Headquarters of the corporation
|China Railway (CR)|
|China Railway Corporation (2013–2019)|
|State-owned limited company|
|Predecessor||Ministry of Railways|
|Lu Dongfu (Chairman)|
Yang Yudong (General Manager)
|Services|| Passenger rail |
|Owner||Ministry of Finance of China|
Number of employees
|2 million approx. (2013)|
|Website|| Corporate website |
|China State Railway Group Co.,Ltd.|
|Literal meaning||China State Railway Group Limited Company|
|Alternative Chinese name|
|Literal meaning||State Railway Group|
China State Railway Group Company, Ltd., doing business as China Railway or CR, is a state-owned sole proprietorship enterprise that undertakes railway passenger and cargo transportation services in the People's Republic of China and is a state-owned industrial enterprise established under the "Law of the People's Republic of China on All-Ownership Industrial Enterprises." The Ministry of Finance acts on behalf of the State Council to perform the duties of shareholders.It used to be part of the now defunct Ministry of Railways. China Railway operates passenger and freight transport via 21 subsidiaries.
China Railway previously had its own railway police force, prosecutors office and court system. The police department of the railway is still under the control of the company. The status of the police is civil service of Ministry of Public Security, but they are still paid and managed by the company.
On June 18, 2019, China Railway Corporation is reorganized as China State Railway Group Co., Ltd. under China's Corporate Law, instead of Industrial Enterprises Owned by the Whole People Law. It means the Ministry of Finance would act as an investor on behalf of the state and the company would be led by a board and managed by board-chosen executives.
The China Railway logo was designed by Chen Yuchang (Chinese :陈玉昶) (1912-1969), officially adopted on 22 January 1950. The whole logo represents the front of a locomotive. The upper part of the logo represents the Chinese character 人 (people), while the lower part represents the transversal surface of a rail. The logo means that China's railway belongs to the people. The lower part represents the character 工 (labour), means that China's railway belongs to the working class.
The "CR" logo is used on the Fuxing (train) along with the China Railway logo.
There are 21 primary subsidiary companies under China Railway. As of 2008, approximately 2 million people work in China Railway.
|Business||Company||Provinces of operation||Regions of operation|
|Passenger|| China Railway Harbin Group Company|
|Northeastern Inner Mongolia(Hulunbuir and part of Xingan League), Heilongjiang||Northeast China|
| China Railway Shenyang Group Company|
|Liaoning, Jilin, Southeastern Inner Mongolia(Chifeng, Tongliao and part of Xingan League),|
southern Heilongjiang, northeastern Hebei
| China Railway Beijing Group Company|
|Beijing, Hebei, Tianjin, western Shandong,|
northern Henan, eastern Shanxi
| China Railway Hohhot Group Company|
| China Railway Taiyuan Group Company|
| China Railway Jinan Group Company|
| China Railway Shanghai Group Company|
|Shanghai, Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang|
| China Railway Nanchang Group Company|
|Jiangxi, Fujian, parts of Hubei and Hunan|
| China Railway Guangzhou Group Company|
|Guangdong, Hunan, Hainan||South China|
| China Railway Nanning Group Company|
|Guangxi, western Guangdong|
| China Railway Wuhan Group Company|
|Hubei, southern Henan||Central China|
| China Railway Zhengzhou Group Company|
| China Railway Chengdu Group Company|
|Sichuan, Chongqing, Guizhou, parts of Yunnan and Hubei||Southwest China|
| China Railway Kunming Group Company|
|Yunnan, parts of Sichuan and Guizhou|
| China Railway Qingzang Group Company|
| China Railway Lanzhou Group Company|
|Gansu, Ningxia, parts of Inner Mongolia|
| China Railway Ürümqi Group Company|
|Xinjiang, parts of Gansu|
| China Railway Xi'an Group Company|
|Freight|| China Railway Special Cargo Service Company |
| China Railway Express Company |
| China Railway Container Transport Company |
|CR Guangzhou||Guangshen Railway Company||Guangzhou–Shenzhen railway|
|Guangmeishan Railway Company||Guangzhou–Meizhou–Shantou railway|
|Sanmao Company||Sanshui–Maoming railway|
|Shichang Railway Company||Shimen–Changsha railway|
|Yuehai Railway Company||Guangdong–Hainan railway|
|CR Kunming||Shuibai Railway Company||Liupanshui–Baiguo railway|
|CR Nanchang||Wuyishan Railway Company||Hengfeng–Nanping railway|
|Quanzhou Railway Company||Zhangping–Longyan–Kanshi railway|
|Longyan Railway Company||Zhangping–Quanzhou–Xiaocuo railway|
|Xiamen Haicang Railway Company||Haicang branch railway|
|CR Shanghai||Xiaoyong Railway Company||Xiaoshan–Ningbo railway|
|Hejiu Railway Company||Hefei–Jiujiang railway|
|Xinchang Railway Company||Xinyi–Changxing railway|
|Jinwen Railway Company||Jinhua–Wenzhou railway|
|Ningqi Railway Company||Nanjing–Qidong railway|
|Ninghe Railway Company||Hefei–Nanjing passenger railway|
|Hewu Railway Company||Hefei–Wuhan high-speed railway|
|CR Taiyuan||Daqin Railway Company||Datong–Qinhuangdao railway|
|CR Wuhan||Huhanrong Railway Hubei Company||Shanghai–Wuhan–Chengdu high-speed railway (Hubei section)|
|Luofu Railway Company||Luohe–Fuyang railway|
|CR Xi'an||Xiyan Railway Company||Xi'an–Yan'an railway|
|CR Zhengzhou||Anli Branch Line Company||Anyang–Lizhen railway|
|Tanghe Branch Line Company||Tangyin–Hebi railway|
China Railway operates the passenger trains from China to Mongolia, Russia, Kazakhstan, North Korea and Vietnam. Currently all international passenger trains are suspended due to COVID-19 pandemics in Asia.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it.(January 2017)
As of 2017 [update] China Railway ran goods services to 15 European cities, including routes to Madrid and Hamburg and the experimental East Wind service to London to test demand. The Chinese government refers to the two-week 12,000 km (7,500 mi) route, starting at Yiwu and with trains to London traversing Kazakhstan, Russia, Belarus, Poland, Germany, Belgium and France, as the Belt and Road Initiative. Containers must be transferred several times, as different, incompatible, rail gauges are used in different regions, and the same rolling stock cannot be used throughout.
