Bank holiday

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A bank holiday is a national public holiday in the United Kingdom and the Crown Dependencies, and a colloquial term for a public holiday in the Republic of Ireland. In the United Kingdom, the term refers to all public holidays, be they set out in statute, declared by royal proclamation, or held by convention under common law. [1] [2] In the Republic of Ireland, there are some bank holidays, which are not public holidays. [3]


The term "bank holiday" refers to the fact that banking institutions typically close for business on such holidays, as they once used to do on certain saint's days. [4]

List of current holidays

Current bank and public holidays
DateNameEngland and
Wales [5] (8)
Scotland [5] (9)Northern
Ireland [6] (10)
Republic of
Ireland [7] (10)
Isle of Man [8]
Jersey and
Guernsey (9)
1 January New Year's Day Green check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg
2 January [note 1] 2 JanuaryGreen check.svg
First Monday in February, or 1 February if the date falls on a Friday Imbolc / Saint Brigid's DayGreen check.svg
17 March [note 1] Saint Patrick's Day Green check.svgGreen check.svg
The Friday before Easter Sunday Good Friday Green check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg
The Monday after Easter Sunday Easter Monday Green check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg
First Monday in May [note 2] [note 3] Early May bank holiday Green check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg
9 May Liberation Day Green check.svg
Last Monday in May [note 4] Spring Bank Holiday / Late May Bank HolidayGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg
First Monday in JuneJune Bank HolidayGreen check.svg
First Friday in June Senior Race Day Green check.svg
5 July [note 1] Tynwald Day Green check.svg
12 July [note 1] The Twelfth (Battle of the Boyne)Green check.svg
First Monday in AugustSummer Bank HolidayGreen check.svgGreen check.svg
Last Monday in August August Bank Holiday Green check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg
Last Monday in October October Bank Holiday Green check.svg
30 November [note 1] St Andrew's Day Green check.svg
25 December [note 5] Christmas Day Green check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg
26 December [note 5] [note 6] Boxing Day / St Stephen's Day Green check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 When the stated date falls on a Saturday or Sunday, the following Monday is normally designated a bank holiday instead. When Christmas Day and New Year's Day fall on a Saturday (and thus 26 December and 2 January on a Sunday), the following Tuesday 28 December (and Tuesday 4 January in Scotland) are also bank holidays.
  2. In 1995 this holiday was moved to Monday 8 May and in 2020 to Friday 8 May – to commemorate the 50th and 75th anniversary of VE Day.
  3. In 2011 an additional public holiday was declared to ensure that most people would have a chance to celebrate the Wedding of Prince William and Catherine Middleton, making a four-day weekend as May Day was on the following Monday. [9]
  4. In 2002, 2012, and 2022 this holiday was moved to early June to mark Queen Elizabeth II's Golden, Diamond, and Platinum Jubilees. All three were paired with a second extra holiday to create a four-day weekend.
  5. 1 2 When Christmas Day falls on a Saturday (and thus 26 December on a Sunday), and when Christmas Day falls on a Sunday (and thus 26 December on a Monday), the Monday following Christmas Day is designated a bank holiday by the 1971 Act.
  6. When Christmas Day falls on a Saturday (and thus 26 December on a Sunday), the following Tuesday 28 December is also normally designated a bank holiday by proclamation. See e.g. "No. 63425". The London Gazette . 23 July 2021. p. 13140. When Christmas Day falls on a Sunday (and thus 26 December on a Monday), the following Tuesday 27 December is designated a bank holiday by the 1971 Act.

