This is a list of cities in Tajikistan .
The largest metropolitan area in Tajikistan is that of the capital Dushanbe, with 863,400 inhabitants (2020 est.).Thirteen percent of the population of the country lives in the region of the capital.
The following table includes all cities larger than 10,000 people, with their names in English, and the corresponding names in Cyrillic and Perso-Arabic script. Because of transliteration difficulties, some are known by more than one spelling. The population is from the censuses of 12 January 1989, 20 January 2000 and 21 September 2010, as well as estimates for 1 January 2015 and 2020. The population figures are for the city proper, and do not include adjacent communities. In addition, the administrative division in which the city lies is named, usually a region, or an autonomous region in the case of Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region (GBAR). There is also the capital district, and the Districts under Central Government Jurisdiction (Nohiyahoi tobei jumhuri, here abbreviated NTJ), which do not belong to a region, and are directly under the central government. Finally, the district in which the city lies is given.
|Rank||Name||Tajik Cyrillic||Tajik Persian||1989 census||2000 census||2010 census||2015 estimate||2020 estimate||Administrative division||District|
|1.||Dushanbe 1*||Душанбе||دوشنبه||595,820||561,895||724,800||788,700||863,400||Dushanbe||Capital district|
|2.||Khujand 2||Хуҷанд||خجند||160,458||147,061||162,800||172,700||183,600||Sughd||Khujand **|
|3.||Bokhtar (Qurghonteppa)||Бохтар||قرغانتپه||58,505||60,508||75,500||102,900||111,800||Khatlon||Bokhtar **|
|7.||Konibodom||Конибодом||کان بادام||37,841||44,691||46,500||49,700||52,500||Sughd||Konibodom **|
|21.||Ghafurov||Бобоҷон Ғафуров||باباجان غفوروف||18,916||14,887||16,900||18,400||20,600||Sughd||Ghafurov District|
|23.||Mirzo Tursunzoda||Мирзо Турсунзода||میرزا تورسنزاده||n/a||n/a||15,700||17,900||20,500||NTJ||Rudaki District|
|24.||Balkh||Балх||بلخ||13,354||n/a||15,500||17,500||19,000||Khatlon||J. Balkhi District|
|31.||Shahrituz||Шаҳритуз||شهر توز||11,618||11,857||14,700||15,800||17,200||Khatlon||Shahrituz District|
|33.||Mehrobod||Мехробод||مهرآباد||15,104||12,658||13,300||14,800||16,600||Sughd||J. Rasulov District|
|40.||Abdurahmoni Jomi||Абдураҳмони Ҷомӣ||عبدالرحمن جامی||9,704||9,132||11,500||12,700||13,800||Khatlon||Jomi District|
|43.||Nu'mon Roziq||Нуъмон Розиқ||نعمان رازق||n/a||n/a||10,700||11,600||12,400||NTJ||Vahdat *|
|46.||Homid Aliev||Ҳомид Алиев||حامد علیف||5,890||n/a||9,000||10,000||11,400||Sughd||Zafarobod District|
1: Name from 1929 to 1961: Stalinabad
2: Name from 1939 to 1992: Leninabad
*Cities under central government jurisdiction
**Cities under regional jurisdiction
Tajikistan is divided into
The Kuhistani Badakhshan Autonomous Region is an autonomous region in Eastern Tajikistan. Located in the Pamir Mountains, it makes up 45% of the land area of the country but only 3% of its population.
Tursunzoda is a city in western Tajikistan, known for its aluminium smelting plant TadAZ. It is located 60 km west of Dushanbe, near the border with Uzbekistan. It is near several rivers, Shirkent and Karatag immediately to the west and east of the city, and Kofarnihon further east. Its population is estimated at 55,700 for the city proper and 298,800 for the city with the outlying communities (2020). Its population was given as 40,600 in the 1989 census, falling to 39,000 in 2000, and estimated at 37,000 in 2006.
Districts under Central Government Jurisdiction is a region in Tajikistan, consisting of 9 districts and 4 district-level cities that are directly under central administration. Dushanbe, the capital of Tajikistan, is surround by the Districts under Central Government Jurisdiction, but not part of it. The region covers an area of 28,500 square kilometres, and has a total population of 2,165,900 (2020), The Districts' ethnic composition in 2010 was 85% Tajik and 11.7% Uzbek.
Jaloliddin Balkhi District, is a district in Khatlon Region, Tajikistan, located south of the regional capital Kurgan-Tyube (Qurghonteppa) and Vakhsh District. It was renamed Rumi District on 23 June 2007 in commemoration of the 800th anniversary of the Persian poet and philosopher Rumi and plans were announced to erect a monument to Rumi in the district. It was renamed again in 2016 to Jaloliddin Balkhi, another name for the poet Rumi.
