Yuen Long District

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Yuen Long

元朗區
Yuen Long District
Yuen Long Skyline 201006.jpg
Day view of the Yuen Long District skyline
Yuen Long District Council logo.svg
Official emblem
Yuen Long District
Hong Kong Yuen Long District.svg
Location of Yuen Long District within Hong Kong
Coordinates: 22°26′44″N114°01′20″E / 22.44559°N 114.02218°E / 22.44559; 114.02218 Coordinates: 22°26′44″N114°01′20″E / 22.44559°N 114.02218°E / 22.44559; 114.02218
CountryFlag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong
Region New Territories
Constituencies 31
Government
   District Council ChairmanMr Wong Wai-yin, Zachary (Democratic Party)
   District Council Vice-ChairmanMr Mak Yip-Shing
Area
  Total138.43 km2 (53.45 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 [1] )
  Total578,529
  Density4,200/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (Hong Kong Time)
Largest neighbourhood by population Tin Shui Wai (286,232 – 2016 est) [2]
Website Yuen Long District Council
Yuen Long District
Traditional Chinese 元朗區
Simplified Chinese 元朗区
Jyutping Jyun4 long5 keoi1

Yuen Long District (Chinese :元朗區; Cantonese Yale :Yùhn lóhng kēui, formerly romanised as Un Long) is one of the districts of Hong Kong. Located in the northwest of the New Territories, it had a population of 449,070 in 2001.

Contents

Geography

Tin Shui Wai New Town Tin Shui Wai South 20070901.jpg
Tin Shui Wai New Town

Yuen Long District contains the largest alluvial plain in Hong Kong, the Yuen Long-Kam Tin plain. With an area of 144 km², the district covers many traditional villages including Ping Shan Heung, Ha Tsuen Heung, Kam Tin Heung, Fung Kat Heung, Pat Heung, San Tin Heung and Shap Pat Heung, as well as Yuen Long Town and Tin Shui Wai.

Two new towns have been developed within this district. Yuen Long New Town was developed from the traditional market town of Yuen Long Town from the late 1970s. Tin Shui Wai New Town has developed since the early 1990s, and is built on land reclaimed from former fish ponds once common in the district.

History

Since the Tang Dynasty, the Tang's clan has been living in Pat Heung. Like Tai Po, Yuen Long used to be a traditional market town.

In 1926, following his defeat in the Guangdong–Guangxi War, Shen Hongying, a Chinese general in the Old Guangxi Clique during the Republic of China (1912–1949) retired in Yuen Long and established the village Fung Kat Heung. [3]

Culture

Special festivals

The Tin Hau Festival (天后誕巡遊) is on the 23rd of the third month of the lunar calendar. It celebrates the birth of a local deity, Tin Hau. During the day, residents from various walled villages set off at Fung Cheung Road, go via Kau Yuk Road and the Yuen Long Stadium, and end at Tai Shu Ha Tin Hau Temple, which has a 300-year history.

Cuisine

Hong Kong Wetland Park

Hong Kong Wetland Park Hong Kong Wetland Park893.jpg
Hong Kong Wetland Park

Hong Kong Wetland Park (香港濕地公園) is located at the northern part of Tin Shui Wai. It was intended to be an ecological mitigation area (EMA) for the wetlands lost due to Tin Shui Wai New Town development. In 1998, a project named as "International Wetland Park and Visitor Centre Feasibility Study" was initiated by the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department and the Hong Kong Tourism Board with a view to expanding the EMA to a wetland ecotourism attraction. After concluding that it was feasible to develop a wetland park at the EMA site without compromising its intended ecological mitigation functions and the development of the Wetland Park will also enhance the ecological function of the EMA to a world-class conservation, education and tourism facility, the concerned parties started the Wetland Park Project, which is regarded as one of the Millennium projects by the Administrations.

