in MTRCL agreeing to include the provision of toilets within, or adjacent to, stations in the overall design parameters for all future new railway lines, subject to planning and regulatory approval and any concerns raised by residents in the vicinity about the location of external ventilation exhausts. [78]

Toilets have since been retrofitted into several existing MTR stations, including Sheung Wan station, Ngau Tau Kok station, Quarry Bay station, Mong Kok station, Prince Edward station, and Admiralty station. In addition, newly opened stations such as those of the West Island line have toilets. The MTR plans to install public toilets at all interchange stations by 2020. [79]

In late 2017 the MTR introduced breastfeeding rooms at 20 interchange stations. The rooms are located in back of house areas, and are available upon request to MTR staff. [80] [81]

Commerce and journals

Prior to the privatisation of MTRC, MTR stations only had branches of the Hang Seng Bank, Maxim's Cakes stores, and a handful of other shops. Since then, the number and types of shops have increased at stations has increased, turning some of them into miniature shopping centres. ATMs and convenience stores are now commonplace.

The MTR has contracted with publishers for the distribution of free magazines and newspapers in MTR stations. Recruit was the first free magazine which was solely distributed in stations (before railway merger) since July 1992, but the contract was terminated in July 2002. Another recruitment magazine Jiu Jik (招職), published by South China Morning Post , replaced Recruit as the only free recruitment magazine distributed in MTR stations bi-weekly. The Metropolis Daily (都市日報), published by Metro International, is the first free newspaper distributed free in MTR stations during weekdays (except public holidays); and in 2005, there is another weekend newspaper Express Post (快線週報), distributed every Saturday except public holidays. The Metropop (都市流行), a weekly magazine featuring cultural affairs and city trends also published by Metro International, started its distribution in MTR stations every Thursday since 27 April 2006, a few months after the termination of Hui Kai Guide (去街 Guide) in 2006. MTR Stations on ex-KCR lines feature two free Chinese-language newspapers, namely am730 and Headline Daily. MTR promotes reading of these newspapers by adding special coupons and promotion offers inside the newspapers, for example, a free trip to Lok Ma Chau or a free keyring. On the Kwun Tong line, East Rail line and Tuen Ma line, MTR In-Train TV is available.

MTR Bus

One of the double-decker feeder buses run by KMB MTR Feeder Bus.jpg
One of the double-decker feeder buses run by KMB

At various stations of the MTR network, the MTRCL (which took over from KCR) operates feeder buses which enhance the convenience of taking the MTR. These bus routes, which normally consist of one to two stops, terminate at housing estates and go past major landmarks. The feeder bus routes on the East Rail line are run under the MTR name but are operated by Kowloon Motor Bus.

Signalling

Compartment for new signalling equipment on an MTR train MTR M Train New signal system.jpg
Compartment for new signalling equipment on an MTR train

Throughout its history, MTR has used different signalling systems for its lines. The main Operations Control Centre for the entire network is located at Tsing Yi. Previous control centres were located at Fo Tan and Kam Tin for the East Rail line, Ma On Shan line and West Rail line. [82]

On the pre-merger MTR network, wayside signals are simple two-aspect signals whose colours are namely red for "stop" and blue for "proceed according to ATO"; this is made possible by the use of automatic train operation (ATO) which provides the onboard equipment the permitted speeds via undercarriage antennas located underneath the cab whereas the signals having been sent by radio transmitters located between the rails. An automatic train protection (ATP) is also used to enforce safety. [83]

In 1998, transmission balise-locomotive (TBL) was implemented on the East Rail line to monitor train safety. Subsequently, in 2002, ATO was also implemented on the East Rail line. However, the original British-style Automatic Warning System is still retained for use by Intercity-Through Trains. [84] On the other hand, the Tuen Ma line use SelTrac moving block communications-based train control (CBTC) system from Alcatel Canada (now Thales Group). The SelTrac system is also used by the fully automated Disneyland Resort line, whereas the South Island line uses another signalling supplier, Alstom, Urbalis 400 CBTC system.

As part of RailGen 2.0 implemented from 2014 onwards to improve the standards of the rail network, the signalling systems on the older lines are to be replaced with new CBTC systems; the system used for the pre-merger network will be replaced with Alstom-Thales SelTrac [85] [86] [87] whereas that for the East Rail line will be replaced by Siemens Trainguard CBTC. However, the signalling upgrades encountered a serious setback in the form of a train collision outside Central station on 18 March 2019. [88]

Mass Transit Railway (MTR)
Traditional Chinese 港鐵
Simplified Chinese 港铁
Hanyu Pinyin Gǎngtiě
Cantonese Yale Góngtit
Literal meaning"Hong Kong railway"
LineSupplierSolutionCommission DateRemarks
Kwun Tong, Tsuen Wan and Island lines Alstom [89] SACEM 1996–1998N/A
Tung Chung line, Airport Express 1998
Tseung Kwan O line Siemens [90] 2002includes a section of Kwun Tong line between Lam Tin and Tiu Keng Leng and a service tunnel formerly connecting Lam Tin to the Eastern Harbour Tunnel.
Disneyland Resort line Alstom SelTrac LS2005Fully automated
East Rail line Siemens Trainguard MT CBTC [91] 2021AWS will be retained for Intercity-Through Trains.
Tuen Ma line AlstomSelTrac IS2003, 2004N/A
South Island line AlstomUrbalis 400 [92] 2016Fully automated
Light Rail unknownVehicle identification system, man-machine interface1988N/A
Hong Kong Express Rail Link unknown CTCS-2 and CTCS-3 [93] 2018
Future
Kwun Tong, Tsuen Wan, Island, Tsuen Kwan O, Disneyland Resort, Tung Chung and Airport Express LinesAlstom, Thales Advanced SelTrac CBTC [94] UnknownImplementation delayed due to a train collision on the Tsuen Wan line in March 2019
Former
Kwun Tong, Tsuen Wan and Island lines Westinghouse Block Work1979Deactivated by 1998

Head office

MTR Headquarters Building, Telford Gardens MTR Headquarters Building.JPG
MTR Headquarters Building, Telford Gardens

The MTR Headquarters Building is located at Telford Plaza. [95] It is a part of the larger Telford Garden complex, which was developed as part of a partnership between MTR and private development companies. [96]

Telford Plaza held an exhibition dedicated to the history of MTR in April 2014. [97]

Fares and tickets

After the rail merger, there are three different fare classes on the MTR: Adult, Students and Concessionary. Only children below the age of 12 and senior citizens 65 years or older are eligible for the concessionary rate on all lines. Full-time Hong Kong students between the ages of 12 and 25 qualify for the concessionary rate using a personalised Octopus Card on all lines except on Airport Express, or travel to or from cross-border stations (Lo Wu/Lok Ma Chau). [98] Children below the age of 3 travel free (unless they exceed the height range).

