List of cities and towns in Georgia (country)

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Cities and towns in Georgia.svg
Cities and towns in Georgia
Cities and towns in Georgia by population size.svg
Cities and towns in Georgia by population size

The following list of Georgian cities is divided into three lists for Georgia itself, and the disputed territories of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Although not recognized by most countries, Abkhazia and South Ossetia have been de facto independent since, respectively, 1992 and 1991 and occupied by Russia since 2008 Russo-Georgian War.

Contents

Cities and towns in Georgia

This is a list of the cities and towns (Georgian: ქალაქი, k'alak'i) in Georgia, according to the 2014 census data of the Department of Statistics of Georgia. [1] The list does not include the smaller urban-type settlements categorized in Georgia as daba (დაბა). The list also does not include cities and towns in the disputed territories of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

RankNameName in GeorgianPopulation 1989Population 2002Population 2020 Administrative Region
1. Tbilisi თბილისი1,243,2001,073,3001,184,282 Tbilisi (capital region)
2. Batumi ბათუმი136,900121,800204,156 Adjara
3. Kutaisi ქუთაისი232,500186,000147,635 Imereti
4. Rustavi რუსთავი159,000116,400125,103 Kvemo Kartli
5. Gori გორი67,80049,50048,143 Shida Kartli
6. Zugdidi ზუგდიდი49,60068,90042,998 Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti
7. Poti ფოთი50,60047,10041,465 Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti
8. Kobuleti ქობულეთი20,60018,60027,546 Adjara
9. Khashuri ხაშური31,70028,60026,135 Shida Kartli
10. Samtredia სამტრედია34,30029,80025,318 Imereti
11. Senaki სენაკი28,90028,10021,596 Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti
12. Zestafoni ზესტაფონი25,90024,20020,814 Imereti
13. Marneuli მარნეული27,10020,10020,211 Kvemo Kartli
14. Telavi თელავი27,80021,80019,629 Kakheti
15. Akhaltsikhe ახალციხე24,70018,50018,903 Samtskhe-Javakheti
16. Ozurgeti ოზურგეთი23,30018,70014,785 Guria
17. Kaspi კასპი17,10015,20013,423 Shida Kartli
18. Chiatura ჭიათურა28,90013,80012,803 Imereti
19. Tsqaltubo წყალტუბო17,40016,80011,281 Imereti
20. Sagarejo საგარეჯო14,40012,60010,871 Kakheti
21. Gardabani გარდაბანი17,00011,90010,753 Kvemo Kartli
22. Borjomi ბორჯომი17,80014,40010,546 Samtskhe-Javakheti
23. Tkibuli ტყიბული22,00014,5009,770 Imereti
24. Khoni ხონი14,30011,3008,987 Imereti
25. Bolnisi ბოლნისი14,9009,9008,967 Kvemo Kartli
26. Akhalkalaki ახალქალაქი15,2009,8008,295 Samtskhe-Javakheti
27. Gurjaani გურჯაანი12,60010,0008,024 Kakheti
28. Mtskheta მცხეთა8,9007,7007,940 Mtskheta-Mtianeti
29. Kvareli ყვარელი11,3009,0007,739 Kakheti
30. Akhmeta ახმეტა8,9008,6007,105 Kakheti
31. Kareli ქარელი8,3007,2006,654 Shida Kartli
32. Lanchkhuti ლანჩხუთი9,0007,9006,395 Guria
33. Tsalenjikha წალენჯიხა9,3009,0006,388 Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti
34. Dusheti დუშეთი8,5007,3006,167 Mtskheta-Mtianeti
35. Sachkhere საჩხერე7,8006,7006,140 Imereti
36. Dedoplistsqaro დედოფლისწყარო10,1007,7005,940 Kakheti
37. Lagodekhi ლაგოდეხი9,0006,9005,918 Kakheti
38. Ninotsminda ნინოწმინდა6,9006,3005,144 Samtskhe-Javakheti
39. Abasha აბაშა7,2006,4004,941 Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti
40. Tsnori წნორი2,9006,1004,815 Kakheti
41. Terjola თერჯოლა6,3005,5004,644 Imereti
42. Martvili მარტვილი6,0005,6004,425 Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti
43. Jvari ჯვარი5,1004,8004,361 Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti
44. Khobi ხობი6,6005,6004,242 Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti
45. Vani ვანი6,4004,6003,744 Imereti
46. Baghdati ბაღდათი5,5004,7003,707 Imereti
47. Vale ვალე6,3005,0003,646 Samtskhe-Javakheti
48. Tetritsqaro თეთრი წყარო8,6004,0003,093 Kvemo Kartli
49. Tsalka წალკა8,0001,7002,874 Kvemo Kartli
50. Dmanisi დმანისი8,6003,4002,661 Kvemo Kartli
51. Oni ონი5,5003,3002,656 Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti
52. Ambrolauri ამბროლაური2,9002,5002,047 Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti
53. Sighnaghi სიღნაღი3,1002,1001,485 Kakheti
54. Tsageri ცაგერი1,4002,0001,320 Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti

Cities and towns in Abkhazia

This is a list of the largest cities and towns in Abkhazia. Data for 1989 is official data from the Soviet Census 1989, data for 2010 are unofficial estimates of the World Gazetteer.

RankNameName in GeorgianName in AbkhazPopulation 1989Population 2010 Administrative Region
1. Sukhumi სოხუმიАҟәа119,20039,100 Sukhumi District
2. Tkvarcheli ტყვარჩელიТҟәарчал21,70016,800 Ochamchire District
3. Ochamchire ოჩამჩირეОчамчыра20,10014,300 Ochamchire District
4. Gali გალიГал15,80010,800 Gali District
5. Gudauta გუდაუთაГәдоуҭа14,90010,800 Gudauta District
6. Pitsunda ბიჭვინთაПиҵунда11,0008,500 Gagra District
7. Gulripshi გულრიფშიГәылрыҧшь11,8008,200 Gulripshi District
8. Gagra გაგრაГагра24,0007,700 Gagra District
9. New Athos ახალი ათონიАфон Ҿыц3,2003,700 Gudauta District

Cities and towns in South Ossetia

This is a list of the largest cities and towns in South Ossetia. Data for 1989 is official data from the Soviet Census 1989, data for 2010 are unofficial estimates of the World Gazetteer.

RankNameName in GeorgianName in OssetianPopulation 1989Population 2010 Administrative Region
1. Tskhinvali ცხინვალიЦхинвал42,30030,000 Gori District

Future cities and towns

The intent to construct Lazica, a new city on Georgia's Black Sea littoral, was unveiled by President of Georgia Mikheil Saakashvili on December 4, 2011. The construction was scheduled to be launched in 2012. [2]

See also

Related Research Articles

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South Ossetia Disputed territory in the South Caucasus

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Georgian Civil War 1991–1993 ethnic civil war in Georgia

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Abkhaz–Georgian conflict Conflict between Georgia and the de facto independent Republic of Abkhazia

The Abkhaz–Georgian conflict involves ethnic conflict between Georgians and the Abkhaz people in Abkhazia, a de facto independent, partially recognized republic. In a broader sense, one can view the Georgian–Abkhaz conflict as part of a geopolitical conflict in the Caucasus region, intensified at the end of the 20th century with the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.

Georgian–Ossetian conflict 1989–present ethno-political conflict over South Ossetia

The Georgian–Ossetian conflict is an ethno-political conflict over Georgia's former autonomous region of South Ossetia, which evolved in 1989 and developed into a war. Despite a declared ceasefire and numerous peace efforts, the conflict remained unresolved. In August 2008, military tensions and clashes between Georgia and South Ossetian separatists erupted into the Russo-Georgian War.

