List of Indonesian cities by population

Last updated

This is a list of the most populous cities in Indonesia. It excludes urban-characterized settlements such as regency seats, which does not have city status. Indonesia has 93 cities classified as kota (city) and one provincial-level capital city. Population figures are taken from the 2020 census by Statistics Indonesia (BPS). [1]

Contents

Jakarta is the largest city and the only megacity in Indonesia, with a population of 10.56 million. As a primate city, Jakarta is nearly four times larger than the second largest city Surabaya. Jakarta's status is unique compared to other cities in Indonesia, since it is technically a province with a city management. It is subdividied into five administrative cities, which are not self-governed (without municipal council nor government budget). All five of Jakarta's satellite cities also have passed one million mark in population, with the largest one being Bekasi.

The other largest cities by region include Medan (Sumatra, also the largest outside of Java), Samarinda (Kalimantan), Denpasar (Lesser Sunda Islands), Makassar (Sulawesi), Ambon (Maluku Islands), and Jayapura (Western New Guinea). Jayapura is also the fastest-growing city Indonesia, at 55.23% in a decade.

Most of the provinces' largest cities in Indonesia are also their capital cities. The exceptions are Bekasi (West Java), Tangerang (Banten), Batam (Riau Islands), Banjarmasin (South Kalimantan), Sorong (West Papua), Tarakan (North Kalimantan), and Ternate (North Maluku).

