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Below is a list of Indonesia's 98 cities with their rank in 2020 and their population. Populations in 2010 and in 2020 are official data from the 2010 Census and the 2020 Census, as released by Badan Pusat Statistik or the Indonesian Central Statistics Agency.Populations in 2015 are official data from the 2015 Inter-Census Survey, also as released by the Central Statistics Agency.
The Indonesian law defines a city (kota) as a second-level administrative subdivision of the country, similar to regency (kabupaten). The difference between a regency and a city lies in demography, size, and economy. Generally, a city has non-agricultural economic activities, while a regency comprises a rural area larger than a city. A city is headed by a mayor (walikota).
An administrative city is a city without its own local legislatures (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah). The mayor of an administrative city is directly appointed by the Governor. This type of city in Indonesia is only found in Jakarta Province, formerly a municipal city, which consisted of 5 administrative cities and 1 administrative regency.
|33||Kupang||East Nusa Tenggara||336,239||390,026||442,758|
|35||Mataram||West Nusa Tenggara||402,843||449,438||429,651|
|38||Yogyakarta||Special Region of Yogyakarta||388,627||412,347||373,589|
|46||Palangka Raya||Central Kalimantan||220,962||259,205||293,457|
|51||Pematang Siantar||North Sumatra||234,698||247,219||268,254|
|58||Tanjung Pinang||Riau Islands||187,359||201,992||227,663|
|60||Padang Sidempuan||North Sumatra||191,531||209,550||225,105|
|61||Pangkal Pinang||Bangka Belitung||174,758||195,776||218,569|
|75||Tebing Tinggi||North Sumatra||145,248||156,619||172,838|
|78||Bima||West Nusa Tenggara||142,579||159,445||155,140|
|81||Pagar Alam||South Sumatra||126,181||133,756||143,844|
|97||Padang Panjang||West Sumatra||47,008||50,875||56,311|
The followings are the largest core cities in Indonesia (excluding satellite cities)[ citation needed ]:
The followings are the contiguous urban areas in Indonesia, with a population of over one half million, according to Demographia's "World Urban Areas" study. Demographia defines an urban area (urbanised area agglomeration or urban centre) as a continuously built up land mass of urban development that is within a labor market (metropolitan area), without regard for administrative boundaries (city).
Mataram is a city and the capital of the Indonesian province of West Nusa Tenggara. The city is surrounded on all the landward sides by West Lombok Regency and lies on the western side of the island of Lombok, Indonesia. It is also the largest city of the province, and had a population of 402,843 at the 2010 Census and 429,651 at the 2020 Census.
Karo Regency is a landlocked regency of North Sumatra, Indonesia, situated in the Barisan Mountains. The regency covers an area of 2,127.25 square kilometres (821.34 sq mi) and according to the 2010 census it had a population of 350,479, increasing to 404,998 at the 2020 Census. 60.99% of the regency is forested. Its regency seat is Kabanjahe. The Batak Karo language is spoken in the regency, as well as the Indonesian language. It borders Southeast Aceh Regency in Aceh to the west, Deli Serdang Regency and Langkat Regency to the north, Dairi Regency and Toba Samosir Regency to the south, and Deli Serdang Regency and Simalungun Regency to the east.
Magetan Regency is a regency (kabupaten) of East Java Province, Indonesia. It is an inland regency, and lies in the west of the province, adjoining Central Java Province. It covers an area of 668.84 km2 and had a population of 620,442 at the 2010 Census and 670,812 at the 2020 Census. The administrative headquarters is in the town of Magetan.
Purwakarta Regency is a landlocked regency (kabupaten) of West Java, Indonesia. The town of Purwakarta is its capital.
Pagar Alam, is a city in South Sumatra, Indonesia. Before established as a definitive city, Pagaralam was an administrative city in Lahat Regency. It has an area of 633.66 km² and a population of 126,181 at the 2010 Census and 143,844 at the 2020 Census.
Sukoharjo Regency is a regency in the Central Java province in Indonesia. It covers an area of 466.77 km2 and had a population of 824,238 at the 2010 Census and 907,587 at the 2020 Census. Its capital is Sukoharjo, about 10 km south from Surakarta. This regency is bordered by the city of Surakarta in the north, Karanganyar Regency in the east, Wonogiri Regency and Yogyakarta in the south as well as Klaten Regency in the west. The regency is part of the metropolitan zone of Surakarta, which is known as Subosukawonosraten.
Rembang Regency is a regency on the extreme northeast coast of Central Java Province, on the island of Java in Indonesia. The regency covers an area of 1,035.70 km2 on Java. Its capital city is Rembang.