Kat Hing Wai

Kat Hing Wai (吉慶圍) in Kam Tin is one of the District's best-known walled villages. It is the ancestral home of the Tangs, one of the "Five Great Clans" in the territory. Built by the Tangs 500 years ago, it is a rectangular walled village with an area of 100 metres by 90 metres. As a family stronghold, Kat Hing Wai has served the Tangs well through centuries. In the Qing Dynasty, a five-metre high blue brick wall and four cannon towers were added to defend bandits.

Route: West Rail line Kam Sheung Road station or KMB routes 54, 64K and 77K

Nam Sang Wai

Nam Sang Wai Nam Sang Wai View1 200808.jpg
Nam Sang Wai

Nam Sang Wai (南生圍) covers a roughly triangular area. It is bordered by the Shan Pui River in the west, separating it from Yuen Long Industrial Estate, the Kam Tin River in the east and a branch of the Kam Tin River in the south. It is home to many birds, including seagulls, Northern Pintails (Anas acuta), Yellow-nib Ducks (Anas poecilorhyncha) and Black-faced Spoonbills (Platalea minor). Flora includes reeds and mangroves.

Mai Po Marshes

Mai Po Marshes (米埔) is located in the centre of the wetland and has achieved international significance as a stopping and feeding place for migratory birds along the East Asian-Australian Flyway. The birdwatching season runs from October to May and more than 300 types of birds have been recorded in the area, many of them are rarely seen anywhere outside the region.

Visitors may go to Mai Po by the following ways:

On 30 Jan 2004, the Government suspended public visits to the Mai Po wetland reserve as a supposed measure to protect people from avian flu (H5N1).

Ping Shan Heritage Trail

The Tai Fu Tai Mansion is a historical monument in Hong Kong. Tai Fu Tai Mansion HK.jpg
The Tai Fu Tai Mansion is a historical monument in Hong Kong.

Ping Shan Heritage Trail (屏山文物徑), inaugurated on 12 December 1993, was designed to link several historic buildings and monuments owned by the Tang clan in Ping Shan (including Tsui Sing Lau Pagoda 聚星樓 and Tang Ancestral Hall 鄧氏宗祠) by a 1 km trail.

Route: LRT Ping Shan stop, Hang Mei Tsuen stop or West Rail line Tin Shui Wai station

Tai Fu Tai

Tai Fu Tai Mansion (大夫第) in San Tin was probably built in 1865 in the reign of the Qing Dynasty. It is a richly embellished residence situated on a spacious ground, with a large open space in the front and a garden at the back. The whole compound is surrounded by a green-brick wall. It is a fine example of traditional Chinese dwellings of the scholar-gentry class and is certainly one of the most elegant buildings throughout the territory.

Route: KMB Bus 76K to San Tin

Tai Lam Country Park

Tai Lam Country Park sits in the western New Territories with an area of 54 km². Tai Lam has a small area of porphyry in the northeast; for the remaining area, it is composed of highly erodible decomposed granite. In 1952, afforestation started as a measure to protect the water catchment area. In spite of the poor soil conditions and the setbacks of fire damage over the years, mature stands of Acacia confusa , Lophostemon confertus , Pinus massoniana , Pinus elliottii and Eucalyptus species now cover most of the area. In addition, the plantations also offer a good habitat for birds, pangolins, Chinese leopard cat, and barking deer. Nevertheless, Tai Lam is an excellent place for outdoor activities because of its remoteness.

Yuen Long Park

Aviary Pagoda (Bai Niao Ta 
) Yuen Long Park Aviary Pagoda.jpg
Aviary Pagoda (百鳥塔)

Yuen Long Park (元朗市鎮公園) is a park at Yuen Long Town with recreational facilities. There is a 7-storey pagoda enclosing an aviary, which has become a landmark of Yuen Long.

Route: LRT Shui Pin Wai stop, LWB bus E34 or KMB Bus 68X, 268B, 268C, 268X, 269D, 276, 276P, B1, 68E (get off the bus at Yuen Long Park.)

