There are several public holidays in Azerbaijan. Holidays were regulated in the constitution of Azerbaijan SSR for the first time on 19 May 1921.
Non-working days in Azerbaijan include the following:
|Date||English name||Local name||Remarks|
|January 1–2||New Year's Day||Yeni il||2 days|
|January 20||Martyrs' Day||Qara Yanvar||Commemorates Black January (1990) when Soviet troops entered Baku and killed more than 130 civilians. Also victims of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict are remembered.[ citation needed ]|
|March 8||International Women's Day||Qadınlar günü||1 day|
|March 20–24||Spring Festival||Novruz||5 days|
|May 9||Victory Day over Fascism||Faşizm üzərində qələbə günü||In honor of victory of the USSR over Nazi Germany during World War II.|
|May 28||Republic Day||Respublika günü||Founding of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan (1918).|
|June 15||National Salvation Day||Azərbaycan xalqının Milli Qurtuluş günü||Parliament invited Heydar Aliyev to Baku to lead the country (1993).|
|June 26||Azerbaijan Armed Forces Day||Azərbaycan Respublikasının Silahlı Qüvvələri günü|
|November 9||Flag Day||Dövlet Bayragi günü||Commemorates the adoption of the Flag of Azerbaijan on November 9, 1918, which was officially established on November 9, 2009, as the State Flag Day.|
|December 31||International Solidarity Day of Azerbaijanis||Dünya Azerbaycanlilarin Hemreyliyi günü||Inspired by the fall of the Berlin Wall, the nationalist Popular Front of Azerbaijan called for and lead the removal of borders between Soviet Azerbaijan and Iran on December 31, 1989. This has since been celebrated by Azeris around the world as the International Solidarity Day of Azerbaijanis.|
|Changes due to the Islamic lunar calendar||Eid al-Fitr||Ramazan Bayrami||2 days|
|Changes due to the Islamic lunar calendar||Eid al-Adha||Qurban Bayrami||2 days|
National days in Azerbaijan that are working days follows:
Only the holidays of Ramadan and Qurban remain as non-working religious days in Azerbaijan as the country is highly secular and irreligious.The religious population of the country, mainly in Nardaran and a number of other villages and regions celebrate the Day of Ashura, a Shia mourning day in the Islamic calendar. Religious minorities of the country – mainly Orthodox Christians and Jews - also celebrate notable religious days of their faith. Despite the fact that the holiday Novruz takes its roots from the religion of Zoroastrianism, almost all Azerbaijanis celebrates it as a holiday of spring.
Azerbaijan, officially the Republic of Azerbaijan, is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia, it is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, the Russian republic of Dagestan to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia and Turkey to the west, and Iran to the south.
The economy of Azerbaijan has completed its post-Soviet transition into a major oil based economy, from one where the state played the major role. The transition to oil production led to remarkable growth figures as projects came online; reaching 26.4% in 2005 and 34.6% in 2006 before subsiding to 10.8% and 9.3% in 2008 and 2009 respectively. The real GDP growth rate for 2011 was expected at 3.7% but had dropped to 0.1%. Large oil reserves are a major contributor to Azerbaijan's economy. The national currency, the Azerbaijani manat, was stable in 2000, depreciating 3.8% against the dollar. The budget deficit equaled 1.3% of GDP in 2000.
Baku is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan, as well as the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region. Baku is located 28 metres (92 ft) below sea level, which makes it the lowest lying national capital in the world and also the largest city in the world located below sea level. Baku lies on the southern shore of the Absheron Peninsula, alongside the Bay of Baku. At the beginning of 2009, Baku's urban population was estimated at just over two million people. Officially, about 25% of all inhabitants of the country live in Baku's metropolitan area. Baku is the sole metropolis in Azerbaijan.
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The national flag of the Republic of Azerbaijan is a horizontal tricolour featuring three equally sized fesses of bright blue, red, and green, with a white crescent and an eight-pointed star in the center. The tricolour replaced an earlier design used by the Azerbaijan SSR. The bright blue symbolizes Azerbaijan's Turkic heritage, the red stands for progress, and the green represents Islam, the religion of majority of Azerbaijanis. The official colors and size were adopted on 5 February 1991. This flag was used from 9 November 1918 to 1920, when Azerbaijan was independent, and it was revived with slight variations on 5 February 1991. The nickname for the flag is The Tricolour Flag.
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A flag day is a flag-related holiday, a day designated for flying a certain flag or a day set aside to celebrate a historical event such as a nation's adoption of its flag.
Constitution Day is a holiday to honor the constitution of a country. Constitution Day is often celebrated on the anniversary of the signing, promulgation or adoption of the constitution, or in some cases, to commemorate the change to constitutional monarchy.
The Culture of Azerbaijan developed under the influence of Iranian, Turkic and Caucasian heritage as well as Russian influences due to its former status as a Soviet republic. Today, Western influences, including globalized consumer culture, are prevalent.
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Azerbaijani—Bulgarian relations refer to the bilateral relations between the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Republic of Bulgaria in political, socio-economic, cultural and other spheres. Cooperation is carried out in such areas as transport and transit of goods, tourism, pharmaceuticals, agriculture, science and high technologies, education, military equipment, etc.
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Azerbaijan—Morocco relations refer to the bilateral relations between the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Kingdom of Morocco in political, socio-economic, cultural and other spheres.
Azerbaijan—Lithuania relations refer to the bilateral relations between the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Republic of Lithuania in the political, socio-economic, cultural and other spheres.
Azerbaijan—France relations refer to the bilateral relations between the Republic of Azerbaijan and the French Republic in the political, socio-economic, cultural, and other spheres.