List of cities in Azerbaijan

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Map of Azerbaijan Azerbaijan - Location Map (2013) - AZE - UNOCHA.svg
Map of Azerbaijan

This is a list of cities in Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan is a country in the South Caucasus region, situated at the crossroads of Southwest Asia and Southeastern Europe. [1] In total, Azerbaijan has 77 cities (including 12 Federal-level cities), 64 smaller district -class cities, and one special legal status city. These are followed by 257 urban-type settlements and 4,620 villages. [2]

Contents

Cities in Azerbaijan

Baku, capital of Azerbaijan Neftchiler Avenue, Baku, 2010 (2).jpg
Baku, capital of Azerbaijan
Ganja City's Ganja State Philharmonic Hall Ganja State Philharmonic Hall.jpg
Ganja City’s Ganja State Philharmonic Hall
Sumgait New buildings in Sumgayit.JPG
Sumgait
Lankaran Lankaran Springs & Wellness Resort.jpg
Lankaran
Mingachevir Mingachevir home built by German prisoners of war.JPG
Mingachevir
Nakhchivan Nakhchivan city library.JPG
Nakhchivan
Road sign at the entrance to Agsu Agsu perevali 1.jpg
Road sign at the entrance to Agsu
Qusar's Shahdag Mountain Resort Qusar, Azerbaijan - panoramio (16).jpg
Qusar's Shahdag Mountain Resort
A view of Sharur from air Sharur view from plane.jpg
A view of Sharur from air

There are 77 urban settlements in Azerbaijan with the official status of a city (Azerbaijani : şəhər):

Most populous Azerbaijani cities

List of ten cities, including the capital Baku, with the largest urban population in 2018. [5] [6]

Rank Azerbaijani CityPopulationImageDescription
1Bakı Baku 2,277,500 Baku gece gorunusu.jpg Baku is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan, as well as the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region. Baku is located 28 meters below sea level, which also makes it the lowest lying national capital in the world. In fact, Baku is also the largest city in the world located below sea level.
2Sumqayıt Sumgait 343,100 Luxury Palace sadliq sarayi, Sumqayit.jpg Second largest city and seaport in Azerbaijan
3Gəncə Ganja 332,600 Ganja Filarmonic hall.jpg Third largest city in Azerbaijan
4Lənkəran Lankaran 226,900 Lenkoran center.jpg Lankaran is a city in the south on the coast of the Caspian Sea.
5Mingəçevir Mingachevir 104,500 NM.jpg Mingachevir is a city in the north of the country
6Naxçıvan Nakhchivan 93,700 Palace of Nakhchivan Khans.jpg
7Şirvan Shirvan 85,800 Shirvan city.jpg Located along the Kura river
8Şəki Shaki 65,100 Street in "Yukhari-Bash" Historic-Architectural Reserve in Shaki.JPG Shaki is a city known for its rich history.
9Yevlax Yevlakh 61,200
Yevlax D@miryol Stansiyasi 2017-05-27.jpg

See also

Related Research Articles

Azerbaijan Country at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia

Azerbaijan, officially the Republic of Azerbaijan, is a country located at the boundary of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. It is a part of the Caucasus region, and is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia and Turkey to the west, and Iran to the south.

Geography of Azerbaijan Overview of the geography of Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan is a country in the Caucasus region, situated at the juncture of Europe and Western Asia. Three physical features dominate Azerbaijan: the Caspian Sea, whose shoreline forms a natural boundary to the east; the Greater Caucasus mountain range to the north; and the extensive flatlands at the country's center. About the size of Portugal or the US state of Maine, Azerbaijan has a total land area of approximately 86,600 square kilometers, less than 1% of the land area of the former Soviet Union. Of the three Transcaucasian states, Azerbaijan has the greatest land area. Special administrative subdivisions are the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, which is separated from the rest of Azerbaijan by a strip of Armenian territory, and the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Region, entirely within Azerbaijan. The status of Nagorno-Karabakh is disputed by Armenia.

Baku Capital and largest city of Azerbaijan

Baku is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan, as well as the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region. Baku is located 28 metres (92 ft) below sea level, which makes it the lowest lying national capital in the world and also the largest city in the world located below sea level. Baku lies on the southern shore of the Absheron Peninsula, alongside the Bay of Baku. At the beginning of 2009, Baku's urban population was estimated at just over two million people. Officially, about 25% of all inhabitants of the country live in Baku's metropolitan area. Baku is the sole metropolis in Azerbaijan.

Western Asia Westernmost subregion of the continent of Asia

Western Asia, West Asia, or Southwest Asia, is the westernmost subregion of the continent of Asia. It is entirely a part of the Greater Middle East, and includes Anatolia, the Arabian Peninsula, Iran, Mesopotamia, the Levant, the island of Cyprus, the Sinai Peninsula, and partly Transcaucasia. The region is considered to be separated from Africa by the Isthmus of Suez in Egypt, and separated from Europe by the waterways of the Turkish Straits and the watershed of the Greater Caucasus. Central Asia lies to its northeast, while South Asia lies to its east. Eight seas surround the region (clockwise): the Aegean Sea, the Black Sea, the Caspian Sea, the Persian Gulf, the Arabian Sea, the Gulf of Aden, the Red Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea.

Makhachkala City in Dagestan, Russia

Makhachkala, previously known as Petrovskoye (Петровское) (1844–1857), and Petrovsk-Port (Петровск-Порт) (1857–1921), is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Dagestan in Russia. The city is located on the Caspian Sea, covering an area of 468.13 square kilometres, with a population of over 603,518 residents, while the urban agglomeration covers over 3,712 square kilometres, with a population of roughly 1 million residents. Makhachkala is the fourth-largest city in the Caucasus, the largest city in the North Caucasus and the North Caucasian Federal District, as well as the third-largest city on the Caspian Sea. The city is extremely ethnically diverse, with a minor ethnic Russian population.

Azerbaijanis Turkic ethnic group mainly inhabiting Azerbaijan and Iranian Azerbaijan

Azerbaijanis or Azeris, also known as Azerbaijani Turks, are a Turkic ethnic group, living mainly in the sovereign Republic of Azerbaijan and the Azerbaijan region of Iran, with a mixed cultural heritage, including Turkic, Caucasian and Iranian elements. They are the second-most numerous ethnic group among the Turkic-speaking peoples after Turkish people and are predominantly Shia Muslims. They comprise the largest ethnic group in the Republic of Azerbaijan and the second-largest ethnic group in neighboring Iran and Georgia. The world's largest number of ethnic Azerbaijanis live in Iran, followed by the Republic of Azerbaijan. They speak the Azerbaijani language, belonging to the Oghuz branch of the Turkic languages.

Absheron District District of Azerbaijan

Absheron District is one of the 66 districts of Azerbaijan. It is located in the east of the country and belongs to the Absheron Economic Region. The district borders the districts of Khizi, Gobustan, Baku, Hajigabul, Salyan, and the city of Sumgait. Its capital and largest city is Khirdalan. As of 2020, the district had a population of 214,100. Although the district shares the same name as the Absheron Peninsula, the area covered by the district is not conterminous, being further west and mostly inland.

Ujar District District of Azerbaijan

Ujar District is one of the 66 districts of Azerbaijan. It is located in the centre of the country and belongs to the Aran Economic Region. The district borders the districts of Agdash, Goychay, Kurdamir, and Zardab. Its capital and largest city is Ujar. As of 2020, the district had a population of 89,500.

Agstafa District District of Azerbaijan

Agstafa District is one of the 66 districts of Azerbaijan. It is located in the north-west of the country and belongs to the Ganja-Qazakh Economic Region. The district borders the districts of Qazakh, Tovuz, as well as the Kakheti and Kvemo Kartli regions of Georgia. Its capital and largest city is Agstafa. As of 2020, the district had a population of 88,500.

Balakan District District of Azerbaijan

Balakan District is one of the 66 districts of Azerbaijan. It is located in the north of the country and belongs to the Shaki-Zagatala Economic Region. The district borders the district of Zagatala, and the Russian Republic of Dagestan. Its capital and largest city is Balakan. As of 2020, the district had a population of 99,100.

Hajigabul District District of Azerbaijan

Hajigabul District is one of the 66 districts of Azerbaijan. It is located in the east of the country and belongs to the Aran Economic Region. The district borders the districts of Kurdamir, Agsu, Shamakhi, Gobustan, Absheron, Baku, Salyan, Sabirabad and the city of Shirvan. Its capital and largest city is Hajigabul. As of 2020, the district had a population of 76,600.