Cities by population

CityProvinceRegion 2020
census

[2]
2010
census

[2]
ChangeNotes
Jakarta Special Capital Region of Jakarta Java 10,562,0889,607,787+9.93%
Surabaya East Java Java 2,874,3142,765,487+3.94%
Bekasi West Java Java 2,543,6762,334,871+8.94%Satellite city of Jakarta
Bandung West Java Java 2,444,1602,394,873+2.06%
Medan North Sumatra Sumatra 2,435,2522,097,610+16.10%
Depok West Java Java 2,056,3351,738,570+18.28%Satellite city of Jakarta
Tangerang Banten Java 1,895,4861,798,601+5.39%Satellite city of Jakarta
Palembang South Sumatra Sumatra 1,668,8481,455,284+14.68%
Semarang Central Java Java 1,653,5241,555,984+6.27%
Makassar South Sulawesi Sulawesi 1,423,8771,338,663+6.37%
South Tangerang Banten Java 1,354,3501,290,322+4.96%Satellite city of Jakarta
Batam Riau Islands Sumatra 1,196,396944,285+26.70%
Bandar Lampung Lampung Sumatra 1,166,066881,801+32.24%
Bogor West Java Java 1,043,070950,334+9.76%Satellite city of Jakarta
Pekanbaru Riau Sumatra 983,356897,767+9.53%
Padang West Sumatra Sumatra 909,040833,562+9.05%
Malang East Java Java 843,810820,243+2.87%
Samarinda East Kalimantan Kalimantan 827,994727,500+13.81%
Denpasar Bali Lesser Sunda Islands 725,314788,589−8.02%
Tasikmalaya West Java Java 716,155635,464+12.70%
Serang Banten Java 692,101577,785+19.79%
Balikpapan East Kalimantan Kalimantan 688,318557,579+23.45%
Pontianak West Kalimantan Kalimantan 658,685554,764+18.73%
Banjarmasin South Kalimantan Kalimantan 657,663625,481+5.15%
Jambi Jambi Sumatra 606,200531,857+13.98%
Cimahi West Java Java 568,400541,177+5.03%Satellite city of Bandung
Surakarta Central Java Java 522,364499,337+4.61%
Manado North Sulawesi Sulawesi 451,916410,481+10.09%
Kupang East Nusa Tenggara Lesser Sunda Islands 442,758336,239+31.68%
Cilegon Banten Java 434,896374,559+16.11%
Mataram West Nusa Tenggara Lesser Sunda Islands 429,651402,843+6.65%
Jayapura Papua Western New Guinea 398,478256,705+55.23%
Bengkulu Bengkulu Sumatra 373,591308,544+21.08%
Yogyakarta Special Region of Yogyakarta Java 1,373,5891,388,627−1.08%
Palu Central Sulawesi Sulawesi 373,218336,532+10.90%
Ambon Maluku Maluku Islands 347,288331,254+4.84%
Sukabumi West Java Java 346,325298,681+15.95%
Kendari Southeast Sulawesi Sulawesi 345,107289,966+19.02%
Cirebon West Java Java 333,303296,389+12.45%
Dumai Riau Sumatra 316,782253,803+24.81%
Pekalongan Central Java Java 307,150281,434+9.14%
Palangka Raya Central Kalimantan Kalimantan 293,457220,962+32.81%
Binjai North Sumatra Sumatra 291,842246,154+18.56%Satellite city of Medan
Kediri East Java Java 286,796268,507+6.81%
Sorong West Papua Western New Guinea 284,410190,625+49.20%
Tegal Central Java Java 273,825239,599+14.28%
Pematangsiantar North Sumatra Sumatra 268,254234,698+14.30%
Banjarbaru South Kalimantan Kalimantan 253,442199,627+26.96%Satellite city of Banjarmasin
Banda Aceh Aceh Sumatra 252,899223,446+13.18%
Tarakan North Kalimantan Kalimantan 242,786193,370+25.56%
Probolinggo East Java Java 239,649217,062+10.41%
Singkawang West Kalimantan Kalimantan 235,064186,462+26.07%
Lubuklinggau South Sumatra Sumatra 234,166201,308+16.32%
Tanjungpinang Riau Islands Sumatra 227,663187,359+21.51%
Bitung North Sulawesi Sulawesi 225,134187,652+19.97%Satellite city of Manado
Padang Sidempuan North Sumatra Sumatra 225,105191,531+17.53%
Pangkalpinang Bangka Belitung Islands Sumatra 218,569174,758+25.07%
Batu East Java Java 213,046190,184+12.02%
Pasuruan East Java Java 208,006186,262+11.67%
Ternate North Maluku Maluku Islands 205,001185,705+10.39%
Banjar West Java Java 200,973175,157+14.74%
Gorontalo Gorontalo Sulawesi 198,539180,127+10.22%
Madiun East Java Java 195,175170,964+14.16%
Prabumulih South Sumatra Sumatra 193,196161,984+19.27%
Salatiga Central Java Java 192,322170,332+12.91%Satellite city of Semarang
Lhokseumawe Aceh Sumatra 188,713171,163+10.25%
Langsa Aceh Sumatra 185,971148,945+24.86%
Palopo South Sulawesi Sulawesi 184,681147,932+24.84%
Bontang East Kalimantan Kalimantan 178,917143,683+24.52%
Tanjungbalai North Sumatra Sumatra 176,027154,445+13.97%
Tebing Tinggi North Sumatra Sumatra 172,838145,248+19.00%
Metro Lampung Sumatra 168,676145,471+15.95%
Bau-Bau Southeast Sulawesi Sulawesi 159,248136,991+16.25%
Bima West Nusa Tenggara Lesser Sunda Islands 155,140142,579+8.81%
Parepare South Sulawesi Sulawesi 151,454129,262+17.17%
Blitar East Java Java 149,149131,968+13.02%
Pagar Alam South Sumatra Sumatra 143,844126,181+14.00%
Payakumbuh West Sumatra Sumatra 139,576116,825+19.47%
Gunungsitoli North Sumatra Sumatra 136,017126,202+7.78%
Mojokerto City East Java Java 132,434120,196+10.18%Satellite city of Surabaya
Kotamobagu North Sulawesi Sulawesi 123,722107,459+15.13%
Magelang Central Java Java 121,526118,227+2.79%
Bukittinggi West Sumatra Sumatra 121,028111,312+8.73%
Tidore North Maluku Maluku Islands 114,48090,055+27.12%
Tomohon North Sulawesi Sulawesi 100,58791,553+9.87%Satellite city of Manado
Sungai Penuh Jambi Sumatra 96,61082,293+17.40%
Pariaman West Sumatra Sumatra 94,22479,043+19.21%
Subulussalam Aceh Sumatra 90,75167,446+34.55%
Sibolga North Sumatra Sumatra 89,58484,481+6.04%
Tual Maluku Maluku Islands 88,28058,082+51.99%
Solok West Sumatra Sumatra 73,43859,396+23.64%
Sawahlunto West Sumatra Sumatra 65,13856,866+14.55%
Padang Panjang West Sumatra Sumatra 56,31147,008+19.79%
Sabang Aceh Sumatra 41,19730,653+34.40%

