Demographics of Georgia (country)

Last updated
Demographics of Georgia
Cartogram of the Population of Georgia by Regions (2014).svg
Population3,729,600 [n 1] (1 January, 2018) [1]
Density65.3 (2018)
Growth rateDecrease2.svg1.5 (2017)
Birth rate14.3‰ (2017)
Death rate12.8‰ (2017)
Life expectancy73.5 years (2018)
Infant mortality rate8.1‰ (2018)
Net migration rate-0.6 (2017) [n 1] [2]
Age structure
0–14 years20% [n 1] [3]
15–64 years65.4%
65 and over14.6%
Sex ratio
Total0.92 male(s)/female [n 1] [3]
At birth1.07 male(s)/female
Under 151.09 male(s)/female
15–64 years0.96 male(s)/female
65 and over0.6 male(s)/female
Nationality
Nationalitynoun: Georgian(s) adjective: Georgian
Major ethnic Georgians
Minor ethnic Ethnic minorities in Georgia
Language
Official Georgian (Abkhaz) [n 2]
Spoken Others

The demographic features of the population of Georgia include population growth, population density, ethnicity, education level, health, economic status, religious affiliations, and other aspects of the population.

Contents

Density of the population of Georgia by municipality (2018) Population density of Georgia by Municipality (2018).svg
Density of the population of Georgia by municipality (2018)
Distribution of the population of Georgia by municipalities Distribution of the population of Georgia by municipalities (2014).svg
Distribution of the population of Georgia by municipalities
Municipalities of Georgia by the population's predominant gender Municipalities of Georgia by Population's Predominant Gender (2014).svg
Municipalities of Georgia by the population’s predominant gender
Percentage of ethnic Georgians by municipality Percentage of ethnic Georgians by municipality.svg
Percentage of ethnic Georgians by municipality
Cities and towns in Georgia by population size Cities and towns in Georgia by population size.svg
Cities and towns in Georgia by population size

The demographic situation in Georgia, like that of some other former Soviet republics (especially Estonia and Latvia), has been characterized by two prominent features since independence: decline in total population and significant "Georgianization" of the ethnic composition. The proportion of ethnic Georgians increased by full 10 percentage points between 1989 and 2002, rising from 73.7% to 83.7% of the population. [4]

The population grew steadily while Georgia was part of the Soviet Union and during the first years of independence, rising from less than 4 million in the 1950s to a peak of 5.5 million in 1992. [5] Then the trend changed and the population began to decline, dropping to 4.5 million in 2005 according to the estimates by the Georgian Department of Statistics. [6] This figure represents the total population, including the separatist regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, whose population in 2005 was estimated at 178,000 and 49,200, respectively. Without Abkhazia and South Osetia, the population in the regions controlled by the central government of Georgia was 4,321,500 in 2005 and 4,382,100 in 2008 [7] (compare the 2008 figure with the CIA estimate of 4,630,841 for all of Georgia, including Abkhazia and South Osetia [8] ).

Georgia was named among the highest-emigration countries in the world (with respect to population) in the 2007 World Bank report. The 2002 population census in Georgia revealed a net migration loss of 1.1 million persons, or 20% of the population, since the early 90s. [9] The decline in Georgia's population is caused by the emigration in search of employment, and a sharp fall of birth rates. [10] Over 300,000 Russians, 200,000 Georgians, 200,000 Armenians, 85,000 Greeks, 50,000 Azerbaijanis, 50,000 Ukrainians and 20,000 Jews have migrated from Georgia since independence.[ citation needed ]

Vital statistics

Sources: United Nations [11] andGeoStat [12]

