List of Indonesian cities by population

Last updated

Below is a list of Indonesia's 98 cities with their rank in 2020 and their population. Populations in 2010 and in 2020 are official data from the 2010 Census and the 2020 Census, as released by Badan Pusat Statistik or the Indonesian Central Statistics Agency. [1] Populations in 2015 are official data from the 2015 Inter-Census Survey, also as released by the Central Statistics Agency.


Cities proper by population

The Indonesian law defines a city (kota) as a second-level administrative subdivision of the country, similar to regency (kabupaten). The difference between a regency and a city lies in demography, size, and economy. Generally, a city has non-agricultural economic activities, while a regency comprises a rural area larger than a city. A city is headed by a mayor (walikota).

An administrative city is a city without its own local legislatures (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah). The mayor of an administrative city is directly appointed by the Governor. This type of city in Indonesia is only found in Jakarta Province, formerly a municipal city, which consisted of 5 administrative cities and 1 administrative regency. [2]

List of cities proper ranked by 2020 population
RankCities Province 2010 census
2015 census
[3] [4]
2020 census
1 East Jakarta Jakarta 2,693,8962,826,6513,037,139
2 Surabaya East Java 2,765,4872,847,4802,874,314
3 Bekasi West Java 2,334,8712,708,7212,543,676
4 Bandung West Java 2,394,8732,480,6152,444,160
5 Medan North Sumatra 2,097,6102,209,1392,435,252
6 West Jakarta Jakarta 2,281,9452,460,7392,434,511
7 South Jakarta Jakarta 2,062,2322,183,9052,226,812
8 Depok West Java 1,738,5702,099,9892,056,335
9 Tangerang Banten 1,798,6012,043,2131,895,486
10 North Jakarta Jakarta 1,645,6591,745,6971,778,981
11 Palembang South Sumatra 1,455,2841,578,5821,668,848
12 Semarang Central Java 1,555,9841,698,7771,653,524
13 Makassar South Sulawesi 1,338,6631,447,6771,423,877
14 South Tangerang Banten 1,290,3221,538,9701,354,350
15 Batam Riau Islands 944,2851,184,9781,196,396
16 Bandar Lampung Lampung 881,801977,6861,166,066
17 Central Jakarta Jakarta 902,973913,8711,056,896
18 Bogor West Java 950,3341,046,5791,043,070
19 Pekanbaru Riau 897,7671,035,834983,356
20 Padang West Sumatra 833,562901,305909,040
21 Malang East Java 820,243850,904843,810
22 Samarinda East Kalimantan 727,500811,314827,994
23 Denpasar Bali 788,589879,098725,314
24 Tasikmalaya West Java 635,464657,169716,155
25 Serang Banten 577,785642,205692,101
26 Balikpapan East Kalimantan 557,579614,663688,318
27 Pontianak West Kalimantan 554,764606,721658,685
28 Banjarmasin South Kalimantan 625,481674,739657,663
29 Jambi Jambi 531,857575,388606,200
30 Cimahi West Java 541,177585,931568,400
31 Surakarta Central Java 499,337512,056522,364
32 Manado North Sulawesi 410,481425,420451,916
33 Kupang East Nusa Tenggara 336,239390,026442,758
34 Cilegon Banten 374,559411,554434,896
35 Mataram West Nusa Tenggara 402,843449,438429,651
36 Jayapura Papua 256,705282,766398,478
37 Bengkulu Bengkulu 308,544350,535373,591
38 Yogyakarta Special Region of Yogyakarta 388,627412,347373,589
39 Palu Central Sulawesi 336,532367,600373,218
40 Ambon Maluku 331,254410,207347,288
41 Sukabumi West Java 298,681317,883346,325
42 Kendari Southeast Sulawesi 289,966346,500345,107
43 Cirebon West Java 296,389307,319333,303
44 Dumai Riau 253,803285,448316,782
45 Pekalongan Central Java 281,434296,168307,150
46 Palangka Raya Central Kalimantan 220,962259,205293,457
47 Binjai North Sumatra 246,154264,440291,842
48 Kediri East Java 268,507279,901286,796
49 Sorong West Papua 190,625225,022284,410
50 Tegal Central Java 239,599245,995273,825
51 Pematang Siantar North Sumatra 234,698247,219268,254
52 Banjarbaru South Kalimantan 199,627233,726253,442
53 Banda Aceh Aceh 223,446250,227252,899
54 Tarakan North Kalimantan 193,370234,867242,786
55 Probolinggo East Java 217,062228,834239,649
56 Singkawang West Kalimantan 186,462207,144235,064
57 Lubuklinggau South Sumatra 201,308219,180234,166
58 Tanjung Pinang Riau Islands 187,359201,992227,663
59 Bitung North Sulawesi 187,652205,379225,134
60 Padang Sidempuan North Sumatra 191,531209,550225,105
61 Pangkal Pinang Bangka Belitung 174,758195,776218,569
62 Batu East Java 190,184200,369213,046
63 Pasuruan East Java 186,262194,684208,006
64 Ternate North Maluku 185,705212,527205,001
65 Banjar West Java 175,157181,331200,973
66 Gorontalo Gorontalo 180,127201,858198,539
67 Madiun East Java 170,964174,953195,175
68 Prabumulih South Sumatra 161,984176,900193,196
69 Salatiga Central Java 170,332183,631192,322
70 Lhokseumawe Aceh 171,163191,104188,713
71 Langsa Aceh 148,945165,534185,971
72 Palopo South Sulawesi 147,932168,452184,681
73 Bontang East Kalimantan 143,683165,606178,917
74 Tanjungbalai North Sumatra 154,445166,782176,027
75 Tebing Tinggi North Sumatra 145,248156,619172,838
76 Metro Lampung 145,471158,215168,676
77 Baubau Southeast Sulawesi 136,991154,570159,248
78 Bima West Nusa Tenggara 142,579159,445155,140
79 Parepare South Sulawesi 129,262138,604151,454
80 Blitar East Java 131,968137,866149,149
81 Pagar Alam South Sumatra 126,181133,756143,844
82 Payakumbuh West Sumatra 116,825127,615139,576
83 Gunungsitoli North Sumatra 126,202135,868136,017
84 Mojokerto East Java 120,196125,657132,434
85 Kotamobagu North Sulawesi 107,459119,277123,722
86 Magelang Central Java 118,227120,769121,526
87 Bukittinggi West Sumatra 111,312122,395121,028
88 Tidore North Maluku 90,05596,910114,480
89 Tomohon North Sulawesi 91,553100,193100,587
90 Sungai Penuh Jambi 82,29387,03296,610
91 Pariaman West Sumatra 79,04384,59494,224
92 Subulussalam Aceh 67,44675,04490,751
93 Sibolga North Sumatra 84,48186,49989,584
94 Tual Maluku 58,08267,57988,280
95 Solok West Sumatra 59,39665,95173,438
96 Sawahlunto West Sumatra 56,86660,13665,138
97 Padang Panjang West Sumatra 47,00850,87556,311
98 Sabang Aceh 30,65333,05441,197

