Regions of Kazakhstan

Last updated
Regions of Kazakhstan
Қазақстан облыстары (Kazakh)
Области Казахстана (Russian)
  • Also known as:
  • Province
    Oblast
A clickable map of Kazakhstan showing its 14 regions.v * d * e Kazakhstan provinces and province capitals.svgOral
A clickable map of Kazakhstan showing its 14 regions. vde
Category Unitary state
Location Republic of Kazakhstan
Number14 regions and 4 cities (Almaty, Nur-Sultan, Baikonur, Shymkent)
Populations36,175 (Baikonur) – 2,685,009 (Turkistan)
Areas680 km2 (263 sq mi) (Almaty) - 427,980 km2 (165,245 sq mi) (Karaganda)
Government
Subdivisions

Kazakhstan is divided into 14 regions (Kazakh : облыстар/oblystar; singular: облыс/oblys; Russian : области/oblasti; singular: область/oblast' ). The regions are further subdivided into districts (Kazakh : аудандар/audandar; singular: аудан/audan; Russian : районы/rayoni; singular: район/rayon). Four cities, Baikonur, Shymkent, the largest city Almaty, and the capital Nur-Sultan are not part of the regions they are surrounded by.

Contents

Coat of arms Full English name Type Full Kazakh name Full Russian name Standard time
Coat of Arms of Aqmola Province Kz.png Akmola Region regionАқмола облысы
Aqmola oblysy
Акмолинская область
Akmolinskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Aktyubinsk-obl-coat-of-arms.png Aktobe Region regionАқтөбе облысы
Aqtöbe oblysy
Актюбинская область
Aktyubinskaya Oblast′
UTC+05:00
Coat of arms of Almaty.svg Almaty city [nb 1] Алматы қаласы
Almaty qalasy
город Алматы
gorod Almaty
UTC+06:00
Almaty oblysy gerb.png Almaty Region regionАлматы облысы
Almaty oblysy
Алматинская область
Almatinskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Coat of arms of Atyrau.svg Atyrau Region region [nb 2] Атырау облысы
Atyrau oblysy
Атырауская область
Atyrauskaya Oblast′
UTC+05:00
Baikonur seal.png Baikonur city [nb 3] Байқоңыр қаласы
Baiqoñyr qalasy
город Байконур
gorod Baykonur
UTC+05:00 [1]
Coats of arms of East Kazakhstan Province.svg East Kazakhstan Region regionШығыс Қазақстан облысы
Şyğys Qazaqstan oblysy
Восточно-Казахстанская область
Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Zhambyl province seal.png Jambyl Region regionЖамбыл облысы
Jambyl oblysy
Жамбылская область
Zhambylskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Coat of Arms of Karagandy Province.svg Karaganda Region regionҚарағанды облысы
Qarağandy oblysy
Карагандинская область
Karagandinskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Logo Kostanay Province.png Kostanay Region regionҚостанай облысы
Qostanai oblysy
Костанайская область
Kostanayskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Kyzylorda province seal.png Kyzylorda Region regionҚызылорда облысы
Qyzylorda oblysy
Кызылординская область
Kyzylordinskaya Oblast′
UTC+05:00
Man'g'ystau logotibi.jpg Mangystau Region regionМаңғыстау облысы
Mañğystau oblysy
Мангыстауская область
Mangystauskaya Oblast′
UTC+05:00
North Kazakhstan province seal.svg North Kazakhstan Region regionСолтүстік Қазақстан облысы
Soltüstık Qazaqstan oblysy
Северо-Казахстанская область
Severo-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Emblem of Nur-Sultan.svg Nur-Sultan city [nb 1] Нұр-Сұлтан қаласы
Nūr-Sūltan qalasy
город Нур-Султан
gorod Nur-Sultan
UTC+06:00
Logo Pavlodar region.png Pavlodar Region regionПавлодар облысы
Pavlodar oblysy
Павлодарская область
Pavlodarskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Coat of arms of Shymkent.gif Shymkent city [nb 1] Шымкент қаласы
Şymkent qalasy
город Шымкент
gorod Shymkent
UTC+06:00
South Kazakhstan province seal.png Turkistan Region (formerly South Kazakhstan)regionТүркістан облысы
Türkıstan oblysy
Туркестанская область
Turkestanskaya Oblast′
UTC+06:00
Coat of Arms Batys Oblysy.png West Kazakhstan Region region [nb 2] Батыс Қазақстан облысы
Batys Qazaqstan oblysy
Западно-Казахстанская область
Zapadno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast′
UTC+05:00
The share of the European population by districts and cities of regional and republican subordination Kazakhstan in 2016
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> 70%
60.0 - 69.9 %
50.0 - 59.9 %
40.0 - 49.9 %
30.0 - 39.9 %
20.0 - 29.9 %
10.0 - 19.9 %
0.0 - 9.9 % Kazakhstan European Rus.png
The share of the European population by districts and cities of regional and republican subordination Kazakhstan in 2016
  > 70٪
  60.0 – 69.9 %
  50.0 - 59.9 %
  40.0 - 49.9 %
  30.0 - 39.9 %
  20.0 - 29.9 %
  10.0 - 19.9 %
  0.0 - 9.9 %

