Transport in Hungary

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Transport in Hungary relies on several main modes, including transport by road, rail, air and water.

Contents

Roads

Speed Limits in Hungary based on road type and vehicle category Hungary road sign G-401.svg
Speed Limits in Hungary based on road type and vehicle category
Map of planned motorway and expressway network in Hungary Hungary motorway system 2016 08 05.png
Map of planned motorway and expressway network in Hungary

Hungary has a total of 159,568 km (99,150 mi) of public roads, of which 70,050 km (43,530 mi) are paved (including 1481 km of motorways, as of 2016); and 89,518 km (55,620 mi) are unpaved (2005 etc.):

Hungarian road categories are as follows:

Motorways and expressways

Hungarian motorways and expressways are part of the national road network. As of October 2016, there are 1,481 kilometres (920 mi) of controlled-access highways.

Hungary road sign E-016.svg

Motorways (autópályák, singular - autópálya) in Hungary:

M1 | M3 | M4 | M5 | M6 | M7 | M8 | M15 | M19 | M30 | M31 | M35 | M43 | M60

Hungary road sign E-018.svg

Expressways (autóutak, singular - autóút) in Hungary:

M0 | M2 | M9 | M51 | M70 | M85 | M86

New motorway sections are being added to the existing network, which already connects many major economically important cities to the capital.

Bus transport

Bus transport between municipalities was provided by Volán Companies, twenty-four bus companies founded in 1970 and named after the regions they served. They also provided local transport in cities and towns that did not have their own public transport company (all cities except for Budapest, Miskolc, Pécs, Kaposvár and also Debrecen after 2009), and operated bus lines in cities where the local company operated only tram and trolley bus lines (Szeged and Debrecen, the latter until 2009, when DKV took over the bus lines). In early 2015 the 24 companies were organized into seven regional companies.

Railways

Rail transport map of Hungary Railway map of Hungary.png
Rail transport map of Hungary
Keleti Railway Station, Budapest Budapest-Keleti Palyaudvar - panoramio.jpg
Keleti Railway Station, Budapest

Note: Hungary and Austria jointly manage the cross-border standard-gauge railway between Győr Sopron Ebenfurt (GySEV/ROeEE), a distance of about 101 km in Hungary and 65 km in Austria.

In Budapest, the three main railway stations are the Eastern (Keleti), Western (Nyugati) and Southern (Déli), with other outlying stations like Kelenföld. Of the three, the Southern is the most modern but the Eastern and the Western are more decorative and architecturally interesting.

Other important railway stations countrywide include Szolnok (the most important railway intersection outside Budapest), Tiszai Railway Station in Miskolc and the stations of Pécs, Győr, Debrecen, Szeged and Székesfehérvár.

The only city with an underground railway system is Budapest with its Metro.

In Budapest there is also a suburban rail service in and around the city, operated under the name HÉV.

Rail system

Airports

Budapest Liszt Ferenc International Airport inside of SkyCourt Liszt Ferenc Repuloter 2-es terminal varocsarnok 05.JPG
Budapest Liszt Ferenc International Airport inside of SkyCourt
Heviz-Balaton Airport - inside Sarmellek Airport Terminal and Germania 737-700.jpg
Hévíz–Balaton Airport - inside

There are 43-45 airports in Hungary, including smaller, unpaved airports, too. The five international airports are Budapest-Liszt Ferenc, Debrecen Airport, Hévíz–Balaton International Airport (previously Sármellék, also called FlyBalaton for its proximity to Lake Balaton, Hungary's number one tourist attraction), Győr-Pér and Pécs-Pogány (as of 2015. there are no regular passenger flights from Győr-Pér and Pécs-Pogány). Malév Hungarian Airlines ceased operations in 2012.

Airports with paved runways

Total: 20 (1999 est.)

Airports with unpaved runways

Total: 27 (1999 est.)

International airports

List of airports in Hungary; The following are the largest airports in Hungary (In descending order for 2015):

Heliports

Hungary has five heliports. [1]

Waterways

1,373 km permanently navigable (1997)

Ports and harbors

The most important port is Budapest, the capital. Other important ones include Dunaújváros and Baja.

Ports on the Danube:

Ports on the Tisza:

Merchant marine

Transport in cities

Transport companies of cities

In the rest of the cities and towns local transport is provided by Volánbusz companies that also provide intercity bus lines.


