Public holidays in Thailand are regulated by the government, and most are observed by both the public and private sectors. There are usually nineteen public holidays in a year, but more may be declared by the cabinet. Other observances, both official and non-official, local and international, are observed to varying degrees throughout the country.
All public holidays are observed by government agencies, while the Bank of Thailand regulates bank holidays, which differ slightly from those observed by the government. Private businesses are required by the Labour Protection Act to observe at least 13 holidays per year, including National Labour Day, but may choose the other observances they follow.If a holiday falls on a weekend, one following workday is observed by the government as a compensatory holiday.
As of May 2019, there are 19 annual public holidays adopted by the cabinet:
|1 January||New Year's Day||วันขึ้นปีใหม่ (Wan Khuen Pi Mai)||Celebrates the start of the solar and Gregorian year. From 1889–1941, this was held on 1 April.|
|Full moon, 3rd Thai lunar month (February) a||Magha Puja b||วันมาฆบูชา (Wan Makhabucha)||Buddhist observance commemorating the Buddha's teaching of Ovada Patimokkha.|
|6 April||Chakri Memorial Day||วันจักรี (Wan Chakkri)||Commemorates the establishment of the Chakri Dynasty and the founding of Bangkok by King Phutthayotfa Chulalok in 1782. Officially known as King Phutthayotfa Chulalok the Great Day and Chakri Dynasty Memorial Day (วันพระบาทสมเด็จพระพุทธยอดฟ้าจุฬาโลกมหาราชและวันที่ระลึกมหาจักรีบรมราชวงศ์).|
|13–15 April||Songkran Festival||วันสงกรานต์ (Wan Songkran)||Traditional Thai new year, and the major holiday of the year. Many people return home for family reunions during this period. The first day is known as วันมหาสงกรานต์ (Wan Maha Songkran), the second as วันเนา (Wan Nao), and the third as วันเถลิงศก (Wan Thaloeng Sok). The 14th is also observed as Family Day.|
|4 May||Coronation Day||วันฉัตรมงคล (Wan Chattramongkhon)||Commemorates the coronation of King Maha Vajiralongkorn in 2019 and of his father, King Bhumibol Adulyadej, in 1950. Previously held on 5 May; cancelled in 2017 and re-established on 4 May in 2019 (beginning 2020).|
|May, arbitrary date||Royal Ploughing Ceremony and Farmer's Day c||วันพืชมงคล (Wan Phuetchamongkhon)||Ceremony giving blessing to the country's farmers. Officially known as วันพระราชพิธีพืชมงคลจรดพระนังคัลแรกนาขวัญ (Wan Phra Ratcha Phithi Phuetcha Monkhon Lae Charot Phra Nangkhan Raek Na Khwan). Also observed as Farmer's Day. Each year's date is astrologically determined and announced by the Bureau of the Royal Household.|
|Full moon, 6th Thai lunar month (May) a||Vesak b||วันวิสาขบูชา (Wan Wisakhabucha)||Buddhist observance commemorating the birth, enlightenment and passing of the Buddha. Also observed as National Tree Day.|
|3 June||Queen Suthida's Birthday||วันเฉลิมพระชนมพรรษาสมเด็จพระนางเจ้าสุทิดา พัชรสุธาพิมลลักษณ พระบรมราชินี (Wan Chaloem Phra Chonmaphansa Somdet Phra Nang Chao Suthida Phatcharasutha Phimon Lak Phra Borommarachini)||Commemorates the birth of Queen Suthida in 1978|
|28 July||King's Birthday||วันเฉลิมพระชนมพรรษาพระบาทสมเด็จพระวชิรเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว (Wan Chaloem Phra Chonmaphansa Phrabat Somdet Phra Vajira Klao Chao Yu Hua)||Commemorates the birth of King Maha Vajiralongkorn in 1952|
|Full moon, 8th Thai lunar month (July) a||Asalha Puja b||วันอาสาฬหบูชา (Wan Asanhabucha)||Buddhist observance commemorating the Buddha's first discourse, the Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta|
