Sha Tin

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Sha Tin

沙田
Neighbourhood
Sha Tin Shing Mun River.JPG
Shing Mun River Promenade
China Hong Kong location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Sha Tin
Location within Hong Kong
Coordinates: 22°22′30″N114°11′00″E / 22.37500°N 114.18333°E / 22.37500; 114.18333 Coordinates: 22°22′30″N114°11′00″E / 22.37500°N 114.18333°E / 22.37500; 114.18333
CountryChina
Provincial-level SAR Hong Kong
Region New Territories
District Sha Tin District
Town Sha Tin New Town
Time zone UTC+8 (HKT)
Sha Tin
HK Shatin Magistrates Courts 2008.jpg
Lek Yuen Bridge over
Shing Mun River in Sha Tin central
Traditional Chinese 沙田
Simplified Chinese 沙田
Jyutping Saa1 tin4
Literal meaningSandy Field

Sha Tin, also spelt Shatin, is a neighbourhood along Shing Mun River in the eastern New Territories, Hong Kong. Administratively, it is part of the Sha Tin District. Sha Tin is one of the neighbourhoods of the Sha Tin New Town project.

Contents

The new town was founded in 1973 under the New Towns Development Programme of the Hong Kong government. Its current name was named after the nearby village of Sha Tin Wai.

History

Tai Wai Village, located in Tai Wai, next to Sha Tin, and the oldest and largest walled village in Sha Tin District, was built in 1574, during the Ming Dynasty.

Before British rule in Hong Kong, the area of Sha Tin and its vicinity was referred to as Lek Yuen (lit. "source of trickling" or "source of clear water"). Colonial officials allegedly mistook[ citation needed ] the name of the Sha Tin Wai village as the name of the area and it has been used ever since. Nowadays, the original name is used to refer to Lek Yuen Estate.

There was a market township Sha Tin Hui at the present location of Sha Tin Centre Street and New Town Plaza shopping centre, near the Sha Tin station of the MTR East Rail line.

Sha Tin was the location of the first flight of a powered aircraft in Hong Kong in 1911. The aeroplane was named as the Spirit of Sha Tin (沙田精神號). A full size replica of this plane now hangs in Hong Kong International Airport.

The area was formerly agricultural farmland. Before Sha Tin's development into a new town, Hung Mui Kuk (紅梅谷), southwest of Sha Tin, was perennially the main site for school picnics. The hillside area remains a popular barbecue site.

Starting in the 1970s, the area became part of the Sha Tin New Town development. Since then, the economy in the area has greatly improved and living standards have also increased. Sha Tin Town Centre was developed during the mid-1980s to help "link the town's currently dispersed residents into one cohesive community." [1] The 18-hectare site, adjacent to the railway station, was built up in stages to house an array of uses including the New Town Plaza, numerous smaller shopping centres, Sha Tin Park, magistracy, library, town hall, marriage registry, hotel, New Town Tower, a town square, and residential towers.

Geography

Sha Tin New Town under development in the late 1970s. ShaTin-ShingMunRiver-EarlyStageOfDevelopment.jpg
Sha Tin New Town under development in the late 1970s.

Sha Tin is located in a valley, on both sides of the Shing Mun River, running from the southwest to the northeast. It is bordered by Tai Wai in the southwest and by Fo Tan (left bank) and Shek Mun (right bank) in the northeast.

Cross-border activities

Due to their proximity to the Shenzhen border, towns in the northern parts of Hong Kong, notably Sheung Shui and Yuen Long, have become hubs for parallel traders who have been buying up large quantities of goods, forcing up local prices and disrupting the daily lives of local citizens. [2] [3] Since 2012, there has been an increase in mainland parallel traders arriving in the North District of Hong Kong to re-export infant formula and household products goods popular with mainlanders across the border to Shenzhen. [4] The volume of smuggling activity spilled over into Tuen Mun and Sha Tin in 2014.

The first anti-parallel trading protest was started at Sheung Shui in September 2012. [5] As government efforts to limit the adverse impact of mainland trafficking were widely seen as inadequate, so there have been further subsequent protests in towns in the North District including Sha Tin. [6] [7]

Housing

Public housing estates

Private housing estates

De Yucca, a high end residential area in Ma Liu Shui De Yucca panorama.jpg
De Yucca, a high end residential area in Ma Liu Shui

Private housing estates in Sha Tin include:

Villages

Sand Martin House of Sha Kok Estate, a second phase public housing complex in Sha Tin Wai. Sha Tin Wai Sha Kok Estate Sand Martin House.jpg
Sand Martin House of Sha Kok Estate, a second phase public housing complex in Sha Tin Wai.