Births and deaths

Total area

Average populationLive births1Deaths1Natural change1Crude birth rate (per 1000)Crude death rate (per 1000)Natural change (per 1000)Fertility rates
19503,527,00082,90027,00055,90023.57.715.9
19513,585,00086,80026,90059,90024.27.516.7
19523,646,00085,70026,60059,10023.57.316.2
19533,710,00087,20026,30060,90023.57.116.4
19543,775,00091,40026,00065,40024.26.917.3
19553,840,00092,50025,70066,80024.16.717.4
19563,904,00089,80026,50063,30023.06.816.2
19573,967,00089,70027,00062,70022.66.815.8
19584,031,00093,10027,40065,70023.16.816.3
19594,095,00098,30027,40070,90024.06.717.3
19604,160,000102,86627,01551,86624.76.518.22.65
19614,224,000104,42927,62153,42924.76.518.22.65
19624,291,000101,71730,39451,71723.77.116.62.63
19634,357,000100,32629,62051,32623.06.816.22.62
19644,420,00097,43329,70848,43322.06.715.32.62
19654,478,00094,98731,29146,98721.27.014.22.60
19664,531,00092,02630,38944,02620.36.713.62.57
19674,577,00089,30232,90442,30219.57.212.32.53
19684,619,00089,66032,41643,66019.47.012.42.52
19694,662,00087,06935,16941,06918.77.511.22.45
19704,706,00090,20734,28345,20719.27.311.92.62
19714,753,00090,39635,32545,39619.07.411.62.61
19724,798,00086,40236,40941,40218.07.610.42.53
19734,837,00088,57735,91144,57718.37.410.92.58
19744,876,00089,76137,14545,76118.47.610.82.59
19754,908,00089,71239,29245,71218.38.010.32.52
19764,940,00090,60538,87546,60518.37.910.42.52
19774,972,00089,02840,13945,02817.98.19.82.33
19784,990,00088,76640,23945,76617.88.19.82.31
19795,017,00089,80341,90747,89617.88.49.52.34
19805,056,00089,45843,34646,11217.68.69.12.26
19815,086,00092,50143,96148,54018.18.69.52.29
19825,117,00091,78442,73449,05017.98.49.62.25
19835,151,00092,66043,30149,35918.08.49.62.20
19845,184,00095,84145,78750,05418.58.89.72.24
19855,218,00097,73946,15351,58618.78.89.92.27
19865,250,00098,15546,35451,80118.78.89.92.26
19875,300,00094,59546,33248,26317.88.79.12.19
19885,367,00091,90547,54444,36117.18.98.32.13
19895,413,00091,13847,07744,06116.88.78.12.15
19905,439,00092,81550,72143,89517.19.38.12.29
19915,460,00089,09152,41636,67516.39.66.72.07
19925,408,00072,63155,07617,55513.410.23.21.72

1Births and deaths until 1959 are estimates.

Excluding Abkhazia and South Ossetia

Average populationLive birthsDeathsNatural changeCrude birth rate (per 1000)Crude death rate (per 1000)Natural change (per 1000)Fertility rates
19934,854,00055,59456,270−67611.511.6−0.11.48
19944,862,00057,31150,3266,98511.810.41.41.52
19954,734,00056,48649,2197,26711.910.11.81.54
19964,616,00055,15348,2516,90211.610.21.41.55
19974,532,00054,13648,0266,11011.410.51.11.60
19984,487,00051,49147,9073,58411.010.50.51.41
19994,453,00048,40847,90949910.710.60.11.44
20004,418,00048,16748,250-8310.710.7-0.01.51
20014,386,00046,62047,133-51310.510.6-0.11.44
20024,357,00045,12747,514-2,38710.210.8-0.61.42
20034,329,00045,45047,114-1,66410.310.7-0.41.41
20044,318,00045,75149,746-3,99510.311.2-0.91.55
20054,321,00046,06349,534-3,47110.411.1-0.71.38
20064,401,00046,84550,014-3,16910.611.2-0.61.44
20074,394,00048,49950,204-1,70511.111.4-0.31.47
20083,847,00052,44250,4901,95213.613.10.51.66
20093,829,00056,56850,7945,77414.813.31.51.86
20103,800,00055,23051,0664,16414.613.51.11.83
20113,774,00051,56549,8181,74713.713.30.41.70
20123,740,00049,96949,34762213.413.20.21.68
20133,718,00049,65748,5641,09313.413.10.31.73
20143,717,00060,63549,08711,54816.313.23.12.31
20153,722,00059,24949,12110,12815.913.22.72.30
20163,729,00056,56950,7715,79815.213.71.52.24
20173,726,00053,29347,8225,47114.312.91.42.14
20183,729,00051,13846,5244,61413.712.51.22.09
20193,723,00048,29646,6591,63713.012.50.4

Current birth and death statistics

[13]

Life Expectancy

PeriodLife expectancy in

Years [14]

1950–195560.65
1955–1960Increase2.svg 62.65
1960–1965Increase2.svg 64.65
1965–1970Increase2.svg 66.65
1970–1975Increase2.svg 68.15
1975–1980Increase2.svg 69.64
1980–1985Decrease2.svg 69.63
1985–1990Increase2.svg 70.45
1990–1995Decrease2.svg 70.11
1995–2000Increase2.svg 71.09
2000–2005Increase2.svg 72.60
2005–2010Increase2.svg 72.65
2010–2015Increase2.svg 72.74

