Provinces of Indonesia

Last updated
Provinces of Indonesia
Indonesia, administrative divisions - en - monochrome.svg
Category Province
Location Indonesia
Number34 provinces
PopulationsSmallest: 622,350 (North Kalimantan)
Largest: 43,053,732 (West Java)
AreasSmallest: 664 km2 (256 sq mi) (Jakarta)
Largest: 319,036 km2 (123,180 sq mi) (Papua)
Government
Subdivisions

Provinces of Indonesia are the 34 administrative division of Indonesia and the highest tier of the local government (formerly called first-level region provinces or provinsi daerah tingkat I). Provinces are further divided into regencies and cities (formerly called second-level region regencies and cities or kabupaten/kotamadya daerah tingkat II), which are in turn subdivided into districts (kecamatan).

Contents

Background

Each province has a local government, headed by a governor and a legislative body. The governor and members of local representative bodies are elected by popular vote for five-year terms.

Current provinces

Indonesia has 34 provinces. Five provinces have special status:

The provinces are officially grouped into seven geographical units. [1]

Click on a province name to go to its main article.

Table of provinces

Provinces of Indonesia [2] [3]
Arms ProvinceIndonesian nameIndonesian acronym ISO [4] CapitalPopulation (2020 Census) [5] Area (km2)Population density
per km2
(2010)
Geographical unitNumber
of cities and
regencies
Number
of cities
Number of
regencies
Coat of arms of Aceh.svg Aceh AcehAcehID-AC
Banda Aceh
5,274,87157,95677 Sumatra 23518
Coat of arms of Bali.svg Bali BaliBaliID-BA
Denpasar
4,317,4045,780621 Lesser Sunda Islands 918
Coat of arms of Bangka Belitung Islands.svg Bangka Belitung Islands Kepulauan Bangka BelitungBabelID-BB
Pangkal Pinang
1,455,67816,42464 Sumatra 716
Coat of arms of Banten.svg Banten BantenBantenID-BT
Serang
11,904,5629,662909 Java 844
Coat of arms of Bengkulu.svg Bengkulu BengkuluBengkuluID-BE
Bengkulu
2,010,67019,91984 Sumatra 1019
Coat of arms of Central Java.svg Central Java Jawa TengahJatengID-JT
Semarang
36,516,03540,800894 Java 35629
Coat of arms of Central Kalimantan.svg Central Kalimantan Kalimantan TengahKaltengID-KT
Palangka Raya
2,669,969153,56414 Kalimantan 14113
Coat of arms of Central Sulawesi.svg Central Sulawesi Sulawesi TengahSultengID-ST
Palu
2,985,73461,84141 Sulawesi 13112
Coat of arms of East Java.svg East Java Jawa TimurJatimID-JI
Surabaya
40,665,69647,799828 Java 38929
Coat of arms of East Kalimantan.svg East Kalimantan [6] Kalimantan TimurKaltimID-KI
Samarinda
3,766,039127,26722 Kalimantan 1037
Coat of arms of East Nusa Tenggara.svg East Nusa Tenggara Nusa Tenggara TimurNTTID-NT
Kupang
5,325,56648,71892 Lesser Sunda Islands 22121
Coat of arms of Gorontalo.svg Gorontalo GorontaloGorontaloID-GO
Gorontalo
1,171,68111,25794 Sulawesi 615
Coat of arms of Jakarta.svg Special Capital Region of Jakarta Daerah Khusus Ibukota JakartaDKI JakartaID-JK
Jakarta [lower-alpha 1]
10,562,08866412,786 Java 651
Coat of arms of Jambi.svg Jambi
جمبي
JambiJambiID-JA
Jambi
3,548,22850,05857 Sumatra 1129
Coat of arms of Lampung.svg Lampung LampungLampungID-LA
Bandar Lampung
9,007,84834,623226 Sumatra 15213
Coat of arms of Maluku.svg Maluku MalukuMalukuID-MA
Ambon
1,848,92346,91432 Maluku Islands 1129
Coat of arms of North Kalimantan (2021 version).svg North Kalimantan Kalimantan UtaraKaltaraID-KU
Tanjung Selor (largest city: Tarakan)
701,81472,27510 Kalimantan 514
Coat of arms of North Maluku.svg North Maluku Maluku UtaraMalutID-MU
Sofifi (largest city: Ternate)
1,282,93731,98231 Maluku Islands 1028
Coat of arms of North Sulawesi.svg North Sulawesi Sulawesi UtaraSulutID-SA
Manado
2,621,92313,851162 Sulawesi 15411
Coat of arms of North Sumatra.svg North Sumatra Sumatra UtaraSumutID-SU
Medan
14,799,36172,981188 Sumatra 33825
Coat of arms of Papua 2.svg Papua PapuaPapuaID-PA
Jayapura
4,303,707319,0368 Western New Guinea 29128
Coat of arms of Riau.svg Riau
رياو
RiauRiauID-RI
Pekanbaru
6,394,08787,02352 Sumatra 12210
Coat of arms of Riau Islands.svg Riau Islands
كڤولاوان رياو
Kepulauan RiauKepriID-KR
Tanjung Pinang (largest city: Batam)
2,064,5648,201208 Sumatra 725
Coat of arms of Southeast Sulawesi.svg Southeast Sulawesi Sulawesi TenggaraSultraID-SG
Kendari
2,624,87538,06751 Sulawesi 17215
Coat of arms of South Kalimantan.svg South Kalimantan Kalimantan SelatanKalselID-KS
Banjarmasin
4,073,58438,74496 Kalimantan 13211
Coat of arms of South Sulawesi.svg South Sulawesi Sulawesi SelatanSulselID-SN
Makassar
9,073,50946,717151 Sulawesi 24321
Coat of arms of South Sumatra.svg South Sumatra Sumatra SelatanSumselID-SS
Palembang
8,467,43291,59286 Sumatra 17413
Coat of arms of West Java.svg West Java Jawa BaratJabarID-JB
Bandung
48,274,16235,3771,176 Java 27918
Coat of arms of West Kalimantan.svg West Kalimantan Kalimantan BaratKalbarID-KB
Pontianak
5,414,390147,30730 Kalimantan 14212
Coat of arms of West Nusa Tenggara.svg West Nusa Tenggara Nusa Tenggara BaratNTBID-NB
Mataram
5,320,09218,572234 Lesser Sunda Islands 1028
Coat of arms of West Papua.svg West Papua Papua BaratPabarID-PB [7]
Manokwari (largest city: Sorong)
1,134,06897,0248 Western New Guinea 13112
Coat of arms of West Sulawesi.svg West Sulawesi Sulawesi BaratSulbarID-SR
Mamuju
1,419,22916,78773 Sulawesi 606
Coat of arms of West Sumatra.svg West Sumatra Sumatra BaratSumbarID-SB
Padang
5,534,47242,012110 Sumatra 19712
Coat of arms of Yogyakarta.svg Special Region of Yogyakarta Daerah Istimewa YogyakartaDIYID-YO
Yogyakarta
3,668,7193,1331,138 Java 514