South bank of Shing Mun River. From west to east:

North bank of Shing Mun River. From west to east:

Shopping centres

New Town Plaza after renovation New Town Plaza Void 201301.jpg
New Town Plaza after renovation

Notable places of worship

Shatin Assembly of God Church HK ShatinAssemblyOfGodChurch.JPG
Shatin Assembly of God Church

Health

Prince of Wales Hospital HK Prince of Wales Hospital.jpg
Prince of Wales Hospital

The Prince of Wales Hospital was officially opened in 1982. It provides about 1,400 hospital beds and 24 hours Accident & Emergency service to the eastern New Territories. Other institutions which provide hospital services include the Sha Tin Hospital, the Cheshire Home and the Union Hospital.

Other facilities

Sha Tin Park's main plaza. Shatin Park Main Plaza 2008.jpg
Sha Tin Park's main plaza.

Education

Baptist Lui Ming Choi Secondary School, one of the oldest secondary schools in Sha Tin BLMCSS-Front 20070828.jpg
Baptist Lui Ming Choi Secondary School, one of the oldest secondary schools in Sha Tin
Sha Tin College, a prestigious secondary school in the region. Sha Tin College logo sign.jpg
Sha Tin College, a prestigious secondary school in the region.

At present, there are 46 primary and 44 secondary schools in Sha Tin and Ma On Shan. [11] Tertiary institutions include Hong Kong Baptist University (Shek Mun Campus), the Chinese University of Hong Kong, the Hang Seng University of Hong Kong, the Hong Kong Institute of Vocational Education - Sha Tin (IVE-ST) and the Hong Kong Sports Institute.

Culture, sports and recreational facilities

Sha Tin racecourse. JG & HKJC.JPG
Sha Tin racecourse.

There are numerous cultural, recreational and sport facilities in Sha Tin including the Town Hall, swimming pools, football pitches, indoor recreation centres and various track and field facilities for the use of Sha Tin residents.

The 8-hectare Sha Tin Park was opened to public in 1988. Apart from its horticultural gardens and impressive water features, it also includes a large open plaza and a bandstand. The Ma On Shan Park, which is adjacent to Ma On Shan Swimming Pool, occupies 5.5 hectare of land.

The Sha Tin Racecourse, occupying approximately 70 hectares, rests on reclaimed flatland. At the centre of the racecourse is the Penfold Garden which opens to the public on non-racing days.

Located in Tai Wai, the Hong Kong Heritage Museum was opened at the end of 2000. Apart from introducing the art, culture and history of the New Territories, the museum also exhibits a variety of cultural artifacts for public appreciation. The museum, which can accommodate 6,000 visitors, is the largest in the territory.

Sha Tin Plaza in the evening Shatin 20051006.jpg
Sha Tin Plaza in the evening
The Heritage Museum. Hong Kong Heritage Museum (staff entrance).JPG
The Heritage Museum.

Cycling has been a distinctive feature in Sha Tin and is very popular among both local people and visitors. The first cycle track in Sha Tin was opened to public in 1981, running along Tolo Highway to Tai Po, and this remains the territory's most popular cycling venue, drawing many occasional riders at the weekends, as well as dedicated cyclists. To tie in with the development of Ma On Shan, the cycle track was extended to Ma On Shan.

Hiking is also a wonderful activity you could do in your leisure time living in Sha Tin. There are several starting points including Hin Tin Village, Sha Tin Tau Village and Hung Mui Kuk Barbecue Area leading to the track of Lion Rock Mountain hiking route. It would take you 1 hour to 4 hours to complete the track depends on the starting point and ending point you choose.

Local delicacies

A snacks stall in Ten Thousand Buddhas Monastery. 10 Thousand Buddhas Monastery Dou Fu Hua Bean Curd 1.jpg
A snacks stall in Ten Thousand Buddhas Monastery.

Sha Tin is famous for certain local variants of Cantonese food such as ShanSui Tofu (Chinese:山水豆腐; lit. 'mountain-water beancurd'), barbecued pigeon and chicken congee. The cooked food stalls in Wo Che Estate and Fo Tan are hotspots for food.

Transportation

Roads leading to the Shui Chuen O outskirts. Shui Chuen O 2016.jpg
Roads leading to the Shui Chuen O outskirts.
Sha Tin station HK Sha Tin Station Platform 2008.jpg
Sha Tin station

There are numerous transportation links both within the Sha Tin District and connecting it to other places in Hong Kong.

Roads

The road network in Sha Tin is well developed to provide efficient cross-town and local access traffic. Connection between Sha Tin and Kowloon mainly relies on the Lion Rock Tunnel, Tate's Cairn Tunnel, Shing Mun Tunnel and Tai Po Road which makes it easy to reach from many areas of Kowloon as well as from Tsuen Wan.