China has been investing in and helping to rebuild railways in Africa.Below is an incomplete list of rail projects.
|Name||Location||Constructed||Company||Cost||Comments & Ref|
|High Plateau line, Algeria||Relizane, Saida, Tiaret, Tissemsilt, Boughezoul to M'Sila, Algeria||2009-2013||China Railway Group & China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation||US$2.8bn|
|Benguela Railway||Lobito to Luau, Angola||2006-2014||China Railway Construction Corporation Limited||US$1.83bn||Railway was rebuilt following civil war|
|Chad Railway||Ngaoundéré, Cameroon to Nyala, Sudan via Moundou, N’Djamena and Abéché in Chad||2012-ongoing||China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation||US$5.6bn||Construction over three phases|
|Addis Ababa–Djibouti Railway||Addis Ababa, Ethiopia to Djibouti City, Djibouti||2011-2016||China Railway Group & China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation||US$4bn||Electric|
|Mombasa-Nairobi Railway||Mombasa to Nairobi, Kenya (extended to Naivasha, Kenya in 2016||2014-2017||China Communications Construction||US$3.6bn|
|Kenya-Uganda border||Naivasha, Kisumu to Malaba, Kenya||2016-ongoing||China Road and Bridge Corporation (subsidiary of China Communications Construction)||US$5.42bn|
|Mali-Guinea Railway||Bamako, Mali to Conakry, Guinea||2016-ongoing||China Railway Construction Corporation Limited||US$8bn|
|Mali-Senegal Railway||Bamako, Mali to Dakar, Senegal||2016-ongoing||China Railway Construction Corporation Limited||US$2.7bn|
|Nigeria Coastal Railway||Lagos to Calabar, Nigeria||2014-ongoing||China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation||US$11.1bn|
|Lagos-Kano Railway||Lagos to Kano, Nigeria||2011-ongoing, Abuja to Kajuna completed in 2016||China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation||US$8.3bn|
|Sudan Railway||Khartoum to Port Sudan, Sudan||2007–2012, 2014 opened||China Railway Engineering Corporation||US$1.5bn|
|TAZARA Railway||Dar es Salaam, Tanzania to Kapiri Mposhi, Zambia||1970-1975||Railway Engineering Corps (now CRCC), Ministry of Railways (now CCECC)||US$500m||Currently in need of reinvestment|
|Uganda Railway||Malaba, Kampala, Kasese, Uganda to Rwanda and South Sudan||2015-ongoing||China Harbour Engineering (subsidiary of China Communications Construction)||US$8bn|
The Beijing Subway is the rapid transit system of Beijing Municipality that consists of 23 lines including 19 rapid transit lines, two airport rail links, one maglev line and one light rail line, and 405 stations. The rail network extends 699.3 km (434.5 mi) across 12 urban and suburban districts of Beijing and into one district of Langfang in neighboring Hebei province. By route length in operation, the Beijing Subway is the world's longest metro system. With 3.8484 billion trips delivered in 2018, an average of 10.544 million trips per day, the Beijing Subway is the world's busiest metro system. Single-day ridership set a record of 13.7538 million on July 12, 2019.
The Shenzhen Metro is the rapid transit system for the city of Shenzhen in Guangdong province, China. Extensions opened on 18 August 2020 put the network at 382.1 kilometres of trackage, operating on 10 lines with 252 stations. Shenzhen Metro was 4th longest metro system in China and 6th longest in the world as of that date despite having only opened on 28 December 2004. By 2030 the network is planned to comprise of 8 express and 24 non-express lines totalling 1142 kilometres of trackage.
China Railway High-speed (CRH) is a high-speed rail service operated by China Railway.