Notes

^1 Almaty, Nur-Sultan and Shymkent cities have the status of State significance and do not relate to any region.
^2 The West Kazakhstan and Atyrau regions are both partly located in Eastern Europe as the Ural River run through Atyrau and Oral, their respective capital cities.
^3 Baikonur city has a special status because it is currently being leased to Russia with Baikonur Cosmodrome until the year 2050.

Demographic statistics

Entity Capital Area (km2) Population
(2009 census) [2]
Population Density ISO 3166-2 Code
Akmola Region Kokshetau 146,219737,4955.044KZ-AKM
Aktobe Region Aktobe 300,629757,7682.521KZ-AKT
Almaty Almaty 3191,365,6324281KZ-ALA
Almaty Region Taldykorgan 223,9241,807,8946.099KZ-ALM
Nur-Sultan Nur-Sultan 710613,006863.4KZ-AST
Atyrau Region Atyrau 118,631510,3774.302KZ-ATY
Baikonur Baikonur 5736,175644.6KZ-BAY*
East Kazakhstan Region Oskemen 283,2261,396,5934.931KZ-VOS
Jambyl Region Taraz 144,2641,022,1297.085KZ-ZHA
Karaganda Region Karaganda 427,9821,341,7003.135KZ-KAR
Kostanay Region Kostanay 196,001885,5704.518KZ-KUS
Kyzylorda Region Kyzylorda 226,019678,7943.003KZ-KZY
Mangystau Region Aktau 165,642485,3922.930KZ-MAN
North Kazakhstan Region Petropavl 97,993596,5356.088KZ-SEV
Pavlodar Region Pavlodar 124,800742,4755.948KZ-PAV
Shymkent Shymkent 1,170603,499515.81KZ-
Turkistan Region Turkistan 117,2492,469,35721.06KZ-TUR
West Kazakhstan Region Oral 151,339598,8803.957KZ-ZAP

Former administrative boundaries

Change of oblast names and boundaries from 1954 to today Oblast changes overview2.jpg
Change of oblast names and boundaries from 1954 to today

Over the last 60 years, both the distribution and names of regions of Kazakhstan have changed considerably. Major changes were several fusions and splits between Guryev and Mangystau, Karaganda and Dzhezkazgan, Almaty and Taldy-Kurgan, East Kazakhstan and Semipalatinsk and Kostanay, Turgay and Tselinograd, respectively. Changes in region names were often in line with the renaming of cities, such as in the case of Alma-Ata/Almaty. After the administrative reform in 1997, the last change happened since then took place in 1999, when parts of North Kazakhstan that originally belonged to Kokshetau region became part of Akmola. The 1990s merges were in order to dilute Russian population in the resulting region and to avoid having regions where Russians form a majority. [3]