At present, there are over 110 routes of public bus serving Sha Tin.[ citation needed ]

Railway

Architecture

While having been mass developed in the 1970s, Shatin's architecture maintains a degree of diversity. Most public housing estates were designed in a modern architectural style. Several shopping centres, hotels and government buildings around Shatin Central are clad in red brick.

Shatin's cityscape viewed from northern Fo Tan Panorama view JG.jpg
Shatin's cityscape viewed from northern Fo Tan
A panorama of Sha Tin City taken from Sha Tin Lion Pavilion HK Shatin New Town Panorama 201008.jpg
A panorama of Sha Tin City taken from Sha Tin Lion Pavilion

Climate

Climate data for Sha Tin (1985–2016)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)27.6
(81.7)
28.6
(83.5)
31.8
(89.2)
31.9
(89.4)
33.8
(92.8)
36.4
(97.5)
37.5
(99.5)
36.8
(98.2)
36.5
(97.7)
33.0
(91.4)
31.8
(89.2)
28.9
(84.0)
37.5
(99.5)
Average high °C (°F)19.0
(66.2)
19.6
(67.3)
21.9
(71.4)
25.5
(77.9)
28.8
(83.8)
30.7
(87.3)
31.8
(89.2)
31.8
(89.2)
30.9
(87.6)
28.4
(83.1)
24.8
(76.6)
20.9
(69.6)
26.2
(79.2)
Daily mean °C (°F)15.5
(59.9)
16.4
(61.5)
18.8
(65.8)
22.5
(72.5)
25.9
(78.6)
27.9
(82.2)
28.7
(83.7)
28.5
(83.3)
27.6
(81.7)
25.1
(77.2)
21.3
(70.3)
17.2
(63.0)
22.9
(73.2)
Average low °C (°F)12.6
(54.7)
13.8
(56.8)
16.4
(61.5)
20.1
(68.2)
23.6
(74.5)
25.7
(78.3)
26.1
(79.0)
25.9
(78.6)
25.1
(77.2)
22.5
(72.5)
18.5
(65.3)
14.0
(57.2)
20.4
(68.7)
Record low °C (°F)2.9
(37.2)
4.0
(39.2)
4.4
(39.9)
10.2
(50.4)
15.3
(59.5)
19.9
(67.8)
21.3
(70.3)
22.1
(71.8)
19.9
(67.8)
14.4
(57.9)
6.3
(43.3)
4.8
(40.6)
2.9
(37.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches)31.2
(1.23)
36.6
(1.44)
67.1
(2.64)
151.9
(5.98)
302.7
(11.92)
444.8
(17.51)
412.2
(16.23)
418.8
(16.49)
273.2
(10.76)
98.5
(3.88)
46.0
(1.81)
36.2
(1.43)
2,319.2
(91.31)
Average relative humidity (%)73778081828280817772716977
Source: Hong Kong Observatory [12]

See also

Related Research Articles

Sha Tin District District in New Territories, Hong Kong

Sha Tin District is one of the 18 districts of Hong Kong. As one of the 9 districts located in the New Territories, it covers the areas of Sha Tin, Tai Wai, Ma On Shan, Fo Tan, Siu Lek Yuen and Ma Liu Shui. The district is the most populous district in Hong Kong, with a population of 659,794 as per 2016 by-census, having a larger population than many countries or dependencies including Iceland, Malta, Montenegro and Brunei.

Walled villages of Hong Kong Housing structure found in Hong Kong

Most of the walled villages of Hong Kong are located in the New Territories.

Hong Kong counts approximately 600 temples, shrines and monasteries. While Buddhism and Christianity are the most widely practiced religions, most religions are represented in the Special Administrative Region.

Tai Wai

Tai Wai is an area in the New Territories, Hong Kong, located between Sha Tin and the Lion Rock, within the Sha Tin District.

Sha Tin Wai station MTR station in the New Territories, Hong Kong

Sha Tin Wai is a station on the Tuen Ma line in Sha Tin, Hong Kong. The name "Sha Tin Wai" comes from the village called Sha Tin Wai, which is located to the northeast of the station. It was provisionally called "Sha Kok Street" before the Ma On Shan line opened, because it is located at Sha Kok Street.

Route 9 (Hong Kong) Series of roads in Hong Kong

Route 9, Hong Kong is one of the strategic trunk roads, mostly in the form of a motorway, circumnavigating the New Territories. The route is also known as the New Territories Circular Road (新界環迴公路). Starting from the Shing Mun Tunnels, Route 9 links Sha Tin, Tai Po, Fanling, Sheung Shui, Yuen Long, Tuen Mun and Tsuen Wan.