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Boxing Day</span> Commonwealth nations holiday on 26 December

Boxing Day is a holiday celebrated after Christmas Day, occurring on the second day of Christmastide. Boxing Day was once a day to donate gifts to those in need, but it has evolved to become a part of Christmas festivities, with many people choosing to shop for deals on Boxing Day. It originated in the United Kingdom and is celebrated in several Commonwealth nations. The attached bank holiday or public holiday may take place on 28 December if necessary to ensure it falls on a weekday. Boxing Day is also concurrent with the Christian festival Saint Stephen's Day.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Whitsun</span> Name for Christian holy day Pentecost

Whitsun is the name used in Britain, and other countries among Anglicans and Methodists, for the Christian holy day of Pentecost. It falls on the seventh Sunday after Easter and commemorates the descent of the Holy Spirit upon Christ's disciples. In England it took on some characteristics of Beltane, which originated from the pagan celebration of Summer's Day, the beginning of the summer half-year, in Europe. Whitsuntide, the week following Whitsunday, was one of three holiday weeks for the medieval villein; on most manors he was free from service on the lord's demesne this week, which marked a pause in the agricultural year. Whit Monday, the day after Whitsun, remained a holiday in Britain until 1971 when, with effect from 1972, the ruling Conservative Government decided to permanently replace it, following a five year trial period, with a Spring Bank Holiday on the last Monday in May. Whit had been the occasion for many varied forms of celebration, and was of significant cultural importance. It was a custom for children to receive a new set of clothes, even among the poorest families, a tradition which continued well into the 20th century.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Veterans Day</span> Federal holiday in the United States

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These are the public holidays observed in Ireland. Public holidays in Ireland may commemorate a special day or other event, such as Saint Patrick's Day or Christmas Day. On public holidays, most businesses and schools close. Other services, for example, public transport, still operate but often with reduced schedules.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Federal holidays in the United States</span> U.S. government holidays

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Public holidays in New Zealand</span>

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">King's Official Birthday</span> Public holiday in Commonwealth realms

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Public holidays in South Africa</span> Public holidays of the Republic of South Africa

A list of current public holidays in South Africa:

In the United Kingdom, public holidays are days on which most businesses and non-essential services are closed. Many retail businesses do open on some of the public holidays. There are restrictions on trading on Sundays, Easter Day and Christmas Day in England and Wales and on New Year's Day and Christmas Day in Scotland. Public holidays defined by statute are called "bank holidays", but this term can also be used to include common law holidays, which are held by convention. The term "public holidays" can refer exclusively to common law holidays.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bank Holidays Act 1871</span> United Kingdom legislation

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">St Andrew's Day Bank Holiday (Scotland) Act 2007</span> United Kingdom legislation

The St Andrew's Day Bank Holiday (Scotland) Act 2007 is an Act of the Scottish Parliament that officially designates St. Andrew's Day to be a bank holiday in Scotland.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Public and bank holidays in Scotland</span> Overview of public holidays in Scotland, United Kingdom

Bank holidays in Scotland are determined under the Banking and Financial Dealings Act 1971 and the St Andrew's Day Bank Holiday (Scotland) Act 2007. Unlike the rest of the United Kingdom, most bank holidays are not recognised as statutory public holidays in Scotland, as most public holidays are determined by local authorities across Scotland. Some of these may be taken in lieu of statutory holidays, while others may be additional holidays, although many companies, including the Royal Mail, do not follow all the holidays listed below; and many swap between English and local holidays. Many large shops and supermarkets continue to operate normally during public holidays, especially since there are no restrictions such as Sunday trading rules in Scotland.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Holidays with paid time off in the United States</span>

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  1. Pyper, Doug (18 December 2015). "Briefing paper - Bank and public holidays" (PDF). House of Commons Library.
  2. "UK bank holidays". 17 March 2014. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
  3. Ryan-Christensen, Aoife (2 February 2024). "All you need to know about bank holidays in Ireland". RTÉ.ie .
  4. "bank holiday". Britannica. Retrieved 5 September 2022.
  5. 1 2 Bank holidays and British Summer Time, Directgov, archived from the original on 13 May 2012, retrieved 15 April 2012
  6. Bank holidays, NIDirect, 6 April 2012, retrieved 15 April 2012
  7. Public holidays, Citizens Information Board, 20 January 2020
  8. "Bank Holidays". Government of the Isle of Man. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  9. "Royal Wedding: Prince William and Kate set date". BBC. 23 November 2010. Archived from the original on 24 November 2010. Retrieved 23 November 2010.