Subdivisions of Indonesia

Last updated

Indonesia is divided into provinces (Indonesian : Provinsi). Provinces are made up of regencies (kabupaten) and cities (kota). Provinces, regencies and cities have their own local governments and parliamentary bodies.

Contents

Since the enactment of Act Number 22 of 1999 on Local Government [1] (the law was revised by Act Number 32 of 2004 [2] ), local governments now play a greater role in administering their areas. Foreign policy, defence (including armed forces and national police), system of law, and monetary policy, however, remain the domain of the national government. Since 2005, heads of local government (governors, regents and mayors) have been directly elected by popular election. [3]

First level

A province is headed by a governor (Gubernur). Each province has its own regional assembly, called Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah (DPRD, literally "Regional People's Representative Assembly"). Governors and representative members are elected by popular vote for five-year terms. Provinces was formerly also known as Daerah Tingkat I (Level I Region).

Indonesia is divided into 34 provinces. [4] Eight provinces have been created since 2000. Five provinces have special status:

Provinces of Indonesia Indonesia, administrative divisions - en - monochrome.svg
Provinces of Indonesia

Second level

Regency (kabupaten) and city (kota) is a local level of government beneath the provincial level. However, they enjoy greater decentralisation of affairs than the provincial body, such as provision of public schools and public health facilities. As at 2019, there were 514 daerah tingkat II (kabupaten + kota) in Indonesia. They was formerly known collectively as Daerah Tingkat II (Level II Region). [13]

Both regency and city are at the same level, having their own local government and legislative body. The difference between a regency and a city lies in differing demographics, size and economics.

Generally the regency has a larger area than the city, and the city has non-agricultural economic activities. A regency is headed by a regent (bupati), and a city is headed by a mayor (wali kota). The regent or mayor and the representative council members are elected by popular vote for a term of 5 years.

Third level

Regencies and cities are divided into districts, which have several variations of terms:

Fourth level

Districts are divided into desa (villages) or kelurahan (urban communities). Both desa and kelurahan are of a similar division level, but a desa enjoys more power in local matters than a kelurahan. An exception is Aceh, where districts are divided into mukim before being subdivided further into gampong.

Desa

In Indonesian, as in English, a village (desa) has rural connotations. In the context of administrative divisions, a desa can be defined as a body which has authority over the local people in accordance with acknowledged local traditions of the area. A desa is headed by a "head of village" (Indonesian : kepala desa), who is elected by popular vote.

Most Indonesian villages use the term "desa", but other terms are used in some regions:

Kelurahan

Although desa and kelurahan are part of a district, a kelurahan has less autonomy than a desa. A kelurahan is headed by a lurah. Lurahs are civil servants, directly responsible to their camats.

Statistics

The following table lists the number of current provinces, regencies, and cities in Indonesia.

LevelType (Indonesian)Type (English)Head of government (Indonesian)Head of government (English)Number
IProvinsi Province GubernurGovernor34 [20]
IIKabupaten Regency BupatiRegent416 [20]
Kota City Wali KotaMayor98 [20]
IIIKecamatan, distrik, kapanewon, or kemantren District Camat, kepala distrik, panewu or mantri pamong prajaHead of district7,024 [21]
IVDesa or kelurahan Village/subdistrict Kepala desa or lurahHead of village/subdistrict83,441 [22]

