China National Space Administration

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China National Space Administration
China National Space Administration.svg
Agency overview
Formed22 April 1993;31 years ago (1993-04-22)
Preceding agency
Type Space agency
Jurisdiction State Council of the People's Republic of China
Headquarters Haidian, Beijing
Zhang Kejian
Vice AdministratorXu Zhanbin
Chief EngineerLi Guoping
Secretary-GeneralXu Hongliang
Annual budgetIncrease2.svg US$14.15 billion (2023) 16.94% increase [1] [Note 1]
Website OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
China edcp location map.svg
Location of China's spaceports

See also


  1. Includes both civilian and military space spending.

Related Research Articles

The Long March rockets are a family of expendable launch system rockets operated by the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation. The rockets are named after the Chinese Red Army's 1934–35 Long March military retreat during the Chinese Civil War.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chinese space program</span> Space program of the Peoples Republic of China

The space program of the People's Republic of China is about the activities in outer space conducted and directed by the People's Republic of China. The roots of the Chinese space program trace back to the 1950s, when, with the help of the newly allied Soviet Union, China began development of its first ballistic missile and rocket programs in response to the perceived American threats. Driven by the successes of Soviet Sputnik 1 and American Explorer 1 satellite launches in 1957 and 1958 respectively, China would launch its first satellite, Dong Fang Hong 1 in April 1970 aboard a Long March 1 rocket, making it the fifth nation to place a satellite in orbit.

As of 2024, the People's Republic of China has sent two women to space: Liu Yang and Wang Yaping, both taikonauts in the People's Liberation Army Astronaut Corps (PLAAC). Liu Yang, China's first female taikonaut, first flew in 2012 aboard Shenzhou 9, and since then three additional missions have included female crew members: Shenzhou 10, 13, and 14. According to the China National Space Administration, many women also hold leadership positions in the Chinese space program, and actively contribute to the Chinese space effort.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation</span> Chinese state-owned defense and aerospace company

The China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC) is a main contractor for the Chinese space program. It is state-owned and has subsidiaries which design, develop and manufacture a range of spacecraft, launch vehicles, and ground equipment. It also has a division for strategic and tactical missile systems.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chinese Lunar Exploration Program</span> Lunar research program (2004 – present)

The Chinese Lunar Exploration Program, also known as the Chang'e Project after the Chinese Moon goddess Chang'e, is an ongoing series of robotic Moon missions by the China National Space Administration (CNSA).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wenchang Space Launch Site</span> Launch site

The Wenchang Space Launch Site is a rocket launch site located in Wenchang on the island of Hainan, in China.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tiangong-3</span> Cancelled Chinese space station module

Tiangong-3 was a proposed Chinese space station, part of the Tiangong program. The China National Space Agency (CNSA) was originally expected to launch Tiangong-3 around 2015, following the launch of the Tiangong-2 test laboratory, originally planned for 2013. The goals for the Tiangong-2 and Tiangong-3 laboratories were merged, and the latter was therefore not ordered. The first module of the third station of the Tiangong program, Tiangong space station, was eventually launched in 2021.

Sino Satellite Communications Co., Ltd. known also as SinoSat is a Chinese company.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chang'e 3</span> Lunar exploration mission operated by the China National Space Administration

Chang'e 3 is a robotic lunar exploration mission operated by the China National Space Administration (CNSA), incorporating a robotic lander and China's first lunar rover. It was launched in December 2013 as part of the second phase of the Chinese Lunar Exploration Program. The mission's chief commander was Ma Xingrui.

<i>Tianhe</i> core module Module of the Tiangong space station

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ma Xingrui</span> Chinese politician and aerospace engineer

Ma Xingrui is a Chinese politician and aerospace engineer who is the Communist Party secretary of Xinjiang. Prior to that, he had served as the Vice Minister of Industry and Information Technology, Head of the Political and Legal Affairs Commission of Guangdong, Communist Party Secretary of Shenzhen, Deputy Party Secretary of Guangdong, and Governor of Guangdong. Ma is a member of the Politburo of the Chinese Communist Party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chen Qiufa</span> Chinese aerospace engineer and politician

Chen Qiufa is a Chinese aerospace engineer and politician of Miao ethnic heritage. He is the Communist Party Secretary and the former Governor of Liaoning province. He formerly served as Director of the China Atomic Energy Authority, Director of the China National Space Administration (CNSA), and Vice-Minister of Industry and Information Technology.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ministry of Astronautics Industry</span>

The Ministry of Astronautics Industry of the People's Republic of China was a ministry of the government of the People's Republic of China which is responsible for the management of research, design and production of rockets, missiles and spacecraft. The ministry was headquartered in Beijing. It existed from 1988 to 1993.