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Provinces of Indonesia</span> First-level subdivision of Indonesia

Provinces of Indonesia are the 37 administrative division of Indonesia and the highest tier of the local government. Provinces are further divided into regencies and cities, which are in turn subdivided into districts (kecamatan).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">West Java</span> Province of Indonesia

West Java is a province of Indonesia on the western part of the island of Java, with its provincial capital in Bandung. West Java is bordered by the province of Banten and the country's capital region of Jakarta to the west, the Java Sea to the north, the province of Central Java to the east and the Indian Ocean to the south. With Banten, this province is the native homeland of the Sundanese people, the second-largest ethnic group in Indonesia.

West Kalimantan Province of Indonesia

West Kalimantan is a province of Indonesia. It is one of five Indonesian provinces comprising Kalimantan, the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo. Its capital city is Pontianak. The province has an area of 147,307 km2, and had a population of 4,395,983 at the 2010 Census and 5,414,390 at the 2020 Census. Ethnic groups include the Dayak, Malay, Chinese, Javanese, Bugis, and Madurese. The borders of West Kalimantan roughly trace the mountain ranges surrounding the vast watershed of the Kapuas River, which drains most of the province. The province shares land borders with Central Kalimantan to the southeast, East Kalimantan to the east, and the Malaysian territory of Sarawak to the north.

Central Kalimantan Province of Indonesia

Central Kalimantan is a province of Indonesia. It is one of five provinces in Kalimantan, the Indonesian part of Borneo. Its provincial capital is Palangka Raya and in 2010 its population was over 2.2 million, while the 2015 Intermediate Census showed a rise to 2.49 million and the 2020 Census showed a total of 2.67 million.

West Nusa Tenggara Province of Indonesia

West Nusa Tenggara is a province of Indonesia. It comprises the western portion of the Lesser Sunda Islands, with the exception of Bali which is its own province. Mataram, on Lombok, is the capital and largest city of the province. The 2010 census recorded the population at 4,500,212; the total rose to 4,830,118 at the 2015 census and 5,320,092 at the 2020 census; the official estimate as at mid 2021 was 5,390,000. The province's area is 20,153.15 km2. The two largest islands by far in the province are Lombok in the west and the larger Sumbawa island in the east.

Maluku (province) Province of Indonesia

Maluku is a province of Indonesia. It comprises the central and southern regions of the Maluku Islands. The main city and capital of Maluku province is Ambon on the small Ambon Island. The land area is 62,946 km2, and the total population of this province at the 2010 census was 1,533,506 people, rising to 1,848,923 at the 2020 Census. The official estimate as at mid 2021 was 1,862,626. Maluku is located in Eastern Indonesia. It is directly adjacent to North Maluku and West Papua in the north, Central Sulawesi, and Southeast Sulawesi in the west, Banda Sea, East Timor and East Nusa Tenggara in the south and Arafura Sea and Papua in the east.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jakarta metropolitan area</span> Metropolitan area of Jakarta and surrounded city, Indonesia

The Jakarta metropolitan area or Greater Jakarta, known locally as Jabodetabek, and sometimes extended to Jabodetabekjur, or Jabodetabekpunjur, is the most populous metropolitan area in Indonesia. It includes the national capital as well as five satellite cities and three complete regencies. The original term "Jabotabek" dated from the late 1970s and was revised to "Jabodetabek" in 1999 when "De" was inserted into the name following its formation. The term "Jabodetabekjur" or "Jabodetabekpunjur" was legalised on the Presidential Regulation Number 54 of 2008, although the name Jabodetabek is more commonly used.