Metro

BKV metro.svg

The Budapest Metro (Hungarian : Budapesti metró) is the rapid transit system in the Hungarian capital Budapest. Its line 1 (opened in 1896) is the oldest electrified underground railway on the European continent. The second (red) line was opened in 1970, third (blue) line was opened in 1976, the newest line is the fourth (green), it was opened in 2014.

Trams

Hungary road sign E-041.svg

The busiest traditional city tram line in the world is still route 4/6 in Budapest, where 50-meter long trams run at 120 to 180 second intervals [2] at peak time and are usually packed with people. A part of this route is the same as where electric trams made their world first run in 1887. Since the 2000s, the Budapest tram network has been improved, by ordering new trams (Combino Supra and CAF Urbos 3) as well as extending some lines (such as line 1 to Kelenföld railway station).

There were some towns, where narrow gauge railways were used as tram lines or interurban lines (for example: Sárospatak, Sátoraljaújhely, Békéscsaba, Békés, Cegléd). These lines were closed in the 1970s.

Trolleybus

Hungary road sign E-040.svg Trolleybuses can be found in three cities: Budapest, Debrecen and Szeged.

Pipelines

See also

Related Research Articles

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A number of public holidays and special events take place each year in Hungary.

MVK Zrt.

MVK Zrt. is the name of the transport company of the city of Miskolc, Hungary. Unlike the transport companies of many other cities, MVK Zrt. is independent from the company responsible for municipal transport in the county (Volánbusz) and is responsible only for the mass transportation in Miskolc and the nearby town Felsőzsolca. The buses are usually dark blue; the trams on Line 1 are yellow or red, on Line 2 are dark red. Miskolc has recently invested much in its public transportation. By the year 2016 90% of the company's vehicles will be low-floor.

Hungarian State Railways

Hungarian State Railways is the Hungarian national railway company, with divisions "MÁV START Zrt.", "MÁV-Gépészet Zrt." (maintenance) and "MÁV-Trakció Zrt.". The "MÁV Cargo Zrt" was sold to Austrian Federal Railways (ÖBB) in 2007. The head office is in Budapest.

Budapest Keleti railway station

Budapest Keleti (eastern) railway station is the main international and inter-city railway terminal in Budapest, Hungary.

Public transport in Debrecen

Public transport in Debrecen, Hungary, is provided by DKV

Highways in Hungary

Controlled-access highways in Hungary are dual carriageways, grade separated with controlled-access, designed for high speeds. The legislation amendments defined two types of highways: motorways and expressways.

Public transport in Szeged

Public transport in Szeged, Hungary is provided by two companies, SzKT and Volánbusz. The former company operates trams and trolley buses, while the latter operates buses. SzKT is owned by the city.

Ferenc Pfaff was a Hungarian architect and academic.

Kelenföld railway station

Kelenföld railway station is Budapest's fourth busiest railway station. Opened in 1861, it is situated south-west of the city centre, in Újbuda or District XI in the suburb Kelenföld.

Maszovlet

Maszovlet was a Hungarian airline founded on March 29, 1946. It was a predecessor of Malév.

Roads in Hungary

Hungarian road categories are as follows:

Trams in Budapest

The tram network of Budapest is part of the mass transit system of Budapest, the capital city of Hungary. The tram lines serve as the second most important backbone of the transit system, carrying almost 100 million more passengers annually than the Budapest Metro.

The 2013–14 Magyar Kupa was the 74th season of Hungary's annual knock-out cup football competition. It started with the first match of Round 1 on 7 August 2013 and ended with the Final held in May 2014 at Stadium Puskás Ferenc, Budapest. Debrecen were the defending champions, having won their sixth cup competition last season. The winner of the competition will qualify for the second qualifying round of the 2014–15 UEFA Europa League.

Hungarian Fencing Federation

The Hungarian Fencing Federation is the national organization for fencing in Hungary. It was founded in 1914 and has been affiliated to the International Fencing Federation since 1917. Its headquarters is in Budapest.

References

  1. "Hungary". Texas Tech University - Office of International Affairs.
  2. "Timetables | Budapesti Közlekedési Központ". www.bkk.hu. Retrieved 2017-02-06.