Leisure and cultural facilities

Ping Shan Tin Shui Wai Cultural and Leisure Building Ping Shan Tin Shui Wai Cultural and Leisure Building 201203.jpg
Ping Shan Tin Shui Wai Cultural and Leisure Building

Transport

West Rail station in Tin Shui Wai Tin Shui Wai Station Outside View 2011.jpg
West Rail station in Tin Shui Wai
West Rail station in Yuen Long Yuen Long Station 2013 08 part2.JPG
West Rail station in Yuen Long

Located in the northwest of the New Territories, Yuen Long has a well-developed public transport network. It is easily accessible from different parts of Hong Kong by bus, mini-bus or railway.

The Hong Kong–Shenzhen Western Corridor bridge (深港西部通道) is the fourth cross-border route between Hong Kong and mainland China. It was completed and opened in 2007, and is 5.5 km long. It starts at Ngau Hom Shek (鰲磡石), located at the northwest of Yuen Long, and ends in Shekou, a harbour port located in Shenzhen. [4]

Statistical information

Demographic characteristics
Population449,070
Proportion of population (%)Aged under 1520
Aged 15–6471
Aged 65 and over9
Median age33
Proportion of population aged 15 and over being never married (%)Male32
Female27
Education
School attendance rate of population aged 6–18 (%)92.9
Proportion of non-student population aged 20 and over having attained tertiary education (%)10.9
Labour force characteristics
Labour force219,444
Labour force participation rate (%)Male74.0
Female48.2
Both sexes60.9
Median monthly income from main employment of working population (HK$)10,588.7
Household characteristics
Number of domestic households137,211
Average domestic household size3.2
Median monthly domestic household income (HK$)16,763.5
Housing characteristics
Number of occupied quarters136,705
Average number of domestic households per unit of quarters1.01
Proportion of domestic households owning the quarters they occupy (%)48.15
Median monthly domestic household mortgage payment and loan repayment (HK$)7,693.83
Median mortgage payment and loan repayment to income ratio (%)24.63
Median monthly domestic household rent (HK$)2,513.04
Median rent to income ratio (%)16.36

See also

Footnotes

  1. "2011 Population Census: Summary Results" (in English and Chinese). Census and Statistics Department, Hong Kong Government. 2011. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  2. District Profiles, Hong Kong Government, 8 December 2017, retrieved 15 April 2020
  3. "逢吉鄉", 维基百科,自由的百科全书 (in Chinese), 20 February 2021, retrieved 27 May 2021
  4. Route: Number 10

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Kam Tin

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Pat Heung

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Yuen Long New Town Place in Yuen Long District, Hong Kong

Yuen Long New Town is a new town in the northwest New Territories, Hong Kong. It was developed from the traditional market town of Yuen Long Town (元朗市) from the late 1970s onwards.

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Shui Tau Tsuen

Shui Tau Tsuen is a 17th century village in Kam Tin area, Yuen Long District, New Territories, Hong Kong. Kam Tin is the origins of Tang Clan (鄧), one of the Five Great Clans of Hong Kong.

Yuen Long Kau Hui

Yuen Long Kau Hui is an area in Yuen Long, Yuen Long District, in the western New Territories of Hong Kong.

Wing Lung Wai

Wing Lung Wai is a walled village located in the Kam Tin area of Yuen Long District, in Hong Kong. Three other walled villages, Kat Hing Wai, Tai Hong Wai, and Kam Hing Wai are located nearby and were built around the same time.

Yuen Long District Council Local government council in Hong Kong

The Yuen Long District Council is the district council for the Yuen Long District in Hong Kong. It is one of 18 such councils. The Yuen Long District currently consists of 45 members, of which the district is divided into 39 constituencies, electing a total of 39 with 6 ex officio members who are the Shap Pat Heung, San Tin, Ha Tsuen, Kam Tin, Ping Shan and Pat Heung rural committee chairmen. The latest election was held on 24 November 2019.