|First waning moon, 8th Thai lunar month (July) a||Beginning of Vassa b c||วันเข้าพรรษา (Wan Khao Phansa)||Buddhist observance marking the beginning of Vassa, also known as Buddhist Lent|
|12 August||The Queen Mother's Birthday||วันเฉลิมพระชนมพรรษาสมเด็จพระนางเจ้าสิริกิติ์ พระบรมราชินีนาถ พระบรมราชชนนีพันปีหลวง (Wan Chaloem Phra Chonmaphansa Somdet Phra Nang Chao Sirikit Phra Borommarachininat Phra Borommaracha Chanini Phanpi Luang)||Commemorates the birth of Queen Mother Sirikit in 1932; also observed as National Mother's Day (วันแม่แห่งชาติ; Wan Mae Haeng Chat).|
|13 October||King Bhumibol Adulyadej Memorial Day||วันคล้ายวันสวรรคตพระบาทสมเด็จพระบรมชนกาธิเบศร มหาภูมิพลอดุลยเดชมหาราช บรมนาถบพิตร (Wan Khlai Wan Sawankot Phra Bat Somdet Phra Boromchanakathibet Maha Bhumibol Adulyadej Maharaj Borommanatbophit)||Commemorates the passing of King Bhumibol Adulyadej in 2016.|
|23 October||King Chulalongkorn Day||วันปิยมหาราช (Wan Piyamaharat)||Commemorates the passing of King Chulalongkorn in 1910.|
|5 December||King Bhumibol Adulyadej's Birthday Anniversary||วันคล้ายวันพระบรมราชสมภพ พระบาทสมเด็จพระบรมชนกาธิเบศร มหาภูมิพลอดุลยเดชมหาราช บรมนาถบพิตร (Wan Khlai Wan Phra Boromracha Somphop Phrabat Somdet Phra Boromchanakathibet Maha Bhumibol Adulyadej Maharaj Borommanatbophit)||Commemorates the birth of King Bhumibol Adulyadej in 1927. Also observed as National Day and National Father's Day. The United Nations honoured the king for his work in soil science by naming his birthdate as World Soil Day.|
|10 December||Constitution Day||วันรัฐธรรมนูญ (Wan Ratthathammanun)||Commemorates the promulgation of the first permanent constitution in 1932.|
|31 December||New Year's Eve||วันสิ้นปี (Wan Sin Pi)||Final day of the solar year.|
Prior to 2016, there were 16 annual public holidays.With the passing of King Bhumibol Adulyadej, the list of annual public holidays for 2017 was revised by the cabinet in April 2017. Coronation Day, which was previously observed on 5 May, was temporarily removed, but will observed from 2020 onwards, with the new date of 4 May, which will be a double anniversary of the coronations of Kings Bhumibol Adulyadej (1950) and Vajiralongkorn (2019).
Two new public holidays from 2017 onwards are:
Chinese New Year, Eid ul-Fitr and Eid al-Adha are also observed as public holidays by government agencies in Narathiwat, Pattani, Yala and Satun Provinces (see below under § Other observances). Government offices under the Ministry of Defence and Ministry of Education may also observe the Thai Armed Forces Day (18 January) and Teachers' Day (16 January), respectively (see § National observances below).
Holidays observed by financial institutions (not to be confused with bank holidays in the United Kingdom) are regulated by the Bank of Thailand. These usually differ from government holidays in that banks do not observe the Royal Ploughing Ceremony day (Phuetchamongkhon) and the beginning of Vassa (Khao Phansa), but instead do observe 1 May as National Labour Day (see below under § National observances). Up until 2016, a mid-year bank holiday was also observed on 1 July (if that date did not fell on a weekend). (Prior to 2007, the beginning of Vassa was observed as a holiday rather than Asalha Puja.) Chinese New Year, Eid ul-Fitr and Eid al-Adha are also designated as holidays for financial institutions in Narathiwat, Pattani, Yala and Satun Provinces if they do not already fall on a weekend or holiday.