The fare of MTR between any two particular stations is not calculated using a particular formula, and must be looked up from the fare table. Fares for the Airport Express Line are significantly higher. Services to checkpoint termini are also more expensive than ordinary fares. Adult fares range from HK$3.6 to $52.6 (US$0.46–6.74). Concessionary fares are usually half the adult fare, and range from HK$1.50 to $27.00. Student fares are the same as child and elderly fare on the urban lines, but are the same as the Adult fares for journeys to or from checkpoint termini, and range from HK$1.50 to $51.00. The fare is subject to adjustment in June every year.

Prior to May 2009, MTR did not provide concessionary fares for the disabled. Legislators such as social welfare constituency legislator Fernando Cheung Chiu-hung and those from Hong Kong's Association for Democracy and People's Livelihood had for years demanded that such concessions be put in place. [99] [100] In May 2009, MTR eventually agreed to offer the disabled concessionary fares with HK$2 million sponsorship from Transport and Housing Bureau and under the condition that Legislative Council amends the Disability Discrimination Ordinance. [101]

Single journey tickets can be purchased at vending machines while tourist passes, Octopus cards and other special tickets must be purchased at the ticket counter. Credit cards are only accepted to purchase Airport Express tickets and tourist Octopus cards from automatic vending machines located within Hong Kong airport.

Octopus cards

The Octopus card is a rechargeable contactless smart card used in an electronic payment system in Hong Kong developed by Australian company ERG Group. It was launched in September 1997 for use on the MTR (and KCR, now operated by MTR) and now is the most widely used electronic cash system for transactions in Hong Kong as many retailers (including supermarkets, car parks and fast food outlets) are fitted with readers. [102] The technology used was Sony's Felica line of smartcard. The Octopus card uses radio frequency identification (RFID) technology so that users need only hold the card in front of the reader, without taking it out of handbags and wallets.

Except for the Airport Express, MTR fares are slightly lower when using an Octopus card compared to using single journey tickets. For example, the cost of the three-minute journey from Admiralty to Tsim Sha Tsui across the Victoria Harbour was (as of January 2018) HK$9.7 using the Octopus card, compared with HK$10.5 for a single-journey ticket. Also, to have fare discounts and promotions, say Monthly Pass [103] and MTR Club Bonus points Scheme, [104] passengers are required to hold an Octopus Card.

Tourist pass

The Tourist Day Pass gives tourists unlimited MTR rides for one day (with the exception of MTR Bus routes, the First Class of the East Rail line, the Airport Express, as well as journeys to and from Lo Wu, Lok Ma Chau and Racecourse stations). Each pass costs HK$55 and are available at all the MTR Customer Service Centres. Tourist Day Pass must be used within 30 days upon the day of issue. [105] The Airport Express Tourist Octopus Cards are also available. Cardholders may enjoy three days of unlimited rides on the MTR (except Airport Express, East Rail line First Class, Lo Wu and Lok Ma Chau stations) refundable deposit of HK$50 and choice of either a single (HK$220) or round trip (HK$300) on the Airport Express. [106]

Other fares

A touchless smart card system is used for single journey tickets. These tickets are pre-paid for between pre-determined stations, and are good for only one trip. There are no return tickets, except on the Airport Express. As of mid-2013, less than five per cent of MTR customers travelled on single journey tickets. [107]

Fares for the Airport Express are substantially different from main line fares. Apart from single tickets, same-day return tickets (same price as a single), and one-month return tickets are also available.

A one-day pass was able to be purchased for unlimited travel to and from Hong Kong Disneyland within the same day, from 2005 to 2011, [108] and cost HK$50. This pass could be purchased from any MTR Customer Service Centres or Airport Express Customer Service Centres. [32]

Ticket recommendation

Ticket Suggestion and Route Suggestion functions are available on the MTR website; based on trip destination and travel pattern, they can recommend the lowest price ticket type for daily and non-daily commuters. [109]

Third parties, such as MTR Service Update, have also developed ticket recommendation capabilities, claiming to be more user-friendly and fare-saving. The Checkfare function at MTR Service Update can recommend whether to interchange at Tsim Sha Tsui or East Tsim Sha Tsui, to receive a better discount. [110]

Performance

Rapid Transit Ridership
Yearridership
(million)
±%
2008 1,309    
2009 1,323+1.1%
2010 1,410+6.6%
2011 1,482+5.1%
2012 1,553+4.8%
2013 1,600+3.0%
2014 1,676+4.8%
2015 1,707+1.8%
2016 1,716+0.5%
Source: [111]

Since the merger in 2007, MTR has consistently achieved a 99.9 per cent on-time rate, meaning 999 of every 1,000 passengers arrives at their destination within 5 minutes of scheduled time. In 2013, out of the 5.2 million passengers the MTR averaged each workday, 5.195 million passengers were considered to have arrived "on time". [112] This makes MTR one of the most efficient rapid transit systems on the planet. [113] MTR must report all delays of more than eight minutes to the government. There were 143 reportable incidents in 2013. [112] MTR is fined HK$1 million for having delays of 31 minutes to an hour, with higher fines for longer delays. [114]

Regulations and safety

Platform screen doors at Tung Chung station MTR TUC (4).JPG
Platform screen doors at Tung Chung station

According to the Mass Transit Railway By-laws, eating, drinking, or smoking are not allowed in the paid area of stations or in trains. Offenders will be fined up to HK$5000. [115]

Various campaigns and activities are taken to help ensure that the MTR is a safe system to travel on. Poster campaigns displaying information on topics such as escalator safety are a common sight in all MTR stations, and announcements are made regularly as safety reminders to travelling passengers. By-laws were also introduced to deter potentially dangerous actions on the MTR, such as the ban on flammable goods on the MTR and rushing into trains when the doors are closing. Penalties ranging from fines to imprisonment have been imposed for such offences. [116]

Police officers patrol the trains and stations, and police posts are available at some stations. The Hong Kong Police Force has a Railway District responsible for the MTR. Closed-circuit television cameras are installed in stations and on some of the newer trains. [117]

The entire Tung Chung line and Airport Express, as well as the stations added by the Tseung Kwan O line, has platform screen doors (PSDs), ordered from Swiss glass door manufacturer Kaba Gilgen AG, [118] [119] installed upon construction. So does the entire Tuen Ma line, inherited from KCR. These doors make platforms safer by preventing people from falling onto the rails, even though MTRCL did not heavily promote it directly. However, the primary motivation was to separate the stations from the tunnels, hence allowing substantial energy savings on station air-conditioning and tunnel ventilation. [120] Automatic platform gates (APGs) have also been installed at the Sunny Bay and Disneyland Resort stations. Their heights are half of the PSDs and only prevent people from falling onto the rails. MTR has finished installing the APGs on all of the above-ground stations of the MTR except on the East Rail line; they will be installed there as part of the Sha Tin to Central Link project. [121]

In June 2000, MTRCL proceeded with plans to retrofit 2,960 pairs of platform screen doors at all 30 underground stations on the Kwun Tong, Tsuen Wan, and Island lines in a six-year programme. The programme made MTR the world's first railway to undertake the retrofitting of PSDs on a passenger-carrying system already in operation. A prototype design was first introduced at Choi Hung station in the 3rd quarter of 2001. The scheme was completed in October 2005, ahead of the forecast completion date in 2006. MTRCL said that part of the cost had to be assumed by passengers. [122] HK$0.10 per passenger trip was levied on Octopus card users to help fund the HK$2 billion retrofit programme. This levy was ended in 2013 after raising more than HK$1 billion. [123]

Visual identity

The MTR visual identity, which includes logo, vehicle livery, signage, route maps and passenger information, was updated in 1995–1998 by Lloyd Northover, the British design consultancy founded by John Lloyd and Jim Northover.

