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A City district is a designated administrative division that is generally managed by a local government. It is used to divide a city into several administrative units.
City districts are used in Russia (raion), Pakistan and Croatia (Croatian : gradski kotar or gradska četvrt).
The term is also the English translation for the German: Stadtbezirk, French: arrondissements, Dutch: stadsdeel, Swedish: stadsdel and Polish: dzielnica.
|Country||Term/Translation||Example||Subdivision of||Administrative power||Notes||Further Reading|
|Russia||District (Russian: raion)||Sovetsky City District, Nizhny Novgorod||Federal subject/federal city||Local Government(City assembly)||A Russian raion is a second-level administrative unit, two levels below national subdivision.||Districts of Russia|
|Germany||Borough||Wattenscheid, Bochum.||Metropolis||Municipal Government (Mayor)||German city districts are allocated only in urban metropolis' of more than 150,000 occupants. These boroughs subdivide the city-states (German: Stadtbezirk)||Stadtbezirk|
|France||Municipal arrondissement (French: arrondissement municipal)||Panthéon, Paris||Major city (Paris, Lyon and Marseille)||Municipal Government (Mayor)||Belgium, Haiti, and other certain Francophone countries use arrondissments as administrative units.||Municipal arrondissement|
|China||County-level subdivisions (districts) (市辖区 / 区; shìxiáqū / qū)||Yaohai, Hefei||Municipality or prefecture-level city||Local Government||In China, districts, wards or sub-cities (Chinese: 区) are subdivisions of a municipality or ‘prefecture-level city’.||Districts of China|
|Pakistan||Urdu: اِضلاعِ پاكِستان; Sindhi: پاڪستان جا ضلعا||Karachi Central District, Sindh||Urban area (small city/ large metropolitan area)||Local Government (Union Council Administration)||While there are 150 total districts in Pakistan, only 11 have been designated city districts.||City Districts of Pakistan|
|Mexico, Mexico City||Boroughs/Alcadias, |
Federal District (Spanish: districto federal)
|Centro, Mexico City||Metropolitan area||Head of Government||For administrative purposes, Mexico City is divided into 16 alcadias (councils).||Boroughs|
|Croatia||Croatian: gradski kotar or gradska četvrt||Gornja Dubrava, Zagreb||City / town||Local Government||Local government in Croatian city districts is a form of local self-government, whereby citizens participate in the self-governing scope of the city and local affairs.|
|Netherlands||Dutch: stadsdeel||Centrum(Centre), Amsterdam||Major city||Local Government (District committee)||In some of the larger municipalities of the Netherlands, urban municipality districts are divided by city districts.||Urban districts of the Netherlands|
|Sweden||Swedish: stadsdel||Holmsund, Västerbotten||Municipality||Local Government (Administrative board)||In some rare cases, large municipalities in Sweden are divided into smaller "city districts".||Districts of Sweden|
|Poland||Polish: dzielnica||Stare Miasto, Kraków||City/town||Mayor/Elected Council; (Polish: burmistrz, dzielnica council)||Dzielnica|
|Turkey||District Municipality (Turkish: büyükşehir belediyeleri)||Metropolitan Municipality||Mayor (of metropolitan municipality)||Metropolitan municipalities in Turkey|
In Russia, a city district (raion) is a second-level administrative unit used to divide a city.It is the standardised administration unit of numerous post-Soviet states, two levels below national subdivision.
In Germany, a city district (Stadtbezirk) is an administrative unit that divides a metropolis of more than 150,000 inhabitants.
A city district, or municipal arrondissement (French: arrondissement municipal [aʁɔ̃dismɑ̃ mynisipal]), is a subdividing unit used in France's three largest cities: Paris, Lyon and Marseille. It divides a commune within which it has its own mayor.
An arrondissement is also a term used for administrative divisions in areas such as Belgium, Haiti, and other certain Francophone countries.
There are 16 city districts of Mexico City. These are 15 subdivisions, formally known as boroughs, and the Federal District (Spanish: distrito federal).
Administrative division, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, administrative region, constituent unit, as well as many similar terms, are generic names for a discrete, officially-delineated geographical area within a particular, independent sovereign state (country). Such a division is created to enhance, in some way, the responsiveness of a national administration (government) to sub-national affairs. As such, an administrative division is granted a certain degree of administrative autonomy, which in some countries is regarded as form of limited self-government.
A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposes in certain modern nations. The term is derived from the Old French conté or cunté denoting a jurisdiction under the sovereignty of a count (earl) or a viscount. Literal equivalents in other languages, derived from the equivalent of "count", are now seldom used officially, including comté, contea, contado, comtat, condado, Grafschaft, graafschap, and zhupa in Slavic languages; terms equivalent to English language administrative terms such as municipality, district, circuit and commune/community are now often instead used.
Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration within a particular sovereign state. This particular usage of the word government refers specifically to a level of administration that is both geographically-localised and has limited powers. While in some countries, "government" is normally reserved purely for a national administration (government), the term local government is always used specifically in contrast to national government – as well as, in many cases, the activities of sub-national, first-level administrative divisions. Local governments generally act only within powers specifically delegated to them by law and/or directives of a higher level of government. In federal states, local government generally comprises a third or fourth tier of government, whereas in unitary states, local government usually occupies the second or third tier of government.
A unitary authority is a local authority for a place's borough which is responsible for all local government functions within its area or performs additional functions which elsewhere in the relevant country are usually performed by national government or a higher level of sub-national government.
An arrondissement is any of various administrative divisions of France, Belgium, Haiti, certain other Francophone countries, as well as the Netherlands.
A prefecture is an administrative jurisdiction traditionally governed by an appointed prefect. This can be a regional or local government subdivision in various countries, or a subdivision in certain international church structures, as well as in antiquity a Roman district
Belgium is a federal state comprising three communities and three regions that are based on four language areas. For each of these subdivision types, the subdivisions together make up the entire country; in other words, the types overlap.
A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by local government. Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning regions or counties, several municipalities, subdivisions of municipalities, school district, or political district.
Russia is divided into several types and levels of subdivisions.
An oblast is a type of administrative division of Belarus, Bulgaria, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Ukraine and the former Soviet Union and Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
Okrug is an administrative division of some Slavic states. The word "okrug" is a loanword in English, but it is nevertheless often translated as "area", "district", or "region".
A governorate, or a guberniya, was a major and principal administrative subdivision of the Russian Empire. Unlike Russia where gubernias were abolished in 1929, in Ukraine subdivision of gubernias was abolished in 1925. The term is usually translated as government, governorate, or province. A governorate was ruled by a governor, a word borrowed from Latin gubernator, in turn from Greek kybernetes. Sometimes the term guberniya was informally used to refer to the office of a governor.
The German term Bezirk translated as "district" can refer to the following types of administrative divisions:
Ukraine is divided into several levels of territorial entities. On the first level there are 27 regions:
A raion is a type of administrative unit of several post-Soviet states. The term is from the French "rayon", which is both a type of a subnational entity and a division of a city, and is commonly translated in English as "district".
An administrative centre is a seat of regional administration or local government, or a county town, or the place where the central administration of a commune is located.
Currently, there are 9 administrative divisions of Minsk, called raions (districts):
Sevastopol is a city on the Black Sea, located in the southwest of the Crimean Peninsula—a territory disputed between Russia and Ukraine as a result of the 2014 Crimean crisis. It has been under the de facto Russian control since March 2014, when it was incorporated into Russia as one of its federal subjects, with a status of a federal city. Being a disputed territory, Sevastopol has two sets of laws governing how its administrative and municipal divisions are set up. Under both Ukrainian and Russian laws, the city is administratively divided into four districts.
A district (raion) is an administrative and municipal division of a federal subject of Russia.
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