Structure of the population [ citation needed ]

Structure of the population (01.07.2012) (Estimates) :

Age GroupMaleFemaleTotal%
Total2 141 3002 349 4004 490 700100
0-4152 650137 150289 8006,45
5-9123 200110 150233 3505,20
10-14125 850113 000238 8505,32
15-19151 600142 000293 6006,54
20-24186 250181 950368 2008,20
25-29181 250178 300359 5508,01
30-34164 650166 100330 7507,37
35-39153 900159 800313 7006,99
40-44145 300156 800302 1006,73
45-49145 550166 700312 2506,95
50-54151 550176 000327 5507,29
55-59123 800148 600272 4006,07
60-64101 950128 350230 3005,13
65-6954 95074 950129 9002,89
70-7474 350117 600191 9504,27
75-7953 75085 700139 4503,11
80-8433 60059 90093 5002,08
85+17 15046 35063 5001,41
Ethnic composition of the regions of Georgia Ethnic composition of the regions of Georgia (2014).svg
Ethnic composition of the regions of Georgia
Age groupMaleFemaleTotalPercent
0-14401 700360 300762 00016,97
15-641 505 8001 604 6003 110 40069,26
65+233 800384 500618 30013,77

Ethnic groups

Georgians are the predominant ethnic group in Georgia, according to the 2014 census 86.8% of the population. The proportion in 2014 was much higher than in preceding censuses as in 2014 Abkhazia and South Ossetia were not under government control and therefore not included. As a result of this the proportion of Ossetians and Abkhazians was very low (0.4% and 0.3%, respectively).

Population of Georgia according to ethnic group 1926–2014
Ethnic
group
census 19261census 19392census 19593census 19704census 19795census 19896census 20026census 20147
Number%Number%Number%Number%Number%Number%Number%Number%
Georgians 1,788,18666.82,173,92261.42,600,58864.33,130,74166.83,433,01168.83,787,39370.73,661,17383.83,224,69686.8
Azerbaijanis 137,9215.2188,0585.3153,6003.8217,7584.6255,6785.1307,5565.7284,7616.5233,0826.3
Armenians 307,01811.5415,01311.7442,91611.0452,3099.7448,0009.0437,2118.1248,9295.7168,1914.5
Russians 96,0853.6308,6848.7407,88610.1396,6948.5371,6087.4341,1726.367,6711.526,5860.7
Ossetians 113,2984.2147,6774.2141,1783.5150,1853.2160,4973.2164,0553.038,0280.914,4520.4
Yazidis 2,2620.112,9150.416,2120.420,6900.425,6880.533,3310.618,3290.412,2610.3
Kurds 7,9550.32,5140.11,6610.1
Caucasus Greeks 54,0512.084,6362.472,9381.889,2461.995,1051.9100,3241.915,1660.35,6890.2
Ukrainians 14,3560.545,5951.352,2361.349,6221.145,0360.952,4431.07,0390.26,0440.2
Abkhazians 56,8472.157,8051.662,8781.679,4491.785,2851.795,8531.83,5270.14,5510.2
Assyrians 2,9040.14,7070.15,0050.15,6170.15,2860.16,2060.13,2990.12,4370.1
Jews 30,3891.142,3001.251,5821.355,3821.228,2980.624,7950.52,3330.11,8690.1
Others65,9612.558,7111.737,0150.938,6650.839,6900.850,5020.918,7660.514,3770.4
Total2,677,2333,540,0234,044,0454,686,3584,993,1825,400,8414,371,5353,713,893
1 Source: . 2 Source: . 3 Source: . 4 Source: . 5 Source: . 6 Source: . 7 Source: .

