A number of public holidays and special events take place each year in Hungary.
(1) The national holidays of Hungary shall be:
a) the 16th day of March, in memory of the 1848–49 Revolution and War of Independence,
b) the 20th day of August, in memory of the state's founding and its founder King Saint Stephen,
c) the 23rd day of October, in memory of the 1956 Revolution and War of Independence.
(2) The official state holiday shall be the 20th day of August.
|Date||English name||Local name||Remarks|
|1 January||New Year's Day||Újév|
|15 March||National Day||Nemzeti ünnep||Memorial day of the 1848 Revolution (which aimed at the independence of the Hungarian Kingdom from the Austrian Empire). There are usually speeches and music such as the Nemzeti dal; many people wear a cockade with the national colours red, white, and green.|
|Moveable||Good Friday||Nagypéntek||Good Friday is public holiday since 2017[ citation needed ] .|
|Moveable||Easter Monday||Húsvéthétfő||Men visit women to sprinkle them with perfume (or in the countryside, sometimes water), first asking permission by reciting a verse. In return, the women give the men eggs (sometimes painted, sometimes chocolate). Children receive chocolate eggs (sometimes fruits and nuts, chocolate rabbits), from the Easter Bunny; these gifts are sometimes hidden in the garden or house. (Real rabbits are sometimes gifted.) The day's meal is often ham, eggs, sweetbreads, and horseradish for breakfast.|
|1 May||Labour Day||A munka ünnepe||The countries of the EU are represented with special programmes, bridges are decorated and exhibitions are held. Labour Day coincides with May Day (majális); many attend outdoor festivities in public parks. Since 2004 it is also the anniversary of the accession to the EU.|
|Moveable||Pentecost Monday||Pünkösdhétfő||Monday after Pentecost|
|20 August||State Foundation Day||Az államalapítás ünnepe||Commemoration of Hungary's first king St. Stephen, also the day of the foundation of Hungary and "the day of the new bread". St. Stephen (Szent István király, ca. 975 – 15 August 1038), as the first king of Hungary, led the country into the Christian church and established the institutions of the kingdom and the church. He was canonized on 20 August 1083, and 20 August is his feast day in Hungary. |
Celebrated with a half-hour fireworks display on the bank of the Danube in the evening, watched from both river banks, the Buda hills, and the rooftops of Pest and Buda. Under the Hungarian People's Republic, 20 August was celebrated as the founding of the socialist republic.
|23 October||National Day||Nemzeti ünnep||Memorial day of the 1956 Revolution, which fought to expel Soviet troops from Hungary and establish free elections. Also the day of the proclamation of the Third Hungarian Republic (1989). Celebrated with speeches and exhibitions.|
|1 November||All Saints Day||Mindenszentek||Day of remembrance of the dead. Family and friends decorate graves in Christian cemeteries.|
|25 December||Christmas Day||Karácsony||Public transport stops operating at about 4 pm on the 24th, Christmas Eve (Szenteste) as most families gather to celebrate, placing presents under a Christmas tree which has been decorated while the children are away from the house. Presents are then opened and a large meal eaten in celebration. On the 25th and 26th, people usually visit relatives.|
|26 December||Second Day of Christmas||Karácsony másnapja|
Remembrance Days are working days in Hungary.
