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|Subdivisions of Indonesia|
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This is a list of the most populous cities in Indonesia. It excludes urban-characterized settlements such as regency seats, which does not have city status. Indonesia has 93 cities classified as kota (city) and one provincial-level capital city. Population figures are taken from the 2020 census by Statistics Indonesia (BPS).
Jakarta is the largest city and the only megacity in Indonesia, with a population of 10.56 million. As a primate city, Jakarta is nearly four times larger than the second largest city Surabaya. Jakarta's status is unique compared to other cities in Indonesia, since it is technically a province with a city management. It is subdividied into five administrative cities, which are not self-governed (without municipal council nor government budget). All five of Jakarta's satellite cities also have passed one million mark in population, with the largest one being Bekasi.
The other largest cities by region include Medan (Sumatra, also the largest outside of Java), Samarinda (Kalimantan), Denpasar (Lesser Sunda Islands), Makassar (Sulawesi), Ambon (Maluku Islands), and Jayapura (Western New Guinea). Jayapura is also the fastest-growing city Indonesia, at 55.23% in a decade.
Most of the provinces' largest cities in Indonesia are also their capital cities. The exceptions are Bekasi (West Java), Tangerang (Banten), Batam (Riau Islands), Banjarmasin (South Kalimantan), Sorong (West Papua), Tarakan (North Kalimantan), and Ternate (North Maluku).
|Jakarta||Special Capital Region of Jakarta||Java||10,562,088||9,607,787||+9.93%|
|Bekasi||West Java||Java||2,543,676||2,334,871||+8.94%||Satellite city of Jakarta|
|Depok||West Java||Java||2,056,335||1,738,570||+18.28%||Satellite city of Jakarta|
|Tangerang||Banten||Java||1,895,486||1,798,601||+5.39%||Satellite city of Jakarta|
|South Tangerang||Banten||Java||1,354,350||1,290,322||+4.96%||Satellite city of Jakarta|
|Bogor||West Java||Java||1,043,070||950,334||+9.76%||Satellite city of Jakarta|
|Denpasar||Bali||Lesser Sunda Islands||725,314||788,589||−8.02%|
|Cimahi||West Java||Java||568,400||541,177||+5.03%||Satellite city of Bandung|
|Kupang||East Nusa Tenggara||Lesser Sunda Islands||442,758||336,239||+31.68%|
|Mataram||West Nusa Tenggara||Lesser Sunda Islands||429,651||402,843||+6.65%|
|Jayapura||Papua||Western New Guinea||398,478||256,705||+55.23%|
|Yogyakarta||Special Region of Yogyakarta||Java||1,373,589||1,388,627||−1.08%|
|Palangka Raya||Central Kalimantan||Kalimantan||293,457||220,962||+32.81%|
|Binjai||North Sumatra||Sumatra||291,842||246,154||+18.56%||Satellite city of Medan|
|Sorong||West Papua||Western New Guinea||284,410||190,625||+49.20%|
|Banjarbaru||South Kalimantan||Kalimantan||253,442||199,627||+26.96%||Satellite city of Banjarmasin|
|Bitung||North Sulawesi||Sulawesi||225,134||187,652||+19.97%||Satellite city of Manado|
|Padang Sidempuan||North Sumatra||Sumatra||225,105||191,531||+17.53%|
|Pangkalpinang||Bangka Belitung Islands||Sumatra||218,569||174,758||+25.07%|
|Ternate||North Maluku||Maluku Islands||205,001||185,705||+10.39%|
|Salatiga||Central Java||Java||192,322||170,332||+12.91%||Satellite city of Semarang|
|Tebing Tinggi||North Sumatra||Sumatra||172,838||145,248||+19.00%|
|Bima||West Nusa Tenggara||Lesser Sunda Islands||155,140||142,579||+8.81%|
|Pagar Alam||South Sumatra||Sumatra||143,844||126,181||+14.00%|
|Mojokerto City||East Java||Java||132,434||120,196||+10.18%||Satellite city of Surabaya|
|Tidore||North Maluku||Maluku Islands||114,480||90,055||+27.12%|
|Tomohon||North Sulawesi||Sulawesi||100,587||91,553||+9.87%||Satellite city of Manado|
|Padang Panjang||West Sumatra||Sumatra||56,311||47,008||+19.79%|
Provinces of Indonesia are the 37 administrative division of Indonesia and the highest tier of the local government. Provinces are further divided into regencies and cities, which are in turn subdivided into districts (kecamatan).
West Java is a province of Indonesia on the western part of the island of Java, with its provincial capital in Bandung. West Java is bordered by the province of Banten and the country's capital region of Jakarta to the west, the Java Sea to the north, the province of Central Java to the east and the Indian Ocean to the south. With Banten, this province is the native homeland of the Sundanese people, the second-largest ethnic group in Indonesia.
West Kalimantan is a province of Indonesia. It is one of five Indonesian provinces comprising Kalimantan, the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo. Its capital city is Pontianak. The province has an area of 147,307 km2, and had a population of 4,395,983 at the 2010 Census and 5,414,390 at the 2020 Census. Ethnic groups include the Dayak, Malay, Chinese, Javanese, Bugis, and Madurese. The borders of West Kalimantan roughly trace the mountain ranges surrounding the vast watershed of the Kapuas River, which drains most of the province. The province shares land borders with Central Kalimantan to the southeast, East Kalimantan to the east, and the Malaysian territory of Sarawak to the north.