CIA World Factbook 2002 demographic statistics [15]

Ethnic groups:


Languages:


Religions:


Age structure:

Median age:

Population growth rate:

Sex ratio:

Infant mortality rate:

Life expectancy at birth:

Total fertility rate: 1.71 children born/woman (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS

Nationality:

Literacy:, age 15 and over can read and write

Population growth rate by province

Source: Statistics Georgia: Population by region
Year2003200420052006Change in Births2003200420052006200320042005200620032004200520062003200420052006
RegionBirthsBirthsBirthsBirthsBirthsBR 03BR 04BR 05BR 06DeathsDeathsDeathsDeathsDR 03DR 04DR 05DR 06PGR 03PGR 04PGR 05PGR 06
Tbilisi16,80812,31712,79413,773(-18.06%)15.5811.4211.8512.4812,59712,42411,16412,45411.6711.5210.3411.290.39%(-0.01%)0.15%0.12%
Autonomous Republic AbkhaziaNANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANANA
Autonomous Republic Adjara4,0925,7164,7114,63713.32%10.9615.4412.6312.292,4053,0173,0202,6096.448.158.16.920.45%0.73%0.45%0.54%
Guria1,1651,4311,4321,34315.28%8.210.2810.329.641,9231,9631,7461,47913.5314.112.5910.62(-0.53%)(-0.38%)(-0.23%)(-0.10%)
Imereti6,3487,7176,7177,13112.33%9.1411.189.7510.198,1439,7566,4907,79711.7214.149.4211.14(-0.26%)(-0.30%)(0.03%)(-0.10%)
Kakheti2,7873,6553,3663,84037.78%6.99.118.429.494,6525,5274,0054,18911.5213.7710.0210.35(-0.46%)(-0.47%)(-0.16%)(-0.09%)
Mtskheta-Mtianeti9031,5141,2981,16529.01%7.2512.3610.69.361,4801,7011,3321,23711.8813.8910.879.94(-0.46%)(-0.15%)(-0.03%)(-0.06%)
Racha-Lechkumi and Kvemo Svaneti20232737623516.34%4.026.587.664.7979899170063215.919.9414.2612.87(-1.19%)(-1.34%)(-0.66%)(-0.81%)
Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti3,6523,8174,4084,42121.06%7.868.279.539.354,8033,6824,1933,89210.347.989.078.23(-0.25%)0.03%0.05%0.11%
Samtskhe-Javakheti2,1422,8362,3032,113(-1.35%)10.391411.3210.132,1432,2081,7061,60410.3910.98.387.690.00%0.31%0.29%0.24%
Kvemo Kartli3,5686,4075,1485,85664.13%7.2313.0510.4111.543,4243,5613,0863,3546.947.256.246.610.03%0.58%0.42%0.49%
Shida Kartli4,5273,8353,9593,281(-27.52%)14.5812.4212.8110.453,6873,9633,2793,00811.8712.8310.619.580.27%(-0.04%)0.22%0.09%
Total46,19449,57246,51247,7953.47%10.6411.4910.7610.8646,05548,79340,72142,25510.6111.319.429.60.00%0.02%0.13%0.13%

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 Not including data of the Russian occupied territories of Georgia
  2. Official only in Abkhazia.

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References

  1. "Population". National Statistics Office of Georgia. 2018. Retrieved 5 May 2018.
  2. "Migration". National Statistics Office of Georgia. 2017. Retrieved 5 May 2018.
  3. 1 2 "Population by age and sex for the beginning of the year". National Statistics Office of Georgia. 2018. Retrieved 5 May 2018.
  4. Richard H. Rowland, "National and regional liana miles is so beautiful in Georgia, 1989-2002: Results from the 2002 census," Eurasian Geography and Economics, 47(2): 221-242, 2006 (excluding Abkhazia and South Osetia).
  5. Statistical yearbooks of Georgian SSR, State Committee of Statistics, Tbilisi, various years (in Russian).
  6. Statistical Yearbook of Georgia 2005: Population, Table 2.1, p. 33, Department for Statistics, Tbilisi (2005)
  7. Statistics Georgia: Population by region Archived 2008-11-18 at the Wayback Machine
  8. Georgia in CIA World Factbook Archived 2016-11-14 at the Wayback Machine 2009.
  9. WB Report: Georgia Among Largest Emigration Countries. Civil Georgia . January 16, 2007
  10. "Could Georgians Become A Minority In their Own Country?". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Archived from the original on 2018-05-04.
  11. http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/dyb2.htm#2001 Archived 2016-12-27 at the Wayback Machine United Nations. Demographic Yearbooks
  12. "GeoStat.Ge". www.geostat.ge. Archived from the original on 2011-05-19.
  13. "Vital Events" (PDF).
  14. "World Population Prospects - Population Division - United Nations". esa.un.org. Retrieved 2018-08-26.
  15. "Middle East :: GEORGIA". CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2016-11-14.