Aceh Singkil Regency is a regency in the Aceh province of Indonesia. It is situated largely on the island of Sumatra, but also includes the offshore Banyak Islands, the largest of which is Tuangku, with the principal town of Alaban. Until 1999 it also included the large offshore island of Simeulue, but in that year the island was split off to create its own separate regency. The seat of the Aceh Singkil Regency government is at the port of Singkil on the Sumatra coast. The Regency covers an area of 1,857.88 km2, and had a population of 102,509 at the 2010 Census, rising to 114,326 at the 2015 Census and to 126,514 at the 2020 Census.
Aceh Tamiang Regency is a regency in the east of Aceh province of Indonesia, bordering on North Sumatra Province to the east. It is located on the island of Sumatra. The regency covers an area of 1,957.02 square kilometres and had a population of 251,914 people at the 2010 census and 294,356 at the 2020 Census. The seat of the regency government is at the town of Karang Baru.
Subulussalam is a city in the south of Aceh province of Indonesia. It is located inland on the island of Sumatra. On 2 January 2007, the provincial government of Aceh declared Subulussalam to be an independent city as a result of the administration being separated from that of Aceh Singkil Regency. of which it was formerly a part. It is located at. It covers an area of 1,391 km2, and it had a population of 67,446 at the 2010 Census and of 90,751 at the 2020 Census.
Soppeng Regency is a landlocked regency in South Sulawesi province of Indonesia. Soppeng Regency has its seat of government (capital) in the town of Watansoppeng, located 180 km from Makassar. The regency covers an area of 1,557 km2, and had a population of 223,826 at the 2010 Census and 235,167 at the 2020 Census.
Kediri Regency is a regency (kabupaten) located in East Java province, Indonesia. It is one of two 'Daerah Tingkat II' that has the name 'Kediri'. It covers an area of 1,523.92 km2 and had a population of 1,499,768 as of the 2010 Census and 1,635,294 at the 2020 Census, comprising 825,867 males and 809,427 females.
Mojokerto Regency is a regency in East Java Province of Indonesia. It is part of the Surabaya metropolitan area which comprises Gresik Regency, Bangkalan Regency, Mojokerto Regency, Mojokerto City, Surabaya City, Sidoarjo Regency, and Lamongan Regency. The Regency covers an area of 692.15 sq. km. The population of the Regency was 908,004 in 2000, but had risen to 1,025,443 at the 2010 Census and to 1,170,748 at the 2020 Census. Many of them earn their living as small farmers and craftsmen.
Seluma Regency is a regency of Bengkulu Province, Indonesia, on the island of Sumatra. The regency seat is at the town of Pasar Tais. It covers an area of 2,479.36 km2, and had a population of 173,507 at the 2010 Census and 207,877 at the 2020 Census.
Ogan Ilir Regency is a regency of South Sumatra Province, Indonesia. It takes its name from the main river which stream that area, Ogan River. And the name Ilir means downstream. Indralaya is the regency seat. The regency borders Palembang, and Muara Enim Regency to the north, Ogan Komering Ilir Regency to the east, Ogan Komering Ilir Regency, and East Ogan Komering Ulu Regency to the south, and Muara Enim Regency to the west.
Mempawah Regency is a regency of West Kalimantan Province of Indonesia. Since 2007 it covers 1,276.90 km2, and had a population of 234,021 at the 2010 Census and 301,560 at the 2020 Census. The principal town lies at Mempawah.
Takalar Regency is a regency of South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. It covers an area of 566.51 km2 and had a population of 269,603 at the 2010 Census and 300,853 at the 2020 Census. The entire regency lies within the official metropolitan area of the city of Makassar. The principal towns are at Galesong and Takalar, but the administrative centre is at Pattallassang.
Pasuruan Regency is a regency in East Java, province of Indonesia. The capital of this regency is Bangil. It had a population of 1,512,468 at the 2010 Census and 1,605,969 at the 2020 Census. This total excludes the population of the city of Pasuruan, which lies geographically within this regency but is administratively separate from it. At present, there are moves under way to make Bangil the new administrative centre of Pasuruan Regency, with some offices being transferred from Pasuruan city to Bangil.
Malaka Regency is a regency in the province of East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. The regency was established on 14 December 2012, comprising twelve districts which had formerly been the southern part of Belu Regency.
Banggai Laut Regency is a regency in the province of Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. The regency was established on 14 December 2012, partitioned from the Banggai Islands Regency. It comprises the main island of Banggai itself, the islands of Labobo and Bangkurung to the west of Banggai Island, and the numerous small Bokan Islands to the southeast. It covers a land area of 725.67 km2, and had a population of 70,435 at the 2020 Census.