|Founded||13 April 1933|
|Headquarters||Lai Chi Kok, Kowloon, Hong Kong|
|Service area||Hong Kong|
|Service type||Bus services|
|Alliance||Long Win Bus|
|Fleet||4073 (Oct 2019)|
|Annual ridership||990 million (2016)[ citation needed ]|
|Kowloon Motor Bus|
The Kowloon Motor Bus Company (1933) Limited (KMB) is a bus company operating franchised services in Hong Kong. It is the largest bus company in Hong Kong by fleet size and number of bus routes. It is a subsidiary of Transport International.
Its slogan is Heartbeat of the City (Chinese:城市脈搏) from 2017. Before that,it was Moving Forward Every Day (Chinese:九巴服務日日進步,literally KMB service improves every day) since 1985.
KMB was founded on 13 April 1933 as a result of the reformation of public transport by the Hong Kong Government. Before the reformation,there were several independent bus operators working on both sides of Victoria Harbour including KMB.
The Hong Kong Government enforces the bus franchises in favour of the franchisees,while it prosecutes the operators of unauthorised private bus services and other types of authorised bus service that pick up or drop off passengers in franchised bus parking zones.
The KMB franchise allowed for the operation of public omnibus service on the Kowloon side as well as the New Territories. By 11 June 1933,KMB had a fleet of 106 single-deck buses.
The founding members of KMB were:
By December 1941,KMB had 140 single-deckers operating on 17 routes. As only a handful of buses survived World War II,some lorries were temporarily converted into buses. By the late 1940s,KMB ridership increased with the huge influx of immigration from Mainland China. In 1949,KMB bought 20 Daimler double-deckers from England,becoming the first operator of double-deckers in Hong Kong.
Following the opening of the Cross-Harbour Tunnel in 1972,KMB operated a number of cross-harbour routes jointly with China Motor Bus,the sole bus operator on Hong Kong Island. This marked the first time KMB buses running on the island.In the same year,KMB began experimenting with buses operating without a fare collector. All passengers would board from the front door and pay the fare by putting money into the collection box next to the driver.
In 1996,KMB launched an advertising campaign to promote modern image. It is the first bus company advertising in Hong Kong.
On 1 June 1997,KMB formed a subsidiary,Long Win Bus,to provide service on the Lantau Link to the new Hong Kong International Airport and Tung Chung.In 1998,KMB extended its business into mainland China with a co-operative joint venture,Dalian Hong Kong Macau Company. In 1999,KMB started to operate some KCR Feeder Bus (now MTR Bus) routes,which are complimentary to passengers of the KCR East Rail and later West Rail (now MTR East Rail line and West Rail line).
In July 2007,KMB commenced operating a 10-year franchise,that has since been renewed until June 2027.
As at October 2019,KMB operated 642 routes in Kowloon and the New Territories,and operates cross-harbour tunnel routes in which some are operated in co-operation with the two other bus operators Citybus and New World First Bus,while some are operated by themselves only.
Passengers pay the fare in cash (no change given) or using an Octopus card,a smart card payment system. Discounts apply for Octopus users on specified route interchange combinations. To enable elderly people and eligible persons with disabilities to travel on the general Mass Transit Railway (MTR) lines,franchised buses and ferries are charged concessionary fare of $2 per trip,starting from 2012. The scheme aims to help build a caring and inclusive society by encouraging these groups to participate more in community activities.
In 2018,KMB launched the KMB Monthly Pass. Fares are fixed at HK$780,and are not applicable to MTR Feeder Bus services operated by KMB. Holders are able to take 10 rides on ordinary routes and 2 rides on route B1 per day during the validity month of the pass. Passes can be purchased using an Octopus card at machines installed at major public transport interchanges and bus terminals.
As of October 2019,Kowloon Motor Bus operated a fleet of 4073 buses.
KMB traditionally purchased buses from English manufacturers including AEC,Daimler,Dennis,Guy Motors,Leyland,Metro Cammell Weymann and Seddon,that either were bodied in England or locally.
In 1975,the first air-conditioned bus in Hong Kong was put into service by KMB. Following the testing of double-deck air-conditioned buses Victory and Jubilant in the early 1980s,KMB became the world's first operator of such buses.All purchases after 1995 were for air-conditioned buses. In May 2012,KMB withdrew its last non-air-conditioned buses from service.
In the late 1970s,it began to purchase chassis from European manufacturers MAN,Mercedes-Benz,Scania and Volvo.
KMB's original liveries were combinations of red and cream. In the early 1990s,a white and grey livery was introduced for air-conditioned buses,followed in 1997 by a champagne livery. In June 2017,a red and silver livery was introduced,as well as a new logo,dropping the character and its Chinese Slogan,retaining only the wordmark,but with a darker shade of red.
KMB operate four depots in Kowloon and the New Territories.The depot of a bus is identified by the letter K,L,S,or U,and the letter is marked on the bottom left of the driver's windscreen or below windscreen. The assignment scheme is as follows:
In addition,except from the Kowloon Bay depot,the other depots are also responsible for the maintenance of the fleet owned by Long Win Bus,since they are owned by the same company.
Kowloon Motor Bus also has a Hong Kong football club, Kowloon Motor Bus Co. It was formed in 1947 and joined Hong Kong First Division League in the 1947/48 season. Nicknamed "Atomic Bus", the team obtained the only two league titles in 1953/54 and 1966/67. The team attained its peak in the 1950s and 1960s when the "South China - Kowloon Motor Bus Co. crash" (南巴大戰) was one of the highlighted rival matches in Hong Kong. In 1970/71, the team faced their first relegation, but was able to stay in the First Division as Jardines quit the league in the following season. However, the team were relegated in 1972/73. It made its last First Division League appearance in 1976/77, but was relegated after only one season. The football team quit the league in 1981 and reformed in 2017.