City One Housing estate in Sha Tin, New Territories

City One Shatin is a residential precinct in Sha Tin, New Territories, Hong Kong. The estate occupies approximately 1,800,000 square feet of land. The estate was named City One as it is on Lot 1, Shatin Town. It has a census area population of 24,758 people. City One is the largest private residential estate in Sha Tin District. There are a total of 52 blocks of residential buildings with 10,642 units. Each tower is about 30 storeys with units ranging from 389 square feet (36.1 m2) to an area of 1,018 square feet (94.6 m2), offering different floor plans.

Sha Tin New Town satellite town in Hong Kong, China

Sha Tin New Town, or known as Sha Tin-Ma On Shan New Town or Sha Tin Town is one of the satellite towns and new towns of Hong Kong. It is within the Sha Tin District, the New Territories. The New Town covers the neighbourhoods such as Sha Tin, Tai Wai, Fo Tan, Tai Shui Hang, Ma On Shan. The Shing Mun River runs through the middle of the town.

Siu Lek Yuen

Siu Lek Yuen is an area in Sha Tin District, New Territories East. Located to the east of Yuen Chau Kok, the area is surrounded on three sides by the Ma On Shan Country Park. Nowadays it is a residential area.

Articles related to Hong Kong include:

The following is a non exhaustive list of private housing estates in Sha Tin District, Hong Kong.

Public housing estates in Sha Tin

The following is a list of public housing estates in Sha Tin, Hong Kong, including Home Ownership Scheme (HOS), Private Sector Participation Scheme (PSPS), Sandwich Class Housing Scheme (SCHS), Flat-for-Sale Scheme (FFSS), and Tenants Purchase Scheme (TPS) estates.

Sha Tin Wai

Sha Tin Wai is an area in Sha Tin District, New Territories, Hong Kong, named after Sha Tin Wai village (沙田圍村).

New towns of Hong Kong Newly developed towns in the 20th century

The Hong Kong government started developing new towns in the 1950s to accommodate Hong Kong's booming population. At the first phase of development, the newly developed towns were called "satellite towns", a concept borrowed from the United Kingdom, of which Hong Kong was then still a colony. Kwun Tong, located in eastern Kowloon, and Tsuen Wan, located in the south-west of the New Territories, were designated as the first two satellite towns, when the urban area in Hong Kong was still relatively small, restricted to the central and western parts of Kowloon Peninsula and the northern side of Hong Kong Island. Wah Fu Estate was also built in a remote corner on the southern side of Hong Kong Island, with similar concepts but at a smaller scale.

Sand Martin Bridge Road bridge in Hong Kong

The Sand Martin Bridge is one of Hong Kong's bridges, part of the Sha Tin Rural Committee Road, named after the Shatin Martins, the first baseball team from Hong Kong to win a league. The Sand Martin bridge crosses the Shing Mun River, Connecting Sha Tin Town Centre with Sha Tin Wai.

References

  1. "Shatin showplace taking shape" (PDF). Hong Kong Standard. 21 February 1983. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  2. "近百名人到上水示威不滿內地水貨客" Archived 5 November 2014 at the Wayback Machine . now.com. 15 September 2012. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
  3. Ma, Mary (10 February 2015). "Parallel lines of concern need fixing" [ permanent dead link ]. The Standard
  4. Jennifer, Ngo "Milk powder supplies still not meeting needs" Archived 17 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine . South China Morning Post. 24 January 2014. Retrieved 29 October 2014
  5. Luk, Eddie (21 September 2012). "Seeing red (white and blue)" Archived 2015-03-11 at archive.today . The Standard
  6. Wong, Hilary; Cheng, Kevin (9 March 2015). "Targeting mainlanders ... young and old" Archived 2015-04-02 at the Wayback Machine . The Standard
  7. "Hong Kong Protests Against Day Trippers as China Eyes Action". Bloomberg L.P. Archived from the original on 21 April 2017. Retrieved 11 March 2017.
  8. 1 2 3 "thaiworldview: Sha Tin". Archived from the original on 25 March 2012. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
  9. "Sai Lim Temple". Archived from the original on 13 November 2020. Retrieved 12 November 2020.
  10. "International Fellowship North website". Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
  11. "School List". Hong Kong Education Bureau. 2008. Archived from the original on 5 March 2012.
  12. "Monthly Means of Meteorological Elements for Sha Tin, 1985-2016". Hong Kong Observatory. Archived from the original on 17 March 2018. Retrieved 8 February 2017.

Further reading