Former provinces

Three-province Sumatra (1948-56) Old map of Sumatra (1950).svg
Three-province Sumatra (1948–56)
Two-province Sulawesi (1960-64) Old map of Sulawesi (1960).svg
Two-province Sulawesi (1960–64)
Coat of arms of East Timor province Coat of arms of Timor Timur.svg
Coat of arms of East Timor province

Upon the independence of Indonesia, eight provinces were established: West Java, Central Java, East Java, and Maluku still exist as of today despite later divisions, while Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, and Nusa Tenggara were fully liquidated by dividing them into new provinces. The province of Central Sumatra existed from 1948 to 1957, while East Timor was annexed as a province from 1976 until its power transfer to UNTAET in 1999 prior to its independence as a country in 2002.

ProvinceCapitalPeriodSuccessor(s)
Sumatra [8] Bukittinggi / Medan 1945–1948 Central Sumatra
North Sumatra
South Sumatra
Kalimantan [9] Banjarmasin 1945–1956 East Kalimantan
South Kalimantan
West Kalimantan
Nusa Tenggara
(formerly Lesser Sunda (Sunda Kecil)) [10]
Singaraja 1945–1958 Bali
East Nusa Tenggara
West Nusa Tenggara
Sulawesi [11] Makassar / Manado 1945–1960North-Central Sulawesi
South-Southeast Sulawesi
Central Sumatra
(Sumatra Tengah) [8] [12]
Bukittinggi 1948–1957 Jambi
Riau
West Sumatra
North-Central Sulawesi
(Sulawesi Utara-Tengah) [13]
Manado 1960–1964 North Sulawesi
Central Sulawesi
South-Southeast Sulawesi
(Sulawesi Selatan-Tenggara) [13]
Makassar 1960–1964 South Sulawesi
Southeast Sulawesi
East Timor
(Timor Timur) [14]
Dili 1976–1999 Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste

New provinces made from currently-existing provinces

The provinces' development in Indonesia over the years Indonesia provinces 1945-2012.gif
The provinces' development in Indonesia over the years
Old map of Maluku (before 1999).svg
Old map of Papua (before 2001).svg
Pre-1999 Maluku (L) and Irian Jaya (now Papua, R)
New province
(current name)
YearNew province
(then name)
Province of origin
Aceh 1956Aceh North Sumatra
Central Kalimantan 1958Central Kalimantan South Kalimantan
Lampung 1964Lampung South Sumatra
Central Sulawesi 1964Central Sulawesi North Sulawesi
Southeast Sulawesi 1964Southeast Sulawesi South Sulawesi
Bengkulu 1967Bengkulu South Sumatra
West Papua 1999West Irian Jaya Irian Jaya
North Maluku 1999North Maluku Maluku
Banten 2000Banten West Java
Bangka Belitung Islands 2000Bangka Belitung Islands South Sumatra
Gorontalo 2000Gorontalo North Sulawesi
Riau Islands 2002Riau Islands Riau
West Sulawesi 2004West Sulawesi South Sulawesi
North Kalimantan 2012North Kalimantan East Kalimantan

Renamed provinces

YearOld name
(Indonesian)
Old name
(English)
New name
(Indonesian)
New name
(English)
Current name
1959AcehAcehDaerah Istimewa AcehAceh Special Region Aceh
1973Irian BaratWest IrianIrian JayaIrian Jaya Papua
1990Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta RayaGreater Jakarta Special Capital RegionDaerah Khusus Ibukota JakartaJakarta Special Capital Region Jakarta Special Capital Region
2001Daerah Istimewa AcehAceh Special RegionNanggroë Aceh DarussalamState of Aceh, the Abode of PeaceAceh
2002Irian JayaIrian JayaPapuaPapuaPapua
2007Irian Jaya BaratWest Irian JayaPapua BaratWest Papua West Papua
2009Nanggroë Aceh DarussalamState of Aceh, the Abode of PeaceAcehAcehAceh

See also

General:

Notes

  1. Jakarta is a provincial-level city

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References

  1. ISO 3166-2:ID
  2. "Data Wilayah – Kementerian Dalam Negeri – Republik Indonesia". Archived from the original on 2012-02-22. Retrieved 2011-02-16.
  3. Buku Induk—Kode dan Data Wilayah Administrasi Pemerintahan per Provinsi, Kabupaten/Kota dan Kecamatan Seluruh Indonesia (PDF) (in Indonesian), Kementerian Dalam Negeri [Ministry of Home Affairs], archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-11-19
  4. ISO 3166-2:ID (ISO 3166-2 codes for the provinces of Indonesia)
  5. Badan Pusat Statistik/Statistics Indonesia, Jakarta, 2021.
  6. Figures adjusted to take account of the separation of Tarakan city and four regencies, as confirmed by Badan Pusat Statistik, to form the new province of North Kalimantan, listed separately in this table.
  7. West Papua was created from the western portion of Papua province in February 2003, initially under the name of Irian Jaya Barat, and was renamed Papua Barat (West Papua) on 7 February 2007. The split remains controversial. In November 2004, the Constitutional Court of Indonesia ruled that the split violated Papua's autonomy laws. However, since the western province had already been created, it should remain separate from Papua. The ruling also aborted the creation of another proposed province, Central Irian Jaya, because the split was not yet completed. As of June 2008, an ISO 3166-2 code has not yet been published for West Papua. If one were to follow precedent, it would be ID-PB. Note: ISO 3166-2 Newsletter II-1 (corrected 2010-02-19) page 18-19 confirms this as ID-PB. See http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_3166-2_newsletter_ii-1_corrected_2010-02-19.pdf . The code ID-IJ now refers to the larger geographical region including Papua and West Papua.
  8. 1 2 "Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 21 Tahun 1950" [Government Regulation Number 21 of 1950](PDF), hukum.unsrat.ac.id (in Indonesian), archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-12-11, retrieved 1 May 2020
  9. "Undang-Undang Nomor 25 Tahun 1956" [Act Number 25 of 1956], hukumonline.com (in Indonesian), retrieved 14 November 2018
  10. "Undang-Undang Nomor 64 Tahun 1958" [Act Number 64 of 1958], hukumonline.com (in Indonesian), Republic of Indonesia, retrieved 14 November 2018
  11. "Peraturan Pemerintah Pengganti Undang-Undang Nomor 47 Tahun 1960" [Government Regulation in Lieu of Law Number 47 of 1960], hukumonline.com (in Indonesian), retrieved 14 November 2018
  12. "Undang-Undang Darurat Nomor 19 Tahun 1957" [Emergency Act Number 19 Year 1957], hukumonline.com (in Indonesian), retrieved 14 November 2018
  13. 1 2 "Undang-Undang Nomor 13 Tahun 1964" [Act Number 13 of 1964]. hukumonline.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  14. Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 7 Tahun 1976 [Act of the Republic of Indonesia Number 7 of 1976](PDF) (in Indonesian), archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-11-14, retrieved 2018-11-14