The Chengdu Metro is the rapid transit system of Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan, China. The system consists of 7 subway lines and 1 light rail line. Line 1 was opened on 27 September 2010, making it the first heavy-rail metro line in southwest China. Line 2 began operation in September 2012. Line 4 opened to public at the end of December 2015, while Line 3 opened in July 2016. Metro lines are operated by Chengdu Rail Transit Group Company Limited.
Urban rail transit in the People's Republic of China encompasses a broad range of urban and suburban electric passenger rail mass transit systems including subway, light rail, tram and maglev. Some classifications also include non-rail bus rapid transport. By the end of 2016, there were 30 metro systems in Mainland China with a total combined length of 3,586 km (2,228 mi). Today China boasts the world's longest, second-longest and third-longest metro systems. Eight of the world's 15 longest metro systems are in China. Although the Shanghai Metro only started operating in 1993, it is now the world's longest subway system. Half of the top ten busiest metro systems in the world are in China. As of January 2016, 39 cities have metro systems approved according to the National Development and Reform Commission. China plans to spend 4.7 trillion yuan on transport infrastructure in the three years following 2016. As of early 2017, China has 5,636.5 km (3,502.4 mi) of under-construction rail transit lines. By the end of 2018, Mainland China has opened 35 metro systems with 185 metro lines.
Zhengzhou Metro is a rapid transit rail network serving urban and suburban districts of Zhengzhou, the capital city of Henan province. It is operated by the state owned Zhengzhou Metro Group. As of September 2019, the network has 5 operational lines, with a network length of 151.8 km (94.3 mi) and 98 stations. Opened on 28 December 2013, it is the first and currently the only operational metro system in Henan, and 18th in mainland China.
The Kunshan South railway station is a railway station on the Jinghu High-Speed Railway and the Huning Intercity Rail. The station is located in Kunshan City, Jiangsu, China.
Line 16 of the Beijing Subway is a rapid transit rail line in Beijing. Currently, the line is 19.6 km (12.2 mi) in length with 10 stations. It will be 49.8 km (30.9 mi) with 30 stations when fully completed. The line is fully underground.
Xiamen Metro, officially branded as AMTR, is a rapid transit system serving Xiamen, Fujian, China. Line 1 began operation on 31 December 2017. Line 2 began operation on 25 December 2019.
Changsha–Kunming high-speed railway is a China Railway High-speed line connecting Changsha and Kunming, respectively the provincial capitals of Hunan and Yunnan. It is the western end of a larger rail project, the Shanghai–Kunming high-speed railway, which is one of the Ministry of Railways's strategic four east–west high-speed railways, and an integral part of the long-term railway network plan.
The Shenyang–Dandong intercity railway, also known as the Shendan intercity railway or Shenyang–Dandong passenger railway, is a China Railway High-speed line within Liaoning province, connecting the cities of Shenyang and Dandong. The railway has been built to a design speed of 250 km/h (160 mph), consisting of double track electrified railway. The first public trains on the line started operating September 1, 2015.
Line 4 of Ningbo Rail Transit is a rapid transit line under construction in Ningbo. It starts from Cicheng Town, Jiangbei District, and ends near Dongqian Lake in Yinzhou District. The project was approved on November 5, 2013 with the first phase is expected to open in 2020. Construction of Line 4 started in 2011 with the groundbreaking of the North Ring Elevated Expressway with the second deck of the structure being used for Line 4 trains. The rest of the line started construction on November 30, 2015. The line will initially use 36 sets of six car B-type trains with a maximum service speed of 80 km/h.
Fuxing is a series of high-speed and higher-speed EMU trains operated by China Railway High-speed (CRH) and developed by CRRC, which owns the independent intellectual property rights. Initially known as the China Standardized EMU, development on the project started in 2012, and the design plan was finished in September 2014. The first EMU rolled off the production line on 30 June 2015. The series received its current designation of Fuxing in June 2017, with nicknames such as "Blue/Red Dolphin" (CR400AF) and "Golden Phoenix" (CR400BF) for certain units. It is the world's fastest conventional high speed train in regular service, with a standard speed of 350 km/h (217 mph) for the CR400AF and CR400BF models.
Gaoligongshan Tunnel or Gaoligong Mountain Rail Tunnel is a 34.5 km tunnel between Nujiang Station and Longling Station on the Dali–Ruili railway in Yunnan, China. It passes through the entirety of Longling County and then into Mangshi. Upon completion, it will be the longest mountain railway tunnel in Asia.
Shaoxing Metro, also known as Shaoxing Rail Transit, is the metro system in Shaoxing, Zhejiang province, China.
Yinchuan railway station is the main railway station of Yinchuan, the capital of China's Ningxia province. The station was opened in 1958. In 1988, a new station building was inaugurated, which was replaced in 2011 by a building on the opposite (eastern) side of the platforms.
Liangxiang railway station is a railway station in Liangxiang, Fangshan District, Beijing, China. It serves as an intermediate freight station of the Beijing–Guangzhou railway, while passenger services are provided by the Sub-Central line of Beijing Suburban Railway since 30 June 2020.
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