Regions of Finland

Last updated
maakunta (Finnish)
landskap (Swedish)
Regions of Finland labelled EN.svg
Category Unitary state
Location Finland
Populations30,344 (Åland) — 1,714,741 (Uusimaa)
Areas1,553 km2 (Åland) — 92,674 km2 (Lapland)
  • Regional council

Finland is divided into 19 regions (Finnish : maakunta; Swedish : landskap) [lower-alpha 1] which are governed by regional councils that serve as forums of cooperation for the municipalities of each region. The councils are composed of delegates from the municipal councils. The main tasks of regional councils are regional planning, the development of enterprises, and education. Between 2004 and 2012, the regional council of Kainuu was elected via popular elections as part of an experimental regional administration. [2]


In 2022, new Wellbeing services counties were established as part of a health care and social services reform. The wellbeing services counties follow the regional borders, and are governed by directly elected county councils. [3]


One region, Åland, has a special status and has a much higher degree of autonomy than the others, with its own Parliament and local laws, due to its unique history and the fact that the overwhelming majority of its people are Finland Swedes. The sole language of Åland is Swedish/Finland Swedish, unlike the rest of the country where Finnish and Swedish share official status. It has its own elected head of government who carries the title of Premier and heads the Lantråd, the regional executive. Most powers that would be exercised by the Government of Finland on the mainland are instead exercised by Åland-specific authorities which execute independent policy in most areas. The Åland islanders elect a single representative to the national legislature, while the Government of Finland appoints a Governor to represent the national government on Åland. Åland is a demilitarized zone and Åland islanders are exempt from conscription.

Representation of the state

In addition to inter-municipal cooperation, which is the responsibility of regional councils, there are 15 Centres for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment (Finnish: elinkeino-, liikenne- ja ympäristökeskus, abbreviated ely-keskus), which are responsible for the local administration of labour, agriculture, fisheries, forestry and entrepreneurial affairs. They are each responsible for one or more of regions of Finland, and include offices of the Ministries of Employment and the Economy, Transport and Communications and Environment. The Finnish Defence Forces regional offices are responsible for the regional defence preparations and for the administration of conscription within the region.

List of regions

Regions of Finland blank map.svg
Lapin maakunnan vaakuna.svg   Lapland
Pohjois-Pohjanmaan vaakuna.svg   North Ostrobothnia
Kainuu.vaakuna.svg  Kainuu
Pohjois-Karjala.vaakuna.svg  North Karelia
Pohjois-Savo.vaakuna.svg   North Savo
Etela-Savo.vaakuna.svg   South Savo
Etela-Pohjanmaan maakunnan vaakuna.svg   South Ostrobothnia
Pohjanmaan maakunnan vaakuna.svg   Ostrobothnia
Keski-Pohjanmaa.vaakuna.svg  Central Ostrobothnia
Keski-Suomi Coat of Arms.svg  Central Finland
Pirkanmaa.vaakuna.svg  Pirkanmaa
Satakunta.vaakuna.svg  Satakunta
Varsinais-Suomen.vaakuna.svg   Southwest Finland
Kanta-Hame.vaakuna.svg   Kanta-Häme
Paijat-Hame.vaakuna.svg   Päijät-Häme
Etela-Karjala.vaakuna.svg  South Karelia
Kymenlaakson maakunnan vaakuna.svg  Kymenlaakso
Uusimaa.vaakuna.svg  Uusimaa
Coat of arms of Aland.svg  Åland
FlagCoat of armsEnglish name [4] Finnish nameSwedish nameISOCapitalArea
(2021) [5]
Lapin maakunnan vaakuna.svg Lapland LappiLapplandFI-10 Rovaniemi 92,674176,494
Pohjois-Pohjanmaan vaakuna.svg North Ostrobothnia Pohjois-PohjanmaaNorra ÖsterbottenFI-14 Oulu 36,815415,603
Flag of Kainuu.svg Kainuu.vaakuna.svg Kainuu KainuuKajanalandFI-05 Kajaani 20,19771,255
North karelia flag.svg Pohjois-Karjala.vaakuna.svg North Karelia Pohjois-KarjalaNorra KarelenFI-13 Joensuu 17,761163,281
Flag of Northern Savonia.svg Pohjois-Savo.vaakuna.svg North Savo Pohjois-SavoNorra SavolaxFI-15 Kuopio 16,768248,363
Flag of South Savonia.svg Etela-Savo.vaakuna.svg South Savo Etelä-SavoSödra SavolaxFI-04 Mikkeli 14,257131,688
Etela-Karjala.vaakuna.svg South Karelia Etelä-KarjalaSödra KarelenFI-02 Lappeenranta 5,327126,107
Keski-suomi lippu.svg Keski-Suomi Coat of Arms.svg Central Finland Keski-SuomiMellersta FinlandFI-08 Jyväskylä 16,703272,683
Flag of Southern Ostrobothnia.svg Etela-Pohjanmaan maakunnan vaakuna.svg South Ostrobothnia Etelä-PohjanmaaSödra ÖsterbottenFI-03 Seinäjoki 13,444191,762
Pohjanmaan maakunnan vaakuna.svg Ostrobothnia PohjanmaaÖsterbottenFI-12 Vaasa 7,753176,041
Keski-Pohjanmaa.lippu.svg Keski-Pohjanmaa.vaakuna.svg Central Ostrobothnia Keski-PohjanmaaMellersta ÖsterbottenFI-07 Kokkola 5,02067,915
Pirkanmaa.vaakuna.svg Pirkanmaa PirkanmaaBirkalandFI-11 Tampere 12,585527,478
Satakunta-flag.svg Satakunta.vaakuna.svg Satakunta SatakuntaSatakuntaFI-17 Pori 7,820214,281
Paijat-Hame.lippu.svg Paijat-Hame.vaakuna.svg Päijät-Häme Päijät-HämePäijänne-TavastlandFI-16 Lahti 5,125205,124
Flag of Tavastia Proper.svg Kanta-Hame.vaakuna.svg Kanta-Häme Kanta-HämeEgentliga TavastlandFI-06 Hämeenlinna 5,199170,213
Kymenlaakson maakunnan vaakuna.svg Kymenlaakso KymenlaaksoKymmenedalenFI-09 Kotka and Kouvola [lower-alpha 2] 5,149161,391
Flag of Uusimaa.svg Uusimaa.vaakuna.svg Uusimaa UusimaaNylandFI-18 Helsinki 9,0971,714,741
Varsinais-Suomen.vaakuna.svg Southwest Finland Varsinais-SuomiEgentliga FinlandFI-19 Turku 10,663483,477
Flag of Aland.svg Coat of arms of Aland 3.svg Åland AhvenanmaaÅlandAX and
Mariehamn 1,55330,344

