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An autonomous republic is a type of administrative division similar to a province or state. A significant number of autonomous republics can be found within the successor states of the Soviet Union, but the majority are located within Russia. Many of these republics were established during the Soviet period as Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republics, or ASSRs.
The designation also can refer to the following 13 former French territories in Africa before 1960, when all gained independence:
The Designation before 1950 Independence Day, when Indonesia gained independence: