List of cities in Turkmenistan

Last updated
Map of Turkmenistan Turkmenistan-2019-US-Dept-State-map.jpg
Map of Turkmenistan

This is a list of cities in Turkmenistan . For a full list of settlements see the list of cities, towns and villages in Turkmenistan.


Which municipalities are categorized as "cities" is established by law in Turkmenistan. Cities fall into three categories: one city equivalent to a province (the capital city, Ashgabat), cities "equivalent to a district" (Turkmen : etrap hukukly), and cities "in a district" (Turkmen : etrapdaky). By law cities equivalent to a district must have a population of more than 30,000 and must be either a provincial capital or be one of the economic, cultural and administrative centers in its province. Cities "in a district" are subordinated to the district (etrap) government and are administered jointly. By law they must have a population of more than 8,000, and must possess industrial enterprises, construction and transport organizations, utilities, municipally owned housing stock, socio-cultural institutions, trade and social services. [1] [2] The government maintains a list of municipalities broken out by category, but publishes this list irregularly, and does not post it online. An authoritative list of Turkmenistan's municipalities based on published official Turkmen decrees and laws is on the OpenStreetMap wiki. [3] The most recent published version of the list was released in 2012. [4]

Districts and cities with district status are headed by a presidentially appointed häkim (district governor or city mayor). Two cities in Turkmenistan, Ashgabat and Turkmenbashy, are further subdivided into boroughs with district status, each with its häkim. Cities "in a district" and towns are headed by an elected council (Turkmen : geňeş) chaired by an arçyn, who serves as both council chair and mayor. [1] [2]


Municipalities designated as cities

Ashgabat, capital of Turkmenistan. Panorama From Ashgabat TV Tower.JPG
Ashgabat, capital of Turkmenistan.
Turkmenabat Tsentr Turkmenabada.jpg
Mary TurkmenistanMaryMosque.jpg
Turkmenbasy Turkmenbashi3.jpg
Bereket A newly constructed railway station in Bereket city, October 2013.jpg

Unless otherwise annotated, population figures are as of 2010 (estimate). Provincial capitals are bolded. Cities with district status are italicized.

CityPopulation Province
1 Ashgabat 947,221national capital region
2 Türkmenabat [5] 279,765 Lebap
3 Daşoguz 245,872 Daşoguz
4 Mary 126,141 Mary
5 Serdar [6] 93,692 Balkan
6 Baýramaly 91,713 Mary
7 Balkanabat 90,149 Balkan
8 Tejen 79,324 Ahal
9 Türkmenbaşy [7] 73,803 Balkan
10 Magdanly [8] 68,133 Lebap
11 Kerki [9] 39,602 Lebap
12 Ýolöten 38,936 Mary
13 Konye-Urgench 35,386 Daşoguz
14 Anau 30,042 Ahal
15 Hazar 29,131 Balkan
16 Gurbansoltan eje adyndaky [10] 27,451 Daşoguz
17 Gumdag 27,408 Balkan
18 Bäherden 25,065 Ahal
19 Gazojak 25,043 Lebap
20 Bereket [11] 23,762 Balkan
21 Boldumsaz 23,728 Daşoguz
22 Gökdepe 21,465 Ahal
23 Hojambaz 21,454 Lebap|
24 Saýat 21,160 Lebap
25 Seýdi 21,160 Lebap
26 Kaka 20,218 Ahal
27 Görogly 18,660 Daşoguz
28 Farap 17,277 Lebap
29 Gubadag 17,118 Daşoguz
30 Akdepe 15,898 Daşoguz
31 Murgap 15,724 Mary
32 Serhetabat [12] 15,713 Mary
33 Sarahs 9,585 Ahal
34 Köýtendag [13] 8,654 Lebap
35 Magtymguly (city) [14] 8,412 Balkan
36 Dänew [15] 7,932 (1989) [16] Lebap
37 Nyýazow [17] 7,291 Daşoguz
38 Darganata [18] 7,212 (1989) [16] Lebap
39 Babadaýhan [19] 7,130 (1989) [16] Ahal
40 Şatlyk 7,000 (2011) Mary
41 Garabogaz [20] 6,895 (1989) [16] Balkan
42 Etrek [21] 6,855 (1989) [16] Balkan
43 Saparmyrat Türkmenbaşy adyndaky [22] 6,770 Daşoguz
44 Türkmengala 6,465 (1989) [16] Mary
45 Esenguly 5,823 (1989) [16] Balkan
46 Garabekewül [23] 5,509 (1989) [16] Lebap
47 Halaç 5,101 (1989) [16] Lebap
48 Dostluk [24] 4,534 (1989) [16] Lebap

See also

Notes and references

  1. 1 2 "Turkmenistan § Administrative_Structure" . Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  2. 1 2 Çaryýew, B.; Ilamanow, Ýa. (2010). Türkmenistanyň Geografiýasy. Ashgabat: Türkmenistanyň Bilim Ministrligi.
  3. "Districts in Turkmenistan" . Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  4. "Türkmenistanyň Mejlisiniň 2010-njy ýylyň 10-njy maýynda kabul eden № 112-1V kararyna GOŞUNDY Türkmenistanyň dolandyryş>çäk birlikleriniň SANAWY" (PDF). 27 August 2012. pp. 77–141.
  5. formerly Çärjew
  6. formerly Gyzylarbat
  7. formerly Krasnovodsk
  8. formerly Gowurdak
  9. formerly Atamyrat
  10. formerly Ýylanly
  11. formerly Gazanjyk or Gazandzhyk
  12. formerly Guşgy
  13. formerly Çarşaňňy
  14. formerly Garrygala
  15. formerly Galkynyş
  16. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность городского населения союзных республик, их территориальных единиц, городских поселений и городских районов по полу" . Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  17. formerly Täzebazar
  18. formerly Birata
  19. formerly Kirovsk
  20. formerly Bekdash
  21. formerly Gyzyletrek
  22. formerly Oktyabrsk
  23. formerly Karabekaul
  24. formerly Yuzhnyy

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