Social outreach

Live art performances in the subway connecting Hong Kong station and Central station Art in MTR (Hong Kong).jpg
Live art performances in the subway connecting Hong Kong station and Central station

Art promotion

With the objective "not only bring MTR passengers more time for life, but also more time for art", the Art in MTR Initiative has been a success since its reception in 1998, where the Airport Express Artwork Programme was the pioneer project. Thereafter, live performances, art exhibitions, display of artwork by established and emerging artists, students and young children have been brought into the MTR stations. MTRCL have even made art part of the station architecture when building new stations or renovating existing ones. Artworks are exhibited in different forms on the network, including "arttube", open art gallery, community art galleries, roving art, living art, and art in station architecture. [124]

MTR Hong Kong Race Walking

MTR and Hong Kong Association of Athletics Affiliates have jointly hosted MTR Hong Kong Race Walking annually in spring since 2005. The race walking competition aims at promoting healthy living in Hong Kong. The race begins and ends on the ground above Central MTR station, namely Chater Garden, Chater Road, Ice House Street and Des Voeux Road Central in Central. [125] [126] There is a fun walk apart from the regular competition. The event attracted over 800 participants in 2005 and 1,500 in 2012. [127] The event is attended not only by Hongkongers, but also athletes from various countries. The race raises fund for Better Health for a Better Hong Kong, a Hospital Authority project for the working population. [128] [129]

Controversies

Tree removal

The MTR Corporation came under fire in June 2011 after their work on the cross-border high-speed railway line encroached on a conservation area in Pat Heung, Yuen Long. 34 trees were felled and an entire slope was concreted over in the conservation area. The Environmental Protection Department issued summonses to the corporation for offences under the Environmental Impact Assessment Ordinance. In September 2011, a fine of HK$15,000 was imposed by the court. The MTR Corporation admitted that 34 trees were felled by mistake; all were common native woodland species and no rare tree species were affected. The corporation said owing to a technical misalignment of relevant drawings, the plan submitted to the Environmental Protection Department did not include the part of the Conservation Area which was included in the gazettal plan of their works. The corporation became aware that part of the approved tree removal works may have encroached onto the Conservation Area during construction, and proactively reported the situation to the government. Evaluation and measures have been taken to prevent similar incidents from happening again. [130] [131] [132]

The MTR Corporation came under fire again in September 2011 after felling dozens of trees in Admiralty as part of construction work for the South Island line. Green activists denounced the tree felling as "unprofessional", and Ken So Kwok-yin, chief executive of the Conservancy Association and a certified tree arborist, said that the explanations offered by the MTR Corporation as to why the trees were felled were "unacceptable". The MTR Corporation is felling approximately 4,000 trees for the construction of the South Island line, raising concerns from environmental groups and the public about its commitment to protecting Hong Kong's natural environment. [133]

Limits on oversized luggage

Mainland Chinese parallel traders outside Sheung Shui station Mainland Chinese cross-border traders outside Sheung Shui Station 01.JPG
Mainland Chinese parallel traders outside Sheung Shui station

The corporation has limits on the size of items allowed on trains. The MTR system is facing pressure from increasing numbers of parallel traders who carry oversized baggage onto trains for resale in China. The corporation has been criticised for allowing parallel traders to board trains with massive bags, causing undue congestion and inconvenience to residents of the North District. [134]

Furthermore, the corporation accused of double standards in enforcement when images of cross-border smugglers pushing overladen trollies appeared on social network sites on a regular basis, whilst local students carrying large musical instruments were reported to have been stopped and issued with written warnings. [135] [136] Leading musicians joined in the criticism of MTR's stance on large instruments; some citizens invited players of cellos and other large instruments to congregate on 3 October 2015 with their equipment at Tai Wai station, where the majority of these instances occurred. [136]

Following the public uproar, MTR issued a press release in the early hours acknowledging discontent and announcing a one-month review of the policy on oversized items to see whether there was room for fine-tuning that would not compromise on passenger safety. The corporation said that staff would continue executing existing policy until any revisions are made. [137]

October 2018 disruption

On 16 October 2018, four MTR lines suffered delays simultaneously, an unprecedented disruption to railway services. [138] MTR stated that initial investigations showed that the problems were related to the computers that control the signalling system, and an in-depth investigation would be carried out. [139]

Cathay Pacific advertisement

In May 2019, the MTR Corporation and the Airport Authority Hong Kong reportedly refused to display a Cathay Pacific advertisement featuring two men holding hands due to its LGBT message. [140]

Involvement in 2019–20 Hong Kong protests

Yuen Long attack

On 21 July 2019, a mob of men dressed in white and carrying wooden sticks and metal pipes entered the MTR's Yuen Long station and assaulted people indiscriminately. The attack is largely believed to have been carried out by pro-Beijing paid thugs. One pregnant woman was hurt and found lying on the floor, and journalists were also attacked. The mob entered the paid area and attacked commuters aboard a train, which was unable to depart. Over 40 people were sent to hospital. [141] [142] After the incident, pro-Beijing legislator Junius Ho was accused of supporting the attack. [143]

Prince Edward station attack

On 31 August 2019, during the anti-extradition bill protests, Special Tactical Squad officers of the Hong Kong Police Force entered Prince Edward station and attacked people inside. They fired tear gas inside the station and trains, violating guidelines on the use of such products in enclosed spaces. [144] Bystanders were caught in the operation and it has generally been deemed a brutal attempt to stop the protests. [145] Widespread rumours of civilian deaths at the station circulated after discrepancies were noted regarding the number of injuries. The MTR refused to provide CCTV footage filmed during the incident, helping to perpetuate these rumours.

Citizens trying to stop the gate from closing at Kwun Tong station on 24 August 2019, when a protest has just started nearby. They were also demanding the senior management of MTR to come out and provide a valid reason for the closure of stations. Hong Kong citizens stopping railway station from closing during protest, 24 August 2019.jpg
Citizens trying to stop the gate from closing at Kwun Tong station on 24 August 2019, when a protest has just started nearby. They were also demanding the senior management of MTR to come out and provide a valid reason for the closure of stations.