The Republic of Abkhazia (Abkhazia) is a self-proclaimed state that declared soon after a catastrophic war as residual effect of Soviet Union dissolution in early 1990s, well known as Abkhazian War 1992–1993 between Abkhazian and Georgian. As the new born countries, Abkhazia struggle to gain international community recognition, but no one countries has been recognizing Abkhazia as an independent state after this war. Firstly, Transnistria recognizing each other with Abkhazia on 22 January 1993. This is the first step to Abkhazia for looking forward recognition. After a decades, on 20 September 2005, the second countries was recognizing each other with Abkhazia is South Ossetia. Third, Nagorno-Karabakh also follows two other countries to recognizing Abkhazia on 14 November 2006.

Russo-Georgian War 2008 conflict between Russia and Georgia

The Russo-Georgian War was a war between Georgia, Russia and the Russian-backed self-proclaimed republics of South Ossetia and Abkhazia. The war took place in August 2008 following a period of worsening relations between Russia and Georgia, both formerly constituent republics of the Soviet Union. The fighting took place in the strategically important Transcaucasia region. It was regarded as the first European war of the 21st century.

Timeline of the Russo-Georgian War

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Background of the Russo-Georgian War

This article describes the background of the Russo-Georgian War.

Abkhazia Disputed territory in the South Caucasus

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Georgia–Russia border

The Georgia–Russia border is the state border between Georgia and Russia. It is de jure 894 km in length and runs from the Black Sea coast in the west and then along the Greater Caucasus Mountains to the tripoint with Azerbaijan in the east, thus closely following the conventional boundary between Europe and Asia. In 2008 Russia recognised the independence of two self-declared republics within Georgia, meaning that in a de facto sense the border is now split into four sections: the Abkhazia–Russia border in the west, the western Georgia-Russia border between Abkhazia and South Ossetia, the South Ossetia–Russia border and the eastern Georgia-Russia border between South Ossetia and Azerbaijan. At present most of the international community refuse to recognise the independence of the two territories and regard them as belonging to Georgia.

Occupied territories of Georgia

Occupied territories of Georgia are the territories occupied by Russia after the Russo-Georgian War in 2008. They consist of the regions of Abkhazia and the former South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast of Soviet Georgia, whose status is a matter of international dispute.

The events in 2010 in Georgia.

China–Georgia relations Diplomatic relations between the Peoples Republic of China and Georgia

China–Georgia relations are the foreign relations between Georgia and the People's Republic of China. The two countries established diplomatic relations on 9 June 1992. Bilateral ties have advanced gradually since then and mostly focused on economic cooperation. China has an embassy in Tbilisi, and Georgia has an embassy in Beijing. By 2017, China had become Georgia's fourth largest trading partner and the second largest exporting market for Georgian wine. China has been appreciative of Georgia's commitment to One-China policy and has supported Georgia's territorial integrity by refusing to recognize Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

South Ossetia is an autonomous region in Georgia, approximately 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) above sea level on the slopes of the Greater Caucasus. Although it declared independence in 2008, only a few countries acknowledge it. The region is inhabited by Ossetians, an Iranian ethnic group. According to Russia, Nicaragua, Venezuela and the microstates of Tuvalu and Nauru, it is one of the world's newest independent states. All other states and international organisations consider South Ossetia an autonomous region of Georgia, functioning as a de facto state for twenty years after declaring independence and conducting a successful armed rebellion. Its Georgian inhabitants have been displaced. South Ossetia has been a source of tension for a number of years, with Georgia and Russia's political differences impeding peaceful independence and breeding a turbulent series of events which undermine the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Abkhazia–Georgia border

The Abkhazia–Georgia border is the disputed border between Georgia and the self-declared Republic of Abkhazia. It runs from the tripoint with Russia in the north to the Black Sea coast in the south. Abkhazia, and those states that recognise its independence, view the border an international boundary separating two independent states, whereas the Georgian government and most other countries refers to it an 'Administrative Border Line' within Georgian territory.

References

Notes

  1. "Population Census 2014". www.geostat.ge. National Statistics Office of Georgia. November 2014. Retrieved 28 June 2021.
  2. Saakashvili Plans 'New Large City' on Black Sea Coast. Civil Georgia . December 4, 2011.