Related Research Articles

Kazakhstan Country in Central Asia

Kazakhstan, officially the Republic of Kazakhstan, is a transcontinental country mainly located in Central Asia with a smaller portion west of the Ural River in Eastern Europe. It covers a land area of 2,724,900 square kilometres (1,052,100 sq mi), and shares land borders with Russia in the north, China in the east, and Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan in the south while also adjoining a large part of the Caspian Sea in the southwest. Kazakhstan does not border Mongolia, although they are only 37 kilometers apart, separated by a short portion of the border between Russia and China.

The vast territory of Kazakhstan spans across 2,700,000 km2 (1,000,000 sq mi). The population density is low in Kazakhstan, and the centers of industry and agriculture are spread out and remote from world markets.

Nur-Sultan Capital city of Kazakhstan

Nūr-Sūltan is the capital city of Kazakhstan. It was known between 1998 and 2019 as Astana and before that as Akmola. On 23 March 2019, following an unanimous vote in Kazakhstan's parliament, the city was renamed to Nur-Sultan, after former Kazakhstani President Nursultan Nazarbayev.

Government of Kazakhstan

The Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan oversees a presidential republic. The President of Kazakhstan, currently Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, is head of state and nominates the head of government. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament.

Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic One of the republics in the Soviet Union from 1936 to 1991

The Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic was one of the transcontinental constituent republics of the Soviet Union from 1936 to 1991 in northern Central Asia. It was created on 5 December 1936 from the Kazakh ASSR, an autonomous republic of the Russian SFSR.

Kokshetau City in Akmola Region, Kazakhstan

Kokshetau, formerly known as Kokchetav (1827–1993), is a city in northern Kazakhstan and the capital of Akmola Region, lying in the north of Kokshetau Uplands, on the southern shore of Lake Kopa and the southern edge of the Ishim Steppe. Earlier, it was the centre of Kokshetau Region, which was abolished in 1997. It is also situated at the junction of the Trans-Kazakhstan and South Siberian railways. Kokshetau lies at an elevation of approximately 234 m (768 ft) above sea level.

Turkistan (city) City and the administrative center of Turkistan Region, Kazakhstan

Turkistan, is a city and the administrative center of Turkistan Region of Kazakhstan, near the Syr Darya river. It is situated 160 km (100 mi) north-west of Shymkent on the Trans-Aral Railway between Kyzylorda to the north and Tashkent to the south. Its population has increased within ten years from 102,505 to 142,899 . Turkistan's most prominent historical and cultural asset is the Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi, a UNESCO World Heritage site. The city is served by Hazrat Sultan International Airport.

Turkistan Region Region of Kazakhstan

Turkistan Region, previously South Kazakhstan Region, is the southernmost region of Kazakhstan. Its capital is Turkistan. Other cities in Turkistan Region include Sayram, Kentau, Arys, Shardara, Zhetisay, Saryagash, and Lenger. This region and Atyrau Region are Kazakhstan's two smallest regions; both are about 117,300 square kilometers in area. Population: 2,469,367 ; 1,978,339 .

Jambyl Region Region of Kazakhstan

Jambyl Region is a region of Kazakhstan. Its capital is Taraz. The population of the region is 1,000,000; the city is 335,100. The region borders Kyrgyzstan, and is very near to Uzbekistan. Jambyl also borders three other provinces: Karaganda Region, Turkistan Region and Almaty Region. The total area is 144,200 square kilometres (55,700 sq mi). The province borders Lake Balkhash to its northeast. The province was named after the Kazakh akyn Jambyl Jabayev.

Russians in Kazakhstan

There has been a substantial population of Russian Kazakhstanis since the 19th century. Although their numbers have been reduced since the breakup of the Soviet Union, they remain prominent in Kazakh society today. Russians formed a plurality of the Kazakh SSR's population for several decades.