Central Kalimantan is a province of Indonesia. It is one of five provinces in Kalimantan, the Indonesian part of Borneo. Its provincial capital is Palangka Raya and in 2010 its population was over 2.2 million, while the 2015 Intermediate Census showed a rise to 2.49 million and the 2020 Census showed a total of 2.67 million.
West Nusa Tenggara is a province of Indonesia. It comprises the western portion of the Lesser Sunda Islands, with the exception of Bali which is its own province. Mataram, on Lombok, is the capital and largest city of the province. The 2010 census recorded the population at 4,500,212; the total rose to 4,830,118 at the 2015 census and 5,320,092 at the 2020 census; the official estimate as at mid 2021 was 5,390,000. The province's area is 20,153.15 km2. The two largest islands by far in the province are Lombok in the west and the larger Sumbawa island in the east.
Maluku is a province of Indonesia. It comprises the central and southern regions of the Maluku Islands. The main city and capital of Maluku province is Ambon on the small Ambon Island. The land area is 62,946 km2, and the total population of this province at the 2010 census was 1,533,506 people, rising to 1,848,923 at the 2020 Census. The official estimate as at mid 2021 was 1,862,626. Maluku is located in Eastern Indonesia. It is directly adjacent to North Maluku and West Papua in the north, Central Sulawesi, and Southeast Sulawesi in the west, Banda Sea, East Timor and East Nusa Tenggara in the south and Arafura Sea and Papua in the east.
The Jakarta metropolitan area or Greater Jakarta, known locally as Jabodetabek, and sometimes extended to Jabodetabekjur, or Jabodetabekpunjur, is the most populous metropolitan area in Indonesia. It includes the national capital as well as five satellite cities and three complete regencies. The original term "Jabotabek" dated from the late 1970s and was revised to "Jabodetabek" in 1999 when "De" was inserted into the name following its formation. The term "Jabodetabekjur" or "Jabodetabekpunjur" was legalised on the Presidential Regulation Number 54 of 2008, although the name Jabodetabek is more commonly used.
Bogor Regency is a landlocked regency (kabupaten) of West Java, Indonesia, south of DKI Jakarta. Covering an area of 2,986.20 km2, it is considered a bedroom community for Jakarta, and was home to 5,427,068 people at the 2020 census. The official estimate as at mid 2021 was 5,489,536. Its administration is located in the town of Cibinong.
Christianity is Indonesia's second-largest religion, after Islam. Indonesia also has the second-largest Christian population in Southeast Asia after the Philippines, the largest Protestant population in Southeast Asia, and the fourth-largest Christian population in Asia after the Philippines, China and India. Indonesia's 28.6 million Christians constituted 10.72% of the country's population in 2018, with 7.60% Protestant (20.25 million) and 3.12% Catholic (8.33 million). Some provinces in Indonesia are majority Christian.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Indonesia:
The following is an alphabetical list of topics related to the Republic of Indonesia.
The capital of the Republic of Indonesia is Jakarta, one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in Southeast Asia. Previously known as Batavia, it was the de facto capital of the Dutch East Indies. In the early 20th century, the Dutch East Indies government attempted to relocate the capital from Batavia to Bandung. During Indonesia's struggle for independence, the Indonesian government moved the capital to Yogyakarta and then to Bukittinggi, where it remained for a short time until the restoration of control to Jakarta. In 2019, during his annual state of the union address at the parliament, President Joko Widodo announced a plan to relocate the capital to Kalimantan on the island of Borneo. As part of the plan, part of Kutai Kartanegara Regency and Penajam North Paser Regency in East Kalimantan will be carved out to create a new province-level planned city, and the capital will be relocated to a more central location within Indonesia. On 17 January 2022, the name was revealed to be Nusantara.
Tanjung Selor is the capital of both the North Kalimantan province in Indonesia, and of the Bulungan Regency. It is among provincial capitals in Indonesia that as of 2021 does not yet have city status, together with Mamuju in West Sulawesi, Sofifi in North Maluku, Nabire in Central Papua, Wamena in Highland Papua, Merauke in South Papua, and Manokwari in West Papua. The district has an area of 677.77 km2 and had a population of 39,439 at the 2010 Census and 56,569 at the 2020 Census.
This is a list of emblems or coat of arms used in Indonesia. Indonesia is divided into 37 provinces, and each province is divided into regencies (kabupaten) and cities (kota). There are 416 regencies and 98 cities. Each province, regency, and city has its own emblem.
Regional Development Banks are a type of bank in Indonesia that is established and owned by the local provincial government. Its purpose is to boost regional development and provide initial capital to the province that private banks would not risk giving, as well as giving basic financial services for the general provincial population. It was first established on 25 March 1960 and regulated under Law Number 13 of 1962 and Law Number 16 of 1999 Decree from the Ministry of Home Affairs. According to the law, the shares of Regional Development Banks are divided into two; priority shares and regular shares. Priority shares ownership must be on the hand of provincial governments, while regular shares can be owned by second-level administrative governments under the respective provinces and individuals. The director of these banks are appointed directly by the governor of the respective provinces and hold the office for 4 years. Provincial governors also have the ability to remove directors from the office for several reasons such as incompetency and corruption, with recommendation from local provincial parliaments. If there is more than one director, the law also states that they are not allowed to be closely related and should not occupy other governmental positions unless recommended. As of 2021, there are 26 regional development banks according to the Financial Services Authority. Not all provinces currently have their own bank, especially newly established provinces such as North Kalimantan and the Bangka Belitung Islands, which both still share ownership of various bank companies with their respective parent provinces.