Halting of services

On multiple occasions during the 2019–20 Hong Kong protests, MTR has sealed off stations close to locations of protest before their starting time. Supporters of the protests have thus criticised MTR of intentionally impeding the public from attending protests and unnecessarily affecting civilians, giving MTR the nickname "CCP railway" (Chinese: 黨鐵; lit.'Party railway'). [146]

Following a clash between police and protestors in the Yuen Long station on 21 August 2019, the Chinese state media People's Daily published a commentary accusing MTR of "conspiring with protestors" by "arranging special free trains for rioters to escape". In response to the accusation, MTR issued a statement declaring that it will close stations under emergency situations in the future. [147] After that, MTR has on multiple occasions closed off stations close to ongoing protests, for example closing the Lam Tin station, Kwun Tong station and Ngau Tau Kok station on 24 August 2020 before the starting time of a permitted demonstration in Kwun Tong. [148] Similar incidents of varying scale have occurred multiple times later, [149] [150] [151] leading to the criticisms that MTR is cooperating with the government to prevent citizens from attending protests. [152]

Arrangement of train for riot police

On 24 August 2019, MTR arranged a special train exclusively to carry riot police to Kowloon Bay station, which was closed to the public at that time due to the demonstration nearby at Kwun Tong. [153] This has led to criticisms that MTR is assisting the government in oppressing the freedom of assembly and the freedom of expressions in Hong Kong. [154] [155]

See also

Notes

  1. Includes "domestic service", "Airport Express" and "cross-boundary".
  2. Includes "Intercity, light rail, and bus" and "HSR".
  3. The "daily average" of MTR lines from the link provided actually means the "weekday average". The real daily average of MTR lines equals to the "monthly total" divided by the number of days in that month.
  4. Tsim Sha Tsui and East Tsim Sha Tsui are two separate stations, so one single journey ticket cannot be used for interchange between them. It is only possible to interchange with an Octopus card, or get a second ticket. Passengers with only one ticket can interchange at Kowloon Tong station (Kwun Tong and East Rail lines), then interchange at Hung Hom (for Tuen Ma line) or Mong Kok (for Tsuen Wan line).
  5. All MTR railways use overhead lines for electrification.
  6. Exhibition Centre station
  7. Tuen Ma line is composed of 2 former KCR lines, namely West Rail (opened first in 2003) and Ma On Shan Rail, joined by a newly built section after the MTR-KCR network merger.
  8. To Kwa Wan and Sung Wong Toi stations
  9. Ho Man Tin and Whampoa stations
  10. West Island line and Kwun Tong line extension use 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge.
  11. Sai Ying Pun Station
  12. LOHAS Park Station
  13. AsiaWorld–Expo station
  14. Various stops in Tin Shui Wai

Related Research Articles

Transport in Hong Kong Overview of the transport in Hong Kong

Hong Kong has a highly developed and sophisticated transport network, encompassing both public and private transport. Based on Hong Kong Government's Travel Characteristics Survey, over 90% of the daily journeys are on public transport, the highest rate in the world. However, in 2014 the Transport Advisory Committee, which advises the Government on transportation issues, issued a report on the much worsened congestion problem in Hong Kong and pointed at the excessive growth of private cars during the past 10–15 years.

Island line (MTR) Hong Kong railway line

The Island line is one of eleven lines of the MTR, the mass transit system in Hong Kong. It runs from Kennedy Town in Western to Chai Wan in the Eastern District. The line first opened on 31 May 1985. It currently travels through 16.3 kilometres (10.1 mi) in 25 minutes along its route, serving 17 stations. The line is indicated by the colour dark blue on the MTR map.

Tsuen Wan line Hong Kong railway line

The Tsuen Wan line is one of the eleven lines of the metro network in Hong Kong's MTR. It is indicated in red on the MTR map.

Kwun Tong line Hong Kong railway line

The Kwun Tong line is a heavy-rail rapid transit line of the MTR network in Hong Kong, coloured green on the MTR map. Starting at Whampoa in Hung Hom and ending at Tiu Keng Leng in Tseung Kwan O, Sai Kung, the route has 17 stations and takes 35 minutes to complete. The Kwun Tong line is one of the busiest railway lines on the network, connecting the central and the eastern portions of Kowloon via Wong Tai Sin. The line is mostly underground, but includes a lengthy elevated section, and runs generally in an east-west direction. During the morning rush hour, the Kwun Tong line utilises 34 trains running at 2.1-minute-intervals.

Tseung Kwan O line Hong Kong railway line

The Tseung Kwan O line is one of the eleven lines of the MTR system in Hong Kong, indicated by the colour purple. It is currently 12.3 kilometres (7.6 mi) long, taking 15 minutes to travel throughout the entire line.

West Rail line Former Hong Kong railway line

The West Rail line was a rapid transit line that formed part of the Mass Transit Railway (MTR) system in Hong Kong until 27 June 2021. Coloured magenta on the MTR map, the line ran from Tuen Mun to Hung Hom, with a total length of 35.7 kilometres (22.2 mi), in 37 minutes. The railway connected the urban area of Kowloon and the new towns of Yuen Long, Tin Shui Wai and Tuen Mun in the northwestern New Territories.

Kam Sheung Road station MTR station in the New Territories, Hong Kong

Kam Sheung Road is an MTR station on the Tuen Ma line, located between Pat Heung and Kam Tin in Hong Kong. It is situated between Tsuen Wan West and Yuen Long stations. Kam Sheung Road was the arena for the KCR West Rail's opening ceremony.

Prince Edward station MTR interchange station in Kowloon, Hong Kong

Prince Edward is a station of the MTR rapid transit system in Hong Kong. It is located in Mong Kok, Kowloon, under the intersection of Nathan Road and Prince Edward Road West. The station is named after this road.

Admiralty station (MTR) MTR interchange station on Hong Kong Island

Admiralty is a Mass Transit Railway (MTR) station in Admiralty, Hong Kong. The station's livery is blue and white. Served by the East Rail line, the Tsuen Wan line, the Island line, and the South Island line, Admiralty is a major interchange station within the MTR network.

Kowloon Tong station MTR interchange station in Kowloon, Hong Kong

Kowloon Tong is a station on MTR's Kwun Tong line and East Rail line in New Kowloon, Hong Kong. The station serves Kowloon Tong and its vicinity, including Yau Yat Tsuen, the Festival Walk shopping centre, City University of Hong Kong and Hong Kong Baptist University.

Tsim Sha Tsui station MTR station in Kowloon, Hong Kong

Tsim Sha Tsui is an MTR station on the Tsuen Wan line. The station, originally opened on 16 December 1979 on the Kwun Tong line, serves the area of Tsim Sha Tsui.

Mong Kok East station MTR station in Kowloon, Hong Kong

Mong Kok East station – formerly Mong Kok railway station and Yaumati (油麻地) – is a station on Hong Kong's East Rail line. Only out-of-system interchange is available with Kwun Tong line and Tsuen Wan line at Mong Kok station via a footbridge. The station is connected to Grand Century Place, a large shopping mall.