Kazakh wine

Kazakh wine is wine made in Kazakhstan. The roots of the Kazakh wine industry can be traced to the 7th century AD when grapevines were brought to the region from neighboring Uzbekistan and China. While only around 4% of the land in Kazakhstan is ideally situated for viticulture, the country does manage to produce over 6.2 million gallons of wine annually from 32,120 acres (13,000 ha). Buoyed by its mineral wealth, the country is an enthusiastic consumer of wine but must import 80% of the 30 m bottles it drinks.

Standard time in Kazakhstan is either UTC+05:00 or UTC+06:00. These times apply throughout the year as Kazakhstan does not observe Daylight saving time.

The Nazarbayev Intellectual Schools (NIS) is a network of schools for exceptional students of age 5 to 18 throughout Kazakhstan. The schools are named after Nursultan Nazarbayev, former president of Kazakhstan, who has promoted the idea as a means of developing the intellectual life of the country. Previously, each school focused primarily on a specific set of subjects: either physical sciences and mathematics, or chemical and biological sciences, as well as foreign languages. Although this division is still represented in the names of schools, most schools share the same curriculum based on Cambridge O Level and A Level, except for NIS IB in Nur-Sultan. Instruction is trilingual, in Kazakh, Russian and English, shifting to exclusively English by the junior year.

Qazaqstan is the Kazakhstani state television broadcaster. It started broadcasting on March 8, 1958. It is a part of the Qazaqstan Radio and Television Corporation. The station broadcasts around the clock in the Kazakh language.

Shymkent City of republican significance, Kazakhstan

Şymkent, known until 1993 as Chimkent ; Russian: Чимкент, romanized: Čimkent ), is a city in Kazakhstan. It is near the border with Uzbekistan. It is one of three Kazakh cities which have the status equal to that of a region. It is the third most populous city in Kazakhstan, behind Almaty and Nur-Sultan, with an estimated population of 1,002,291 as of June 1, 2018. According to regional and city officials, the millionth resident of Shymkent was born on 17 May 2018. It is a regional cultural centre.

Eastern Orthodoxy in Kazakhstan

The Eastern Orthodox Church in Kazakhstan is a metropolitan district or metropolia of the Russian Orthodox Church. Although not autonomous or fully self-governing like the Ukrainian Orthodox Church under the Moscow Patriarchate, the Church in Kazakhstan has been given some self-government, with jurisdiction over all Orthodox Christians in Kazakhstan. Most of its members are ethnic Russians, Ukrainians, and Belarusians resident in Kazakhstan.

The 2018–2020 Kazakh protests were a series of civil protests that took place in cities across Kazakhstan, commencing in May 2018 and gaining a traction after a fire in Nur-Sultan killed five children in February 2019. Some commentators attribute President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev's decision to dismiss the government of Prime Minister Bakhytzhan Sagintayev later that month in part to the protests. Nazarbayev later himself resigned on 19 March 2019 and was replaced as president by Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, the speaker of the upper house of parliament. Nazarbayev continued to hold several political positions. Tokayev called a snap election, the 2019 Kazakh presidential election, which saw him elected with over 70% of the vote. Both the run-up to and the aftermath of the election saw further protests.

COVID-19 pandemic in Kazakhstan Ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in Kazakhstan

The COVID-19 pandemic in Kazakhstan is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The virus was confirmed to have reached Kazakhstan on 13 March 2020. It involved two Kazakh citizens in Almaty who were recently returned from Germany. That same day, two more cases were confirmed with one female arriving from Italy in Nur-Sultan and the other from Germany in Almaty as well.

References

  1. On the time change in the city of Baikonur and Kyzylorda region, Administration of the city of Baikonur, 13 December 2018 (in Russian).
  2. "Analytical report" (PDF). www.liportal.de. 2009. Retrieved 2021-03-07.
  3. Bologov, Pyotr (25 August 2016). "Три угрозы для Назарбаева: насколько стабилен Казахстан" (in Russian). carnegie.ru. Retrieved 29 August 2016.

Sources