These observances are regulated by the government, but are not observed as holidays. Actual observance varies, and some are only observed by specific sectors.
|Date||Observance||Local name||Observed since||Remarks|
|2nd Saturday of January||National Children's Day||วันเด็กแห่งชาติ|
(Wan Dek Haeng Chat)
|1966||Widely celebrated, especially by governmental agencies, with many activities for children. Observed on this day since 1965; was observed on the first Monday of October from 1955–1964.|
|13 January||National Aviation Day||วันการบินแห่งชาติ|
(Wan Kanbin Haeng Chat)
|1995||Adopted 31 May 1994.|
|14 January||National Forest Conservation Day||วันอนุรักษ์ทรัพยากรป่าไม้ของชาติ|
(Wan Anurak Sapphayakon Pamai Khong Chat)
|1990||Observance promoting the conservation of the nation's forests and the work against deforestation. Adopted 9 January 1990.|
|16 January||Teachers' Day||วันครู|
|1957||Honours teachers countrywide. Schools may observe this day as a holiday, especially those under the authority of the Office of the Basic Education Commission. Adopted 1 December 1956.|
|18 January||Royal Thai Armed Forces Day||วันกองทัพไทย|
(Wan Kongthap Thai)
|1960||Commemorates King Naresuan's victorious elephant duel against the Burmese Uparaja, calculated to be in 1593. Observed on this date since 2007. Observed on 8 April from 1960 to 1980 (now observed as the foundation anniversay of the Ministry of Defense); observed on 25 January from 1981–2006.|
|2 February||Inventor's Day||วันนักประดิษฐ์|
|1995||Commemorates the patent registration of King Bhumibol's Chai Phatthana paddle wheel aerator in 1993. Adopted 10 May 1994.|
|3 February||Veterans' Day||วันทหารผ่านศึก|
(Wan Thahan Phan Suek)
|1958||Commemorates the founding of the War Veterans Organization of Thailand. Remembrance ceremonies are held at Victory Monument. Adopted 13 February 1957.|
|24 February||National Artist Day||วันศิลปินแห่งชาติ|
(Wan Sinlapin Haeng Chat)
|National Artists are honoured on this day, which commemorates King Rama II's birth.|
|26 February||Cooperatives Day||วันสหกรณ์|
|1967||Adopted 14 February 1967.|
|13 March||National Elephant Day||วันช้างไทย|
(Wan Chang Thai)
|1999||The observance was suggested by the Asian Elephant Foundation of Thailand and submitted to the Coordinating Subcommittee for the Conservation of Thai Elephants. The date was chosen because the Royal Forest Department designated the white elephant as the national animal of Thailand on 13 March 1963. Adopted 26 May 1998.|
|31 March||King Nangklao Memorial Day||"วันที่ |
|1993||Commemorates the birth anniversary of King Rama III. Adopted 1 September 1992.|
|1 April||Civil Service Day||วันข้าราชการพลเรือน|
(Wan Kharatchakan Phonlaruean)
|1979||Commemorates the enactment of the first Civil Service Act in 1928.|
|2 April||Thai Heritage Conservation Day||วันอนุรักษ์มรดกไทย|
(Wan Anurak Moradok Thai)
|1995||Commemorates the birthday of Princess Sirindhorn.|
|2 April||National Children's Book Day||วันหนังสือเด็กแห่งชาติ||2005||Adopted 22 February 2005.|
|8 April||Anniversary of the Ministry of Defense||วันสถาปนากระทรวงกลาโหม||1981||Adopted 13 June 1980.|
|9 April||Royal Thai Air Force Day||วันกองทัพอากาศ|
(Wan Kongthap Akat)
|1998||Foundation day of Royal Thai Air Force in 1937. Adopted 24 March 1998.|
|10 April||National Rubber Day||วันยางพาราแห่งชาติ||2005||Adopted 21 December 2004.|
|25 April||King Naresuan Day||วันสมเด็จพระนเรศวรมหาราช|
(Wan Somdet Phra Naresuan Maharat)
|2005||State ceremony. Naresuan died in 1605. Adopted 29 November 2005.|
|30 April||Consumer Protection Day||วันคุ้มครองผู้บริโภค|
(Wan Khumkhrong Phuboriphok)
|Observed since 1980.|
|1 May||National Labour Day||วันแรงงานแห่งชาติ|
(Wan Raeng-ngan Haeng Chat)