Top ten largest urban centres[ citation needed ]

The followings are the largest core cities in Indonesia (excluding satellite cities)[ citation needed ]:

RankingCityRegionPopulation 2020Image
1 Jakarta Jakarta 10,562,088 Jakarta Panorama.jpg
2 Surabaya East Java 2,874,314 Aerial of Central Surabaya, early 2018.jpg
3 Bandung West Java 2,444,160 Central Bandung from Dago.jpg
4 Medan North Sumatera 2,435,252 Medan20150219-1.jpg
5 Palembang South Sumatera 1,668,848 Ampera Bridge at Late Afternoon, Palembang.jpg
6 Semarang Central Java 1,653,524 Becak Tugu Muda Semarang Central Java.jpg
7 Makassar South Sulawesi 1,423,877 Tanjung Bunga.jpg
8 Batam Riau Islands 1,196,396 Baloi Batam.png
9 Bandar Lampung Lampung 1,166,066 Jalan Ikan Hiu Bandar Lampung.JPG
10 Pekanbaru Riau 983,356 Pekanbaru 2019.jpg

Built-up urban areas

The followings are the contiguous urban areas in Indonesia, with a population of over one half million, according to Demographia's "World Urban Areas" study. Demographia defines an urban area (urbanised area agglomeration or urban centre) as a continuously built up land mass of urban development that is within a labor market (metropolitan area), without regard for administrative boundaries (city). [5]

RankUrban areaArea
population [5]
1 Jakarta 3,54034,540,000
2 Bandung 4877,065,000
3 Surabaya 9116,499,000
4 Medan 4783,632,000
5 Semarang 2591,992,000
6 Makassar 1781,952,000
7 Palembang 2211,889,000
8 Yogyakarta 2301,568,000
9 Malang 2121,493,000
10 Denpasar 1771,389,000
11 Batam 2431,362,000
12 Pekanbaru 2391,118,000
13 Surakarta 4771,106,000
14 Cirebon 1051,017,000
15 Bandar Lampung 107978,000
16 Samarinda 102960,000
17 Padang 99796,000
18 Banjarmasin 65710,000
19 Tasikmalaya 62671,000
20 Pontianak 62660,000
21 Balikpapan 124645,000
22 Jambi city 78595,000
23 Serang 65585,000
24 Cilegon 122525,000

See also

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  1. "Sensus Penduduk 2010". Badan Pusat Statistik. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  2. "Profil Daerah (Regional profiles)". Indonesian Ministry of Interior.
  3. 1 2 3 [ bare URL ]
  4. 2015 Inter-census Survey by Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta.
  5. 1 2 "Demographia World Urban Areas, 16th Annual Edition" (PDF). February 2020. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 February 2020. Retrieved 24 June 2020.