See also

Notes

  1. "DTE 46 / August 2000: What is regional autonomy?". Dte.gn.apc.org. Archived from the original on 31 December 2011. Retrieved 17 February 2012.
  2. "UNDP Indonesia". Undp.or.id. 25 June 2009. Retrieved 17 February 2012.
  3. "New Order-Style Elections for Indonesian Governors Get 2nd Look". The Jakarta Globe. Archived from the original on 18 September 2012. Retrieved 17 February 2012.
  4. "INDONESIA MAP - 33 Maps of Indonesia Provinces - PETA INDONESIA". Indonesia-tourism.com. Retrieved 17 February 2012.
  5. "The Governing of Aceh". Jaringan Komunitas Masyarajat adat Aceh (pdf). USAID. 1 August 2006. Chapter IV, Article 8. Retrieved 2 December 2019.
  6. indahnesia.com. "Provinces of Indonesia - Yogyakarta - Motto: Tut Wuri Handayani - Discover Indonesia Online". indahnesia.com. Retrieved 17 February 2012.
  7. "Yogyakarta Debate Moves From Street to House". The Jakarta Globe. Archived from the original on 26 September 2012. Retrieved 17 February 2012.
  8. "Wisdom Is Key in Yogyakarta's Status Controversy, Taufiq Kiemas". The Jakarta Globe. Archived from the original on 26 September 2012. Retrieved 17 February 2012.
  9. "Minister sticks to direct election for Yogyakarta governor". Antara News. 14 December 2010. Retrieved 17 February 2012.
  10. "Pasal 12 Ayat 1 Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia No. 21 Tahun 2001 Tentang Otonomi Khusus Bagi Provinsi Papua" (PDF). Retrieved 18 June 2017.
  11. Peraturan Pemerintah Pengganti Undang-Undang ("Government Regulation in Lieu of Law") No. 1, 2008.
  12. "CIA - The World Factbook". Cia.gov. Retrieved 17 February 2012.
  13. "Indonesia Regencies". www.statoids.com.
  14. PP Nomor 17 Tahun 2018 Lhokseumawe
  15. RI, Setjen DPR. "J.D.I.H. - Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat". dpr.go.id.
  16. "Perubahan Nomenklatur Kelembagaan Kabupaten/Kota di DIY" (in Indonesian). Pemerintah Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (Regional Government of the Special Region of Yogyakarta). 2 December 2019. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  17. 1 2 Muryanto, Bambang (3 December 2019). "Yogyakarta to restore archaic administrative naming convention". The Jakarta Post . Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  18. In other places, "dusun" is an administrative division form below "desa".
  19. In other places, "kampung" is equal with "dusun", except in Bungo, Jambi.
  20. 1 2 3 "Rekapitulasi Jumlah PPID Provinsi, Kabupaten, dan Kota" (PDF) (in Indonesian). Ministry of Home Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia. 4 April 2018. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  21. "Jumlah Kecamatan Menurut Provinsi, 2004–2014" (in Indonesian). Central Agency on Statistics of Indonesia. 7 September 2015. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  22. "Peraturan Menteri Dalam Negeri Nomor 72 Tahun 2019 tentang Perubahan atas Permendagri nomor 137 Tahun 2017 tentang Kode dan Data Wilayah Administrasi Pemerintahan" (PDF) (in Indonesian). Ministry of Home Affairs. 25 October 2019.

Related Research Articles

Provinces of Indonesia First-level subdivision of Indonesia

Provinces of Indonesia are the 34 administrative divisions of Indonesia and the highest tier of the local government. Provinces are further divided into regencies and cities, which are in turn subdivided into districts (kecamatan).

Surakarta City in Central Java, Indonesia

Surakarta, known colloquially as Solo, is a city in Central Java, Indonesia. The 44 km2 city adjoins Karanganyar Regency and Boyolali Regency to the north, Karanganyar Regency and Sukoharjo Regency to the east and west, and Sukoharjo Regency to the south. On the eastern side of Solo lies Solo River. Its built-up area, consisting of Surakarta Municipality and 59 districts spread over seven regencies, was home to 3,649,254 inhabitants as of 2010 census.

Bandar Lampung City in Lampung, Indonesia

Bandar Lampung is the capital and largest city of the Indonesian province of Lampung. Located on the southern tip of Sumatra, Bandar Lampung was originally called Tanjungkarang–Telukbetung, since it was a unification of two major settlements in Lampung, before being renamed in 1983.

Kapuas Hulu Regency Regency in West Kalimantan, Indonesia

Kapuas Hulu Regency is a regency in West Kalimantan province of Indonesia. Located around Kapuas River, it has a total area of 29,842.03 square kilometres or around 20.26% of West Kalimantan province's area. The regency seat is located in town of Putussibau, where most of its economic and government activities take place. Due to its relatively large area, it is sparsely populated compared to neighbouring regencies around it. The regency had a population of 222,160 at the 2010 Census and 252,609 according to the 2020 Census.

A regency is an administrative division of Indonesia, directly under a province. The Indonesian term kabupaten is also sometimes translated as "municipality". Regencies and cities are divided into districts.

In Indonesia, village or subdistrict is the fourth-level subdivision below a district, regency/city, and province. There are a number of names and types for villages in Indonesia, with desa being the most frequently used for regencies and kelurahan for cities. According to the 2019 report by the Ministry of Home Affairs, there are 8,488 urban villages and 74,953 rural villages in Indonesia.

South Aceh Regency Regency in Sumatra, Indonesia

South Aceh Regency is a regency in the Aceh special region of Indonesia. It is located on the west coast of the island of Sumatra. The regency covers an area of 4,173.82 square kilometres and had a population of 202,251 at the 2010 Census and 232,414 at the 2020 Census. The seat of the regency government is at Tapaktuan. Some of the people of the regency are Minangkabau-descended Aneuk Jamee.