|1972||Coincides with International Workers' Day. Observed as a holiday by the Bank of Thailand and the private sector. Adopted 16 April 1972.|
|14 May||Thai Buffalo Conservation Day||วันอนุรักษ์ควายไทย||2017||Adopted 7 March 2017.|
|30 May||King Prajadhipok Day||วันพระบาทสมเด็จพระปกเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว||2002||State ceremony. Adopted 7 May 2002.|
|9 June||Ananda Mahidol Day||วันที่ระลึกคล้ายวันสวรรคตพระบาทสมเด็จพระปรเมนทรมหาอานันทมหิดล พระอัฐมรามาธิบดินทร|
(Wan Thi Raluek Khlai Wan Sawankhot Phra Bat Somdet Phra Poramen Maha Ananthamahidon Phra Atthamaramathibodin)
|2015||King Ananda Mahidol died in 1946. Adopted 12 May 2015.|
|25 June||National Iodine Day||วันไอโอดีนแห่งชาติ||2003||Commemorates the awarding of the ICCIDD Gold Medal to King Bhumibol Adulyadej in 1997. Adopted 27 August 2002.|
|26 June||Sunthorn Phu Day||วันสุนทรภู่|
(Wan Sunthon Phu)
|Commemorates the birth of Sunthorn Phu in 1786.|
|29 July||National Thai Language Day||วันภาษาไทยแห่งชาติ|
(Wan Phasa Thai Haeng Chat)
|1999||King Bhumibol's public discorse with the Thai Language Club of the Faculty of Arts, Chulalongkorn University on 29 July 1962|
|1 August||Thai Women's Day||วันสตรีไทย|
(Wan Satri Thai)
|2003||Honors Queen Mother Sirikit. Adopted 29 July 2003.|
|16 August||Thai Peace Day||วันสันติภาพไทย|
(Wan Santiphap Thai)
|1995||Memorial Day honoring the anniversary since the conclusion of hostilities in World War II. Adopted 8 August 1995.|
|18 August||National Science Day||วันวิทยาศาสตร์แห่งชาติ|
(Wan Witthayasat Haeng Chat)
|1982||Commemorates King Mongkut's prediction and observation of a total solar eclipse in 1868. Adopted 14 April 1982.|
|9 September||Huai Kha Khaeng Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuaries World Heritage Day||วันเขตรักษาพันธุ์สัตว์ป่าห้วยขาแข้ง ทุ่งใหญ่นเรศวร มรดกโลก||1995||Adopted 4 July 1995.|
|19 September||Thai Museum Day||วันพิพิธภัณฑ์ไทย||1995||Adopted 16 May 1995.|
|20 September||National Youth Day||วันเยาวชนแห่งชาติ|
(Wan Yaowachon Haeng Chat)
|Commemorates the birth dates of Kings Chulalongkorn and Ananda Mahidol.|
|20 September||National Canal Conservation Day||วันอนุรักษ์รักษาดูคลองแห่งชาติ||1995||Adopted 29 August 1995.|
|24 September||Mahidol Day||วันมหิดล|
|Commemorates the passing of Prince Father Mahidol Adulyadej, the "Father of Thai Modern Medicine".|
|28 September||Thai National Flag Day||วันพระราชทานธงชาติไทย|
(Wan Phraratchathan Thongchat Thai)
|2017||King Vajiravudh officially gave sanction to the current flag of Thailand in 1917. Adopted 20 September 2016.|
|1 October||King Rama IV Memorial Day||วันรัฐพิธีที่ระลึกพระบาทสมเด็จพระจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว||2014||State ceremony. Adopted 22 July 2014. Observed on 18 October from 2011 to 2013.|
|14 October||14 October Democracy Day||วัน 14 ตุลา ประชาธิปไตย||2003||Commemorates the 14 October 1973 uprising. Adopted 26 August 2003.|
|17 October||National Police Day||วันตำรวจ|
|2017||Former 13 October (Since 1915-2016)|
|21 October||National Nurses' Day||วันพยาบาลแห่งชาติ|
(Wan Phayaban Haeng Chat)
|1990||Commemorates the birth of Srinagarindra the Princess Mother. Adopted 4 April 1990.|
|21 October||National Annual Tree Loving Day||วันรักต้นไม้ประจำปีของชาติ||1990||Adopted 15 October 1990.|
|21 October||National Dental Hygiene Day||วันทันตสาธารณสุขแห่งชาติ||1989||Adopted 4 July 1989.|
|3rd Sunday of November||World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims||วันรำลึกผู้สูญเสียจากอุบัติเหตุทางถนนโลก||2013||Adopted 15 January 2013.|
|25 November||King Vajiravudh Memorial Day||วันสมเด็จพระมหาธีรราชเจ้า|
(Wan Somdet Phra Maha Thirarat Chao)