Sha Tin to Central Link Hong Kong railway project

The Sha Tin to Central Link is an extension of the MTR rapid transit network. It is divided into two sections.

MTR In-Train TV, provides Cable TV news and infotainment programmes through LC displays installed on board Hong Kong's MTR trains.

MTR Rotem EMU Model of electric multiple unit operated by the MTR

The Rotem EMU is an electric multiple unit that operates on the MTR rapid transit railway system in Hong Kong. They were jointly built by a consortium consisting of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries of Japan and Hyundai Rotem of South Korea and come in two variants: those delivered for the Tseung Kwan O line, and those delivered in 2006 to 2007 for the Tung Chung line. In 2003 and 2004, the urban line trains ran on the Tsuen Wan line, Island line and Tseung Kwan O line.

Tuen Ma line Hong Kong railway line

The Tuen Ma line is a rapid transit line that forms part of the Mass Transit Railway (MTR) system in Hong Kong. Coloured brown on the map, the Tuen Ma line is 56.2 kilometres (34.9 mi) in length, making it the longest line of the MTR network. It has a total of 27 stations, more than any other in the MTR system.

MTR CNR Changchun EMU Model of electric multiple unit operated by the MTR

The Changchun EMU or CNR Changchun EMU is an electric multiple unit train type of the Mass Transit Railway (MTR) system in Hong Kong. It is designed and manufactured by Changchun Railway Vehicles, a member of CNR group. They were the first MTR heavy-rail stock to be manufactured in Mainland China, while past orders came from England, Japan, Europe or South Korea.

Rail transport in Hong Kong Trains in the Special Administrative Region

Hong Kong's rail network mainly comprises public transport trains operated by the MTR Corporation Limited (MTRC). The MTRC operates the metro network of Hong Kong and the commuter rail network connecting the northeastern and northwestern New Territories to the urban area. The operations of the territory's two leading railway companies, MTRC and the Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation (KCRC), were merged in 2007 on grounds of economies of scale and cost effectiveness. The Hong Kong Government has an explicit stated transport policy of using the railway as its transport backbone.

MTR Urban Lines Vision Train New type of train rolling on MTR

The MTR Urban Lines Vision Train is a new rolling stock ordered by MTR Hong Kong in July 2015.