Bogor Regency Regency in West Java, Indonesia

Bogor Regency is a landlocked regency (kabupaten) of West Java, Indonesia, south of DKI Jakarta. Covering an area of 2,986.20 km2, it is considered a bedroom community for Jakarta, and was home to 5,427,068 people at the 2020 census. The official estimate as at mid 2021 was 5,489,536. Its administration is located in the town of Cibinong.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Christianity in Indonesia</span>

Christianity is Indonesia's second-largest religion, after Islam. Indonesia also has the second-largest Christian population in Southeast Asia after the Philippines, the largest Protestant population in Southeast Asia, and the fourth-largest Christian population in Asia after the Philippines, China and India. Indonesia's 28.6 million Christians constituted 10.72% of the country's population in 2018, with 7.60% Protestant (20.25 million) and 3.12% Catholic (8.33 million). Some provinces in Indonesia are majority Christian.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Outline of Indonesia</span> Overview of and topical guide to Indonesia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Indonesia:

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Index of Indonesia-related articles</span> List of Indonesia-related articles

The following is an alphabetical list of topics related to the Republic of Indonesia.

Capital of Indonesia National capital in Indonesia

The capital of the Republic of Indonesia is Jakarta, one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in Southeast Asia. Previously known as Batavia, it was the de facto capital of the Dutch East Indies. In the early 20th century, the Dutch East Indies government attempted to relocate the capital from Batavia to Bandung. During Indonesia's struggle for independence, the Indonesian government moved the capital to Yogyakarta and then to Bukittinggi, where it remained for a short time until the restoration of control to Jakarta. In 2019, during his annual state of the union address at the parliament, President Joko Widodo announced a plan to relocate the capital to Kalimantan on the island of Borneo. As part of the plan, part of Kutai Kartanegara Regency and Penajam North Paser Regency in East Kalimantan will be carved out to create a new province-level planned city, and the capital will be relocated to a more central location within Indonesia. On 17 January 2022, the name was revealed to be Nusantara.

Tanjung Selor City and capital of North Kalimantan, Indonesia

Tanjung Selor is the capital of both the North Kalimantan province in Indonesia, and of the Bulungan Regency. It is among provincial capitals in Indonesia that as of 2021 does not yet have city status, together with Mamuju in West Sulawesi, Sofifi in North Maluku, Nabire in Central Papua, Wamena in Highland Papua, Merauke in South Papua, and Manokwari in West Papua. The district has an area of 677.77 km2 and had a population of 39,439 at the 2010 Census and 56,569 at the 2020 Census.

This is a list of emblems or coat of arms used in Indonesia. Indonesia is divided into 37 provinces, and each province is divided into regencies (kabupaten) and cities (kota). There are 416 regencies and 98 cities. Each province, regency, and city has its own emblem.

Regional Development Banks are a type of bank in Indonesia that is established and owned by the local provincial government. Its purpose is to boost regional development and provide initial capital to the province that private banks would not risk giving, as well as giving basic financial services for the general provincial population. It was first established on 25 March 1960 and regulated under Law Number 13 of 1962 and Law Number 16 of 1999 Decree from the Ministry of Home Affairs. According to the law, the shares of Regional Development Banks are divided into two; priority shares and regular shares. Priority shares ownership must be on the hand of provincial governments, while regular shares can be owned by second-level administrative governments under the respective provinces and individuals. The director of these banks are appointed directly by the governor of the respective provinces and hold the office for 4 years. Provincial governors also have the ability to remove directors from the office for several reasons such as incompetency and corruption, with recommendation from local provincial parliaments. If there is more than one director, the law also states that they are not allowed to be closely related and should not occupy other governmental positions unless recommended. As of 2021, there are 26 regional development banks according to the Financial Services Authority. Not all provinces currently have their own bank, especially newly established provinces such as North Kalimantan and the Bangka Belitung Islands, which both still share ownership of various bank companies with their respective parent provinces.

References

  1. "Sensus Penduduk 2010". Badan Pusat Statistik. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  2. 1 2 "Indonesia: Administrative Division (Provinces, Regencies and Cities)". CityPopulation.de. Retrieved 18 March 2022.