|2003||Commemorates the passing of King Vajiravudh in 1925. Adopted 2 September 2003.|
|27 November||National Health-Building Day||วันสร้างสุขภาพแห่งชาติ||2002||Adopted 19 November 2002.|
|1 December||Damrong Rajanubhab Day||วันดำรงราชานุภาพ|
|2001||Commemorates the passing of Prince Damrong Rajanubhab. Adopted 27 November 2001.|
|4 December||Thai Environment Day||วันสิ่งแวดล้อมไทย|
(Wan Singwaetlom Thai)
|1991||Adopted 12 November 1991.|
|16 December||National Sports Day||วันกีฬาแห่งชาติ|
(Wan Kila Haeng Chat)
|1986||Commemorates King Bhumibol's gold medal in sailing at the 1967 Southeast Asian Peninsular Games.|
|28 December||King Taksin Memorial Day||วันที่ระลึกสมเด็จพระเจ้าตากสินมหาราช|
(Wan Thi Raluek Somdet Phra Chao Tak Sin Maharat)
|Commemorates the accession of King Taksin in 1768.|
Other observances, traditional and modern, are observed by various groups and communities throughout the country.
|4 January||Cavalry and Armor Day||วันทหารม้า (Wan Thahan Ma)||The Thai people have seen the importance of bravery in Ban Phran Nok in Ayutthaya period of King Taksin the Great while still a Praya Wachiraprakan. Celebrates the role of the Cavalry Branch of the Royal Thai Army in Thai military history.|
|17 January||National Dairy Day||วันโคนมแห่งชาติ (Wan Khonom Haeng Chat)||Marking the inauguration of the Thai-Danish Dairy Farming and Training Center on 16 January 1962 by King Bhumibol Adulyadej and King Frederick IX of Denmark. Observed since 1987.|
|1st day of the Chinese calendar (January,February)||Chinese New Year||วันตรุษจีน (Wan Trut Chin)||Observed by Thai Chinese and parts of the private sector. Usually celebrated for three days, starting on the day before the Chinese New Year's Eve. Chinese New Year is observed as a public holiday in Narathiwat, Pattani, Yala, Satun and Songkhla Provinces.|
|2 February||National Agriculture Day||วันเกษตรแห่งชาติ (Wan Kaset Haeng Chat)|
|10 February||Volunteer Defense's Day||วันอาสารักษาดินแดน (Wan Asa Raksa Dindaen)||Foundation day of Volunteer Defense Corps.|
|14 February||Valentine's Day||วันวาเลนไทน์||Western holiday devoted to romance and love, imported in recent decades. A popular day for weddings.|
|25 February||National Radio Day||วันวิทยุกระจายเสียงแห่งชาติ (Wan Witthayu Krachai Siang Haeng Chat)|
|5 March||Journalist's Day||วันนักข่าว (Wan Nakkhao)|
|8th waning moon, 6th Thai lunar month (May–June) a||Atthami Puja||วันอัฐมีบูชา (Wan Atthamibucha)||Buddhist observance commemorating the Buddha's cremation.|
|5th day, 5th Chinese lunar month||Duanwu Festival||วันไหว้ขนมจ้าง (Wan Wai Khanom Chang)||Chinese festival|
|1 July||National Scout Organization Day||วันสถาปนาลูกเสือแห่งชาติ (Wan Sathapana Luksuea Haeng Chat)||King Vajiravudh founded the National Scout Organization of Thailand on this day in 1911.|
|15th day, 7th Chinese lunar month (August) a||Ghost Festival||วันสารทจีน (Wan Sat Chin)||Known as Sat Chin to differentiate from Sat Thai (see below)|
|4 September||Royal Thai Navy Submarine Memorial Day||วันเรือดำน้ำไทย (Wan Ruea Dam Nam Thai)|
|15 September||Silpa Bhirasri Day||วันศิลป์ พีระศรี (Wan Sin Phirasi)|
|15th day, 8th Chinese lunar month (September) a||Moon Festival||วันไหว้พระจันทร์ (Wan Wai Phrachan)||Chinese festival|
|New moon, 10th Thai lunar month (September–October) a||Sat Thai Day||วันสารทไทย (Wan Sat Thai)||Traditional mid-year festival, now celebrated mostly in Nakhon Si Thammarat|
|1st–9th days, 9th Chinese lunar month (September–October) a||Vegetarian Festival||เทศกาลกินเจ (Thetsakan Kin Che)||Usually corresponds with Sat Thai Day, depending on the differences between the Thai and Chinese lunar calendars.|
|Full moon, 11th Thai lunar month (October) a||Pavarana/Wan Ok Phansa b||วันออกพรรษา||Marks the end of the three-month Vassa and the beginning of the Kathina period the following day.|