References

  1. 1 2 "MTR – Services and Facilities – MTR Train Services". MTR Corporation. 2014. Archived from the original on 5 May 2016. Retrieved 24 May 2015.
  2. "MTR Patronage Updates". MTR Corporation Limited. 2019. Archived from the original on 14 May 2016. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 "Business Overview" (PDF). MTR Corporation. 2018. p. 5. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  4. "MTR Press Release" (PDF). MTR Corporation Limited. 2012. Archived (PDF) from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 11 March 2013.
  5. Merging Hong Kong's Railways Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine , Civic Exchange, 2004
  6. "2018 Annual Report" (PDF). MTR Corporation. p. 32. Archived (PDF) from the original on 29 October 2020. Retrieved 8 September 2019.
  7. 1 2 Freeman, Fox, Wilbur Smith & Associates (1967). Hong Kong Mass Transport Study (Report).{{cite report}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  8. "Government has reached understanding with MTRCL on the terms for merging the MTR and KCR systems". Environmental, Transport and Works Bureau of HKSAR. 11 April 2006. Archived from the original on 8 April 2007. Retrieved 8 March 2007.
  9. "Possible Merger of MTR and KCR Systems". Environmental, Transport and Works Bureau of HKSAR. 6 November 2006. Archived from the original on 6 February 2007. Retrieved 5 March 2007.
  10. "Consultancy Services – The Client List". MTR Corporation. Archived from the original on 18 June 2011. Retrieved 8 August 2013.
  11. Rail Mass Transit for Developing Countries: Proceedings of the Conference Organized by the Institution of Civil Engineers, and Held in London on 9–10 October 1989 Archived 5 August 2016 at the Wayback Machine , Thomas Telford, 1990, page 141
  12. Freeman, Fox, Wilbur Smith & Associates (1968). Hong Kong Mass Transport Study Supplementary Report (Report).{{cite report}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  13. Freeman, Fox, Wilbur Smith & Associates (1970). Hong Kong Mass Transport Further Study (Report).{{cite report}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  14. "Talks on underground railway begin today". South China Morning Post. Reuters. 30 August 1973. p. 20.
  15. Loke, Peter (12 December 1973). "Govt to begin tube talks with Japanese". South China Morning Post. p. 1.
  16. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "The History". Hong Kong Mass Transit InfoCenter. 27 October 2003. Archived from the original on 7 October 2007. Retrieved 8 March 2007.
  17. "Executive powers for tube Authority". South China Morning Post. 9 February 1974. p. 7.
  18. Mass Transit Railway Modern Tramway & Light Rail Transit April 1980 page 134
  19. "Mass transit: 'Ayes' have it". South China Morning Post. 8 May 1975. p. 1.
  20. "Tube: the last legal hurdle is removed". South China Morning Post. 8 May 1975. p. 4.
  21. 1 2 "Mass transit railway is all set to roll". South China Morning Post. 24 September 1979. p. 18.
  22. "Hong Kong – A city on the move". Royal Institute of British Architects. Archived from the original on 24 February 2008. Retrieved 12 October 2007.
  23. Annual Report 1979. Hong Kong: Mass Transit Railway Corporation. 1980.
  24. "The Airport Railway Project". Heavy Iron Station. Archived from the original on 11 March 2007. Retrieved 19 March 2006.
  25. "Complimentary service exclusively for Airport Express Passengers". MTR Corporation Limited. Archived from the original on 23 April 2006. Retrieved 17 April 2006.
  26. Yeung, Rikkie (2008). Moving Millions: The Commercial Success and Political Controversies of Hong Kong's Railways. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press. ISBN   978-962-209-963-0.
  27. "Annual Report 2006" (PDF). MTR Corporation Limited. 2006. p. 21. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 August 2007. Retrieved 18 July 2007.
  28. Chan, Felix (16 April 2001). "Interchange to reduce congestion". South China Morning Post.
  29. "Quarry Bay Congestion Relief Works". Hong Kong Mass Transit InfoCenter. 27 October 2003. Archived from the original on 7 October 2007. Retrieved 8 March 2007.
  30. "Tseung Kwan O Extension". Hong Kong Mass Transit InfoCenter. 27 October 2003. Archived from the original on 7 October 2007. Retrieved 8 March 2007.
  31. "Recently Completed Projects". MTR Corporation Limited. Archived from the original on 11 March 2007. Retrieved 8 March 2007.
  32. 1 2 "MTR Disneyland Resort Line". MTR Corporation Limited. Archived from the original on 10 March 2007. Retrieved 8 March 2007.
  33. "Projects in Progress (Hong Kong)". MTR Corporation Limited. Archived from the original on 8 March 2007. Retrieved 8 March 2007.
  34. "MTR Corporation Signs Memorandum of Understanding with The Government on Terms of Proposed Rail Merger" (PDF). MTR Corporation Limited. 11 April 2006. Archived (PDF) from the original on 25 January 2007. Retrieved 8 March 2007.
  35. "KCRC welcomes Government's announcement on way forward for rail merger" (PDF). Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation. 11 April 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 December 2007. Retrieved 8 March 2007.
  36. "Rail merger proposal approved by shareholders (兩鐵合併獲股東表決通過)" (in Chinese). Ming Pao Instant News. 9 October 2007. Archived from the original on 11 October 2007. Retrieved 9 October 2007.
  37. "Poll Result of the Extraordinary General Meeting held on 9 October 2007" (PDF). MTR Corporation. Hong Kong Stock Exchange. 9 October 2007. Archived (PDF) from the original on 26 October 2007. Retrieved 9 October 2007.
  38. "Construction of MTR West Island Line Project Commenced" (PDF). MTR Corporation. 10 August 2009. Archived (PDF) from the original on 5 November 2015. Retrieved 11 August 2009.
  39. "set of presentation materials on "Report on the scheme design of Shatin to Central Link:" provided by the Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation (Chinese version only) [CB(1)1015/03-04(01)]" (PDF). Legislative Council. KCR. Archived (PDF) from the original on 29 October 2020. Retrieved 3 October 2016.
  40. "Legislative Council Panel on Transport Subcommittee on matters relating to railways" (PDF). Environment, Transport and Works Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 3 October 2016.
  41. "港鐵觀塘延線下月廿三日通車". Commercial Radio Hong Kong. 21 September 2016. Archived from the original on 26 July 2018. Retrieved 24 October 2016.
  42. "West Island Line & South Island Line". MTR Corporation Limited. Archived from the original on 15 March 2007. Retrieved 8 March 2007.
  43. https://images.mtr-tuenmaline.hk/files/upload/162219273560b0b25fc1dcf/PR-21-037-E.pdf [ dead link ]
  44. "Island Line". Highways Department The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. 14 April 2015. Archived from the original on 27 April 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
  45. "香港鐵路(MTR)". 2427junction.com. Archived from the original on 2 September 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2011.
  46. Allen, Geoffrey Freeman, Jane's World Railways, 1987–88, Jane's Information Group, 1987 ( ISBN   9780710608482)
  47. "LCQ19: MTR trains' carrying capacity and services". Legislative Council. 12 January 2011. Archived from the original on 29 December 2016. Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  48. "Hyundai Rotem to deliver first SCL train this September". railway-technology.com. 31 July 2015. Archived from the original on 5 October 2016. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  49. "2nd MTR shipment successful delivery". Pioneer Logistics Group. 19 December 2015. Archived from the original on 5 October 2016. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  50. Mok, Danny (23 July 2015). "MTR ditches UK-made trains to spend HK$6 billion with mainland Chinese manufacturer". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 28 July 2015.
  51. "Metro in Hong Kong". ALSTOM Transport. Archived from the original on 25 March 2006. Retrieved 16 March 2006.
  52. "United Group Limited secures $40 million Hong Kong rail maintenance contract". United Goninan Limited. January 2002. Archived from the original on 15 March 2004. Retrieved 8 March 2007.
  53. "MTRC TKE C651 EMU, Hong Kong". Rotem Company. Archived from the original on 12 March 2007. Retrieved 8 March 2007.
  54. "New trains ordered for Tung Chung Line, Hong Kong". Rotem Company. Archived from the original on 12 March 2007. Retrieved 2 April 2007.
  55. 1 2 "Review of MTRC Services and Incidents" (PDF). Hong Kong Legislative Council. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 February 2012. Retrieved 6 November 2007.