|Date||English name||Local name||Remarks|
|1 February||Memorial Day of the Republic||A köztársaság emléknapja||Commemorating the law (1946. évi I. törvény) on the proclamation of the republic in 1946, memorial day since 2006.|
|25 February||Memorial Day for the Victims of the Communist Dictatorships||A kommunista diktatúrák áldozatainak emléknapja||On this day in 1947 Béla Kovács, Secretary-General of the Independent Smallholders' Party was arrested and deported to the Soviet Union. Memorial day since 2000, commemorations are held in high schools.|
|16 April||Memorial Day for the Victims of the Holocaust||A holokauszt áldozatainak emléknapja||On this day in 1944 the Jews of Subcarpathia were rounded up and forced into ghettos. Memorial day since 2001, commemorations are held in high schools.|
|21 May||National Defense Day||Honvédelmi nap||Battle of Buda (1849)|
|4 June||Day of National Unity||A nemzeti összetartozás napja||Commemorating the anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Trianon, when the Kingdom of Hungary lost 72% of its territory. National memorial day since 2010.|
|19 June||Independent Hungary Day||A független Magyarország napja||Commemorating the execution of the martyrs of the 1956 Hungarian Revolution (on 16 June 1958), and the anniversary of the end of the Soviet occupation of Hungary. Memorial day since 2001.|
|6 October||Memorial Day for the Martyrs of Arad||Az aradi vértanúk emléknapja||Commemorating the anniversary of the 1849 execution of the 13 Martyrs of Arad after the defeat of the Hungarian Independence War. National memorial day, commemorations are held in primary and high schools.|
|Date||English Name||Local Name||Remarks|
|8 March||International Women's Day||Nemzetközi nőnap||Women get flowers and gifts from their employers and schoolchildren often bring gifts for their teachers.|
|4 April||Liberation Day||Felszabadítási Nap||During World War II in Hungary, the Soviet Red Army liberated Hungary from the Nazi German regime. Was celebrated until 1989|
|7 November||Great October Socialist Revolution||Nagy októberi szocialista forradalom||Throughout the existence of Communist rule in Hungary, the country celebrated the Russian Socialist Revolution commemorating the 1917 uprising by the Bolsheviks led by Vladimir Lenin. Celebrated simultaneously with the Soviet Union.|
|6 December||Santa Claus, Saint Nicholas Day||Mikulás, Télapó||On this day, Hungarian children polish their boots and put them in the window. Mikulás comes in the night and fills them with chocolates and/or small presents. If they were bad, they might get sticks instead.|
|31 December||New Year's Eve||Szilveszter||Young people go partying until morning. Streets are noisy with paper trumpets, hoots and the pop of champagne corks; people often wear masks and throw petards. Those who stay home usually watch comedies made for the occasion; at midnight they drink champagne and wish each other good luck for the new year (BÚÉK). All Hungarian radio & television channels broadcast the national anthem at midnight, and then the President's speech. Firework displays are common. The next day streets are empty, and people sleep late (or sleep themselves sober). Lentils are eaten, symbolising coins for good luck.|
|Moveable||Carnival||Farsang||A six-day regional carnival, originally celebrated by the Šokci (ethnic-Croatians) living in the town of Mohács. Traditions include folk music, masquerading, parades and dancing.|
Hungary's most notable annual events include the Budapest Spring Festival (mid-march to mid-April), Hortobágy Equestrian Days (late June), Sopron Early Music Days (late June), Festival in Budapest (late June), Miskolc Opera Festival (late June), Miskolc Kalálka International Folk Festival (July), Győr Summer Festival (late June), Győr Summer Cultural Festival (late June to late July), Pannon Festival in Pécs (July and August), Szentendre Summer Festival (July), Kőszeg Street Theatre Festival (late July), Savaria International Dance Competition in Szombathely (July), Debrecen Jazz Days (July), Szeged Open Air Festival (mid-July to August), Diáksziget (shorter: "Sziget" or "Sziget Festival", Student Island or Pepsi Island) north of Budapest (August), Eger Wine Harvest Festival (September), and Budapest Autumn Arts Festival (mid-September to mid-October).
St Stephen's Day (August 20) is celebrated with sporting events, parades and fireworks nationwide. On the same day there is a Floral Festival in Debrecen and a Bridge Fair in nearby Hortobágy. Formula 1 car races are held in early August at the Hungaroring near Mogyoród, 18 km northeast of Budapest.
The Hungarian Defence Forces is the national defence force of Hungary. Since 2007, the Hungarian Armed Forces is under a unified command structure. The Ministry of Defence maintains the political and civil control over the army. A subordinate Joint Forces Command is coordinating and commanding the HDF corps. In 2020, the armed forces had 22,700 personnel on active duty. In 2019, military spending was $1.904 billion, about 1.22% of the country's GDP, well below the NATO target of 2%. In 2016, the government adopted a resolution in which it pledged to increase defence spending to 2.0% of GDP and the number of active personnel to 37,650 by 2026.