Tiantong is China's first mobile communications satellite system. The first satellite Tiantong-1-01 was launched on August 6, 2016 (UTC+8).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">International Lunar Research Station</span> Planned International lunar base

The International Lunar Research Station (ILRS) (Chinese: 国际月球科研站) is a planned lunar base currently being led by Roscosmos and the China National Space Administration (CNSA). The ILRS will serve as a comprehensive scientific experiment base built on the lunar surface or in lunar orbit that can carry out multi-disciplinary and multi-objective scientific research activities including exploration and utilization, lunar-based observation, basic scientific experiment and technical verification, and long-term autonomous operation. Statements from Roscosmos and CNSA underline that the project will be "open to all interested countries and international partners."

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Planetary Exploration of China</span> Chinese Solar System exploration program

The Planetary Exploration of China, also known as Tianwen, is the robotic interplanetary spaceflight program conducted by the China National Space Administration (CNSA). The program aims to explore planets of the Solar System, starting from Mars, and will be expanded to Jupiter and more in the future.

The Wenchang Commercial Space Launch Site, located at Wenchang, Hainan, is China's first commercial space launch site, and 5th space launch site. The launch site started construction in July 2022, and is expected to be put into service in 2024.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Long March 10</span> Chinese super-heavy carrier rocket

Long March 10, also known as the “Next Generation crewed launch vehicle”, and previously and unofficially as the “921 rocket” or the "Long March 5G", is a Chinese super-heavy carrier rocket for crewed lunar missions that is currently under development. The nickname "921" refers to the founding date of China's human spaceflight program. In 2022, the first flight of the Long March 10 was targeted for 2027. By January 2024, the first flight's target was moved up to 2025-26.In an April 2024 update, it was announced that program development of the vehicle was complete.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">People's Liberation Army Aerospace Force</span> Arm of the Peoples Liberation Army

The People's Liberation Army Aerospace Force is an arm of the People's Liberation Army. It was established on 19 April 2024. Chinese state media has also referred to it as the People's Liberation Army Space Force.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">ICUBE-Q</span> Pakistani lunar nanosatellite

ICUBE-Q or ICUBE-QAMAR is a Pakistani lunar remote sensing observation nanosatellite and is one of the four international payloads of the Chang'e 6 lunar sample-return mission. It is a joint venture between the Institute of Space Technology (IST), Space & Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO) and the Intelligent Satellite Technology Center of Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), under the framework of Asia-Pacific Space Cooperation Organization (APSCO). It is the first deep space mission of Pakistan.


  1. "Global governmental spending on space programs of leading countries 2022". Statista. Retrieved 25 March 2024.
  2. "机构简介". Retrieved 28 January 2022.
  3. "国务院组织机构_中国政府网". Retrieved 28 January 2022.
  4. "集团简介_中国航天科技集团有限公司". Retrieved 28 January 2022.
  5. "中国载人航天工程". Retrieved 28 January 2022.
  6. 1 2 3 "Organization and Function". China National Space Administration. Archived from the original on 28 February 2008. Retrieved 9 March 2008.
  7. 1 2 "Resume of Administrator". China National Space Administration. Archived from the original on 19 January 2014. Retrieved 20 April 2014.
  8. "Chénqiúfā Rèn Liáoníng Shěng Dài Shěng Zhǎng" 陈求发任辽宁省代省长 [Chen Qiufa Appointed Acting Governor of Liaoning]. People's Daily (in Chinese). 8 May 2015.
  9. "Dr. Ma Xingrui Was Appointed as Administrator of China National Space Administration". China National Space Administration. 19 April 2013. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015.
  10. "Shìjué Shìbié Xìtǒng" 视觉识别系统 [Visual Identification System]. Archived from the original on 27 June 2009. Retrieved 14 May 2009.
China National Space Administration
Simplified Chinese 国家 航天
Traditional Chinese 國家 航天
Literal meaningNational Astronautics Administration