|Full moon, 12th Thai lunar month (November) a||Loy Krathong||วันลอยกระทง (Wan Loi Krathong)||Observed as Yi Peng festival (ยี่เป็ง) in Chiangmai.|
|20 November||Royal Thai Navy Day||วันกองทัพเรือ (Wan Kongthap Ruea)||Foundation day of Royal Thai Navy in 1906.|
|25 December||Christmas||วันคริสต์มาส||Christian holiday celebrating the birth of Jesus Christ. Religious for Christians and widely observed commercially.|
|1 Shawwal in the Islamic calendar||Eid al-Fitr||วันตรุษอีดิ้ลฟิตรี (วันรายอปอซอ)||Muslim holiday celebrating the end of the fasting month of Ramadan. Observed as a public holiday in Narathiwat, Pattani, Yala, Satun and Songkhla Provinces.|
|10 Dhu al-Hijjah in the Islamic calendar||Eid al-Adha||วันตรุษอีดิ้ลอัฎฮา (วันรายอฮัจยี)||Muslim holiday commemorating the willingness of Ibrahim to sacrifice his son Ismael as an act of obedience to Allah. Observed as a public holiday in Narathiwat, Pattani, Yala, Satun and Songkhla Provinces.|
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The Thai identity card is an official identity document issued to Thai nationals between the age of 7 and 70 years. It was first introduced in 1943 when Plaek Phibunsongkram was the Prime Minister. The minimum age was originally 16 years but later altered to 15 in 1983 and 7 in 2011.
Thammasat University Hospital is a public hospital subsidiary to the Office of the Rector, Thammasat University, Ministry of Education. It is located in the Rangsit Campus, Pathum Thani Province, Thailand.
The Criminal Court is a Thai court of justice of first instance responsible for the application of criminal law in Bangkok. The court is located on Ratchadaphisek Road and is colloquially called "Ratchada Criminal Court" (ศาลอาญารัชดาฯ).
Suthida Bajrasudhabimalalakshana, born Suthida Tidjai, is the Queen consort of Thailand as the fourth wife of King Vajiralongkorn. Before their marriage, she was a flight attendant.
Khun Ying Patama Leeswadtrakul is a Thai businessperson, and sports administrator. She is the chairperson of Arnoma Grand in Pathum Wan, Bangkok, and Felix River Kwai in Kanchanaburi, and managing director of GSTEL. She is also a senior expert director of Thailand Institute of Justice, and Office of Contemporary Art and Culture in National Council for Peace and Order era. As sports administrator, She is a member of the International Olympic Committee, a deputy president of Badminton World Federation, an executive member of Olympic Council of Asia and National Olympic Committee of Thailand, and the president of Badminton Association of Thailand Under Royal Patronage of His Majesty the King.
The Nationalist Party is a political party of Thailand founded on 6 February 1956 by Net Poonwiwat was leader and Paisal Chatbood was secretary-general. The Nationalist Party won four seats in the general election of February 1957, which decreased to one seat in another general election held in December that year. Following a coup d'etat on 20 October 1958, the party was ordered to be dissolved by the military junta.
Speed limits in Thailand are a set of maximum speeds applicable on any road in Thailand. For small cars that weigh less than 1,200 kg, the maximum limits within the built-up area and outside are 80 and 90 km/h respectively. The exception applies to motorways, in which small cars can use up to 120 km/h. Heavier cars, buses and trailer have more restrictive limits. Despite having the general maximum speed limits, the limits may be altered by a roadside sign.
The Royal Security Command is a Thai royal agency having the status of a juristic person reporting directly to King Vajiralongkorn.