Budapest is the capital and the most populous city of Hungary, and the ninth-largest city in the European Union by population within city limits. The city has an estimated population of 1,752,286 over a land area of about 525 square kilometres. Budapest is both a city and county, and forms the centre of the Budapest metropolitan area, which has an area of 7,626 square kilometres and a population of 3,303,786, comprising 33% of the population of Hungary.
Debrecen ( DEB-rət-sen, Hungarian: [ˈdɛbrɛt͡sɛn] is Hungary's second-largest city, after Budapest, the regional centre of the Northern Great Plain region and the seat of Hajdú-Bihar County. It was the largest Hungarian city in the 18th century and it is one of the Hungarian people's most important cultural centres. Debrecen was also the capital city of Hungary during the revolution in 1848–1849. During the revolution, the dethronement of the Habsburg dynasty was declared in the Reformed Great Church. The city also served as the capital of Hungary by the end of the World War II in 1944–1945. It is home of the University of Debrecen.
Miskolc is a city in northeastern Hungary, known for its heavy industry. With a population of 161,265 Miskolc is the fourth largest city in Hungary. It is also the county capital of Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén and the regional centre of Northern Hungary.
Felsőzsolca is a small town in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county, Northern Hungary, in the Miskolc agglomeration. It is the city with the tenth highest population in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county and the second biggest in the Miskolc agglomeration.
The Sziget Festival is one of the largest music and cultural festivals in Europe. It is held every August in northern Budapest, Hungary, on Óbudai-sziget, a leafy 108-hectare (266-acre) island on the Danube. More than 1,000 performances take place each year.
Miskolctapolca or Miskolc-Tapolca is a suburb of Miskolc, and is one of the most popular tourist towns of Hungary. Not to be confused with Tapolca town in Veszprém County.
The Nemzeti Bajnokság, also known as NB I, is the top level of the Hungarian football league system. The league is officially named OTP Bank Liga after its title sponsor OTP Bank. UEFA currently ranks the league 28th in Europe.
Heroes' Day or National Heroes' Day may refer to a number of commemorations of national heroes in different countries and territories. It is often held on the birthday of a national hero or heroine, or the anniversary of their great deeds that made them heroes.
Gergely Rudolf is a retired Hungarian football player.
Ferenc Pfaff was a Hungarian architect and academic.
Maszovlet was a Hungarian airline founded on March 29, 1946. It was a predecessor of Malév.
The 2012–13 season will be Debreceni VSC's 35th competitive season, 20th consecutive season in the OTP Bank Liga and 110th year in existence as a football club.
The 2012–13 season will be Győri ETO FC's 69th competitive season, 53rd consecutive season in the OTP Bank Liga and 108th year in existence as a football club.
Csaba Káel is a Hungarian film director and CEO of Müpa Budapest. He was awarded the Kossuth Prize in 2020 and the Kálmán Nádasdy Prize in 2013.
Hungarian Swimming Association is the governing body of swimming in Hungary. It is a non-profit organization that was founded in 1907 on a meeting at the Hungarian Olympic Committee.
The 2018 protests in Hungary were massive demonstrations and protests held against the government of Viktor Orbán and his cabinet, yet a slave law sparked protests in December. The first wave of demonstrations began in April-May. The series of anti-government demonstrations in December 2018 was a political movement against the measures of the fourth Orbán government, the direct precedents of which were the submission of the Overtime Act and the scandalous parliamentary day on 12 December 2018. On this day, members of the Jobbik, MSZP, LMP, DK and Dialogue in Parliament disrupted the legislature by whistling, shouting, scattering paper and preventing access to the presidential pulpit, thereby obstructing the vote. Protests erupted against the vote and the parliamentary session.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Hungary refers to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and its members in Hungary. In 1990, there were 75 members in Hungary. In December of 2019, there were 5,231 members in 22 congregations.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Holidays in Hungary .|