Jomi District is a district in Khatlon Region of Tajikistan, located north of the regional capital Qurghonteppa (Bokhtar). The population of the district is 175,800. Called Kuybyshevskiy District in Soviet times, then Hojamaston District until 2004, and finally renamed Jomi District in honor of the 15th century Persian Poet Abdurahman Jami. The district capital is the town Abdurahmoni Jomi.
Darvoz District is a district in Tajikistan, located at the extreme north-west of the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region. It borders on Afghanistan to the south, along the Panj, and within Tajikistan on Khatlon Region to the west and on the Districts of Republican Subordination to the north. Its administrative capital is Qal'ai Khumb. The population of Darvoz district is 24,000. The district was historically part of the Darvaz principality, a semi-independent statelet ruled by a mir.
Ayni District, also Aini District, is a district in the southern part of Sughd Region, Tajikistan, straddling the middle course of the river Zeravshan. Its capital is the town of Ayni, located on the Zeravshan. The population of the district is 83,600. It was named after the Tajik national poet Sadriddin Ayni. India established a base at Ayni in Tajikistan, which was used to assist the Northern Alliance during the Taliban regime.
Ghafurov District is a district in the northern part of Sughd Region, Tajikistan. Its capital is Ghafurov, a town in the south of the district. The district surrounds, but does not include the cities Khujand, Istiqlol, Buston, and Guliston, also in the south, which gave its name to the adjacent Kayrakkum Reservoir.
Devashtich District is a district in the center of Sughd Region, Tajikistan, located south of the regional capital Khujand and bordering on Kyrgyzstan to the east. Its capital is Ghonchi. The population of the district is 173,500.
Spitamen District is a district in north-central Sughd, Tajikistan, stretching across the province's narrow part from the border with Uzbekistan to the border with Kyrgyzstan. Population 141,600. Formerly called Nau District or Nov District, it was renamed Spitamen district by a resolution of parliament in November 2003. The district capital is Navkat, located south-west of Khujand.
Rudaki District is a district in Tajikistan, one of the Districts of Republican Subordination. It stretches south from Dushanbe, bordering on Shahrinav District, the city of Hisor, and Varzob District from the north and northwest, Tajikistan's Khatlon Region from the south and the east, and Uzbekistan from the west. Its administrative capital is Somoniyon, a southern suburb of Dushanbe, called Leninsky in the Soviet period. The population of the district is 518,200.
Fayzobod District is a district in Tajikistan. One of the Districts of Republican Subordination, it is about 60 km east of Dushanbe. It borders on the city of Vahdat from the west and the north, the city of Roghun from the east, and the Khatlon Region from the south. Its capital is Fayzobod. The population of the district is 103,600.
Shahrinav District is a district in Tajikistan, one of the Districts of Republican Subordination. It lies between Tajikistan's capital Dushanbe and Uzbekistan. The Shahrinav District borders on the city of Tursunzoda in the west, the city of Hisor in the east, and Rudaki District in the south. It is delimited by the Gissar Range in the north and is part of the fertile Gissar Valley. Its capital is Shahrinav, a village 30 km west of Dushanbe. The population of the district is 123,000.
As of 2020, the regions of Tajikistan are subdivided into 47 districts, not including 4 districts belonging to the capital city Dushanbe, and 18 cities of regional subordination. Before ca. 2017, there were 58 districts. The districts are further subdivided into rural municipalities called jamoats, which in turn are further subdivided into villages.
Kushoniyon District is a district in Khatlon Region, Tajikistan, surrounding the regional capital Qurghonteppa (Bokhtar). Its administrative capital is the town of Ismoili Somoni. The population of Kushoniyon District is 245,900.
Khuroson District is a district in Khatlon Region of Tajikistan. It extends south from national capital Dushanbe toward the regional capital Qurghonteppa (Bokhtar). Its capital is the town Obikiik. The population of the district is 116,500.
Levakant, is a city in south-west Tajikistan. It is part of Khatlon Region, located just east of the regional capital Bokhtar and about 120 km south of the national capital Dushanbe. The Golovnaya Dam on the river Vakhsh lies directly to its east.
Abdurahmoni Jomi is a town in south-west Tajikistan. It is the administrative capital of Jomi District in Khatlon Region, located just north of the regional capital Qurghonteppa and about 100 km south of the national capital Dushanbe. Its population is 13,800. Both the town and the district were named after the Persian poet Jami.
Mu'minobod, also known as Muminabad, Leningradskiy or Leningrad is a location in south Tajikistan. It is the administrative capital of the Muminobod District in the eastern part of Khatlon Province, located north-east of the city of Kulob, not far from the Panj River and the international border with Afghanistan. The population of the town is 14,100.