List of cities and towns in Finland

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The following is a list of cities in Finland. In the year 1977, the legal difference between towns and municipalities was removed. Today[ when? ] they are all classified as municipalities, some of which are commonly referred to as cities (kaupunki in Finnish, stad in Swedish). A municipality can decide whether it calls itself a municipality or a city. To date, many decide to use the latter.[ citation needed ]

Contents

There is no direct Finnish equivalent to "city",[ citation needed ] but suurkaupunki (~ large town) is used for a few cities in Finland. This fits the EU's definition of a city, which has the criteria of a minimum population of 50,000 and a minimum population density of 500 inhabitants per square kilometer. A simple, independent decision in the municipal council is sufficient to call a municipality (kunta) a city (kaupunki). For cities founded before the 1960s, the list includes the year the city was chartered.

Many municipal mergers have been carried out in Finland (and more are yet to come, due to a countrywide municipal reform). Mergers also make it difficult to define what towns are cities because mergers make the population increase a bit but make the population density decrease. For example, according to the EU definition, Tampere is no longer a city, due to the municipal mergers with Messukylä, Aitolahti, and Teisko, which decreased its official population density to 410.5 inhabitants per square kilometer, as of 1 July 2012. In Finland, the whole area inside a municipality's borders is officially considered the city or town area.

The names used in this encyclopedia are usually the Finnish or Swedish forms, depending on the majority language of the municipality, except when there is a commonly used English name.

Cities (founded)

Map of Finland Finland-CIA WFB Map.png
Map of Finland
Helsinki Suurkirkko Helsinki maaliskuu 2002 IMG 0629.JPG
Helsinki
Espoo Kaakkoista Espoota 23 kesa 2009.jpg
Espoo
Tampere Downtown Tampere1.jpg
Tampere
Vantaa Kielotorni4.JPG
Vantaa
Oulu Pokkitorma Oulu 20120606.JPG
Oulu
Turku View from Turku Cathedral tower.jpg
Turku
Jyvaskyla SS Suomi approaching Aijalansalmi.jpg
Jyväskylä
Finnish nameSwedish nameDistrictFoundedPopulation [1]
Akaa [lower-alpha 1] Ackas200716,709
Alajärvi 19869,752
Alavus Alavo197711,611
Espoo EsboHelsinki1972281,866
Forssa 196417,079
Haapajärvi 19777,178
Haapavesi 19966,895
Hamina Fredrikshamn165320,410
Hanko Hangö18748,448
Harjavalta 19777,076
Heinola 183919,007
Helsinki Helsingfors1550648,650
Huittinen Vittis197710,140
Hyvinkää Hyvinge196046,622
Hämeenlinna Tavastehus163967,713
Iisalmi Idensalmi189121,546
Ikaalinen Ikalis19777,037
Imatra 197127,035
Pietarsaari Jakobstad 165219,303
Joensuu 184876,228
Jyväskylä 1837140,812
Jämsä [lower-alpha 2] 197720,764
Järvenpää Träskända196743,170
Kaarina S:t KarinsTurku199333,335
Kajaani Kajana165137,039
Kalajoki 186512,446
Kangasala Tampere201831,815
Kankaanpää 197211,506
Kannus 19865,496
Karkkila Högfors19778,804
Kaskinen Kaskö17851,275
Kauhajoki 200113,441
Kauhava 198616,159
Kauniainen GrankullaHelsinki19729,577
Kemi 186921,019
Kemijärvi 19737,410
Kerava KervoHelsinki197036,174
Keuruu Keuru19869,858
Kitee Kides199210,382
Kiuruvesi 19938,196
Kokemäki Kumo19777,300
Kokkola Karleby162047,723
Kotka 187853,110
Kouvola [lower-alpha 3] 196083,600
Kristiinankaupunki Kristinestad 16496,605
Kuhmo 19868,377
Kuopio [lower-alpha 4] 1775118,434
Kurikka 197721,050
Kuusamo 200015,219
Lahti Lahtis1905119,999
Laitila Letala19868,658
Lappeenranta [lower-alpha 5] Villmanstrand164972,801
Lapua Lappo197714,545
Lieksa 197311,157
Lohja Lojo196946,490
Loimaa 196916,106
Loviisa Lovisa174514,968
Maarianhamina Mariehamn 186111,769
Mikkeli S:t Michel183853,983
Mänttä-Vilppula [lower-alpha 6] 200910,062
Naantali NådendalTurku144319,168
Nivala 199210,764
Nokia Tampere197733,403
Nurmes 19747,675
Uusikaarlepyy Nykarleby 16207,476
Närpiö Närpes 19939,503
Orimattila 199216,071
Orivesi 19869,221
Oulainen 19777,457
Oulu Uleåborg1605202,753
Outokumpu 19776,825
Paimio PemarTurku199710,784
Parainen Pargas Turku197715,261
Parkano 19776,519
Pieksämäki 196218,039
Pori Björneborg155884,566
Porvoo BorgåHelsinki134650,224
Pudasjärvi 20048,033
Pyhäjärvi [lower-alpha 7] 19935,282
Raahe Brahestad164924,852
Raasepori Raseborg [lower-alpha 8] 200927,792
Raisio ResoTurku197424,219
Rauma Raumo144239,401
Riihimäki 196028,835
Rovaniemi 196062,667
Saarijärvi 19869,509
Salo 196052,580
Sastamala [lower-alpha 9] 200924,727
Savonlinna Nyslott163933,866
Seinäjoki 196063,072
Somero 19938,859
Suonenjoki 19777,179
Tampere TammerforsTampere1779234,441
Tornio Torneå162121,912
Turku ÅboTurku1200–1300190,935
Ulvila Ulvsby1365 to 1558, later 200013,074
Uusikaupunki Nystad161715,737
Vaasa Vasa160667,465
Valkeakoski 196321,199
Vantaa VandaHelsinki1974226,160
Varkaus 196220,956
Viitasaari 19966,295
Virrat Virdois19776,756
Ylivieska 197115,205
Ylöjärvi Tampere200433,034
Ähtäri Etseri19865,788
Äänekoski [lower-alpha 10] 197318,971

See also

Notes

  1. Administrative center is the locality of Toijala, which became a city in 1977.
  2. Includes a former city of Jämsänkoski, which became a city in 1986.
  3. Includes former cities of Anjalankoski and Kuusankoski, which became cities in 1977 and 1973, respectively.
  4. Includes former cities of Juankoski and Nilsiä, both became cities in 1998.
  5. Includes a former city of Joutseno, which became a city in 2009.
  6. Administrative center is the locality of Mänttä, which became a city in 1973.
  7. Administrative center is the locality of Pyhäsalmi, the city also carried this name from 1993 to 1996.
  8. Administrative center is the locality of Ekenäs (founded in 1546), also includes a former city of Karis (became a city in 1977).
  9. Administrative center is the locality of Vammala, which became a city in 1965.
  10. Includes a former city of Suolahti, which became a city in 1977.

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Kemi Town in Lapland, Finland

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Kouvola City in Kymenlaakso, Finland

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Seinäjoki City in South Ostrobothnia, Finland

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Lohja City in Uusimaa, Finland

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Salo, Finland City in Southwest Finland, Finland

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Somero Town in Southwest Finland, Finland

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References

  1. "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M03*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland . Retrieved 2 May 2021.

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