  56. "Ten New Trains for MTR Service Enhancement" (PDF). MTR Corporation Limited. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 December 2008. Retrieved 17 November 2008.
  57. "New Trains and Signalling System for the future Shatin to Central Link" (PDF). MTR Corp. Ltd. 14 December 2012. Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 May 2016. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  58. "東鐵換37韓製列車 短3卡 加密班次「補數」". Ming Pao (in Chinese). 24 May 2016. Archived from the original on 5 October 2016. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  59. Tse, Bruce (30 November 2015). "東鐵線將減三卡車 真係可以加班次抵銷影響?". Archived from the original on 5 October 2016. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  60. DVV Media UK. "China South rolls out Hong Kong light rail cars". Railway Gazette. Archived from the original on 10 September 2012.
  61. [HD] MTR Light Rail: Lrv Phase IV 1112 Link Up With 1111 Trial Run In Depot. 6 January 2013. Archived from the original on 12 December 2021 via YouTube.
  62. {LR} Part 1 of LRV Phase IV no.1111 on Route 751. 8 January 2010. Archived from the original on 12 December 2021 via YouTube.
  63. "Light Rail Marks 20 years of Service With Vehicle Modernisation Programme" (PDF). MTR Corporation Limited. 2008. Retrieved 13 August 2008.
  64. 1 2 3 4 Marcus Wong (5 February 2011). "The MTR's other fleet of trains". Checkerboard Hill. Archived from the original on 28 October 2019. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  65. Marcus Wong (19 September 2017). "Delivering the KCRC fleet of ER20 diesel locomotives". Checkerboard Hill. Archived from the original on 28 October 2019. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  66. Marcus Wong (22 April 2012). "Maintenance trains on the MTR East Rail Line". Checkerboard Hill. Archived from the original on 28 October 2019. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  67. Marcus Wong (26 December 2017). "Rail milling machines on the MTR". Checkerboard Hill. Archived from the original on 28 October 2019. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  68. "MTR Facilities For Passengers With Disabilities". MTR. Archived from the original on 3 October 2009. Retrieved 24 October 2009.
  69. "First 3G Operator to Connect to Four Major MTR line". 3G.co.uk. 7 June 2005. Archived from the original on 21 January 2012. Retrieved 7 June 2007.
  70. "Passengers Enjoy On-Board Internet Access as Airport Express Trains Go Wi-Fi" (PDF). MTR. 19 January 2009. Archived (PDF) from the original on 25 February 2009. Retrieved 19 January 2009.
  71. "Connect to the world with free Wi-Fi at every MTR station". MTR Corporation. Archived from the original on 24 July 2016. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
  72. Cheng, Kris (29 December 2015). "'The end of an era': MTR says goodbye to hundreds of station payphones". Hong Kong Free Press. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
  73. "All 400 payphones in MTR stations to be removed amid low usage". Hong Kong Economic Journal. 29 December 2015. Archived from the original on 2 January 2016. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
  74. Ball, Steve (19 April 1994). "Know the voice, now here's the face". South China Morning Post . p. 3.
  75. Yu, Alan (7 March 2015). "Mind the gap... Meet the woman behind those MTR announcements". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 23 September 2016. Retrieved 25 August 2016.
  76. 1 2 "Bills Committee on Rail Merger Bill, Administration's Response to the Follow-up to Bills Committee Meetings" (PDF). Hong Kong Legislative Council. Archived (PDF) from the original on 31 March 2012. Retrieved 6 November 2007.
  77. "Legco gets rail merger back on track". The Standard. 9 June 2007. Archived from the original on 9 January 2008. Retrieved 6 November 2007.
  78. "Provision of Public Toilets in MTR Railway Stations" (PDF). Hong Kong Legislative Council Panel. Archived (PDF) from the original on 5 January 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2007.
  79. "Additional Public Toilets". Network Improvements. MTR Corporation. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  80. Ng, Ellie (22 December 2017). "Hong Kong MTR introduces new breastfeeding rooms in 20 subway stations". Hong Kong Free Press. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
  81. "Breastfeeding areas". MTR Corporation. Archived from the original on 28 December 2017. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
  82. "OCC Migration". MTR Corporation Limited. Archived from the original on 23 March 2021. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
  83. Marcus Wong. "Railway signalling on the MTR underground". Checkerboard Hill. Archived from the original on 5 November 2019. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
  84. MTR East Rail Line: an intro Archived 5 November 2019 at the Wayback Machine . Checkerboard Hill.
  85. 港鐵正式批出三十三億元更新訊號系統合約 Archived 29 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine ,港鐵新聞稿,3 March 2015
  86. 阿爾斯通和泰雷兹為香港七條地鐵綫路提供先進的CBTC信號系统 Archived 21 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine ,阿爾斯通新聞稿,26 January 2015
  87. Thales and Alstom to supply advanced CBTC signalling system to Hong Kong’s seven metro lines Archived 24 September 2020 at the Wayback Machine ,Thales Group,26 January 2015
  88. "Archived copy". Reuters . Archived from the original on 27 March 2019. Retrieved 5 November 2019.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  89. 市區綫訊號系統置換工程 Urban Lines ATC replacement,YouTube。
  90. "Siemens: Hong Kong (China) Tseung Kwan O Line". Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 June 2021. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
  91. Siemens automates metro for Hongkong Archived 4 April 2019 at the Wayback Machine ,Siemens Global Website(2012年12月21日)
  92. Alstom supplied solutions to the newly opened Hong Kong’s first driverless metro Archived 6 October 2017 at the Wayback Machine ,Alstom Press Centre,2016-12-28
  93. 高鐵香港段訊號系統 Signalling system of eXpress Rail Link,YouTube。
  94. 訊號系統的核心,包括自動列車控制系統(Automatic Train Control)以及「聯鎖機制」(Interlocking)。自動列車控制系統的壽命一般為 20 年不等,因此不同的行車綫在增加運力的同時,亦會分批改用全新,且以通訊為本方式運作的行車訊號:…… Archived 23 June 2021 at the Wayback Machine ,MTR Service Update。
  95. "Contact Us Archived 23 October 2016 at the Wayback Machine ." MTR. Retrieved 10 October 2016. "MTR Headquarters Building, Telford Plaza, 33 Wai Yip Street, Kowloon Bay"
  96. Xue, Charlie Q. L. Hong Kong Architecture 1945–2015: From Colonial to Global. Springer, 13 June 2016. ISBN   9811010048, 9789811010040. p. 142 Archived 18 November 2016 at the Wayback Machine -143 Archived 18 November 2016 at the Wayback Machine . 6.2 Experiment in the 1980s
  97. Lee, Ada (10 April 2014). "Veterans remember small beginnings of MTR". South China Morning Post . Archived from the original on 10 October 2016. Retrieved 10 October 2016. – Print title: "MTR 'courtesy girl' still manning station 35 years on"
  98. "MTR Student Fare Concessions To Be Available Network-wide in New Promotion Offer" (PDF). MTR Corporation Limited. Archived (PDF) from the original on 11 September 2008. Retrieved 15 August 2008.
  99. "Social Inclusion without Corporate Social Responsibilities?". 立法會張超雄議員 Limited. Archived from the original on 26 October 2007. Retrieved 6 November 2007.
  100. "Subcommittee to Study the Transport Needs of and Provision of Concessionary Public Transport Fares for Persons with Disabilities" (PDF). Hong Kong Legislative Council Limited. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 February 2012. Retrieved 6 November 2007.
  101. "港鐵傷殘半價 政府貼200萬 11萬人料年底受惠 九巴擬傚法 (lit. Disabled 50% discount by MTR. Government subsidises HK$2 million. May benefit 110 thousand comunters. KMB considers to follow.". Ming Pao. 22 May 2009. Archived from the original on 27 May 2009. Retrieved 5 August 2009.
  102. "Our History". Octopus Holdings Limited. Archived from the original on 16 May 2012. Retrieved 8 March 2007.
  103. "Monthly Pass Extra". MTR. Archived from the original on 26 October 2017. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  104. "Bonus Points Scheme 15 September to 14 December 2017". MTR. Archived from the original on 26 October 2017. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  105. "Tourist Tickets". MTR Corporation. Archived from the original on 5 September 2015. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
  106. "Airport Express Travel Pass". MTR Corporation. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
  107. Lee, Ada (29 August 2013). "Smart cards to replace single-trip tickets on MTR". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
