Regions of Thailand

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Thailand six regions.svg
Six-region division system
Thailand four regions.svg
Four-region division system
Thailand meteorological regions.svg
Meteorological division system

Thailand is variably divided into different sets of regions, the most notable of which are the six-region grouping used in geographic studies, and the four-region grouping consistent with the Monthon administrative regional grouping system formerly used by the Ministry of Interior. These regions are the largest subdivisions of the country.


In contrast to the administrative divisions of the provinces of Thailand, the regions no longer have an administrative character, but are used for statistical or academic purposes.

Grouping systems

A six-region system is commonly used for geographical and scientific purposes. This system dates to 1935. [1] It was formalised in 1977 by the National Geographical Committee, which was appointed by the National Research Council. It divides the country into the following regions:

The four-region system, used in some administrative and statistical contexts, and also as a loose cultural grouping, includes the western and eastern regions within the central region, while grouping the provinces of Sukhothai, Phitsanulok, Phichit, Kamphaeng Phet, Phetchabun, Nakhon Sawan, and Uthai Thani in the northern region. This is also the regional system most commonly used on national television, when discussing regional events. It divides the country into the following regions:

The Thai Meteorological Department divides the country into six regions for meteorological purposes. [2] It differs from the four-region system in that the east is regarded as a separate region, the south is divided into east and west coasts, and Nakhon Sawan and Uthai Thani are grouped in the central region.


ProvincesSix-region (geographical)Four-region (political)Six-region (meteorological)
Amnat Charoen, Bueng Kan, Buri Ram, Chaiyaphum, Kalasin, Khon Kaen, Loei, Maha Sarakham, Mukdahan, Nakhon Phanom, Nakhon Ratchasima, Nong Bua Lamphu, Nong Khai, Roi Et, Sakon Nakhon, Si Sa Ket, Surin, Ubon Ratchathani, Udon Thani, Yasothon NortheastNortheastNortheast
Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Lampang, Lamphun, Mae Hong Son, Nan, Phayao, Phrae, Uttaradit NorthNorthNorth
Tak West
Sukhothai, Phitsanulok, Phichit, Kamphaeng Phet, Phetchabun Central
Nakhon Sawan, Uthai Thani Central
Ang Thong, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Bangkok, Chai Nat, Lop Buri, Nakhon Pathom, Nonthaburi, Pathum Thani, Samut Prakan, Samut Sakhon, Samut Songkhram, Saraburi, Sing Buri, Suphan Buri Central
Nakhon Nayok East
Chachoengsao, Chanthaburi, Chon Buri, Prachin Buri, Rayong, Sa Kaeo, Trat East
Kanchanaburi, Ratchaburi WestCentral
Phetchaburi, Prachuap Khiri Khan South, east coast
Chumphon, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Narathiwat, Pattani, Phatthalung, Songkhla, Surat Thani, Yala SouthSouth
Krabi, Phang Nga, Phuket, Ranong, Satun, Trang South, west coast

Regional economic disparities

Thailand's economic activities are concentrated in Bangkok and the central region. In 2013, the central region's gross regional product (GRP) contributed 40.9 percent to Thailand's GDP. Other regions accounted for 10.9 percent (northeastern); 8.8 percent (northern); and 8.6 percent (southern). GRP per capita varied. The average GRP per capita of the central region was 280,734 baht, while that of the northeastern region was 74,532 baht. [3]

Human Development Regions

This is a list of the 4 Thai regions and the capital city of Bangkok by Human Development Index as of 2020 with data for the year 2018. [4]

Very High Human Development
RankRegion2018 HDIComparable country (2018) [5]
1 Bangkok 0.813Flag of Barbados.svg  Barbados
High Human Development
2 Central Thailand (without Bangkok)0.768Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Bosnia and Herzegovina, Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand 0.765Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico, Flag of Grenada.svg  Grenada
3 Southern Thailand 0.755Flag of Azerbaijan.svg  Azerbaijan
4 Northeastern Thailand 0.749Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
5 Northern Thailand 0.747Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic, Flag of Saint Lucia.svg  Saint Lucia

See also

Related Research Articles

Surat Thani Province Largest province of Thailand

Surat Thani, often shortened to Surat, is the largest of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. It lies on the western shore of the Gulf of Thailand. Surat Thani means 'city of good people', a title given to the city by King Vajiravudh ; Surat Thani is therefore the sole province in Southern Thailand for which the native name is in the Central Thai language.

Isan Region in Nakhon Ratchasima

Northeast Thailand or Isan consists of 20 provinces in the northeastern region of Thailand. Isan is Thailand's largest region, located on the Khorat Plateau, bordered by the Mekong River to the north and east, by Cambodia to the southeast and the Sankamphaeng Range south of Nakhon Ratchasima. To the west it is separated from northern and central Thailand by the Phetchabun Mountains. Isan covers 160,000 km2 (62,000 sq mi) making it about half the size of Germany and roughly the size of England and Wales.

Central Thailand Region in Bangkok

Central Thailand is one of the regions of Thailand, covering the broad alluvial plain of the Chao Phraya River. It is separated from northeast Thailand (Isan) by the Phetchabun mountain range. The Tenasserim Hills separate it from Myanmar to the west. In the north it is bounded by the Phi Pan Nam Range, one of the hilly systems of northern Thailand. The area was the heartland of the Ayutthaya Kingdom, and is still the dominant area of Thailand, containing as it does, the world's most primate city, Bangkok.

Nakhon Sawan Province Province of Thailand

Nakhon Sawan is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat) lies in lower northern Thailand. Neighbouring provinces are Kamphaeng Phet, Phichit, Phetchabun, Lopburi, Sing Buri, Chai Nat, Uthai Thani, and Tak.

Uthai Thani Province Province of Thailand

Uthai Thani, one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat) lies in lower northern Thailand. Neighboring provinces are Nakhon Sawan, Chai Nat, Suphan Buri, Kanchanaburi and Tak. It lies somewhat off the route between Bangkok, 200 km distant and Chiang Mai.

Saraburi Province Province of Thailand

Saraburi is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are Lopburi, Nakhon Ratchasima, Nakhon Nayok, Pathum Thani, and Ayutthaya. It is believed to have been constructed in the year 1548 during the reign of King Maha Chakkraphat of Ayutthaya as a centre for recruiting troops.

Monthon were administrative subdivisions of Thailand at the beginning of the 20th century. The Thai word monthon is a translation of the word mandala, in its sense of a type of political formation. The monthon were created as a part of the Thesaphiban bureaucratic administrative system, introduced by Prince Damrong Rajanubhab which, together with the monthon, established step-by-step today's present provinces (changwat), districts (amphoe), and communes (tambon) throughout Thailand. Each monthon was led by a royal commissioner called Thesaphiban (เทศาภิบาล), later renamed to Samuhathesaphiban (สมุหเทศาภิบาล). The system was officially adopted by the 1897 Local Administration Act, after some monthon had been established and administrative details were sorted out.

Northern Thailand Region in Chiang Mai

Northern Thailand is geographically characterised by several mountain ranges, which continue from the Shan Hills in bordering Myanmar to Laos, and the river valleys which cut through them. Though like most of Thailand, it has a tropical savanna climate, its relatively high elevation and latitude contribute to more pronounced seasonal temperature variation, with cooler winters than the other regions. Historically it is related to the Lanna Kingdom and its culture.

State Railway of Thailand

The State Railway of Thailand (SRT) is the state-owned rail operator under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Transport in Thailand.

Sakae Krang River

The Sakae Krang River is a tributary of the Chao Phraya River. It originates in Mae Wong National Park, Nakhon Sawan Province. It is 225 kilometres (140 mi) long, with most of its length in Uthai Thani Province. It joins the Chao Phraya River in Uthai Thani city near the Wat Tha Sung.

Phayuha Khiri District District in Nakhon Sawan, Thailand

Phayuha Khiri is a district (amphoe) in Nakhon Sawan Province, central Thailand.

Mueang Uthai Thani District District in Uthai Thani, Thailand

Mueang Uthai Thani is the capital district of Uthai Thani Province, northern Thailand.

Manorom District District in Chai Nat, Thailand

Manorom is a district (amphoe) in the northeastern part of Chai Nat Province, central Thailand.

The 2010 Regional League Division 2 was contested by the five regional league winners and runners up of the 3rd level championships of Thailand. The two best 3rd placed teams from the regional leagues also take part

The 2011 Regional League Division 2 was the 6th season of the Regional League Division 2, it had redirected from the division 2, since its establishment in 2006. The 77 clubs will be divided into 5 groups (regions).

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1967 Thailand National Games

The 1967 Thailand National Games, officially known as the I Thailand National Games, and commonly known as Phra Nakhon 1967, was a multi-sport event held in Bangkok, Thailand, from 1 to 5 November 1967 with 103 events in 15 sports and disciplines featured in the games. This was Bangkok's first time to host the Thailand National Games. A total of 716 athletes from 5 regions participated in the games.

The Thai League Cup is a knock-out football tournament played in Thai sport. Some games are played as a single match, others are played as two-legged contests. The 2016 Thai League Cup kicked off on 6 February 2016. The Thai League Cup has been readmitted back into Thai football after a 10-year absence. The Thai League Cup is sponsored by Toyota thus naming it Toyota League Cup. The prize money for this prestigious award is said to be around 5 million baht and the runners-up will be netting 1 million baht.

2016 Regional League Division 2 Central Region is the 1st season of the League competition since its establishment in 2016. It is in the third tier of the Thai football league system. The league winners and runners up will qualify for the 2016 Regional League Division 2 champions league round. This zone is broken from 2015 Thai Division 2 League Central & Eastern Region and 2015 Thai Division 2 League Central & Western Region

Provincial Electricity Authority

The Provincial Electricity Authority (PEA) is a Thai state enterprise under the Ministry of Interior. Established on 28 September 1960 by the Provincial Electricity Authority Act 1960 —which are served by the Metropolitan Electricity Authority.


  1. Mundus. Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft. 1981. p. 65. Retrieved 17 January 2012.
  2. "Home; Weather". Thai Meteorlogical Department. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
  3. "The Twelfth National Economic and Social Development Plan, 2017–2021". Office of the National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB). pp. 58–59. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
  4. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2020-03-08.
  5. "Human Development Report 2019 – "Human Development Indices and Indicators"" (PDF). HDRO (Human Development Report Office) United Nations Development Programme. pp. 22–25. Retrieved 4 December 2018.