Hong Kong has a highly developed and sophisticated transport network, encompassing both public and private transport. Based on Hong Kong Government's Travel Characteristics Survey, over 90% of the daily journeys are on public transport, the highest rate in the world. However, in 2014 the Transport Advisory Committee, which advises the Government on transportation issues, issued a report on the much worsened congestion problem in Hong Kong and pointed at the excessive growth of private cars during the past 10–15 years.
The Kowloon–Canton Railway is a railway network in Hong Kong. It was owned and operated by the Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation (KCRC) until 2007. Rapid transit services, a light rail system, feeder bus routes within Hong Kong, and intercity passenger and freight train services to China on the KCR network, have been operated by the MTR Corporation since 2007.
The Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation was established in 1982 under the Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation Ordinance for the purposes of operating the Kowloon–Canton Railway (KCR), and to construct and operate other new railways. On 2 December 2007, the MTR Corporation Limited, another railway operator in Hong Kong, took over the operation of the KCR network under a 50-year service concession agreement, which can be extended. Under the service concession, KCRC retains ownership of the KCR network with the MTR Corporation Limited making annual payments to KCRC for the right to operate the network. The KCRC is wholly owned by the Government of Hong Kong and its activities are governed by the KCRC Ordinance as amended in 2007 by the Rail Merger Ordinance to enable the service concession agreement to be entered into with the MTR Corporation Limited.
RoadShow is the first "Multi-Media on-Board" (MMOB) service system on transit vehicles in Hong Kong. It was launched by The Kowloon Motor Bus Holdings Limited in December 2000. The MMOB business was taken over by RoadShow Holdings Limited in 2001 prior to its listing on the Stock Exchange.
New World First Bus Services Limited (NWFB) is the third-largest bus operator in Hong Kong. Established by NWS Holdings and FirstGroup in September 1998, it took over 88 China Motor Bus services in Hong Kong Island. Since 2020 it has been a subsidiary of Bravo Transport which also owns Citybus. The NWFB brand will be retired on 30 June 2023 with operations merged into Citybus.
The West Rail line was a rapid transit line that formed part of the Mass Transit Railway (MTR) system in Hong Kong until 27 June 2021. Coloured magenta on the MTR map, the line ran from Tuen Mun to Hung Hom, with a total length of 35.7 kilometres (22.2 mi), in 37 minutes. The railway connected the urban area of Kowloon and the new towns of Yuen Long, Tin Shui Wai and Tuen Mun in the northwestern New Territories.
The history of bus transport in Hong Kong began with the introduction of the first bus routes in Hong Kong in the 1920s.
Citybus Limited is one of the three major bus operators in Hong Kong. It provides both franchised and non-franchised bus service. The franchised route network serves mainly Hong Kong Island, cross-harbour routes, North Lantau and Hong Kong International Airport. The non-franchised routes serve mainly City One Sha Tin. It also provides bus rental services and staff bus services for some large companies such as TVB and China Light and Power.
The Light Rail, also known as the Light Rail Transit (LRT), officially the North-West Railway, is a light rail system in Hong Kong, serving the northwestern New Territories, within Tuen Mun District and Yuen Long District. The system operates over 1,435 mmstandard gauge gauge track, using 750 V DC overhead power supply. It was once one of four systems comprising the KCR network in Hong Kong, before the MTR–KCR merger in 2007. It has a daily ridership of about 483,000 people.
The China Motor Bus Company, Limited, often abbreviated as CMB, is a property developer in Hong Kong. Before its franchise lapsed in 1998, it was the first motor bus operator in Hong Kong, and was responsible for the introduction of double-decker buses to Hong Kong Island.
Transport International Holdings Limited, formerly known as the Kowloon Motor Bus Holdings Limited, is a public transport operator in Hong Kong, and some cities in China, including joint ventures in Beijing and Shenzhen.
Yuen Long Town is located in the district centre of Yuen Long District, New Territories, Hong Kong. It is the heart of Yuen Long and Yuen Long New Town, with a population of around 200,000.
Bus services in Hong Kong have a long history. As of 2016, five companies operate franchised public bus services. There are also a variety of non-franchised public bus services, including feeder bus services to railway stations operated by MTR, and residents' services for residential estates.
Jordan Road Ferry Pier or Ferry Point (1924–1998) is a demolished pier originally located at Jordan Road, Jordan, Hong Kong.
KMB Route 70 is a discontinued bus route operated from Jordan to Landmark North, Sheung Shui. The route was run by Kowloon Motor Bus. The bus via Yau Ma Tei, Kowloon Tong, Sha Tin, CUHK, Tai Po and Fanling in the journey.
Route 51 is a bus service operated by Kowloon Motor Bus (KMB) in Hong Kong's New Territories. It connects Tsuen Wan with Sheung Tsuen, running via the steep and tortuous Route Twisk.
Sham Shui Po Ferry Pier was a ferry pier in Sham Shui Po, Kowloon, Hong Kong that operated from 1924 to 1992. It was one of the important ferry piers in West Kowloon and had a bus terminus nearby.
William Sui-tak Louey was a Hong Kong businessman and the founder and Chief Manager of the Kowloon Motor Bus Company.
Air-Conditioned New Territories Route No. 290 and 290A are Hong Kong bus routes operated by Kowloon Motor Bus, plying between Choi Ming Court in Tseung Kwan O and Tsuen Wan West station.