  108. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 June 2015. Retrieved 18 August 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  109. ""TICKET SUGGESTION" FUNCTION". MTR. Archived from the original on 26 October 2017. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  110. "Checkfare". MTR Service Update. Archived from the original on 26 October 2017. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  111. "MTR Patronage Updates". MTR Corporation Limited. 2014. Archived from the original on 4 June 2009. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
    Note that:
    1) Annual ridership is derived from the sum of each month's "monthly total" for each year
    2) The ridership includes "MTR lines", "Airport Express" and "cross-boundary".
    3) "Intercity, light rail, and bus" are excluded from the counts.
    4) Data is available as early as year 2000, however only count ridership from the pre-merger MTR urban network and not the ex-KCR network. Therefore it is not shown here.
  112. 1 2 "CB(1)980/13-14(05) Administration's paper on follow-ups on the service suspension of Tseung Kwan O line and part of Kwun Tong line on 16 December 2013, and report on subsequent major incidents on East Rail line and light rail" (PDF). Legislative Council of Hong Kong. 25 February 2014. Archived (PDF) from the original on 27 April 2014. Retrieved 27 April 2014.
  113. Lucas, Clay (26 June 2006). "Train operator at 99.9% efficiency". The Age. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 27 April 2014.
  114. Eddie Luk (28 April 2014). "MTR blasted for warning delay". The Standard. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 7 April 2015.
  115. "Mass Transit Railway By-Laws" (PDF). Mass Transit Railway. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
  116. "Mass Transit Railway By-laws". Bilingual Laws Information System, Department of Justice of HKSAR. 30 June 2000. Archived from the original on 19 February 2012. Retrieved 8 March 2007.
  117. López, M.J.J. (1996). Crime Prevention Guidelines for the Construction & Management of Metro Systems (Report). Den Haag: RCM-advies.
  118. "Automatic Platform Screen Doors for public transportation 29/8/2008" (PDF). Kaba Gilgen AG. 2002. p. 7. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 June 2007. Retrieved 9 March 2007.
  119. "Investor's Handbook 2002/2003" (PDF). Kaba Holding AG. September 2002. p. 72. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 June 2007. Retrieved 8 March 2007.
  120. "Platform Screen Door (2002/8)". MTR Corporation Limited. Archived from the original on 11 March 2007. Retrieved 8 March 2007.
  121. "MTR – Shatin to Central Link – Construction – Related Works on East Rail line and Ma On Shan Line". MTR Corporation. Archived from the original on 4 February 2014. Retrieved 22 March 2014.
  122. "LCQ16:Retrofitting of PSDs at MTR stations to be completed by 2006". HKSAR Government Information Centre. 5 January 2005. Archived from the original on 10 March 2012. Retrieved 8 March 2007.
  123. Siu, Phila; Ada Lee (20 June 2013). "MTR to drop 10c Octopus levy for screen doors". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 7 January 2014. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
  124. "art in mtr". MTR Corporation Limited. Archived from the original on 22 February 2007. Retrieved 8 March 2007.
  125. "MTR HONG KONG Race Walking 2007". MTR Corporation. 2006. Archived from the original on 28 February 2007. Retrieved 12 March 2007.
  126. "Race information (2007)". Hong Kong Amateur Athletic Association (HKAAA). Archived from the original on 2 March 2007. Retrieved 12 March 2007.
  127. "Race Information (2006)". Hong Kong Amateur Athletic Association (HKAAA). Archived from the original on 8 February 2006. Retrieved 12 March 2007.
  128. "The City Walks for Fun". MTR Corporation. 2006. Archived from the original on 18 April 2007. Retrieved 12 March 2007.
  129. "Race Walking to Make Debut in Hong Kong". China.org.cn. 24 January 2005. Archived from the original on 4 October 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2007.
  130. Cheung Chi-fai, "MTR 'out of line' on tunnel – Corporation and its contractor face charges under environmental laws after conservation area is cleared to make way for a construction site", The South China Morning Post, 14 June 2011.
  131. Joyce Ng, "MTR 'let of lightly' for tree-felling", Page CITY 1, The South China Morning Post, 20 September 2011.
  132. "港鐵保育區斬樹罰款1.5萬", Page A12, Ming Pao, 20 September 2011.
  133. Cheung Chi-fai, "MTR tree felling angers greens – South Island Line clearance should have saved more indigenous species, say conservationists", The South China Morning Post, 5 September 2011.
  134. "改閘機 加圍欄 禁逗留月台
    港鐵三招打擊水貨客 – 蘋果日報 – 要聞港聞"
    . Apple Daily (in Chinese). 2 March 2009. Archived from the original on 21 October 2013. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
  135. "Hong Kong student threatened with fine for carrying cello on train". The Strad . 24 September 2015. Archived from the original on 28 December 2016. Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  136. 1 2 "Musicians plan protest after MTR evicts student carrying a cello". Hong Kong Economic Journal. 25 September 2015. Archived from the original on 26 September 2015. Retrieved 26 September 2015.
  137. "【樂器風波】港鐵漏夜發聲明 終願檢討乘客攜物件規定". Apple Daily (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 27 September 2015. Retrieved 26 September 2015.
  138. Cheng, Kris (16 October 2018). "MTRC to offer commuters half-price fares on selected day as compensation for Tuesday travel chaos". Hong Kong Free Press. Archived from the original on 20 October 2018. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  139. Su, Xinqi (17 October 2018). "Rogue computers acted alone to cause Hong Kong rail failure and MTR Corp's top engineer doesn't know why". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 17 October 2018. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  140. Lee, Danny (20 May 2019). "Cathay Pacific's LGBT ad banned from Hong Kong airport and MTR". South China Morning Post . Archived from the original on 29 July 2019. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  141. "Yuen Long MTR Station closed after violent attacks". RTHK. 21 July 2019. Archived from the original on 21 July 2019. Retrieved 21 July 2019.
  142. 林, 祖偉 (22 July 2019). "香港元朗白衣人暴襲記者平民引眾怒,警方否認縱容勾結「黑社會」". BBC Chinese (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 15 September 2019. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
  143. 【無警時份】何君堯向元朗白衣人鼓掌豎拇指:你哋係我嘅英雄 . "real time news" section. Apple Daily (in Chinese (Hong Kong)). Hong Kong: Next Digital. 21 July 2019. Archived from the original on 21 July 2019. Retrieved 21 July 2019.
  144. "Pepper-balls, tear gas shot at Prince Edward protest". RTHK. Archived from the original on 29 October 2020. Retrieved 5 January 2020.
  145. "Hong Kong: Rampaging police must be investigated". Amnesty International. September 2019. Archived from the original on 1 September 2019. Retrieved 5 January 2020.
  146. Creery, Jennifer (22 September 2019). "Explainer: 'The Communist Party's Railway' – How Hong Kong's once-respected MTR fell afoul of protesters". Hong Kong Free Press. Retrieved 13 June 2020.
  147. Chan, Holmes (23 August 2019). "Hong Kong's MTR threatens to halt trains during station protests, as state media deems firm an 'accomplice to rioters'". Hong Kong Free Press. Archived from the original on 17 September 2019. Retrieved 13 June 2020.
  148. "Hong Kong MTR shuts 4 stations around legal protest in Kwun Tong following China pressure". Hong Kong Free Press. 24 August 2019. Archived from the original on 25 August 2019. Retrieved 13 June 2020.
  149. "MTR closing some stations because of protests". RTHK. 25 August 2019. Archived from the original on 13 June 2020. Retrieved 13 June 2020.
  150. Chan, Holmes (6 October 2019). "Over half of MTR stations remain closed as Hong Kong protesters call for '3-million-strong' march". Hong Kong Free Press. Retrieved 13 June 2020.
  151. "Yuen Long MTR station to shut at 2pm ahead of protest commemorating July 21 attack". Coconuts Hong Kong. 21 October 2019. Archived from the original on 13 June 2020. Retrieved 13 June 2020.
  152. "持續大規模關閉車站 港鐵已成中共黨鐵?". 新唐人亞太電視台 (in Chinese). 12 October 2019. Archived from the original on 13 June 2020. Retrieved 13 June 2020.
  153. "MTR runs train along closed line just for police". RTHK. 24 August 2020. Archived from the original on 24 October 2020. Retrieved 18 June 2020.
  154. "香港示威者指港鐵已成為當局打壓工具". 美國之音 (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 19 June 2020. Retrieved 18 June 2020.
  155. "譚文豪:港鐵淪政權打壓港人集會自由打手". 信報 (in Chinese). 24 August 2020. Archived from the original on 20 June 2020. Retrieved 18 June 2020.

Route map:

KML file (edithelp)
    KML is from Wikidata