Former region

Regions of Finland in 2000. Finland.regions.2000.svg
Regions of Finland in 2000.
Coat of armsNameOfficial English name [6] Finnish nameSwedish nameCapitalDissolution (date)
Ita-Uusimaa.vaakuna.svg Eastern Uusimaa Itä-UusimaaItä-Uusimaa [7] Östra Nyland Porvoo 1 January 2011

Regional border changes

Border changes between the regions: [8]


  • Kiikoinen transferred from Pirkanmaa to Satakunta.


  • Kuorevesi transferred from Pirkanmaa to Central Finland by merging with Jämsä.


  • Kangaslampi transferred from South Savo to North Savo.





  • Kiikoinen transferred from Satakunta to Pirkanmaa by merging with Sastamala.
  • Suomenniemi transferred from South Karelia to South Savo by merging with Mikkeli.


  • Vaala transferred from Kainuu to North Ostrobothnia.


  • Heinävesi transferred from South Savo to North Karelia.
  • Iitti transferred from Kymenlaakso to Päijät-Häme.
  • Isokyrö transferred from Ostrobothnia to South Ostrobothnia.
  • Joroinen transferred from South Savo to North Savo.
  • Kuhmoinen transferred from Central Finland to Pirkanmaa.

See also


  1. Northern Sami: eanangoddi, Inari Sami: eennâmkodde, and Skolt Sami: mäddkåʹdd. [1]
  2. Kymenlaakso is the only region with two capitals, of which Kotka is the official regional centre and Kouvola is the administrative one.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tavastia (historical province)</span> Historical province in the south of Finland

Tavastia is a historical province in the south of Finland. It borders Finland Proper, Satakunta, Ostrobothnia, Savonia and Uusimaa.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Häme</span>

Häme is the name of a geographical region in Finland, associated with the Tavastians, or Häme people (hämäläiset), a subgroup of the Finnish people. The precise area referred to can vary depending on the context.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Historical provinces of Finland</span>

The historical provinces of Finland are a legacy of the country's joint history with Sweden. The provinces ceased to be administrative entities in 1634 when they were superseded by the counties, a reform which remained in force in Finland until 1997. The provinces remain as a tradition, but have no administrative function today. The spread of Finnish language dialects approximately follows their borders.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Western Finland Province</span> Place in Finland

Western Finland was a province of Finland from 1997 to 2009. It bordered the provinces of Oulu, Eastern Finland and Southern Finland. It also bordered the Gulf of Bothnia towards Åland. Tampere was the largest city of the province.

The former Province of Western Finland in Finland was divided into seven regions, 34 districts and 192 municipalities.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pirkanmaa</span> Region of Finland

Pirkanmaa, also known as Tampere Region in government documents, is a region of Finland. It borders the regions of Satakunta, South Ostrobothnia, Central Finland, Päijät-Häme, Kanta-Häme and Southwest Finland. Most of the water area in the Kokemäki River watershed is located in the Pirkanmaa region, although Lake Vanajavesi is partly in the Kanta-Häme region. The region got its name from Pirkkala, which in the Middle Ages comprised most of present-day Pirkanmaa. Tampere is the regional center and capital of Pirkanmaa, and at the same time the largest city in the region.