Supiori Regency Regency in Papua, Indonesia

Supiori Regency is a regency in the Indonesian province of Papua. The Regency has an area of 634.24 km2 including the Aruri Islands group to the south, and had a population of 15,874 at the 2010 Census and 22,547 at the 2020 Census. Until 8 January 2004, this area was part of the Biak Numfor Regency, from which it was split off in accordance with the Law dated 18 December 2003.

Keerom Regency Regency in Papua, Indonesia

Keerom Regency is one of the regencies (kabupaten) in the Papua Province of Indonesia. It was formed from the eastern districts then within Jayapura Regency with effect from 12 November 2002. It covers an area of 9,365 km2, and had a population of 48,536 at the 2010 Census and 61,623 at the 2020 Census. The regency's administrative centre is at Waris. It borders Green River Rural LLG and Amanab Rural LLG of Sandaun Province, Papua New Guinea.

Postal codes in Indonesia, known in Indonesian as kode pos consist of 5 digits.

Ambelau Island and district in Buru Selatan Regency, Maluku Province, Indonesia

Ambelau or Ambalau is a volcanic island in the Banda Sea within Maluku Islands of Indonesia. The island forms an administrative district which is part of the South Buru Regency of Maluku province, Indonesia. It has a land area of 201.7 km2, and had a population of 6,846 at the 2010 Census. The administrative center is Wailua, a settlement located at the south of the island. About half of the island's population is composed of indigenous Ambelau people who speak the Ambelau language; the other half are mostly immigrants from the nearby Maluku Islands and Java.

Minahasa Regency Regency in North Sulawesi, Indonesia

Minahasa Regency is a regency in North Sulawesi, Indonesia. Its capital is Tondano. It covers an area of 1,141.64 km2 and had a population of 310,384 at the 2010 Census; this rose to 347,290 at the 2020 Census.

Southeast Maluku Regency Regency in Maluku, Indonesia

Southeast Maluku Regency is a regency of Maluku, Indonesia. It is coincident with the Kei Islands, except that the city of Tual, although within the Kei Islands geographically and the seat of the Regency's administration, is technically independent of the Regency. The land area of the Regency is 1,031.81 km2, while the sea area administered by the regency was 3,181 km2; it had a population of 96,442 at the 2010 Census; this increased to 127,843 at the 2020 Census. The capital is located in Langgur.

The term district, in the context of Indonesia, refers to the third-level administrative subdivision, below regency or city. The local term kecamatan is used in majority of Indonesian areas, except in Papua, West Papua, and the Special Region of Yogyakarta. The term distrik is used in Papua and West Papua. In Yogyakarta, the term kapanewon is used for districts within regency, while the term kemantren is used for districts within city. According to Statistics Indonesia, there are a total of 7,024 districts in Indonesia as of 2014.

In Indonesia, a regional regulation is a regulation that is passed by Indonesian local governments and carry the force of law in that region. There are two levels of regional regulations. Provinces pass provincial regulation, while the second tier subdivisions of Indonesia, known as regencies and cities pass regency regulation and city regulation, respectively. Each type of regional regulation is passed by the region's parliamentary body together with their chief executive.

West Muna Regency Regency in Sulawesi, Indonesia

West Muna Regency is a new regency of Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia, established under Act No.14 of 2014, dated 23 July 2014 by separation from the Muna Regency. It covers an area of 906.28 km2, and the districts comprising it had a population of 71,632 at the 2010 Census; the 2020 Census resulted in a population of 84,590. The administrative centre lies at Laworo.

Central Buton Regency Regency in Sulawesi, Indonesia

Central Buton Regency is a new regency of Southeast Sulawesi established by separation from Buton Regency under Act No.15 of 2014, dated 23 July 2014. It covers an area of 837.08 km2 comprising the southern parts of Muna Island and Kabaena Island, together with several small offshore islands adjacent to the two main islands. It had a population of 86,112 at the 2010 Census and 114,773 at the 2020 Census. The administrative centre lies at Labungkari.

This is a list of emblems or seals used in Indonesia. Indonesia is divided into 34 provinces, and each province is divided into regencies (kabupaten) and cities (kota). There are 416 regencies and 98 cities. Each province, regency, and city has its own emblem.

Regent of Thousand Islands Head of the regency of Thousand Islands

The Regent of Thousand Islands, officially the Administrative Regent of Thousand Islands, is the highest office in the regency of Thousand Islands. Unlike regents in other regencies in Indonesia, the regent is appointed directly by the governor. The regency has no regional parliament, thus making the regent responsible to the governor.