Qabala District District of Azerbaijan

Qabala District is one of the 66 districts of Azerbaijan. It is located in the north of the country and belongs to the Shaki-Zagatala Economic Region. The district borders the districts of Oghuz, Shaki, Agdash, Goychay, Ismayilli, Quba, Qusar, and the Russian Republic of Dagestan. Its capital and largest city is Qabala. As of 2020, the district had a population of 107,800.

Salyan District (Azerbaijan) District of Azerbaijan

Salyan District is one of the 66 districts of Azerbaijan. It is located in the east of the country and belongs to the Aran Economic Region. The district borders the districts of Bilasuvar, Sabirabad, Hajigabul, Baku, Neftchala, and the city of Shirvan. Its capital and largest city is Salyan. As of 2020, the district had a population of 139,900.

Shamakhi District District of Azerbaijan

Shamakhi District is one of the 66 districts of Azerbaijan. It is located in the east of the country and belongs to the Mountainous Shirvan Economic Region. The district borders the districts of Quba, Khizi, Gobustan, Hajigabul, Agsu, and Ismayilli. Its capital and largest city is Shamakhi. As of 2020, the district had a population of 106,400.

Sharur District District of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic in Azerbaijan

Sharur District is one of the 7 districts of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic of Azerbaijan. The district borders the districts of Kangarli, Sadarak, as well as the Vayots Dzor and Ararat provinces of Armenia and the West Azerbaijan Province of Iran. Its capital and largest city is Sharur. As of 2020, the district had a population of 117,600.

Absheron Peninsula Place

The Absheron Peninsula is a peninsula in Azerbaijan. It is the location of Baku, the biggest and the most populous city of the country, and also the Baku metropolitan area, with its satellite cities Sumqayit and Khyrdalan.

Ayrum Place in Tavush, Armenia

Ayrum, is a town and urban municipality in the Tavush Province of Armenia, located at a road distance of 206 km (128 mi) northeast of the capital Yerevan and 73 km (45 mi) north of the provincial capital Ijevan. It is situated on the shores of Debed river, only 2 km (1 mi) away from the Armenia–Georgia border. As of the 2011 census, Ayrum had a population of 2,126. As of the 2016 official estimate, the population of Ayrum is 2,000. The importance of the town is derived from its geographical location as the northeastern gate and railway hub for the entire republic.

Lachin District District of Azerbaijan

Lachin District is one of the 66 districts of Azerbaijan. It is located in the west of the country and belongs to the Kalbajar-Lachin Economic Region. The district borders the districts of Kalbajar, Khojaly, Shusha, Khojavend, Qubadli, and the Syunik Province of Armenia. Its capital and largest city is Lachin. As of 2020, the district had a nominal population of 78,600.

Russians in Azerbaijan

Russians are the second largest ethnic minority in Azerbaijan and is also the largest Russian community in the South Caucasus and one of the largest outside of Russia. Although in decline, the community still numbers 119,300 people as of 2009. Since their arrival at the beginning of the 19th century, the Russians have played an important role in all spheres of life, particularly during the Czarist and Soviet period, especially in the capital city of Baku.

Historically, Greeks in Azerbaijan have not formed a large community in comparison to those in neighbouring Georgia and Armenia. It was composed mainly of Pontic Greek immigrants from the Ottoman Empire.

References

  1. While often politically aligned with Europe, Azerbaijan is generally considered to be at least mostly in Southwest Asia geographically with its northern part bisected by the standard Asia-Europe divide, the Greater Caucasus. The United Nations classification of world regions places Azerbaijan in Western Asia; the CIA World Factbook places it mostly in Southwest Asia and Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary places it in both; NationalGeographic.com, and Encyclopædia Britannica also place Georgia in Asia. Conversely, some sources place Azerbaijan in Europe such as Worldatlas.com.
  2. "Demoqrafik göstəricilər". Gender.az (in Azerbaijani). Retrieved 15 April 2013.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Marushiakova, E.; Popov, V. (2016). Gypsies in Central Asia and the Caucasus. Springer International Publishing. p. 68. ISBN   978-3-319-41057-9 . Retrieved January 27, 2017.
  4. Dumper, M.; Stanley, B.E. (2007). Cities of the Middle East and North Africa: A Historical Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 63. ISBN   978-1-57607-919-5 . Retrieved January 27, 2017.
  5. Demographic Indicators of Azerbaijan, State Statistics Committee (Azerbaijan)
  6. Population of Azerbaijan, State Statistics Committee (Azerbaijan)