Finland is divided into 69 sub-regional units. The sub-regions are formed by groups of municipalities within the 19 regions of Finland. The sub-regions represent a LAU 1 level of division used in conjunction with the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">South Savo</span> Region of Finland

South Savo is a region in the south-east of Finland. It borders the regions of North Savo, North Karelia, South Karelia, Kymenlaakso, Päijät-Häme, and Central Finland. The total area of South Savo is 18,768.33 km2, with a population of 153,738 (2011). South Savo is located in the heart of the Finnish lake district, and contains Lake Saimaa, the largest lake in Finland. The three major towns in the region are Mikkeli, Savonlinna and Pieksämäki.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">North Ostrobothnia</span> Region of Finland

North Ostrobothnia is a region of Finland. It borders the Finnish regions of Lapland, Kainuu, North Savo, Central Finland and Central Ostrobothnia, as well as the Russian Republic of Karelia. The easternmost corner of the region between Lapland, Kainuu and the Russian border is known as Koillismaa.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Satakunta</span> Region of Finland

Satakunta is a region of Finland, part of the former Western Finland Province. It borders the regions of Southwest Finland, Pirkanmaa, South Ostrobothnia and Ostrobothnia. The capital city of the region is Pori. The name of the region literally means hundred. The historical province of the same name was a larger area within Finland, covering modern Satakunta as well as much of Pirkanmaa.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Uusimaa</span> Region of Finland

Uusimaa is a region of Finland. It borders the regions of Southwest Finland, Tavastia Proper (Kanta-Häme), Päijänne Tavastia (Päijät-Häme), and Kymenlaakso. Finland's capital and largest city, Helsinki, along with the surrounding Greater Helsinki area, are both contained in the region, and Uusimaa is Finland's most populous region. The population of Uusimaa is 1,734,000.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Central Finland</span> Region of Finland

Central Finland is a region in Finland. It borders the regions of Päijät-Häme, Pirkanmaa, South Ostrobothnia, Central Ostrobothnia, North Ostrobothnia, North Savo, and South Savo. The city of Jyväskylä is the regional centre and by far the largest city in the area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Eastern Uusimaa</span> Region in Uusimaa, Finland

Eastern Uusimaa or, officially, Itä-Uusimaa was one of the 19 regions of Finland, until it consolidated with the region of Uusimaa on 1 January 2011. It bordered the regions of Uusimaa, Päijänne Tavastia (Päijät-Häme) and Kymenlaakso.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kymenlaakso</span> Region of Finland

Kymenlaakso is a region in Finland. It borders the regions of Uusimaa, Päijät-Häme, South Savo and South Karelia and Russia. Its name means literally The Valley of River Kymi. Kymijoki is one of the biggest rivers in Finland with a drainage basin with 11% of the area of Finland. The city of Kotka with 51,000 inhabitants is located at the delta of River Kymi and has the most important import harbour in Finland. Other cities are Kouvola further in the inland which has after a municipal merger 81,000 inhabitants and the old bastion town Hamina.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Päijät-Häme</span> Region of Finland

Päijät-Häme is a region in Southern Finland south of the lake Päijänne. It borders the regions of Uusimaa, Kanta-Häme, Pirkanmaa, Central Finland, South Savo and Kymenlaakso. The biggest city in the region is Lahti.

The toponyms of Finland result mainly from the legacy left by three linguistic heritages: the Finnish language, the Swedish language and Sami languages. Finland’s place names range from those of unknown or unrecognizable origins to more clearly derivable onomastics. There are both national and international recommendations on how to use the bilingual country's place names in texts written in different languages. In Finland, the Research Institute for the Languages of Finland and the National Land Survey of Finland are jointly responsible for the standardization of place names.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Household pennant</span>

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The wellbeing services counties are responsible for organising health, social and emergency services in Finland. There are 21 wellbeing services counties and the county division is mainly based on the region division. The public authorities are separate from the municipalities and from the central government.


  1. "Sátnegirjjit, Dictionaries of Finnish, Swedish, the Sami Languages, English and Russian". Retrieved 21 February 2019.
  2. "Historiallinen maakuntahallinto opetti valtiota". Yle uutiset. 17 December 2012. Retrieved 22 May 2021.
  3. "Health and social services reform". Finnish Government. Retrieved 22 May 2021.
  4. "Suomen hallintorakenteeseen ja maakuntauudistukseen liittyviä termejä sekä maakuntien ja kuntien nimet fi-sv-en-(ru)" (PDF). pp. 8–9. Retrieved 23 August 2019.
  5. "Municipal key figures / With the 2021 regional division / Municipal key figures". Statistics Finland . Retrieved 19 August 2023.
  6. "Regions of Finland 2010". Statistics Finland. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
  7. "Valtioneuvosto päätti Uudenmaan ja Itä-Uudenmaan maakuntien yhdistämisestä" (in Finnish). Ministry of Finance. October 22, 2009. Archived from the original on August 7, 2011. Retrieved December 30, 2010.
  8. "Statistics Finland". Retrieved 2022-07-04.